State of the Art: How can we use Spontaneous Social Eating to Reduce Stress?
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State of the Art: How can we use Spontaneous Social Eating to Reduce Stress?

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In trying to use spontaneous social eating, this deck looks at existing products, social science studies on social eating, and health/stress benefits of eating the proper foods!

In trying to use spontaneous social eating, this deck looks at existing products, social science studies on social eating, and health/stress benefits of eating the proper foods!

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  • Food as Social Urge: Food is almost always shared—people eat together. It’s an occasion for sharing, distributing, and giving (from parents to children, anyone to visitors or strangers. Food is not just a symbol of, but the reality of , love and security! http://www.sirc.org/publik/food_and_eating_1.html

State of the Art: How can we use Spontaneous Social Eating to Reduce Stress? State of the Art: How can we use Spontaneous Social Eating to Reduce Stress? Presentation Transcript

  • How can we encourage spontaneous social eating to help busy Stanford freshmen relax during free time ? Charlton Soesanto Stanford University Email: charlton@cs.stanford.edu Twitter: @soesantoc
  • Social Networks Cause Anxiety and Stress: Fear Of Missing Out http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/10/business/10ping.html?_r=2&ref=technology The blend of anxiety, inadequacy and irritation that can flare up while skimming social media like Facebook, Twitter, Foursquare and Instagram. Spontaneous Social Eating When you see all of your friends skydiving and traveling around the world, or your ex-significant other going to dinner with other people, and you’re sitting at your computer by yourself…. Shunning Spontaneity on the Web The survey found that spontaneous use of the Internet fell to 21 percent in 2009/10 according to diaries kept by users in Brazil, Britain, France, and Canada from 39 percent in 2007. http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/04/19/us-internet-study-idUSTRE73I0QS20110419 “ I’ve stopped bringing my laptop into the bedroom at night, as I would just sit there for hours surfing aimlessly ,” said one French user. Another said: “I spend less time on the Internet but I manage to do much more than before.” : Survey results Social Media and the Internet Cause Stress
  • Eating together has been socially significant , demonstrated through religious rituals , national holidays , family get-togethers , and everyday social interactions . Passover, Chinese New Year Banquets, Thanksgiving Dinners , Wedding Receptions, Birthday Dinners, Hogwarts Welcome Reception , Anniversaries, Lunch dates, Coffee Chats , Sunday Brunch, Dim Sum , Dinners with Wine Pairings, Cocktail Parties, Oktoberfest , Late Night Snacks, Buffets, Family Dinners, Valentine’s Day Brunch, Mardi Gras , Super Bowl Sunday, Saint Patrick’s Day, Day of the Dead…
  • Proposed Plan: Spontaneous Social Eating: an activity involving consuming meal or snack with friends on a whim. Objective : Reduce anxiety-induced stress while you’re trying to relax! Spontaneous Social Eating
  • Eating Fatty Foods Can Reduce Stress!
    • Those who eat cream puffs and chocolate are trying to give the body what it needs to dampen output from their stress system .
    Spontaneous Social Eating — in the short run “ Eating seems to ameliorate some of the symptoms of depression, so you won’t feel as anxious. This seems to be the body’s way of telling the brain, ‘ It ’ s OK, you can relax , you ’ re refueld with high-energy food. ” – Norman Pecoraro, Ph.D, UCSF. Cortisol released during chronic stress brings excess calories to the abdomen. Fat deposits in your abdomen from fatty foods send metabolic signals to the brain to tell it to shut off stress responses. http://www.psychologytoday.com/articles/200311/stress-and-eating http://www.wmbb.com/Global/story.asp?S=12220780
  • How to Eat (Healthy!) to Reduce Stress Spontaneous Social Eating
    • Eat complex carbs to reduce anxiety and stress: Complex foods take longer to break down than sweet treats and cause brain to release serotonin.
      • Examples: whole-grain breakfast cereals, pasta, and oatmeal !
    • Eat Vitamin C-rich foods —Vitamin C can reduce stress hormones!
    • Carbs before bed can release serotonin and help you sleep better (but a heavy meal can cause heartburn).
    • Milk before bed —calcium helps relax your muscles!
    http://www.ehow.com/how_4667969_eat-reduce-stress.html
  • Obstacles to Social Eating Spontaneous Social Eating
    • Spontaneously eating fatty foods might temporarily shut off a stress response, but abdominal fat increases long-term risk of heart disease!
    • People tend to eat more when they are with others than when they are alone.
    • At least one person at the table will be “eating out of sync” with his or her state of hunger.
    http://www.dailyspark.com/blog.asp?post=poll_do_you_struggle_with_social_eating
    • Contemporary solutions :
    • Looking at menu and decide beforehand
    • Splitting dessert with a friend
    • Suggesting non-food related activity
    • Bringing along a friend who makes healthy choices.
    http:// www.eatingthemoment.com /mindful-social-eating/
  • Studies in Social Eating
    • Eating in Groups  Eating More?
    • Social Eating Study 1: (De Castro, 1990)
    • For 7 days, “82 adult humans” were paid to maintain diaries of everything they ingested, when and where they ingested, the number of people present, and subjective states of hunger, elation, and anxiety .
    • Conclusions :
    • The amount eaten by humans in “spontaneously ingested meals” is positively correlated with the number of other people present .
    • Self-Related elation positively correlated with presence of others.
    • Self-Related anxiety not found to be associated with # of people present .
    • Norms for “appropriate” eating behavior in social situations?
    • Social Eating Study 2: (Roth et. al., 2000)
    • Participants tasted cookies while alone or while observed by the experimenter.
    • Conditions :
    • “ no norm” condition : given no indication of how much other people in study had eaten
    • “ inhibition norm ” condition: led to believe others had eaten minimally
    • “ augmentation norm ” condition: led to believe that others had eaten a lot
    • Conclusions :
    • When alone , participants were influenced by norms.
    • When observed , participants ate minimally:
    • Thus, regardless of the norms they were exposed, the norm for minimal eating superseded a matching norm which prescribes that people should use to intake food similar to their peers.
    Spontaneous Social Eating http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6T0P-47XN26S-3K/2/81d45ef2cde537cb620a3c7fd93f26a2 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6WB2-45BT64W-J/2/61e6002fe338f28502520763f00e1380
  • Positive Effects of Healthy Eating vs. Eating Too Much During Social Eating: Can you have both? Spontaneous Social Eating
    • Yes! --Guidelines for Spontaneous Social Eating:
    • Eating more often “tames the beast” of hunger!
    • 5 mini meals a day > 3 large meals **
    • More meals means keeping metabolism at a higher rate, and storing less of the food you eat as fat (your body doesn’t think you’re starving).
    http://fitbie.msn.com/eat-right/tips/no-deprivation-diet ** the challenge is the keep mini meals “mini.” It’s important that at the end of the day , the calorie content of the mini meals does not exceed what you would otherwise eat in three larger meals, or current effects of de-stress may be offset with long-term health problems. http://www.christopherguerriero.com/metabolism-boost.htm
  • Contemporary Social Eating Applications f oodspotting.com http:// jessjurick.com /2011/01/27/eating-social-the-intimate-relationship-between-food-and-our-social-networks/ Check-ins Categorized in the “Food” category far outranked check-ins at any other type of venue. Spontaneous Social Eating These aren’t “spontaneous” and amplify the Fear Of Missing Out..
  • roaminghunger.com o ffthegridsf.com These sites use twitter and the web to create a hub to find find ‘mobile’ and ‘get it now’ food opportunities! Websites which Encourage Social Eating Spontaneous Social Eating
  • Three products related to encouraging Spontaneous Social Eating
    • Positive Similarities
    • Has simple, basic Pandora-like interface reduces “information overload.”
    • Uses machine learning to lower cognitive load , increase ability.
    • Differences and Problems:
    • Not social--improves on yelp’s information-overload” but is not yet social.
    • Positive Similarities:
    • Scopes down where-should-I-eat problem.
    • Provides more information about taste and ambience before decision making.
    • Differences and Problems:
    • Focuses too much on the activity and food , not the social aspect of a meal.
    • Overloads user with too much information: Too many restaurants, too many reviews, too many “satisfactory” choices!
    • Positive Similarities
    • Depends on who is available , not the activity itself.
    • Lets someone else decide the itinerary decreases stress and increases social.
    • Differences and Problems:
    • Requires much planning (not spontaneous!).
    • Asks for much trust.
    • Most helpful with strangers, not friends or acquaintances .
  • Three products/services related to encouraging Spontaneous Social Activity
    • Similarities
    • Quick, directly reaches people.
    • Provides a mild digital social interaction .
    • Problems:
    • SMS requires at least 3 phone presses to respond
    • Indiscriminately targets people —if you got a text, you know someone thought of you . Not ‘ephemeral’ enough!
    • Lacks sense of “containment,” which causes anxiety.
    • Similarities:
    • Provides access to a social network.
    • Allows posts only to certain networks .
    • Posts ephemeral updates
    • Problems:
    • Sends notifications to “networks” not based on geography.
    • Does not eliminate fear of judgment: A “Who-Wants-To?” post tells everyone (even ones who can’t hang out with you) that you are alone and are looking to do something .
    • Lacks sense of “containment,” which causes anxiety.
    • Causes noise and clutters your news feed.
    • Similarities
    • Depends on who is checking and now available.
    • Posts ephemeral updates.
    • Problems:
    • Pushes notifications to everyone —too public.
    • Does not eliminate fear of judgment
    • Lacks sense of “containment,” which causes anxiety.
    • Causes noise and clutters your news feed,
  • Questions, Comments, Suggestions? Email: charlton@cs.stanford.edu Twitter: @soesantoc