Summary What is summary? -a shorter version of the original Why do we need summary? -to highlight the key ideas, the main points worth remembering What is the first step? -find key words What are key words? -meaningful repeated words often replaced by synonyms Where do key words usually appear? -in opening and closing sentences, headings, titles
Paragraphs titles What is particular about chemistry as a science? How did chemistry begin? How did the modern chemistry originate? What was the second discovery in chemistry? What was the third development in chemistry?
Paragraph 1 What is particular about chemistry as a science? Chemistry is the science which connects all other sciences and explains how everything is constructed and works.
Paragraph 2 How did chemistry begin? Chemistry began with discovery of many chemical processes that are in use today.
Paragraph 3 How did the modern chemistry originate? With the understanding of what happens to substances when they are changed, which brought scientists to the idea of mass conservation.
Paragraph 4 What was the second discovery in chemistry? The second discovery was related to the nature of matter and its make up.
Paragraph 5 What was the third development in chemistry? The third development was about the classification of elements made by Mendeleev.
Careers in chemistry How do chemists help to treat and cure diseases? Through the development of new medicines for diseases and search for better treatments for some incurable diseases.
Careers in chemistry How can chemists support doctors working in hospitals? Through analysis of samples from patients and study of patients response to treatment.
Careers in chemistry What do chemists do to make sure we have good quality food? Through conducting tests on food products and a thorough control of their quality as well as the development of new methods of meeting standards.
Careers in chemistry What part do chemists play in the production of plastics? Chemists play a major role in the production of plastics because it is due to chemical processes designed by chemists that oil is turned into plastics.
Careers in chemistry How are chemists working to reduce pollution? Pollution is reduced through the development and implementation of purification methods
Notetaking techniques spacing between points abbreviations underlining/capital letters Indenting (paragraphing) ordered points different colours keywords only
Grammar in context Complex subject Chemistry is often said to be the central science. Modal verbs Ancient man must have wondered what happened to the wood he burnt Past Simple vs Past Perfect Although Lavoisier was the first to publish his ideas, Lomonosov had reached the same conclusions some years earlier Constructions with infinitive Even while chemists were divided on atomism, it became necessary for someone to make senses of the growing list of elements Emphatic constructions It was by burning things that ancient man discovered iron and glass Inversion So accurate was his classification of the elements, that he was able to predict the properties of undiscovered ones.