Prison drug programs


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Prison drug programs

  1. 1. Prison DrugPrograms
  2. 2. Repeat Offenders The therapeutic community model of prison substance abuse treatment and aftercare has been implemented in state and federal prisons across the country, significantly reducing recidivism rates.
  3. 3. More Inmates,More Drug Offenders incarcerated population increase by an average of 7.8 percent per year 62.2 percent of state prison inmates 42.1 percent of Federal inmates report being regular drug users
  4. 4. Federal Bureau of Prisons  50 Federal Prisons have a residential drug abuse treatment program  16,000 plus inmates participate in the in-prison treatment program  13,000 plus participate in a community transition treatment program
  5. 5.  reduce relapse reduce criminality reduce recidivism reduce inmate misconduct reduce mental illness Treatment Studies reduce behavioral for In Prison disorders increase the level of Programs Have the inmates stake in societal norms Shown increase levels of education and employment upon return to the community Improved physical and mental health improve relationships
  6. 6. Federal Prison Bureaus Drug Abuse Strategy Drug Abuse Education Nonresidential Drug Abuse Treatment RDAP Community Transition Drug Abuse Treatment (TDAT)
  7. 7. Residential Substance Abuse TreatmentPrograms (RDAP’s) Base On cognitive-behavioral model which attempted to identify, confront, and alter the attitudes, values, and thinking patterns that led to criminal behaviors and drug or alcohol use
  8. 8. Success for Those that Completed Treatment Untreated subjects had a probability of .167 of being arrested in the first 6 months Treated subjects had a probability of .031 of being arrested in the first 6 months Treated inmates were 73 percent less likely to be re-arrested than untreated inmates.
  9. 9. Repeat Usage Untreated subjects had a probability of .367 of using drugs or alcohol in the first 6 months Treated subjects had a probability of .205 of using drugs or alcohol in the first 6 months Those who completed drug treatment were 44 percent less likely
  10. 10. Less Likely to be Rearrested Older Individuals Those without Prior Commitments Frequent Urinalysis Testing Working Many Hours Living With a Spouse
  11. 11. 2.3 million inmates in the U.S., morethan half have a history of substanceabuse and addictionTreatment can reduce recidivism ratesfrom 50 percent to something more like20 percent
  12. 12. Bob May, associate director of the Association of StateCorrectional Administrators says“people who work in the system acknowledge the value ofthe programs. There was a time, years ago, when that wasn’tthe case. People weren’t convinced that the programs wereeffective, or even cost-effective. When I was working as chiefof detectives in a sheriff’s department, I didn’t believe inthese programs, either. My job was to put people away. Youknow, you think it’s just some bleeding-heart liberal trying tomake excuses for a crime. But I didn’t know that 75 to 80percent of people I was arresting for other crimes had anabuse problem.”“we know from the research that with people who gothrough drug treatment, even if they still use drugs afterwards,their crimes are less violent and less frequent. Even if it’s not a100 percent change, it’s a good thing.”
  13. 13. Texas State Sen. John Whitmire who had been robbedat gunpoint by a cocaine addict, says“I’ve begged for my life once from someone addictedto cocaine,” he says. “I would much rather spendmoney on his addiction than face that gun again. Thisisn’t about being soft on crime. It’s about beingtough, but also smart.”His initiative saw positive results initially: the prisonpopulation, predicted to climb by more than 5,000 bythe end of 2008, grew by only a 10th of that.
  14. 14. No matter how we feel about drug addictsand criminals, we are going to pay. So do wepay to lock them up, or go the arguablycheaper way and rehabilitate them?
  15. 15. References Carmichael, M. (2010). The Case for Treating Drug Addicts in Prison. Retrieved from he-case-for-treating-drug-addicts-in-prison.html Federal Prison Residential Drug Treatment Reduces Substance Use and Arrests After Release. (). Retrieved from _reports/recidivism/orepramjalcd.pdf Inmate Drug Abuse Treatment Slows Prison’s Revolving Door. (2004). Retrieved from Substance Abuse Treatment. (2011). Retrieved from