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Presentation 15 04 10_long_v3

  1. 1. BAW Institut für regionale Wirtschaftsforschung GmbH Noord Nederland EU Strategy 2014 – 2020 Workshop Presentation NL-Groningen April 15, 2010 Nikolai Lutzky
  2. 2. BAW Institut für regionale Wirtschaftsforschung GmbH <ul><li>Guiding Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What are the European challenges, policies and priorities that SNN and NNL key clusters have to address in competing successfully for future EU funding ? </li></ul><ul><li>Which perspectives for long-term cluster operations can be gained from a SWOT analysis of NNL key clusters? </li></ul><ul><li>What partnership strategies for NNL key clusters can be derived from an evaluation of partnership potentials in Northwest Germany ? </li></ul>
  3. 3. BAW Institut für regionale Wirtschaftsforschung GmbH <ul><li>The EU Policy Framework </li></ul><ul><li>Assessments of NNL Key Clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Cluster Partnership Potentials in Northwest Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Summary Conclusions and Recommendations </li></ul>
  4. 4. 06/20/11 19:00 © BAW GmbH EU Policy Framework for NNL EU strategy development Competitiveness Lisbon/Gothenburg Sustainability EU 2020 Cohesion Policy Research & Innovation Policy Cluster Policy Regions Enterprise Environmen t Agriculture/Food Education Information Transport Health Energy
  5. 5. EC umbrella strategy paper: Europe 2020 <ul><li>A European Strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth </li></ul><ul><li>5 measurable targets : (1) Employment (2) Research & Development investments = 3 % of GDP, (3) 20%/20%/20% target for climate/renewable energies/energy efficiency (4) Education (5) Social inclusion/poverty </li></ul><ul><li>7 flagship initiatives : education, innovation, digital agenda, resource efficiency, industrial/SME policy, skills and jobs, cohesion </li></ul><ul><li>Annual national and EU monitoring and reporting </li></ul><ul><li>Endorsed in principle by the European Council on 26 March 2010 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cornerstones of future EU Cohesion Policy <ul><li>Lisbon Treaty / EU 2020 : Economic, social and territorial cohesion </li></ul><ul><li>new cohesion report (end of 2010) / followed by cohesion forum </li></ul><ul><li>2014 – 2020: Continuity in goals To facilitate growth in lagging areas (old: convergence) To enhance competitiveness and employment To foster integration across borders </li></ul><ul><li>Responding to EU challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Concentration on core priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Place-based, i.e. addressing region-specific needs and potentials </li></ul><ul><li>Coherent with Single Market policies </li></ul><ul><li>More emphasis on territorial cohesion : cross-border cooperation , urban development, macro regions </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring, Evaluation, Benchmarking of performance </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Barca Coordinates for Cohesion Policy Cohesion Objectives Efficiency Inclusion EU Challenges Competitive-ness Environment Energy Demography Technology Priorities Innovation Climate Migration Children Skills Ageing EU-wide relevance Place-based nature Verifiability A reference framework for NNL Regional and Cluster development
  8. 8. NNL clusters addressing Challenges and Priorities NNL clusters on good track: - Innovation - Climate change - Skills - Competitiveness - Demography - Technology
  9. 9. EU cluster policy: reference base for NNL clusters <ul><ul><ul><li>EU Cluster policy : numerous documents, institutions, services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>European Cluster Memorandum : a reference document for cluster management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>European Cluster Alliance : a platform for EU cluster policy dialogue </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>European Cluster Policy Group : advising EU cluster policy development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>European Cluster Observatory Cluster data base and ongoing cluster research </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Europa Innova / Pro Inno Europe fostering cluster cooperation, networks, innovation and excellence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Competitiveness Institute , Barcelona: cluster training </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Conclusions for NNL EU Strategy 2014 - 2020 <ul><li>NNL key cluster approach confirmed by EU cluster policy! </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-border cooperation confirmed by EU cohesion policy! </li></ul><ul><li>new cohesion report (late 2010) / followed by cohesion forum </li></ul><ul><li>NNL EU strategy to be aligned to EU Policy Framework => proof of European added value </li></ul><ul><li>“ Place-based” NNL regional development programmes needed => proof of regional added value </li></ul><ul><li>NNL cluster development to reflect EU policies: => EU challenges , cohesion priorities , sectoral & cluster policies </li></ul><ul><li>Professional cluster services for best cluster performance: => management, monitoring, evaluation, benchmarking </li></ul>
  11. 11. EU Funding Programmes for Regions 0.3 For comparison: Public Health 7 Lifelong Learning 55 7th Research Framework Progr. 92 EAFRD Rural Development 70 Cohesion Fund => convergence/lagging regions 79 ESF European Social Fund => employment 199 EU Regional Development Fund => convergence, competitiveness, growth Territorial cooperation, Interreg Budgets 2007-2013 - bio € Selected Programmes
  12. 12. BAW Institut für regionale Wirtschaftsforschung GmbH <ul><li>Future European Cohesion Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Assessments of NNL Key Clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Cluster Partnership Potentials in Northwest Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Summary Conclusions and Recommendations </li></ul>
  13. 13. Cluster Assessment: Criteria for Success Business base Knowledge base Political support Cluster maturity Cluster organisation, facilities and finance Cluster programme: services, networks, projects Cluster visibility and reputation Competitiveness for EU funding European added value Regional added value Performance monitoring and evaluation Strengths or Weaknesses / Drawbacks?
  14. 14. Cluster Assessment: Criteria for Success Macro-economic conditions and trends Market trends: regional, national, international Technology and Innovation EU challenges and priorities Legislation, policies and programmes Resources: Talents, funding, infrastructure, services Regional economic potentials and problems Partnership potentials: regional, cross-border, European Cross-cluster synergy potentials Competition: regions, clusters, projects Opportunities and Threats/ Challenges
  15. 15. Cluster Assessment: Wetsus EU Water Hub <ul><li>Business-distant neighbourhood </li></ul><ul><li>Peripheral location </li></ul><ul><li>EU Project facilitation capacities </li></ul><ul><li>Limited cluster scope: water treatment </li></ul><ul><li>7 years build up experience </li></ul><ul><li>Proven business model </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed finance base: 50% govt., 25% business, 25% univ. </li></ul><ul><li>80 Company members (15 NNL) </li></ul><ul><li>International OEM partners </li></ul><ul><li>13 European partner universities </li></ul><ul><li>National recognition: Wetsus TTI </li></ul><ul><li>Wetsus platform: business programme </li></ul><ul><li>45 staff: knowledge, economic devt. </li></ul><ul><li>Labs, test facilities, demo sites </li></ul><ul><li>Start-up incubator </li></ul><ul><li>Water Alliance: regional roots </li></ul>Drawbacks Strengths
  16. 16. Cluster Assessment: Wetsus EU Water Hub <ul><li>Public-private funding 2012 onwards </li></ul><ul><li>Bridging gap NNL – global markets </li></ul><ul><li>Regional SME water tech supplier base </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-border NWD partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Client scope: NWD water utilities, water authorities, water-intense industry </li></ul><ul><li>Reorientation after KIC application </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-Company knowledge sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Leeuwarden Profile: EU water hub </li></ul><ul><li>EU project facilitating services </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement in EU networks, e.g. KIS-IP </li></ul><ul><li>Water tech => global growth industry </li></ul><ul><li>Revenues from patents and licenses, project facilitation, export services, international / SME platform members </li></ul><ul><li>EU funding for water cluster projects </li></ul><ul><li>Market development NWD, Eastern EU </li></ul><ul><li>„ Water Campus“ Leeuwarden </li></ul><ul><li>KIC co-locations = EU partners </li></ul><ul><li>NNL Cross-cluster cooperation: sensors, energy, agribusiness </li></ul>Challenges Opportunities
  17. 17. Cluster Assessment: Energy Valley <ul><li>Late start into EU projects </li></ul><ul><li>Late start into marketing activities </li></ul><ul><li>Late start into cross-border cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Gas, oil history and dominance </li></ul><ul><li>Lagging behind in wind energy </li></ul><ul><li>EV public presentation: NNL focus </li></ul><ul><li>7 years build up experience </li></ul><ul><li>Solid triple helix organisation: 11 organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Strong industry backing </li></ul><ul><li>Strong knowledge base </li></ul><ul><li>EV Platform: 125 SME + strategic partners </li></ul><ul><li>400 companies, 25.000 empl. </li></ul><ul><li>Mid-term business planning </li></ul><ul><li>Sound financial base </li></ul><ul><li>14 full-time staff </li></ul>Drawbacks Strengths
  18. 18. Cluster Assessment: Energy Valley <ul><li>EV Budget switch to 70 % private / 30 % public </li></ul><ul><li>SME suppliers access to 23 bio € investment programme </li></ul><ul><li>Industry transfer of innovation projects </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-cluster synergy projects </li></ul><ul><li>Building NWD/EU partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Launch of NNL/NWD projects </li></ul><ul><li>EU project facilitation, management, applications </li></ul><ul><li>Proof of EU & NNL added value </li></ul><ul><li>NWD involvement in HEC project </li></ul><ul><li>Build up of EU references </li></ul><ul><li>EU challenges, priorities, funding for energy, climate </li></ul><ul><li>23 bio € NNL investment progr. </li></ul><ul><li>Balancing conventional and sustainable energies </li></ul><ul><li>Hansa Energy Corridor concept </li></ul><ul><li>EU/NWD partnership potential </li></ul><ul><li>NNL themes: wind, biogas, CCS </li></ul><ul><li>NNL Cross-cluster synergies: sensors, water, agribusiness </li></ul><ul><li>NNL projects, e.g. Nordconnect, NorthSeaSupply </li></ul>Challenges Opportunities
  19. 19. Cluster Assessment: Agribusiness <ul><li>No specific cluster organisation </li></ul><ul><li>EU project bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-border cooperation beyond EDR </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional NNL economic base </li></ul><ul><li>NOM cluster management linked to economic development </li></ul><ul><li>SNN access to agro-subsidies </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge center: CCC </li></ul><ul><li>TNO „Quality of Life“ involvement </li></ul><ul><li>business-driven sub-clusters, e.g. Biorefinery </li></ul><ul><li>Business links through cooperatives </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-border experience EDR </li></ul><ul><li>NNL education offerings: WU, Hanze HS, RUG, UMCG </li></ul>Drawbacks Strengths
  20. 20. Cluster Assessment: Agribusiness <ul><li>Expansion of NNL agro-industry and suppliers base </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening cluster organisation for more SME involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial transfer of innovation projects </li></ul><ul><li>EU project facilitation and management </li></ul><ul><li>EU policies: Road map of the HLG agro-food industry </li></ul><ul><li>Extension of cross-border/EU cooperation focussed on agro-industry </li></ul><ul><li>Increase of private funding share </li></ul><ul><li>Global food challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Europe: food quality demand </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial focus of CCC research </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-border and EU potentials </li></ul><ul><li>NNL Cross-cluster synergies: sensors, water, energy, health </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing of cross-cluster innovations, e.g. precise farming, smart dairy farming </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships with agro-food OEMs </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation transfer through NNL cooperatives, e.g. agrifirm, AVEBE </li></ul><ul><li>Non-food products from agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>International agroindustry networks </li></ul>Challenges Opportunities
  21. 21. Cluster Assessment: Healthy Ageing <ul><li>Late start of the cluster </li></ul><ul><li>Small health-related NNL business base </li></ul><ul><li>Introspective NNL policy orientation </li></ul><ul><li>FP 7 focus of project applications </li></ul><ul><li>Limited availability of seed funding </li></ul><ul><li>Remote geographical location </li></ul><ul><li>HA knowledge base: RUG, UMCG </li></ul><ul><li>R & D facilities, e.g. labs, equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Quality reputation of RUG medical sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Qualified personnel for EU projects </li></ul><ul><li>International links through RUG, UMCG, companies </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement in (inter-)national activities, e.g. TTI Pharma </li></ul><ul><li>Nordconnect framework for HANEU </li></ul>Drawbacks Strengths
  22. 22. Cluster Assessment: Healthy Ageing <ul><li>International cluster orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-cluster project development </li></ul><ul><li>Proof of commercial/financial viability </li></ul><ul><li>Devt. of new health-related business models, e.g. for LifeLines, ERIBA </li></ul><ul><li>Business start-up campaign, venture funds, strategic business alliances </li></ul><ul><li>Build-up of health OEM partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Fund finding for business R&D projects </li></ul><ul><li>EU project devt. through HANEU </li></ul><ul><li>Broader EU programme focus beyond FP 7/8, e.g. Interreg, ESF, Public Health, Food, Enterprise, IT </li></ul><ul><li>Visible short-term cluster success </li></ul><ul><li>Demographic challenge, cohesion priorities </li></ul><ul><li>LifeLines biobank: commercial value </li></ul><ul><li>ERIBA: 50 mio € for 150 researchers </li></ul><ul><li>HANEU: resource for project groups </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy Ageing Campus Groningen </li></ul><ul><li>EU programmes: FP 7/8, RoK, EIT-KIC, Interreg, Public Health, Tog. for Health </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-cluster potentials: sensors, agri, water </li></ul><ul><li>Emerging cooperation RUG / Univ. OL </li></ul><ul><li>NNL/NWD coop. potentials in HA focal areas, e.g. care, food, med. education </li></ul><ul><li>RUG graduates for NNL HA partners </li></ul>Challenges Opportunities
  23. 23. Cluster Assessment: Sensoruniverse <ul><li>Short experience in cluster devt. </li></ul><ul><li>Small sensor-related business base </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of international profile of NNL sensor competencies </li></ul><ul><li>Sensor Universe Programme: focus on applications </li></ul><ul><li>Incas³, HIT: knowledge base </li></ul><ul><li>ASTRON, LOFAR, SKA: competence in sensors and software/processing </li></ul><ul><li>Visibility, reputation of flagship projects </li></ul><ul><li>HIT B.A. in ASA: unique offering </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-cluster collaboration with Wetsus, Agribusiness, EnergyValley </li></ul><ul><li>Local, regional, national, EU backing </li></ul><ul><li>RUG data processing center CPF </li></ul><ul><li>Strong financial basis </li></ul>Drawbacks Strengths
  24. 24. Cluster Assessment: Sensoruniverse <ul><li>NNL-wide business impact </li></ul><ul><li>Profiling INCAS³ for innovation transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of a NNL sensor industry </li></ul><ul><li>Build-up of OEM links </li></ul><ul><li>Build-up of a NNL SME supplier base </li></ul><ul><li>HIT: Service Engineering for sensor applications </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-border and interregional partnership development </li></ul><ul><li>Proof of EU value of sensor technology: EU challenges and priorities </li></ul><ul><li>EU project applications </li></ul><ul><li>Synergy potentials with all NNL clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Universal sensor applications </li></ul><ul><li>Sensor applications mostly independent from supercomputers </li></ul><ul><li>Sensor City Assen: demo-site </li></ul><ul><li>Start-ups in sensor technology and software/data processing </li></ul><ul><li>Lofar/SKA: RED potentials for NNL </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-border partnership potentials for EU projects and product innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Pending project applications </li></ul><ul><li>Regional motivation for sensor innovations </li></ul>Challenges Opportunities
  25. 25. NNL Key Cluster Assessment: Summary <ul><li>NNL business base </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge institutes: build up phase, limited size </li></ul><ul><li>Limited cross-cluster cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Limited cross-border cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>EU project management capacities </li></ul><ul><li>Regional economic data base </li></ul><ul><li>Cluster monitoring and evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>International cluster marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Cluster Knowledge institutes </li></ul><ul><li>RUG: cross-cluster knowledge hub </li></ul><ul><li>RUG: central data processing capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Cluster organisation and managers </li></ul><ul><li>Cluster ambitions, flagship projects </li></ul><ul><li>Triple helix cluster set up </li></ul><ul><li>Regional political committment </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed finance base: Public / Private / Universities </li></ul><ul><li>Business-oriented programs </li></ul><ul><li>National recognition and funding </li></ul><ul><li>Emerging Nordconnect network </li></ul><ul><li>NNL Brussels representation </li></ul>Drawbacks Strengths
  26. 26. NNL Key Cluster Assessment: Summary <ul><li>Development of cross-cluster projects </li></ul><ul><li>Bridging the gap: NNL – global markets </li></ul><ul><li>Building links to international OEM </li></ul><ul><li>Building regional SME suppliers bases </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial use of knowledge base, innovation facilities and services </li></ul><ul><li>Balance of knowledge vs. market focus </li></ul><ul><li>Building core partnerships NNL/NWD/ ? </li></ul><ul><li>Development of shared cluster services </li></ul><ul><li>Qualifying project facilitators/managers </li></ul><ul><li>Cluster monitoring and assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Talent retention for NNL </li></ul><ul><li>Increase private funding, secure co-funding </li></ul><ul><li>NNL key clusters responding to EU challenges / EU priorities </li></ul><ul><li>„ Place-based“ EU Cohesion Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Economic recovery: growth potentials </li></ul><ul><li>Market & partnership potentials in NWD and in new EU member states </li></ul><ul><li>Talents and start-ups from cluster knowledge institutes </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthened SME competitiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-cluster synergy potentials </li></ul><ul><li>Linking NNL SME base to OEM partners </li></ul><ul><li>Supply demand from NNL investment programmes, e.g. E.V. 23 bio € </li></ul><ul><li>NNL EU projects 2007-2013, e.g. NSSC </li></ul>Challenges Opportunities
  27. 27. Role of Clusters in Regional Economic Development <ul><ul><li>NNL clusters have developed to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>important pillars of regional economic development : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>regional innovation base </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>knowledge – business – public networks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>European project partnerships </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SME mobilization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>international attention and recognition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>=> Emerging role of NNL key clusters: entrepreneurial forces within the NNL economic development scheme </li></ul>
  28. 28. BAW Institut für regionale Wirtschaftsforschung GmbH <ul><li>Future European Cohesion Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Assessments of NNL Key Clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Cluster Partnership Potentials in Northwest Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Summary Conclusions and Recommendations </li></ul>
  29. 29. und Metropolregion Bremen/Oldenburg im Nordwesten Bevölkerung 2006 europaregion 4,2 Mio. Metropolregion 2,4 Mio. Bevölkerungentwicklung (1990-2005) europaregion +12,2 % Metropolregion + 8,6 % Bund + 4,3 % Alte Bundesländer + 8,5 % Erwerbstätige 2006 europaregion 1,9 Mio. Metropolregion 1,1 Mio.
  30. 30. Cluster landscape Northwest Germany Public authorities Knowledge institutes Private business Metropolregion Zukunftsfelder Landesinitiativen Niedersachsen Clusters Bremen Weser-Ems Centers of Competence Business Networks Local initiatives
  31. 31. Metropolregion HB/OL: 8 „Zukunftsfelder“ <ul><li>Automotive </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable Energies </li></ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Logistics </li></ul><ul><li>Aerospace </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Maritime Industries </li></ul>
  32. 32. Bremen Innovation clusters/Cross-sectoral technologies 3 Innovation clusters: Maritime economy & logistics, Renewable / Wind energy, Aerospace industry 8 Cross-sectoral technologies : ICT, Materials, Robotics/process tech., Environmental tech., Automotive/e-mobility, Creative industries, Health/Life Sciences, Food
  33. 33. Weser-Ems Centers of Competencies - formerly: RIS Weser-Ems - <ul><li>Kompetenzzentrum Zukünftige Energieversorgung (RIS-Energie) – Oldenburg </li></ul><ul><li>Niedersächsisches Kompetenzzentrum </li></ul><ul><li>Ernährungswirtschaft (NieKE) - Vechta </li></ul><ul><li>3N - Kompetenzzentrum Niedersachsen Netzwerk Nachwachsende Rohstoffe - Werlte </li></ul><ul><li>Kompetenzzentrum für Verkehr und Logistik LOGIS.NET. – LK OS </li></ul><ul><li>Kompetenzzentrum Gesundheitswirtschaft (GewiNet) – Bad Essen </li></ul><ul><li>Mariko – Maritimes Kompetenzzentrum (Leer – not RIS) </li></ul>
  34. 34. 8 Landesinitiativen Niedersachsen <ul><li>Landesinitiative Adaptronic (ECAS) </li></ul><ul><li>Landesinitiative Brennstoffzelle und Batterietechnologie </li></ul><ul><li>Landesinitiative Life Sciences BioRegioN </li></ul><ul><li>Landesinitiative Logistik </li></ul><ul><li>Landesinitiative Mikrosystemtechnik </li></ul><ul><li>Landesinitiative Telematik </li></ul><ul><li>Landesinitiative Nano und Materialinnovation </li></ul><ul><li>Landesinitiative Niedersachsen Aviation </li></ul>
  35. 35. Cross-border NNL/NWD cooperation: Bottlenecks <ul><li>Bottlenecks => Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Administration mismatch => Project focus </li></ul><ul><li>Cluster mismatch => Targetted partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Regional development benefits? => Regional added value </li></ul><ul><li>EU competitiveness doubtful => EU added value </li></ul><ul><li>Limited partnership potentials => Partner screening </li></ul><ul><li>Geographical distance => Virtual partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>=> Start with projects rather than with political coordination! </li></ul>
  36. 36. EU competitiveness through NNL/NWD cooperation? <ul><li>EU policies call for cross-border-cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial cooperation goal: „to foster integration across borders“ </li></ul><ul><li>Single EU market: „unexploited cross-border potentials“ </li></ul><ul><li>Cluster-specific potentials for cross-border cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Untested partnership potentials: e.g. Sensor tech </li></ul><ul><li>Shared challenges and opportunities: e.g. Energy, Agribusiness </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-border knowledge spill-overs : e.g. Healthy Ageing </li></ul><ul><li>Development of cross-border business markets: e.g. Water tech </li></ul><ul><li>=> Access to EU programmes for Innovation, Exports, Productivity, Education, Employment, Infrastructure, SME promotion </li></ul><ul><li>=> Cluster-specific partnership strategies </li></ul>
  37. 37. Starting Points for Cluster Partnerships NNL-Cluster Energy Valley Clusters & Networks <ul><li>WAB Windenergie-Agentur HB/BHV (Windenergy Cluster HB / NDS) </li></ul><ul><li>Energiecluster Oldenburg (OLEC) </li></ul><ul><li>3N - Niedersachsen Netzwerk Nachwachsende Rohstoffe (Biogas) </li></ul><ul><li>Project Cluster: POWER </li></ul>Knowledge Institutions <ul><li>EWE-Forschungszentrum für Energietechnologie Next Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Fraunhofer-Institut für Windenergie und Energiesystemtechnik – IWES </li></ul><ul><li>Bremer Energiekonsens / RIS Energie </li></ul><ul><li>ForWind - Zentrum für Windenergieforschung – Univ. OL, HB, H </li></ul><ul><li>fk-wind: Forschungs- und Koordinierungsstelle Windenergie – FH BHV </li></ul><ul><li>DEWI Deutsches Windenergie-Institut Wilhelmshaven </li></ul><ul><li>European Academy for Wind Energy / Oldenburg University </li></ul><ul><li>Bremer Energie Institut </li></ul><ul><li>Forschungsverbund Energie Niedersachsen (FEN) </li></ul>
  38. 38. Starting Points for Cluster Partnerships NNL-Cluster Energy Valley Public Authorities <ul><li>Niedersächsisches Ministerium für Umwelt und Klimaschutz/für Wirtschaft, Arbeit und Verkehr / fürErnährung, Landwirtschaft und Forsten </li></ul><ul><li>Der Senator für Umwelt, Bau, Verkehr und Europa / für Wirtschaft und Häfen </li></ul>Public & Private Companies - examples - <ul><li>EWE AG </li></ul><ul><li>swb AG </li></ul><ul><li>Vattenfall Europe AG (ehemals HEW) </li></ul><ul><li>Hamburg Energie </li></ul><ul><li>BARD Engineering GmbH (Emden/Oldenburg) </li></ul><ul><li>REpower Systems AG (HH/Brhv.) </li></ul><ul><li>Enercon (Aurich) </li></ul><ul><li>SSC Windenergy Service GmbH (LK OL) </li></ul>
  39. 39. Starting Points for Cluster Partnerships NNL-Cluster WaterTech Clusters & Networks <ul><li>KompetenzNetzwerk HAMBURG WASSER </li></ul>Knowledge Institutions <ul><li>Marum - Zentrum für Marine Umweltwissenschaften (Univ. HB) </li></ul><ul><li>MPI - Max-Planck-Institut für marine Mikrobiologie (HB) </li></ul><ul><li>ZMT - Zentrum für Marine Tropenökologie (HB) </li></ul><ul><li>Universität Bremen - IUV · Institut für Umweltverfahrenstechnik </li></ul><ul><li>Universität Oldenburg, Prof. Ulrich Scheele, Water Economics </li></ul><ul><li>Technologietransferzentrum ttz Bremerhaven </li></ul><ul><li>ZEWU - Zentrum für Energie-, Wasser- und Umwelttechnik der Handwerkskammer Hamburg </li></ul><ul><li>Wasser- und Umweltingenieurwesen - Technische Universität Hamburg- Harburg </li></ul><ul><li>Universität Hannover - Master Studium Wasser-, Umwelt- und Küsteningenieurwesen </li></ul>
  40. 40. Starting Points for Cluster Partnerships NNL-Cluster WaterTech Public Authorities <ul><li>Senator für Umwelt, Bau, Verkehr und Europa, Bremen </li></ul><ul><li>Niedersächsisches Ministerium für Umwelt und Klimaschutz </li></ul><ul><li>Nds. Landesbetrieb für Wasserwirtschaft, Küsten- und Naturschutz </li></ul><ul><li>Local authorities </li></ul>Public & Private Companies - Examples - <ul><li>EWE AG </li></ul><ul><li>hanseWasser Bremen GmbH </li></ul><ul><li>Stadtwerke Emden, Direktor Remmer Edzards </li></ul><ul><li>HAMBURG WASSER (HH Wasserwerke HWW/ HH Stadtentwässerung </li></ul>
  41. 41. Starting Points for Cluster Partnerships NNL-Cluster Agribusiness Clusters & Networks <ul><li>Niedersächsisches Kompetenzzentrum Ernährungswirtschaft (NieKE) </li></ul><ul><li>Metropolregion HB/OL: Cluster Ernährungswirtschaft </li></ul><ul><li>3 N – Netzwerk Nachwachsende Rohstoffe Niedersachsen </li></ul>Knowledge Institutions <ul><li>Deutsches Institut für Lebensmitteltechnik e.V. (with own Brussels office) </li></ul><ul><li>Technologietransferzentrum ttz Bremerhaven </li></ul><ul><li>FIBRE - Faserinstitut Bremen </li></ul><ul><li>BioNord - Biotechnologiestandort Bremen/Bremerhaven </li></ul><ul><li>ZPN - Zentrum Pflanzenbauwissenschaften Niedersachsen </li></ul><ul><li>KÖN -Kompetenzzentrum Ökolandbau Niedersachsen GmbH </li></ul><ul><li>FH Osnabrück – Studiengang Bodennutzung und Bodenschutz </li></ul><ul><li>Hochschule Vechta: Institut für Strukturforschung und Planung in agrarischen Intensivgebieten (ISPA) </li></ul><ul><li>Europe-wide: FINE Food Innovation Network Europe, Food Cluster Initiative Europe </li></ul>
  42. 42. Starting Points for Cluster Partnerships NNL-Cluster Agribusiness Public Authorities <ul><li>Niedersächsisches Ministerium für Ernährung, Landwirtschaft, </li></ul><ul><li>Verbraucherschutz und Landesentwicklung </li></ul><ul><li>Senator für Wirtschaft und Häfen </li></ul><ul><li>Landwirtschaftskammer Niedersachsen </li></ul>Public & Private Companies - examples - <ul><li>Major industries in NDS </li></ul><ul><li>Animal husbandry, horse breeding </li></ul><ul><li>Dairy farming </li></ul><ul><li>Animal foodstuff and pharmacy </li></ul><ul><li>Food processing </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural machinery, technology </li></ul><ul><li>Tree nursery </li></ul><ul><li>Major industries in HB </li></ul><ul><li>fish industry </li></ul><ul><li>drinks & coffee </li></ul><ul><li>sweets </li></ul><ul><li>food processing </li></ul>
  43. 43. Starting Points for Cluster Partnerships NNL-Cluster Healthy Ageing Clusters & Networks <ul><li>Landesinitiative LifeSciences Niedersachsen – BioRegioN </li></ul><ul><li>Netzwerkinitiative Gesundheitswirtschaft Nordwest e.V. / GewiNet </li></ul><ul><li>Life Science Nord – Norgenta (HH) </li></ul><ul><li>BioNord - Biotechnologiestandort Bremen/Bremerhaven </li></ul><ul><li>Landesinitiative „Bremen.Zukunftsmarkt Gesundheit“ </li></ul><ul><li>Pflegeforschungsverbund Nord: Universities and cure research institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Audiologie Initiative Niedersachsen / HörTech gGmbH OL </li></ul><ul><li>WILL Workability Innovation LivingLab: Cooperation HB/NDS – Hanze Univ. GR </li></ul>Knowledge Institutions <ul><li>Bremer Institut für Präventionsforschung und Sozialmedizin (BIPS) </li></ul><ul><li>Jacobs University Bremen: Lifelong Learning </li></ul><ul><li>DFKI - German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (AAL) </li></ul><ul><li>HörTech Kompetenzzentrum für Hörgeräte-Systemtechnik </li></ul><ul><li>Center for Public Health (ZPH – University Bremen) </li></ul><ul><li>Center for Health Technology Assessment (Universität Bremen) </li></ul>
  44. 44. Starting Points for Cluster Partnerships NNL-Cluster Healthy Ageing Public Authorities <ul><li>Die Senatorin für Arbeit, Frauen, Gesundheit, Jugend und Soziales </li></ul><ul><li>Niedersächsisches Ministerium für Soziales, Frauen, Familie und Gesundheit </li></ul><ul><li>Local authorities </li></ul>Public & Private Companies - Examples - <ul><li>MEVIS Medical Solutions AG/Fraunhofer Instit. for Medical Image Computing </li></ul><ul><li>Gesundheit Nord gGmbH </li></ul><ul><li>Bruker Daltonik GmbH (Solutions for Life Sciences research) </li></ul><ul><li>Stiftung Friedehorst (Rehabilitation) </li></ul><ul><li>BEGO Implant Systems (Dental technologies) </li></ul><ul><li>Kurbetriebsgesellschaft Bad Zwischenahn mbH </li></ul>
  45. 45. Starting Points for Cluster Partnerships NNL-Cluster Sensor Tech Clusters & Networks <ul><li>Landesinitiative Mikrosystemtechnik Niedersachsen </li></ul>Knowledge Institutions <ul><li>DFKI – German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>TZI – Technologie-Zentrum Informatik & Informationstechnik HB / OFFIS OL </li></ul><ul><li>Institut für Mikrosensoren, -aktoren und –systeme (IMSAS), Univ. Bremen </li></ul><ul><li>CAG Centrum für angewandte Gensensorik (Univ. Bremen, DNA Analytik) </li></ul><ul><li>Fachgebiet Meerestechnik/Sensorik, Geowissenschaften, Univ. HB </li></ul><ul><li>DLR Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme HB (astronomy) </li></ul><ul><li>ZARM Zentrum für angewandte Raumfahrttechnologie und Mikrogravitation HB </li></ul><ul><li>Fraunhofer IFAM / MultiMaT Cluster project (Smart Materials) HB </li></ul><ul><li>Technologietransferzentrum ttz Bremerhaven: Sensoriklabor </li></ul><ul><li>Zentrum für Mikroproduktion e.V. (Projekt Region Braunschweig GmbH) </li></ul>
  46. 46. Starting Points for Cluster Partnerships NNL-Cluster Sensor Tech Application fields in NWD <ul><li>Infrastructure : Wind energy, Water & waste water control, smart cities </li></ul><ul><li>e-mobility : model region Bremen / Oldenburg </li></ul><ul><li>Health : ambient assisted living (DFKI), e-health, tele-health </li></ul><ul><li>Agribusiness : smart farming </li></ul><ul><li>Aerospace industry </li></ul>Public Authorities <ul><li>Nds. Ministerium für Wirtschaft, Arbeit und Verkehr </li></ul><ul><li>Senator für Wirtschaft und Häfen, Bremen </li></ul><ul><li>Local authorities </li></ul>Public & Private Companies - examples - <ul><li>Areospace companies: OHB, EADS (astronomy) </li></ul><ul><li>Nanofilm Technologie GmbH </li></ul><ul><li>AMA Service GmbH </li></ul><ul><li>Niedersachsen focal region Braunschweig: IST Fraunhofer Institut für Schicht- und Oberflächentechnik </li></ul>
  47. 47. Summary: Recommended target partners NNL-Clusters: Selected target partners in Northwest Germany Energy Valley <ul><li>WAB Windenergie-Agentur HB/BHV </li></ul><ul><li>Energiecluster Oldenburg (OLEC) </li></ul><ul><li>EWE AG / EWE-Forschungszentrum für Energietechnologie Next Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Fraunhofer-Institut für Windenergie und Energiesystemtechnik – IWES </li></ul><ul><li>Bremer Energiekonsens merging with RIS Energie </li></ul>Water tech <ul><li>Marum - Zentrum für Marine Umweltwissenschaften (Universität Bremen) </li></ul>Agribusiness <ul><li>NieKE – Niedersächsisches Kompetenzzentrum Ernährungswirtschaft </li></ul><ul><li>Metropolregion HB/OL: Cluster Ernährungswirtschaft </li></ul><ul><li>DIL – Deutsches Institut für Lebensmitteltechnik e.V. </li></ul><ul><li>ttz Bremerhaven </li></ul>
  48. 48. Summary: Recommended target partners NNL-Clusters: Selected target partners in Northwest Germany Healthy Ageing <ul><li>Landesinitiative LifeSciences Niedersachsen – BioRegioN </li></ul><ul><li>Netzwerkinitiative Gesundheitswirtschaft Nordwest e.V. </li></ul><ul><li>BioNord - Biotechnologiestandort Bremen/Bremerhaven </li></ul><ul><li>Bremer Institut für Präventionsforschung und Sozialmedizin (BIPS) </li></ul><ul><li>Jacobs University Bremen: Lifelong Learning </li></ul><ul><li>DFKI – German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (AAL) </li></ul><ul><li>Norgenta for Hamburg / Schlewig-Holstein -> Öresund </li></ul><ul><li>MEVIS Medical Solutions AG/Fraunhofer Instit. for Medical Image Computing </li></ul>Sensor Tech <ul><li>Landesinitiative Mikrosystemtechnik Niedersachsen </li></ul><ul><li>DFKI – German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>TZI – Technologie-Zentrum Informatik & Informationstechnik HB / OFFIS OL </li></ul>
  49. 49. Partnership Model: Core partnership & Extended Partner Network North Sea Partner Core Partnership Germany/NRW Extended Eastern Europe Baltic Sea/ Noord Connect Other EU regions NNL Cluster NWD Partner network
  50. 50. Tailored cross-border cluster partnership strategies Partner Screening: Knowledge Instit., Clusters, Business, Public Cluster liaison representative Face-to-face meetings Joint formation of Core and Extended Partnerships Joint Conferences/Events Cross-border trade fair representation NNL/NWD memberships in partner organisations Project finding workshops: innovation, markets, education, institutions, Joint EU profile building EU project applications Partnership agreements: programmes of action, shared resources Political back up as appropriate Win-win-partnerships: personal, joint action, project-focus
  51. 51. Tailored cluster partnership strategies <ul><li>Limited cross-border partnership : knowledge institutes, water utilities </li></ul><ul><li>Priority on European partnership network : Build on KIC co-locations and international wetsus platform companies, universities </li></ul><ul><li>Wetsus presentation event for potential NWD partners </li></ul><ul><li>Market development in NWD for NNL water technology companies </li></ul><ul><li>Joint EU project applications with appropriate NWD partners </li></ul><ul><li>Use EU partnerships to broaden the NNL water cluster scope </li></ul>Water tech NNL-Clusters Energy Valley <ul><li>Annual NNL / NWD Hansa Energy Corridor Conference </li></ul><ul><li>Project finding workshops with target partners : Offshore wind, CCS, grid integration </li></ul><ul><li>Vice-versa NNL/NWD memberships in target partner organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Joint NNL/NWD build up of extended partnership network </li></ul><ul><li>Political back up as appropriate: state / regional level, MPs </li></ul><ul><li>Market development in NWD for NNL energy technology companies </li></ul>
  52. 52. Tailored cluster partnership strategies <ul><li>Build on previous partnerships under EDR and with DIL </li></ul><ul><li>Additional NWD target partners: „Cluster Ernährungswirtschaft“, ttz Bremerhaven </li></ul><ul><li>Explore EU top food clusters: Öresund, </li></ul><ul><li>Market development in NWD for NNL agritechnology companies </li></ul>Agribusiness NNL-Clusters Healthy Ageing <ul><li>Healthy Ageing membership in „Initiative Gesundheitswirtschaft Nordwest“ </li></ul><ul><li>Partnering with cooperation RUG / Univ. OL for BA/MA in Medical Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Joint events for presentation of LifeLines, ERIBA, UMCG in NWD </li></ul><ul><li>Project finding workshops, e.g. with Univ. OL, DFKI, Initiative Gesundheitswirtschaft, Mevis </li></ul>
  53. 53. Tailored cluster partnership strategies <ul><li>Partner Screening and personal meetings: Universities, Research institutes, Application industries </li></ul><ul><li>Project finding workshops, e.g. TZI/OFFIS; Univ. HB Institutes </li></ul><ul><li>Joint conferences and events in partner regions </li></ul><ul><li>Launch of joint industrial product development projects </li></ul><ul><li>Market development in NWD for NNL sensor technology companies </li></ul><ul><li>Invitation of NWD partners to Sensor Universe membership </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of core and extended partnership networks </li></ul><ul><li>EU project definition and application </li></ul>Sensor Universe NNL-Clusters
  54. 54. Driving cooperation: a cross-border Lead Project <ul><li>„ NNL / NWD Centre for regional performance monitoring“ </li></ul><ul><li>A (virtual?) cross-border partnership for regional performance monitoring, impact assessment, benchmarking </li></ul><ul><li>to meet EU monitoring requirements </li></ul><ul><li>to merge NNL and NWD competencies for sound performance monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>to monitor and advice clusters and their cross-border projects </li></ul><ul><li>to respond to EU encouragement for cross-border institution building </li></ul><ul><li>Joint benefits: </li></ul><ul><li>=> Competitive advantage and profile building at EU level </li></ul><ul><li>=> Linking NNL/NWD expertise in regional economics to cluster development </li></ul><ul><li>=> Unique, new, required: methodologies and services for cross-border performance & impact assessment </li></ul>
  55. 55. BAW Institut für regionale Wirtschaftsforschung GmbH <ul><li>Future European Cohesion Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Assessments of NNL Key Clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Cluster Partnership Potentials in Northwest Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Summary Conclusions and Recommendations </li></ul>
  56. 56. <ul><li>Twofold Cluster Mission </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional economic development => added value for Noord Nederland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European funding for regional projects and institutions => European added value </li></ul></ul>
  57. 57. Role of Clusters in Regional Economic Development <ul><ul><li>NNL clusters have developed to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>important pillars of regional economic development : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>regional innovation base </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>knowledge – business – public networks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>European project partnerships </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SME mobilization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>international attention and recognition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>=> Emerging role of NNL key clusters: entrepreneurial forces within the NNL economic development scheme </li></ul>
  58. 58. RED action 1: business stimulation campaign <ul><ul><li>Possible starting points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cluster alliances with Dutch and North German OEM (OEM = end manufacturer, purchaser of supplies) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SME suppliers export promotion campaign: Interreg: North Sea Supply Connect <= 4 NNL partners! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service Engineering initiative – an innovation challenge: Knowledge and technology intensive services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge to market : commercialise knowledge institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cluster “road shows”: e.g. company presentations, cluster business conferences, media events </li></ul></ul>
  59. 59. RED action 2 : Shared Services for all Key Clusters <ul><ul><li>Innovation transfer services, e.g. Innovation brokerage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EU Project application and management services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross-cluster project generation and synergy management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross-cluster Marketing Services e.g. NNL clusters homepage, event/trade fair services, contract pathfinder, OEM X SME suppliers exchange </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cluster Monitoring, Evaluation and Benchmarking Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NNL Cluster Advisory Board: business, politics, knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ House of Innovation”: Shared Services Center, showrooms, test and demo facilities, event facilities, start-up offices </li></ul></ul>
  60. 60. RED action 3 : Launching the EU 2020 planning process <ul><ul><li>2010-2013: Regional planning process in preparation of National Strategic Development Contract (Barca) and NNL Operational programme(s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review of SNN “Europastrategie 2007 – 2011” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation of Strategische Agenda, Koers Noord; EFRO 2007 – 2013 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SNN orientation paper 2010: “Europese en regionale prioriteiten voor economische ontwikkeling van Noord-Nederland” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cluster Agendas 2011 – 2015 for Regional Economic Development and EU cohesion => Knowledge Infrastructure => Business networks => Regional development => EU Cohesion and partnerships => Indicative medium-term budget </li></ul></ul>
  61. 61. 06/20/11 19:00 © BAW GmbH From Strategy to Action <ul><li>Strategy Components </li></ul><ul><li>Regional economic </li></ul><ul><li>development </li></ul><ul><li>NNL key clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Cohesion partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>EU positioning & profile </li></ul>Action Programme Essential action Accelerating action „ NNL a player“ „NNL a winner“ Indispensable Desirable
  62. 62. Action programme: Regional Economic Development NNL data base Business & job creation campaign Project development and coordination Regional marketing for business settlements NNL Devt. Planning 2014+ Impact monitoring system Project management capacities Innovation transfer & product development RED and project financing concept NNL potentials EU Challenges EU Cohesion EU 2020 Accelerating action - examples - Essential action Cornerstones
  63. 63. Action Programme: Key Cluster Development „ Cluster Advisory Board“ „ House of Innovation“ NNL Cross-cluster flagship projects & products Cluster Conferences in NWD RED & EU cluster agendas Alignment of NNL and EU cluster strategies Shared Cluster Services Center OEM cluster alliances / SME services Public-private cluster (co-) financing concepts NNL RED strategy EU Cluster Policy EU Partnerships Cluster Portfolios Accelerating action - examples - Essential action Cornerstones
  64. 64. Action Programme: Cohesion Partnerships Political backing:NNL/NWD partnership strategy NNL/NWD Center for impact monitoring Vice-versa cluster memberships NNL cluster „ambassadors“ in NWD Core partnership formation: NNL/NWD + X Joint build up of extended partner networks Cross-border project finding workshops Focal theme: SME business innovation transfer EU 2020 Cohesion Policy Noordconnect Brainports model EDR/Interreg experience Accelerating action - examples - Essential action Cornerstones
  65. 65. Action Programme: Positioning and Profile Building EU Policy reflexion group Monitoring EU tenders/calls Applications for EU awards EU events in NNL EU institutions to NNL SNN Homepage: „NNL for EU“ EU expertise: Programmes, project management NNL participation in EU institutions /networks EU project applications EU Lobby in Brussels EU 2020 EU Challenges Cohesion Policy NNL EU assets Accelerating action - examples - Essential action EU Cornerstones
  66. 66. Milestones for EU Strategy Implementation - House of Innovation - EU agenda - PPP financing concepts - Cluster Agendas - Aligned Strategies - Shared Services - Conferences in NWD - Flagships - OEM alliances - SME services - RED agenda - Advisory Board Cluster Development - Project coordination - RED financing concept <ul><li>Innovation transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Business Campaign - Financing concept </li></ul><ul><li>NNL EU Devt. Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring - Management - Data base - Regional marketing </li></ul>Regional Economic Development 2013 + 2012 2011 2010 Portfolio
  67. 67. Milestones for EU Strategy Implementation - Projects - Functional region - Cluster Ambassadors - Tenders <ul><li>- Partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Project finding - Political Backing - SME innovation </li></ul>- Partner Exploration - Cross-border Memberships Cohesion Partnerships - EU institut. to NNL - EU Lobby - EU awards - SNN homepage <ul><li>Reflexion Group - Tender Monitoring - EU events in NNL </li></ul>- EU expertise - NNL in EU networks - Centre for impact monitor. EU Positioning 2013 + 2012 2011 2010 Components
  68. 68. Perspectives for Cluster financing
  69. 69. 2013 onwards: Self-sustaining cluster portfolios Knowledge Infrastructure Knowledge generation Knowledge application Business Networks Innovations Partnerchips Business Contacts Regional Development Innovation transfer Regional marketing EU Cohesion Interregional partnerships EU projects 1 2 3 4
  70. 70. Cluster financing: mixed private/public funding Knowledge Infrastructure Business Services EU Research & Cohesion NNL Econ. Development Cluster portfolio Fees & Venture Sponsoring EU/NL Research ERDF NNL Sales funds funds (+NNL co-fin.) Prov., SNN Funding sources
  71. 71. Cluster financing: Knowledge Infrastructure (Wetsus model) <ul><li>Cluster activities and revenues : </li></ul><ul><li>Institutes: EDI, Wetsus, CCC, EDL, INCAS³ => user fees from companies and universities => National / EU funds </li></ul><ul><li>Education & Training => Student and company fees </li></ul><ul><li>Research and Development => National / EU funds, company fees, patents </li></ul><ul><li>Business start-ups => Venture funds </li></ul>
  72. 72. Cluster financing: Business Networks <ul><li>Membership networks: => Membership fees, sponsoring </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge application / Innovationgroups: </li></ul><ul><li>=> Membership fees, sponsoring </li></ul><ul><li>Network services, e.g. platforms, events, consulting: => Service fees </li></ul><ul><li>Communication and publications: => Registration fees, sales revenues </li></ul><ul><li>Business Services, e.g. shared test and demo facilities: => User fees </li></ul>
  73. 73. Cluster financing: EU Cohesion <ul><li>NNL cohesion initiatives, e.g. Nordconnect => ERDF, SNN </li></ul><ul><li>Cohesion partnerships, e.g. core partnership NNL/NWD => Partner financing </li></ul><ul><li>Interreg projects, e.g. NorthSeaSupply Connect => Interreg Program IV B </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-border partnerships, e.g. Ems-Dollart-Region => Interreg IV A </li></ul><ul><li>International events, conferences etc. </li></ul><ul><li>=> Interreg IV C </li></ul>EU cohesion funds + regional co-financing
  74. 74. Cluster financing: Regional economic development <ul><li>Cluster activities: </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation transfer agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Business incubators </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation parks/centers </li></ul><ul><li>Training centers/programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Business consulting centers </li></ul><ul><li>Regional marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Devt. </li></ul><ul><li>= public responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Public subsidies </li></ul><ul><li>___________ </li></ul><ul><li>Provinces </li></ul><ul><li>Region </li></ul><ul><li>Rijk </li></ul>
  75. 75. Ik dank U wel!