Repeat Offenders The therapeutic community model of prison substance abuse treatment and aftercare has been implemented in state and federal prisons across the country, significantly reducing recidivism rates.
More Inmates,More Drug Offenders incarcerated population increase by an average of 7.8 percent per year 62.2 percent of state prison inmates 42.1 percent of Federal inmates report being regular drug users
Federal Bureau of Prisons 50 Federal Prisons have a residential drug abuse treatment program 16,000 plus inmates participate in the in-prison treatment program 13,000 plus participate in a community transition treatment program
reduce relapse reduce criminality reduce recidivism reduce inmate misconduct reduce mental illness Treatment Studies reduce behavioral for In Prison disorders increase the level of Programs Have the inmates stake in societal norms Shown increase levels of education and employment upon return to the community Improved physical and mental health improve relationships
Federal Prison Bureaus Drug Abuse Strategy Drug Abuse Education Nonresidential Drug Abuse Treatment RDAP Community Transition Drug Abuse Treatment (TDAT)
Residential Substance Abuse TreatmentPrograms (RDAP’s) Base On cognitive-behavioral model which attempted to identify, confront, and alter the attitudes, values, and thinking patterns that led to criminal behaviors and drug or alcohol use
Success for Those that Completed Treatment Untreated subjects had a probability of .167 of being arrested in the first 6 months Treated subjects had a probability of .031 of being arrested in the first 6 months Treated inmates were 73 percent less likely to be re-arrested than untreated inmates.
Repeat Usage Untreated subjects had a probability of .367 of using drugs or alcohol in the first 6 months Treated subjects had a probability of .205 of using drugs or alcohol in the first 6 months Those who completed drug treatment were 44 percent less likely
Less Likely to be Rearrested Older Individuals Those without Prior Commitments Frequent Urinalysis Testing Working Many Hours Living With a Spouse
2.3 million inmates in the U.S., morethan half have a history of substanceabuse and addictionTreatment can reduce recidivism ratesfrom 50 percent to something more like20 percent
Bob May, associate director of the Association of StateCorrectional Administrators says“people who work in the system acknowledge the value ofthe programs. There was a time, years ago, when that wasn’tthe case. People weren’t convinced that the programs wereeffective, or even cost-effective. When I was working as chiefof detectives in a sheriff’s department, I didn’t believe inthese programs, either. My job was to put people away. Youknow, you think it’s just some bleeding-heart liberal trying tomake excuses for a crime. But I didn’t know that 75 to 80percent of people I was arresting for other crimes had anabuse problem.”“we know from the research that with people who gothrough drug treatment, even if they still use drugs afterwards,their crimes are less violent and less frequent. Even if it’s not a100 percent change, it’s a good thing.”
Texas State Sen. John Whitmire who had been robbedat gunpoint by a cocaine addict, says“I’ve begged for my life once from someone addictedto cocaine,” he says. “I would much rather spendmoney on his addiction than face that gun again. Thisisn’t about being soft on crime. It’s about beingtough, but also smart.”His initiative saw positive results initially: the prisonpopulation, predicted to climb by more than 5,000 bythe end of 2008, grew by only a 10th of that.
No matter how we feel about drug addictsand criminals, we are going to pay. So do wepay to lock them up, or go the arguablycheaper way and rehabilitate them?
References Carmichael, M. (2010). The Case for Treating Drug Addicts in Prison. Retrieved from http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/2010/06/29/t he-case-for-treating-drug-addicts-in-prison.html Federal Prison Residential Drug Treatment Reduces Substance Use and Arrests After Release. (). Retrieved from http://www.bop.gov/news/research_projects/published _reports/recidivism/orepramjalcd.pdf Inmate Drug Abuse Treatment Slows Prison’s Revolving Door. (2004). Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/research/action/aftercare.aspx Substance Abuse Treatment. (2011). Retrieved from http://www.bop.gov/inmate_programs/substance.jsp