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  • 1. Oh Canada!!! Patrick Forbes
  • 2. Outline • • • • General information History 1965-Present day 1921-1957 1957-1965 1868-1921 Nature and sites Culture
  • 3. General information • Second largest country in the world • Boarders with Pacific and Atlantic Oceans • Longest coastline in the world • Longest land boarder in the world, shared with the US (~8200 km)
  • 4. General information • 10 million km2 • 10 provinces and 3 territories • ~35 million people • Low population density • Capital: ?? • Ottawa
  • 5. General information • Origin of the name ‘Canada’
  • 6. General information • Established as a country in 1867 • Federal parliamentary system • Head of government different from head of state • Head of state is ceremonial (constitu. monarch) • Amongst the wealthiest countries in the world • Eighth highest per capita income • Eleventh highest ranking in human dev. index
  • 7. General information • Language • Bilingual at the Federal Level: English and French • 59.7% English and 23.2% French • Canadian and Canadien • One of the most multicultural countries in the world • “Only successful multicultured country in the world.” Famous Canadian Guy • Product of inherent immigration
  • 8. A brief history (yes, we have *history) *It’s just short.
  • 9. History – Aboriginal peoples • First Nations, Inuit and Metis • Presence from 24,500 BC • Between 200,000 – 2 million people at time of first European settlers • During colonization suffered from outbreaks of influenza, small pox • Many hardships perpetrated against the aboriginal people (too many to list here) • Canadian government officially apologized
  • 10. History – European colonization • Norsemen in 1000AD • John Cabot (Italian) in 1497 • French and English colonists in 16th and 17th century making various claims • Lots of disputes, Seven Year War • War of 1812 • Burned down the White House, the Capital and the Navy Yard, “Burning of Washington” • Upper (British) and Lower (French) Canada • Merged the two Canada’s in 1840
  • 11. History – Confederation/expansion • 1867 Constitution Act officially proclaiming Canada as a country (July 1st) • Only 4 provinces (Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick)
  • 12. History – Early 20th century • Due to British control Canada automatically drawn into WWI • Played major role in engagements throughout Europe • 625,000 soldiers, 60,000 casualties • Independently joined WWII • Played major role in war throughout Europe
  • 13. History – Modern times • Major economic force due to natural resources • • • • Fishing, whaling, sealing, hunting Forestry Mining (gold) Oil sands and natural gas (energy exporter) • Known as a peace keeper around the world • Patriation of the constitution occurred in 1982 • Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms • Separate from a constitution under British Law
  • 14. Nature - Mountains
  • 15. Nature - Arctic
  • 16. Nature - Forest
  • 17. Nature - Prairies
  • 18. Nature - Coastal
  • 19. Nature - animals
  • 20. Sites and cities • Niagara falls • Niagra, Ontario • Prettier than the American side
  • 21. Sites and cities • Toronto, Ontario • Largest city in Canada • 5 Largest city in North America • Home of the ‘cracksmoking mayor’
  • 22. Sites and cities • Rocky mountains • Banff and Jasper National Parks • Natural wonders • In the provinces of British Columbia and Alberta
  • 23. Sites and cities • Calgary Stampede • Giant rodeo • Calgary, Alberta
  • 24. Sites and cities • Montreal, Quebec • Bilingual city • Most European looking Canadian (North American) city
  • 25. Sites and cities • Whistler Mountain, B.C. • Some of the world’s best skiing • Vancouver, B.C. • Most beautiful city • Most liveable city in the world
  • 26. Culture - Music Winners Losers
  • 27. Culture - Sports
  • 28. Culture - Art • Emily Carr • Group of Seven – defined Canadian art • Native art
  • 29. Culture - Literature • 2013 Nobel Prize for Literature
  • 30. Culture – Film/TV
  • 31. Culture – Food • Cuisine of cuisines • Smorgasbord • Maple syrup • Poutine • Montreal smoked meat sandwiches
  • 32. Canadian Stereotypes • • • • • • NO YES NO YES NO NO All Canadian police are Mounties? Canadian’s say ‘eh’ and ‘aboot’? Everyone knows each other? We’re insanely polite? We’re all lumber jacks? We only drink beer?