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Non-Communicable Disease and Its Economic Burden
 

Non-Communicable Disease and Its Economic Burden

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    Non-Communicable Disease and Its Economic Burden Non-Communicable Disease and Its Economic Burden Presentation Transcript

    • NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES Definition and burden. By: Ahmad Abid bin Abas (2) Ahmad Asyraf bin Mohamed (3)
    • Defining NCDs• Diseases of long duration, generally slow progression and they are the major cause of adult mortality and morbidity worldwide.(WHO 2005)• 4 major NCDs contributing most of NCDs deaths: – CVD, Cancer, Chronic respiratory disease, DM
    • Global burden of NCDs
    • • Of the 57 million global deaths in 2008, 36 million or 63% were due to NCDs.• Annual NCD deaths are projected to rise to 52 million by 2030, accounting for 75% of all deaths• Reference : WHO publications, Regional Office for South East Asia.
    • ECONOMIC BURDEN
    • How to Calculate the Econ. Burden of Health Problems?1) The cost of illness approach (COI) (most common method used)- medical cost, on-medical cost and income losses.2) The economic growth approach (value of lost output)3) The value of statistical life approach (VSL)
    • E.g. - Economic Growth Approach,(impact on NCDs mortality to GDP
    • Demonstrating the Economic Burden of NCDs
    • Demonstrating the Economic Burden of NCDs
    • Disease Economy
    • Disease Economy• General Perspective : - Deprive individual’s health and productive potential - Challenges household’s income and savings - Compete investment’s activities• Countries’ Perspective : - Reduce life expectancy and economy downturn - Depleting country’s labour force - Lower GDP and GNI
    • References• WHO working paper : An estimation of economic impact of chronic NCDs in selected countries. (2006)• A report from World Economic Forum and the Harvard School of Public Health. (September 2011)