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US-Russia report by the bilateral presidential commission
 

US-Russia report by the bilateral presidential commission

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U.S.-Russia Presidential...

U.S.-Russia Presidential
Commission
continues to broaden
and deepen cooperation
between governments
and peoples to advance common
interests. Over the past year, the
Commission’s structure has grown,
with working groups on innovation
and rule of law added to the
now 20 working groups that are
producing practical results. Over
sixty U.S. and Russian government
agencies now support the work of
the Commission and have facilitated
over 400 meetings, exchanges,
exercises, and other joint projects
since the Commission’s start. The
Commission has also served as a
venue for connecting American and Russian citizens across a wide range of professions--from
high technology entrepreneurs to business students, from doctors to nuclear scientists, from
counternarcotics experts to green technology innovators.
On the security front, we have begun implementation of the New START Treaty, restarting
inspection and verification procedures to reinforce the process of agreed reductions in nuclear
weapons and delivery systems; both sides consider implementation to be a success. We also
agreed on important amendments to the Plutonium Management and Disposition Agreement,
which will allow both sides to dispose of enough weapon-grade plutonium for a total of 17,000
nuclear weapons. Strengthening bilateral military cooperation is a top Commission goal. In
2011, U.S. and Russian armed forces performed joint exercises and carried out more than 50
military-to-military activities, an unprecedented level of engagement. We have shared best
practices on military reform and modernization in areas such as logistics and personnel management.
Cooperation to bring stability and security to Afghanistan reached new levels in terms
of efforts to equip the Afghan National Security Forces and facilitate the transit of personnel
and equipment in support of multinational operations. Our counternarcotics cooperation has
become more systematic as we conduct joint operations to interrupt supply as well as share
strategies to reduce demand. Joint exercises at sea, in the air and on land bolster our counterterrorism
cooperation.

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    US-Russia report by the bilateral presidential commission US-Russia report by the bilateral presidential commission Document Transcript

    • 2012 Joint Report
    • The Bilateral Presidential Commission was established by President Barack Obama and President Dmitry Medvedev in July 2009, and is coordinated by Secretary of State HillaryRodham Clinton and Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov.For more information on the Bilateral Presidential Commission, please visit our website: www.state.gov/russiabpc or contact: russiabpc@state.gov
    • TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary......................................................................................... 4 Policy Steering Group...................................................................................... 7 Agriculture Working Group............................................................................... 7 Arms Control and International Security Working Group................................. 9 Business Development and Economic Relations Working Group................. 10 Civil Society Working Group.......................................................................... 12 Counternarcotics Working Group................................................................... 13 Counterterrorism Working Group................................................................... 15 Defense Relations Working Group................................................................ 16 Education, Culture, Sports, and Media Working Group................................. 17 Emergency Situations Working Group........................................................... 20 Energy Working Group.................................................................................. 21 Environment Working Group.......................................................................... 23 Health Working Group................................................................................... 25 Innovation Working Group............................................................................. 27 Intelligence Cooperation Working Group....................................................... 28 Military Cooperation Working Group.............................................................. 28 Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group.................................. 29 Rule of Law Working Group........................................................................... 31 Science and Technology Working Group....................................................... 32 Space Cooperation Working Group............................................................... 34Spring 2012 • U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT 3
    • Executive Summary T he U.S.-Russia Presi- dential Commission continues to broaden and deepen coop- eration between our governments and peoples to advance common interests. Over the past year, the Commission’s structure has grown, with working groups on innova- tion and rule of law added to the now 20 working groups that are producing practical results. Over sixty U.S. and Russian government agencies now support the work of the Commission and have facilitat- ed over 400 meetings, exchanges, PHOTO: U.S. STATE DEPARTMENT exercises, and other joint projects Foreign Minister Lavrov and Secretary Clinton in since the Commission’s start. The Washington, D.C., on July 13, 2011. Commission has also served as a venue for connecting American and Russian citizens across a wide range of professions--from high technology entrepreneurs to business students, from doctors to nuclear scientists, from counternarcotics experts to green technology innovators. On the security front, we have begun implementation of the New START Treaty, restarting inspection and verification procedures to reinforce the process of agreed reductions in nuclear weapons and delivery systems; both sides consider implementation to be a success. We also agreed on important amendments to the Plutonium Management and Disposition Agreement, which will allow both sides to dispose of enough weapon-grade plutonium for a total of 17,000 nuclear weapons. Strengthening bilateral military cooperation is a top Commission goal. In 2011, U.S. and Russian armed forces performed joint exercises and carried out more than 50 military-to-military activities, an unprecedented level of engagement. We have shared best practices on military reform and modernization in areas such as logistics and personnel man- agement. Cooperation to bring stability and security to Afghanistan reached new levels in terms of efforts to equip the Afghan National Security Forces and facilitate the transit of personnel and equipment in support of multinational operations. Our counternarcotics cooperation has become more systematic as we conduct joint operations to interrupt supply as well as share strategies to reduce demand. Joint exercises at sea, in the air and on land bolster our counter- terrorism cooperation.4 U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT • Spring 2012
    • Combined U.S. and Russian effortsto strengthen bilateral economiccooperation helped to secure aninvitation for Russia to join theWorld Trade Organization (WTO).Two-way trade and investment in-creased with Boeing aircraft salesto Aeroflot and UTAir, Rosneft’sjoint venture with ExxonMobil toexplore Arctic oil and gas fields PHOTO: RUSSIAN PRESIDENTIAL EXECUTIVE OFFICEand to increase Russian investment President Obama and President Medvedev meet on Marchin Texas, and with joint ventures 26, 2012 during the Nuclear Security Summit in Seoul,between General Electric and Inter South Korea.RAO UES and Rostekhnologii.Energy efficiency is another priority area for the Commission. San Diego and Belgorod areworking together to advance implementation of new Smart Grid infrastructure to improve mu-nicipal energy efficiency and reduce energy costs for consumers. A second city-to-city SmartGrid program between Kaliningrad and a U.S. partner city will begin this year.Perhaps the Commission’s most important work this year has been on the people-to-peoplefront. A new agreement will make multiple-entry, three-year visas the norm for American andRussian businesspeople and tourists. Another agreement will increase protection for inter-country adopted children and strengthen adoption procedures. A joint U.S.-Russia protocol onglobal polio eradication signed in 2011 resulted in joint efforts to help tackle polio outbreaks inCentral Asia. Public-private partnerships increased. One example of use of new technologies was the 2011 launch of Text4Baby, a free mobile health information service promoting maternal and child health through text messages. There have been new cultural exchanges—per- formances of the Bolshoi Ballet in Washington, D.C. and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra in Moscow and St. Petersburg are but two examples. Academic and youth exchanges con- tinued as well. We established new PHOTO: U.S. STATE DEPARTMENT Fulbright Science and Technology From left: Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, Presidential scholarships and continued to spon- Aide Sergey Prikhodko, Ambassador Sergey Kislyak, and Minister of Communications Igor Shchegolev at the sor Russian-American youth sports Blair House in Washington, D.C., June 2010. exchanges.Spring 2012 • U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT 5
    • Despite tangible progress in many ar- eas, the Commission’s work is far from finished. There is more to be done that will benefit both of our nations. Our ongoing strategic stability talks seek to make progress to build cooperation and enhance mutual confidence, and we are working to increase our capacity to meet non-traditional challenges in areas such as cyber security. On the econom- PHOTO: WHITE HOUSE PHOTO / PETE SOUZA ic and commercial front, the potential President Obama and President Medvedev ride for mutually beneficial cooperation together to lunch during President Medvedev’s June has barely been tapped. As we move 2010 visit to Washington, D.C. toward Russia’s entry into the WTO, we will turn our attention to advancing Russia’s bid to join the OECD and leveraging innovation to bolster the competitiveness of our companies and workforces. And we are confident that the Commission’s work will continue to benefit all Americans and Russians as we seek ways to increase our educational and professional exchanges, to find new avenues of cooperation in the public health and other social sectors, and to bring civil society actors together to discuss common challenges. The United States and Russia commit to take full advantage of the Com- mission’s capabilities to advance common interests and unlock the creative and entrepreneurial potential of our societies in the months and years ahead. PHOTO: U.S. STATE DEPARTMENT February 2011: Secretary Clinton and Foreign Minister Lavrov address the media after bringing the New START Treaty into force in Munich, Germany.6 U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT • Spring 2012
    • POLICY STEERING GROUP T he co-chairs of the Policy Steering Working Group, U.S. Deputy Secretaryof State William Burns and Russian DeputyForeign Minister Sergey Ryabkov, engaged inregular meetings and telephone contacts, fur-ther complementing the achievements of theworking groups in the direction of coopera- WHITE HOUSE PHOTO / DAVID LIENEMANNtion and future activities. Since June 2010,under the aegis of the Presidential Commis- Vice President Joe Biden greets Russian Primesion, there have been over 300 events, includ- Minister Vladimir Putin at the Russian Whiteing delegation visits, workshops, seminars, House, in Moscow, Russia, March 10, 2011.and roundtables.The co-chairs share the intention to intensifythe joint efforts of U.S. and Russian agen- AGRICULTURE WORKING  cies, business, scientific, cultural, and public GROUPcircles, extending them to new areas, so as togive the Presidential Commission a truly uni-versal character and to increase its effective-ness. The goal is to build up a multifaceted T hrough the Commission’s Agriculture Working Group, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and Russian Ministry ofpartnership between the United States and Agriculture have focused on food security,Russia, based on the purposes and principles veterinary sciences, and domestic nutritionof the U.N. charter. programs. Under the Working Group um- brella, a series of meetings between high-lev- el officials of the United States and Russia on agricultural issues took place in 2011. During the Working Group’s meeting in February 2011, U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Thomas Vilsack and Russian Minister of Agriculture Elena Skrynnik discussed the following: Russia’s international initiatives in the area of food security and development of scientific cooperation; cooperation in veterinary issues and animal disease research; social nutritionPHOTO: U.S. STATE DEPARTMENT PHOTO: RUSSIAN MFA programs; trade in cattle and cattle genetics, U.S. Deputy Secretary of State William Burns including technical assistance in this area; (left) and Russian Deputy Foreign Minister and Working Group funding to support joint Sergey Ryabkov (right). aquaculture disease research and exchange programs in sustainable agriculture.William Burns and Sergey Ryabkov used Throughout the year, USDA furthered thethe opportunity afforded by the Presidential goals of the Working Group by focusing onCommission to discuss the recent urgent chal- the following activities:lenges to international security derived fromthe turbulent developments in North Africa In June 2011, U.S. Acting Under Secretaryand in the Middle East, Afghanistan and in of Farm and Foreign Agricultural ServicesNortheast Asia. This channel of communica- Michael Scuse met with Russian Deputytion has proven its effectiveness and helped Agriculture Minister Oleg Aldoshin, whilepromote a deeper dialogue between the in December 2011, U.S. Foreign Agricul-United States and Russia, both on the bilateral tural Service Acting Administrator Suzannelevel and in multilateral fora. Heinen met with Russian Senator Vladimir Plotnikov, Deputy Chairman of the Russian Federation Council Committee on Agri-Spring 2012 • U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT 7
    • culture, Food Policy, and Fisheries lies for several days. They also visited the and Chairman of the Association of Monsanto research facility in Huxley, Iowa; Private Farmers and Cooperatives of the Farm Progress Show in Decatur, Illinois; Russia (AKKOR), who traveled with the Chicago Mercantile Exchange; and Iowa fellow Senators Aleksey Chernyshev State University Extension facilities. and Bato-Zhargal Zhambalnimbuev. Both sets of discussions focused on In October 2011, USDA facilitated the visit bilateral agricultural cooperation and of Kansas Governor Sam Brownback and Russia’s pending accession to the Kansas Secretary of Agriculture Dale A. World Trade Organization (WTO). Rodman to Moscow, where they toured the Golden Autumn Agricultural Exhibition and In August 2011, USDA hosted a group met Minister Skrynnik and Veterinary Service of Russian Ministry counterparts PHOTO: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Head Sergey Dankvert. During their meet- studying the USDA’s experiences ing, both sides agreed to work together in Governor Brownback of Kansas in Russia in October controlling animal disease outbreaks the areas of cattle breeding and improved 2011. and conducting public affairs out- genetics, animal disease research and control, reach. The Russian guests toured and agricultural education. Animal health Maryland farms to learn about animal remains an important area of cooperation genetics, participated in a simulated animal through the Working Group. Also in October disease outbreak at the Animal and Plant 2011, a group of U.S. veterinarians from both Health Inspection Service National Center for the public and private sectors visited Russia. Animal Health and Emergency Management, There they held constructive meetings with met with a U.S. interagency team to discuss agricultural officials and representatives of animal health cooperation, and met with a veterinary institutes concerning the diagnosis wide range of USDA public affairs officers and control of African swine fever, among to learn how they use social media and radio other potential areas of collaboration. and video broadcasts. In addition, Russian Assistant Minister Dmitry Bobkov described The Russian Ministry of Agriculture also his own Ministry’s public awareness work. worked throughout the year to further the goals of the Working Group by focusing on Also in August 2011, the Working Group the following activities: began the first phase of its “Best Practices in Agricultural Sustainability” program. In In April 2011, a group of American specialists partnership with the Iowa Farm Bureau, from the Iowa Farm Bureau visited Russia at Iowa State University, and AKKOR, USDA the invitation of AKKOR. The visit included hosted four Russian agricultural experts who trips to the Volgograd and Moscow regions, traveled to the Midwest to study technolo- as well as negotiations at the Russian Minis- gies and practices. Participants attended the try of Agriculture. The sides confirmed their Iowa Farm Bureau Federation Summer Policy commitment to the development of bilateral Conference and stayed with Iowa farm fami- cooperation in the framework of the Working Group, and AKKOR and the Iowa Farm Bu- reau signed a Memorandum of Cooperation. In May 2011, a Russian delegation took part in an investment forum in New York in order to discuss the investment climate in Russia’s agro-industrial sector. The forum participants exchanged their views on the prospects of foreign investment in Russian agriculture; a report on the investment climate in the Rus- sian agricultural sector was also presented during the forum. PHOTO: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Participants in the Russia-Iowa farmer exchange In June 2011, during his visit to Moscow, trip, 2011. U.S. Senator Chuck Grassley of Iowa met8 U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT • Spring 2012
    • with Minister Skrynnik to discuss U.S. ag- Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) onricultural products’ access—including from bilateral cooperation from the State of KansasIowa—to the Russian market. Also in 2011, to the Russian Ministry of Agriculture, andthe University of Wisconsin continued to of- the MOU is expected to be signed duringfer agricultural training programs for Russian 2012. Following Russia’s WTO accession,business circles. both sides envision implementing activities to foster bilateral agricultural trade and provide training on WTO obligations, mechanisms,In December 2011, the U.S.-Russia Business notifications, and benefits.Council held a Russia Agribusiness forum inNebraska, which resulted in agreements onpotential joint projects on the Russian terri-tory in the area of livestock breeding (Boer ARMS CONTROL AND  goat breeding) and agricultural machine- INTERNATIONAL SECURITYbuilding (production of agricultural irrigation WORKING GROUPequipment).Additionally, throughout 2011 many U.S.and Russian companies continued coopera- T he Arms Control and International Se- curity Working Group is co-chaired by U.S. Special Envoy for Strategic Stability andtion and investment activities contributing Missile Defense Ellen Tauscher and Russianto the goal of food security. For example, Deputy Foreign Minister Sergey Ryabkov.Russia’s largest industrial facility for beefproduction is being built in the Bryansk The Working Group met in a full interagencyRegion by Miratorg Agribusiness Holding. plenary format in January and DecemberThe $1 billion project foresees establishment 2011 in Washington D.C., and in August 2011of a parent stock of 100,000 animals with a in St. Petersburg. A wide range of issues wascapacity of 48,000 tons of beef a year. As discussed, including strategic stability, mis-part of the project, Angus beef breed cattle sile defense, space, WMD nonproliferationwere purchased in the United States. In the challenges, and conventional arms controlVoronezh Region, a livestock breeding center in Europe. In addition, regular meetings ofis being established by the Stivenson-Sputnik the two co-chairs were held, mainly focusingCompany. The project, worth 560 million on the issues of missile defense and strategicrubles (over $19 million), saw 1,300 heads of stability.purebred Aberdeen Angus and Hereford heif-ers and bulls imported from Montana to theregion. Another livestock breeding projectwas launched in the Kaluga Region, where aCenter for Angus genetics for breeding Aber-deen Angus beef cattle is under development.Looking ahead, the Agriculture WorkingGroup plans for 2012 include a USDA-hostedconference of U.S. and Russian experts tolaunch an aquaculture disease research pro-gram. Also, phase two of the “Best Practices”program will commence in spring 2012 asU.S. agricultural experts from Iowa travel PHOTO: U.S. STATE DEPARTMENTto Russia to further share experiences and Arms Control and International Security Workingtechnical expertise. Both sides will also work Group Co-chairs in St. Petersburg in August 2011.jointly on agricultural initiatives as Russiahosts the Asia Pacific Economic Coopera-tion (APEC) meetings in 2012, including This year, the working group plans to addressits School Feeding Systems workshop, issues related to strategic stability, as well asHigh-Level Policy Dialogue on Agricultural to continue to seek mutually acceptable solu-Biotechnology, and food security efforts. In tions on missile defense.December 2011, USDA conveyed a draftSpring 2012 • U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT 9
    • delegation members met with representatives BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT AND  of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ECONOMIC RELATIONS and local U.S. companies and toured a waste WORKING GROUP management facility. U .S. Secretary of Commerce John Bryson and Russian Minister of Economic Development Elvira Nabiullina co-chair the In October, in conjunction with the annual meeting of the U.S.-Russia Business Council Business Development and Economic Rela- in Chicago, the Working Group supported a tions Working Group. The Working Group seminar on building a U.S.-Russia. “innova- explores cooperative approaches to boosting tion bridge” to advance cooperation in high two-way trade and investment, increasing technology. Russian development institutes economic and energy efficiency, modernizing and companies from both countries partici- industry, growing small and medium-sized pated. In May and December 2011, following businesses, developing customs cooperation, on a suggestion by the American Chamber of and interacting in the sphere of policy against Commerce in Russia, seminars were held in anti-competitive practices. Moscow and Washington that provided Rus- sian officials opportunities to engage directly As two-way trade recovered throughout 2011, with U.S. legal experts regarding U.S. legal Secretary Bryson met with Minister Nabiul- principles and practices in judicial and pre- lina on the margins of the 2011 Asia-Pacific judicial settlement of customs disputes. Economic Cooperation (APEC) Ministe- rial in Honolulu to discuss the transition of APEC chairmanship from the United States to Russia in 2012 and Russian accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO). The Minister and the Secretary applauded the November 2011 conclusion of a bilateral visa agreement that, when implemented, will pro- vide for three-year, multiple-entry business visas as standard practice by both countries. In 2011, with the active assistance of the Working Group, a number of business proj- PHOTO: SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION ects were launched, particularly to advance August 2010: A Russian delegation visits the cooperation in the high-technology and Small Business Administration Headquarters in healthcare sectors, including production of Washington, D.C. an innovative anti-pneumococcal vaccine. American medical technology companies and Russia’s higher-education institutions To further trade and investment, the Work- developed new joint programs focused ing Group provides assistance in resolving on advanced-level students, scientists and systemic problems and private issues arising researchers intending to work in Russia’s among investors from Russia and the United pharmaceutical industry. In addition, with States. In accordance with a Memorandum the Working Group’s encouragement, specific signed between the U.S. Department of Com- projects were advanced in the areas of space, merce and the Ministry of Economic Devel- road construction, and energy efficiency opment of Russia in April 2010, both sides technologies. continued acting during 2011 as ombudsmen for investors’ obstacles and disputes. The Working Group supported visits of management training delegations from Russia In 2011, the Working Group supported coop- to the United States in October 2011 in the eration in the field of technical standards and information-technology and energy-efficiency regulation by facilitating a Memorandum of sectors. In November, the Working Group Understanding on Cooperation in the Field of also supported a Russian water treatment Standardization between the American Na- experts’ business mission to New York, where tional Standard Institute (ANSI) and the Rus-10 U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT • Spring 2012
    • sian Federal Agency for Technical Regulationand Metrology, and well as a Memorandum Vice President Joe Biden,of Understanding on Cooperation in the Field and Russian Deputy Primeof Standardization between the Society of Minister Igor ShuvalovAutomotive Engineers (SAE International) watch as Boeing Russiaand the Federal Agency on Technical Regula- CEO Sergey Kravchenkotion and Metrology. and Aeroflot General Director Vitaly Saveliev sign an agreement forIn the sphere of small and medium business, Aeroflot Boeing jets atthe Working Group’s discussions focused on the Skolkovo School ofseveral areas: enhancement of infrastructure Management in Moscow,for support of small business, improvement Russia, March 9, 2011.of conditions for lending and microfinancing,and development of innovative and high-tech WHITE HOUSE PHOTO/DAVID LIENEMANNsmall and medium companies. A highlightof this interaction was the June 2011 visit to is developing in involving U.S. companies inthe United States, hosted by the U.S. Small shaping Russia’s infrastructure for innovativeBusiness Administration, of a Russian delega- development. Many U.S. companies – amongtion that visited Detroit and Pittsburgh. The them Boeing, Cisco Systems, Google IBM,members studied U.S. experiences in diver- Intel, Microsoft and others – have announcedsifying the economies of “single-industry” plans to participate in Russia’s well-knowncities and developing small businesses as a Skolkovo project to develop an innovationmeans of encouraging economic revitalization hub, and the mutually beneficial businessin economically depressed regions. opportunities that this could potentially entail. During an April 2011 meeting in Moscow,In 2011, the Working Group continued the Working Group organized a seminar onto serve as a channel for communication the benefits and conditions for participationbetween the two governments for trouble- in Skolkovo. More than 30 representatives ofshooting existing and potential market access American companies attended.barriers. For example, the Working Groupresponded to interest expressed by businesses In May 2011, thanks to the Working Group’sto organize discussions on possible conflicts direct efforts, the two governments organizedbetween the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices an exchange of information in the field ofAct and efforts by the Federal Antimonopoly government procurement, with experts fromService of Russia to discourage arbitrary the Ministry of Economic Development andterminations of business relations between other Russian agencies visiting Washing-foreign companies and distributors in viola- ton, D.C. for a three-day program in whichtion of Russian laws governing competition. experts from the U.S. Office of ManagementThe Working Group also facilitated corre- and Budget, the General Services Administra-spondence between U.S. and Russian experts tion, Department of Defense and other U.S.on potential problems involving access of agencies provided insights on the develop-Russian goods to the U.S. market regarding ment and implementation of U.S. Govern-U.S. antidumping measures and policies, and ment practices in the area of federal procure-export controls that sometimes impact Rus- ment.sian and American companies’ ability to con-clude sales agreements or service contracts. Looking ahead to 2012, the Business Devel- opment and Economic Relations WorkingGiven synergies on the one hand, between Group seeks to build on the positive mo-Russia’s expressed interests in diversifying its mentum achieved by the significant growtheconomy, in more fully utilizing its high-tech in two-way trade in 2011 by encouragingtalent, and in cultivating a culture of innova- additional trade missions. These will includetion within Russia and, on the other hand, the missions from the United States to Russia inconsiderable experience that the U.S. technol- the automotive supply industry, as well asogy industry has accumulated in the area of in the field of energy efficiency. The Work-policies that sustain innovation; cooperation ing Group will also support visits by Rus-Spring 2012 • U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT 11
    • sian business missions to the United States For Prison Reform-related work, a delega- that will focus upon building business links tion of Russian human rights activists visited in pharmaceuticals, medical technologies, Washington in May 2011. Meeting with ecotourism, and the chemical industry and U.S. officials and NGO counterparts, they new materials. Throughout the year, Working discussed effective advocacy for prisoners’ Group participants will continue to consider rights, access to legal counsel, and the protec- ways to remove remaining barriers to trade, tion of vulnerable populations. Subsequently, encourage projects that address shared busi- Mary Mitchell, U.S. Deputy Assistant Attor- ness interests and opportunities in economic ney General, and Vladislav Tsaturov, Rus- modernization and innovation, additional sian Deputy Director of the Russian Federal training exchanges for management profes- Corrections Service, led a visit to the Mont- sionals, development of customs cooperation, gomery County Correctional Facility. There and sharing of best practices for encouraging Prison Reform sub-working group partici- financial institutions’ support for support for pants examined how prisoner healthcare, cell small and medium businesses. With Russia’s size, recreation, inmate violence, and prison accession to the WTO expected to occur in oversight are addressed in the United States 2012, both sides look forward to unprecedent- as well as the role NGOs can play in the de- ed opportunities to foster the great potential velopment of universal prison standards and for bilateral trade and investment that serves re-integrating prisoners back into society. A the interests of both countries’ economies. conference on Cross-National Prison Reform and Prison Conditions Monitoring took place in Moscow in January 2012. CIVIL SOCIETY WORKING  GROUP In the area of Child Protection, an August 2011 sub-working group session near Lake T he Presidential Commission’s Civil Society Working Group was established in 2009 to foster peer-to-peer ties between Baikal in Russia led into the inaugural meet- ing of the Russian-American Forum on Child Protection. In all, about 250 participants from U.S. and Russian civic groups and to facili- 32 Russian regions and eight U.S. states—in- tate a dialogue between our governments and cluding government officials, child welfare non-governmental organizations (NGOs). In experts and service providers, and university October 2011, U.S. Deputy Assistant Secre- and NGO representatives—discussed a vari- tary of State Thomas O. Melia of the Bureau ety of problems related to child physical and of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor and Ambassador Konstantin Dolgov, Commis- sioner for Human Rights, Democracy, and the Rule of Law within Russian Ministry of For- eign Affairs were named as new co-chairs of the Working Group. The new co-chairs met in Washington in February 2012 to review the existing bilateral engagement and discuss new approaches and topics. Melia and Dolgov replaced Michael McFaul, former Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Russia and Eurasian PHOTO: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE Affairs at the National Security Council, and From left: Kent Logsdon, Office Director, Office of Vladislav Surkov, former First Deputy Head Russian Affairs, Department of State; Yuriy of the Russian Presidential Administration, Lyubimov, Deputy Minister of Justice, Russian who in June 2011 held a plenary session of Federation; Konstantin Dolgov, Russian the Working Group in Washington, D.C. Ministry of Foreign Affairs Commissioner for Membership of the four sub-working groups Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law; (Prison Reform, Migration, Child Protection, Thomas Melia, Deputy Assistant Secretary, and Anti-Corruption) consists of a mix of gov- Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, ernment officials and leading NGO experts. Department of State.12 U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT • Spring 2012
    • sexual abuse, pornography, trafficking, andabandonment. Earlier in 2011, sub-workinggroup co-chairs Andrew Oosterbaan of theU.S. Department of Justice’s Child Exploita-tion and Obscenity Section, and Pavel Astak-hov, Russian Presidential Ombudsman onChildren’s Rights, led a joint site visit to theNational Center for Missing and ExploitedChildren and discussed NGO and private-sector support for protecting children.Migration co-chairs Ambassador Luis Cde- PHOTO: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATEBaca, head of the U.S. Department of State’sOffice to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Russian delegation and Bureau of Prisons officials in front of thePersons, and Yekaterina Yegorova, Deputy Cumberland Correctional Facility, Cumberland, Maryland,Director of the Russian Federal Migra- January 25, 2011.tion Service, met in June 2011 and led theirrespective sub-working group on a visit to the da for the Civil Society Working Group goingArlington Asylum Office to observe the U.S. forward in preparation for the next meetingasylum application and interview process. of the Working Group to be held in Moscow,In addition, fellow co-chair Steve Bucher, tentatively set for June 2012. As our four ac-Deputy Associate Director of Refugee, Asy- tive sub-working groups continue to expandlum, and International Operations at the U.S. cooperation and engage new partners, weDepartment of Homeland Security, traveled to hope that 2012 will bring a broadened andMoscow in April 2011 to meet with Yegorova deepened dialogue between our governmentsand NGO leaders as well as visit a migrant and peoples on issues of concern to civil so-registration center, a work permit processing ciety in both countries. We also acknowledgeoffice, and a refugee reception site. In Octo- and support the work of the U.S.-Russia Civilber, eight Russian non-governmental experts Society Partnership Program, which aims tovisited four major U.S. cities, where they create efficient mechanisms for collaborationmet counterparts and shared best practices of between U.S. and Russian NGOs.migrant integration in the U.S. context.At a June 2011 meeting of the Anti-Cor-ruption sub-working group in Washington, COUNTERNARCOTICS  co-chairs Brooke Darby, Deputy Assistant WORKING GROUPSecretary for the U.S. Department of State’sBureau of International Narcotics and Law Established as one of the Presidential Com-Enforcement Affairs, and Yuriy Lyubimov, mission’s initial groups in 2009, the Counter-Russian Deputy Minister of Justice, held a narcotics Working Group (CNWG) is jointlydiscussion on the best practices to counter led by R. Gil Kerlikowske, Director of thecorporate corruption and how public-private White House Office of National Drug Controlpartnerships can be used to increase account- Policy, and Victor Ivanov, Chairman of theability. Participants stressed the importance State Anti-Narcotics Committee and Direc-of U.S.-Russian cooperation outside of tor of the Federal Drug Enforcement Servicegovernment channels as a means to create (FSKN).transparency and build trust between our twocountries’ companies. They agreed that the A number of U.S. government agencies sup-sub-working group’s future agenda should port the efforts of the CNWG. The Officeinclude information-technology transparency, of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP)whistleblower protection, transparency in is joined by interagency partners from theprocurement, and judicial accountability. National Security Staff and the Departments of State, Defense, Health and Human Ser-At present, Deputy Assistant Secretary Melia vices, Justice, and Treasury. Specific agencyand Ambassador Dolgov are setting the agen- representation includes the Financial CrimesSpring 2012 • U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT 13
    • Russia in July 2010 and the elimination of four drug laboratories (including 932 kg of heroin and 156 kg of opium) in an October 2010 Afghan National Security Forces-led operation with cooperation from U.S. and Russian experts. Robust joint investigations continue for identification and liquidation of narcotics infrastructure in Afghanistan. Also, coordinated efforts were taken to identify indicators of illicit financial flows related to Afghan narcotics smuggling. PHOTO: EMBASSY MOSCOW Demand reduction has been a major focus March 2011: Director Kerlikowske (on the right) and Director of the CNWG plenaries. During the Wash- Ivanov shake hands after a meeting of the Counternarcotics Working Group. ington, D.C. plenary of October 2010, the Working Group identified areas of potential cooperation between NIDA and the Russian Enforcement Network, the Drug Enforce- National Scientific Center of Narcology. In ment Administration (DEA), the Substance Moscow meetings, the two sides exchanged Abuse and Mental Health Services Admin- experiences on drug prevention in schools. istration, and the National Institute on Drug As part of the most recent plenary ses- Abuse (NIDA). The Russian Federation sion in Chicago in November 2011, experts is represented by the Ministries of Internal conducted site visits focused on Screening, Affairs, Justice, Foreign Affairs, Health and Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment Social Development; the Federal Financial (SBIRT) and family-based treatment pro- Monitoring, Federal Customs, Federal Migra- grams. tion, Federal Security Services; the Supreme Court, the Federal Agency for Development In the third area of ongoing cooperation, the of the State Border, the V.P. Serbsky State two sides have worked together to improve Scientific Center for Social and Forensic legal standards, administration, and criminal Psychiatry, and the Office of the Prosecutor prosecution for crimes involving narcotic General. drugs. Working Group members studied the U.S. system of drug courts, which informed Since June 2010, Directors Kerlikowske and the subsequent drafting of legislation to Ivanov have held three plenary sessions that establish similar courts within Russia. Both brought together this wide constellation of sides also discussed how to strengthen law government partners. The United States and enforcement cooperation and support critical Russia have pursued three primary areas of institutions in Central Asia, a transit region cooperation through the Counternarcotics for the illicit narcotics industry. Working Group: supply reduction, demand reduc- tion including drug depen- dence treatment, and legal frameworks for counter- narcotics efforts. As part of the joint effort to reduce the supply of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, the DEA and FSKN carried out multiple coordinated operations. Major successes included the interdiction of a sig- PHOTO: EMBASSY MOSCOW nificant cocaine shipment April 2011: Russian and American law enforcement agencies gathered from the United States to in Moscow to share expertise on illicit narcotics financing.14 U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT • Spring 2012
    • Continuing talks, exchanges, and operations in the Fight against Terrorism, co-chair theseduring the last several years demonstrate Commission efforts.that both nations are committed to furtheringbroader bilateral cooperation. In addition, As one part of our multi-track cooperation,both the United States and Russia see clear the Working Group has completed opera-prospects for greater interaction on the inter- tional-level activities such as counter-IEDnational and multilateral levels. (improvised explosive device) training in the United States as well as TransportationLooking ahead, the Counternarcotics Working Security Administration (TSA) observationsGroup will expand demand reduction-focused of heavily-traveled Russian airports. In Maycollaboration by increasing information 2011, TSA and the Russian Ministry of Trans-exchanges related to the prevention of drug port signed a memorandum of understand-use and comprehensive assistance programs ing on information exchanges and sharingto those who abuse drugs or have a substance best practices to further cooperation in theuse disorder. This focus reflects a national sphere of civil aviation security. Under thispriority identified in both the Russian State memorandum, a high-level delegation fromAnti-narcotics Strategy and the U.S. National Russia’s Ministry of Transport visited a majorDrug Control Strategy. Similarly, coordina- U.S. airport.tion efforts to decrease the drug threat fromAfghanistan and transit regions will remain a In May 2011, our two countries’ Presidentspriority for Working Group activities. At the reaffirmed a common assessment of the threatnext Working Group session in St. Petersburg, to global security posed by al-Qa’ida andRussia, scheduled for late-spring 2012, the made a commitment to close cooperationfollowing issues will be discussed: strength- to disrupt, dismantle, and defeat this terror-ening of our partnership against the globaldrug threat, cooperation in implementingdemand reduction and drug abuse programs,as well as evaluation of the conducted op-erations and determination of the format offuture counternarcotics operations. COUNTERTERRORISM WORKING GROUPT he Counterterrorism Working Group is both a continuation and institutionaliza-tion of an important U.S.-Russia dialoguebegun in the aftermath of the September PHOTO: WMATA11, 2011 terrorist attacks against the United May 2010: A Russian delegation conducted site visits to the WashingtonStates. The Working Group serves as a Area Metro Transit Authority to watch a counterterrorism exercise,platform for our counterterrorism leaders to and the Transportation Security Administration Operations Center indiscuss current threats, strengthen and deepen Herndon, Virginia. Here, Russian transportation security authoritiesour cooperation on relevant law enforce- are briefed on the Rail Safe Operations Exercise at Washington, D.C.’sment matters, work in the multilateral arena Union Station.to strengthen international counterterrorismnorms and increase capacity building, discuss ist organization. Earlier that same month,important transportation security issues, our countries’ top military leaders signed aengage in ways to counter violent extremism, memorandum of understanding to enhanceand bolster information-sharing. Daniel Ben- U.S.-Russia cooperation in the realm of coun-jamin, Coordinator for Counterterrorism in terterrorism; our respective armed forces havethe U.S. Department of State, and Aleksandr executed complementary bilateral exercisesZmeyevskiy, Russian Special Presidential through the Commission’s Military Coopera-Representative for International Cooperation tion Working Group.Spring 2012 • U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT 15
    • Also in May 2011, Russia welcomed Sec- The United States and Russia are pleased retary Clinton’s decision to designate the with the cooperation we have established Caucasus Emirate and its leader as Specially to date in the area of counterterrorism; we Designated Global Terrorists—thus helping recognize that we must remain cognizant, stem the flow of financial and other assistance however, of the need to deepen further means to the group—and include its head Doku to promote international security, counter Umarov in the U.S. “Rewards for Justice” violent extremism, repel terrorist threats, program. With U.S. co-sponsorship, Uma- protect the lives and rights of citizens, and rov was added to the United Nations 1267 bring terrorists to justice. We look forward- al-Qa’ida Sanctions Committee Consolidated ing to strengthening our cooperation through List. Continuing in the realm of multilateral bilateral and multilateral means. cooperation, the United States and Russia col- laborated closely in the launch of the Global Counterterrorism Forum at the United Na- tions General Assembly in September 2011. DEFENSE RELATIONS  Foreign Minister Lavrov joined Secretary WORKING GROUP Clinton for the launch of this new Forum, which was the realization of an idea that arose in one of their conversations on the margins of the G-8 Foreign Ministers’ meeting in T he Defense Relations Working Group was established by the U.S. Secretary of Defense and Russian Minister of Defense in March 2010. Our two countries are now September 2010 to implement the decisions working closely to ensure the Forum lives up of the Presidents of the United States and to is “action-oriented” mission. We are also Russia and establish a new level of relations working together in other counterterrorism- between these two defense agencies. Creat- related fora such as the APEC Counterterror- ing the group has facilitated open and timely ism Task Force, in which the United States discussions of emerging problems and the and Russia serve as the respective 2011-2012 development of cooperation on various issues vice-chair and chair. of mutual interest. A practical result of U.S.-Russian cooperation The Working Group, led by the Secretary was UN Security Council Resolution 2017 on of Defense and Minister of Defense, met in the problems of the proliferation of Libyan Moscow in March 2011. Eight specialized weapons, which was unanimously adopted on expert sub-working groups, headed by senior October 31, 2011. leaders from each side, have been formed for practical work. Expert meetings are conduct- Counterterrorism Working Group Chairmen ed on a regular basis, at least once per year. Ambassadors Benjamin and Zmeyevskiy held The frequency of the meetings is determined an introductory meeting in New York on Feb- by the mutual interest of the two sides. There ruary 22, 2012. The two sides touched upon important aspects of U.S.-Russian counterter- rorism relationship, and discussed the work of the bilateral Counterterrorism Working Group, including the dates for the group’s next meeting in Moscow this year. The Russian delegation shared a draft document for expanded cooperation on tourism secu- rity from terrorism and criminal threats, and the delegations discussed ways to build on their record of cooperation in this area. The delegations also discussed the U.S.-Russia initiative within the OSCE on Public-Private Partnerships for the security of tourist infra- PHOTO: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE structure against terrorist attacks, an initiative December 2011: Training, Education, and which has been promoted since 2010. Human Resources Sub-Working Group meeting held in San Antonio, Texas.16 U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT • Spring 2012
    • have been a total of 18 meetings of the eightsub-working groups since December 2010.The first focus area of sub-working groupactivity is to gain a better understanding ofeach nation’s approach to military moderniza-tion and reform efforts. Another goal of sub-working group activity is to encourage opendiscussion concerning our respective defensestrategies and policy priorities with respectto the national security of the United Statesand Russia. The second focus area includesthe objective exchange of best practices inthe field of military logistics, social issues, PHOTO: EMBASSY MOSCOWtraining and education, and military and civil-ian personnel management. The third area March 2011: Secretary Gates and Minister Serdyukov chair a meeting of the Working Group in Moscow.of interest seeks cooperation in the sphereof defense technology and maritime matters,and includes a sub-working group focused on dialogue at multiple levels. Such coopera-discussing global and regional security issues. tion also allows for a frank discussion of theIn light of the results of the NATO-Russia problems that arise between the United StatesCouncil Summit meeting at Lisbon, U.S. and and Russia.Russian officials have discussed their plans,concerns, intentions, threat assessments, and Looking ahead, both the U.S. and Russiancapabilities in the area of European missile sides are finalizing the schedule for sub-defense. working group meetings in 2012, including a possible Working Group session betweenSeveral sub-working group meetings have the U.S. Secretary of Defense and Russianincorporated site visits to U.S. and Russian Minister of Defense.defense establishments, providing the oppor-tunity for both sides to observe the day-to-daymissions of each other’s defense organiza-tions and interact with subject matter experts EDUCATION, CULTURE,  in their respective areas of interest. In addi- SPORTS, AND MEDIAtion, site visits to U.S. and Russian military WORKING GROUPtraining organizations were conducted, whereboth sides shared their respective approachesto training and educating military personnel.The Department of Defense hosted a visit by A mong the many highlights of a busy 2011, the Working Group on Educa- tion, Culture, Sports and Media launched anRussian experts to the U.S. Defense Finance ambitious series of cultural events in Russiaand Accounting Service Center in Indiana in July called “American Seasons,” whichto discuss and observe practices in military was kicked off by a performance of the Alvinfinancial management, as well as a visit to the Ailey American Dance Theater in Moscow.U.S. Defense Logistics Agency Distribution “American Seasons” is designed to bring aCenter in Pennsylvania to observe the U.S. wide spectrum of cultural offerings to themodel for military logistical support. Russian public by introducing them to con- temporary American artists, including legend-The Defense Relations Working Group ary photographer Annie Leibovitz and the Billprovides an unprecedented opportunity to T. Jones dance troupe, which performed inconduct open discussion and share informa- Moscow and Volgograd. A joint theater proj-tion on a broad range of issues and strengthen ect “Gorod.OK” was performed at the Moss-defense and military cooperation. Receiving ovet Theater during the International Chekhovsenior-level support, the sub-working groups Festival. Youth sports exchanges continued,have made significant progress towards with young Russian hockey players visitingincreased mutual understanding between mili- the United States, and U.S. basketball playerstary establishments and facilitated positive coming to Russia. Fulbright announced newSpring 2012 • U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT 17
    • awards in science and Through the joint efforts of the Russian Spe- technology. Acting on cial Presidential Representative for Interna- an idea that originated tional Cultural Cooperation Mikhail Shvyd- in the Education sub- koy and the U.S. Departments of State and working group, Kazan Education, the Education, Culture, Sports, and State Technological Media Working Group is focused on improv- University hosted the ing mutual understanding between the people first International Ful- of Russia and the United States through in- bright Summer School novative collaboration and exchanges. PHOTO: KENNEDY CENTER/DAMIR YUSUPOV in Nanotechnology. From Spartacus, as performed by Moscow’s The school brought 22 The co-chairs of the Education sub-working Bolshoi Ballet at the Kennedy Center in young scientists from group met in Moscow and, with U.S. univer- Washington, D.C., February 2010. various regions of sity presidents and higher education associa- Russia to explore new tions, interacted with Russian rectors and ideas through work- faculty in St. Petersburg and Kazan. Russian shops, lectures, semi- rectors visited Washington and Research nars, discussions, and Triangle, North Carolina, where they met meetings with U.S. with university contacts as well as education and Russian nanotech- NGOs and innovation experts. The Education nology experts. The sub-working group also met in Washington Media sub-working and agreed to pursue an umbrella agreement group held sessions on covering future educational exchanges and a journalistic ethics and protocol to expand the Fulbright program. To PHOTO: WHITE HOUSE the future of media facilitate joint financial support of academic President Barack Obama takes a shot alongside and signed an agree- exchanges, in February 2012, the Ministry of Russian youth sports visitors on the White ment to sponsor a Education and Science of Russia and the U.S. House basketball court, May 2010. young media profes- State Department signed the umbrella Memo- sionals exchange randum of Understanding on education. We program. continue to work toward a Fulbright Protocol, which will provide a mechanism for more The most important Russian citizens to study at universities in the events in Russia-U.S. United States. The Association of American cultural exchange in Universities signed an agreement on research 2012 are the perfor- collaboration with its Russian counterpart. mances of the Chicago Symphony Orches- Within the framework of the subgroup on tra in Moscow and Education, seven projects have been agreed PHOTO: U.S. EMBASSY MOSCOW St. Petersburg and upon, including management training, John Forté and his band begin their Russia tour the festivities in the entrepreneurship, and internships for young at Spaso House in Moscow. United States related scientists and researchers, representatives of to the celebration of the press, and the scientific community. the 200th anniversary of the Fort Ross Rus- sian settlement in California. Specifically in The first meeting of the Association of this context, a decision was made to organize American Universities and the Association of the “Russian Seasons” cultural program in the leading Russian universities was attended by United States in 2012. The activities will in- representatives of more than 60 universities. clude performances of folk, music and dance The organizers identified specific areas of companies from Russia, as well as scientific cooperation and agreed upon a three-year plan conferences and workshops featuring scien- for the development of networking leading tists and public figures of both countries. universities in Russia and the United States. As part of the annual session of the Associa- tion of American Universities in Washington, D.C., a “Russian Day” event was organized with the participation of representatives of leading Russian universities.18 U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT • Spring 2012
    • Cooperation with the American Folklife Center of the Library of Congress will bring five unique U.S. performing groups to Rus- sia in the spring. The “American Seasons” program will continue into the summer, with dancer Savion Glover performing at the Moscow International House of Music, musi- cian Steve Reily taking part in festivals in Moscow and Chelyabinsk, and the Lone Star PHOTO: U.S. EMBASSY MOSCOW Film Exchange cooperating with the Moscow International Film Festival. Assistant Secretary of State Ann Stock and Special Presidential Representative Mikhail Shvydkoy at the announcement of a young In 2012, the Igor Moiseyev State Academic journalist exchange program in Moscow, Folk Dance Ensemble, the National Philhar- October 2011. monic Orchestra of Russia directed by Vladi- mir Spivakov, and the Sveshnikov Russian State Chorus will organize concert tours inWithin the Education subgroup, we plan to various U.S. cities.expand joint projects, including projects forthe development of cross-Russian Studies In addition, our bilateral youth sports ex-and American Studies, as well as to exchange changes will ramp up in 2012, with Americanexperience in the Russian program “Teacher ice hockey players and swimmers coming toof the Year.” Russia and Russian beach volleyball players traveling to the United States. We will launchUnder the Memorandum of Understand- the first U.S.-Russia Virtual Science Chal-ing between and the U.S. Department of lenge for Youth, pairing up U.S. and RussianState and the Russian Ministry of Education high school students in an online scienceand Science for Cooperation in the Field of contest. The young media professionals ex-Education, we are preparing protocols for change will launch in April in both countries.training programs of Russian undergraduate Consistent with our Presidents’ vision forand graduate students in the United States, as U.S.-Russia relations, the Education, Culture,well as training for young innovative entre- Sports, and Media Working Group continuespreneurs promoting new dialogue, understanding, and people-to-people ties.The Russian side has informed the UnitedStates of the planned trip of Russian pilot,balloonist, and polar traveler Valentin Efre-mov to mark the upcoming 2012 celebrationof the 200th anniversary of the Russian settle-ment at Fort Ross, California.In 2011, the co-chairs of both the full Work-ing Group and the Media sub-working groupheld conferences in Boston and Moscowwhere they interacted with U.S. and Russianmedia owners, editors, educators, and non- PHOTO: U.S. EMBASSY MOSCOWgovernmental organization (NGO) represen-tatives. February 2012: Russian Minister of Education and Science Andrei Fursenko and U.S. Ambassador Michael McFaul sign an MOU to pave the way for future U.S.-Russian academic exchanges.Spring 2012 • U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT 19
    • EMERGENCY SITUATIONS  WORKING GROUP T he Commission’s Emergency Situations Working Group is co-chaired by U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Administrator Craig Fugate and Minister Sergey Shoigu of the Russian Minis- try for Emergency Situations (EMERCOM). The Working Group promotes enhanced U.S.- PHOTO: FEMA Russia cooperation in the field of emergency FEMA Deputy Administrator Richard Serino management. In partnership with a wide shakes hands with Vladimir Puchkov, State range of U.S. and Russian agencies, including Secretary and Deputy Minister, EMERCOM of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Russia, after signing the Meeting Protocol and EMERCOM, the U.S. Departments of State, 2011-2013 Work Plan. In the background, Alexey Homeland Security, Defense, FEMA, and the Avdeev, Section Head, International Cooperation U.S. Agency for International Development Department, EMERCOM of Russia, looks on. (USAID) have conducted many joint-exer- cises, exchanges, and conferences with the hosted by the United States in San Francisco goal of sharing best practices and improving on the sidelines of the APEC Forum of Senior emergency response capabilities. Emergency Response Officials. The Working Group’s second annual meet- ing took place in Boston in July 2011. The The Working Group’s biggest achievement in co-chairs agreed to a 2011-2013 work plan 2011 was EMERCOM’s Air-Mobile Search and experts discussed a whole-community ap- and Rescue team earning the highest clas- proach to disaster preparedness and response. sification of the United Nation’s International They also held a panel discussion on lessons Search and Rescue Advisory Group (IN- learned from recent international disaster SARAG). The Working Group supported responses, including the Haiti earthquake of EMERCOM’s efforts with site visits to 2010 and the Japan earthquake and tsunami Fairfax County’s Search and Rescue Team, of 2011. In addition, the Working Group a table-top exercise in Moscow to compare discussed experiences from the 2010 Russian search-and-rescue tactics, and regular con- wildfires as well as current trends and oppor- sultations with USAID and other U.S. and tunities for cooperation in the field of mass international disaster response officials. This transportation security. In September 2011, mutually beneficial work allowed Russian EMERCOM participated in the Asia-Pacific and American rescue teams to learn from Economic Cooperation (APEC) meeting of each other. In June and July 2011, EMER- the Emergency Preparedness Working Group, COM hosted an international team of disaster relief specialists to observe and assess their live field exercises and disaster relief simula- tions. With this new INSARAG classifica- tion, Russia is now better able to coordinate disaster assistance with other global respond- ers, and is recognized internationally as hav- ing state-of-the-art procedures and practices. The Working Group marked other milestones in 2011 and consistently provided a platform for joint participation on multilateral and PHOTO: NATO international levels. In May 2011, EMER- COM experts participated in U.S. nation level August-September 2011: The CODRII disaster exercises in the central states of the United response exercise in Moldova. States focused on the response to a simulated20 U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT • Spring 2012
    • devastating earthquake. In late summer, both ENERGY WORKING GROUP  FEMA and EMERCOM sent representa-tives to observe the NATO Civil EmergencyPreparedness Exercise “CODRII 2011” inMoldova. This exercise was organized by T he Commission’s Energy Working Group, co-chaired by U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu and Russian Minister of EnergyNATO’s Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Sergei Shmatko, promotes enhanced U.S.-Coordination Center and involved a simulated Russia energy cooperation. It brings togetherearthquake with resulting victims, damage to the efforts of the U.S. Departments of Energy,critical infrastructure, chemical accidents, and State, and Commerce, the Environmental Pro-a radiological incident. tection Agency (EPA), and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), andThe exchange of experience—including the also the Russian Ministry of Energy, the Rus-organization of volunteer response to fires sian Academy of Sciences, and the Russianand the application of advanced technologies Energy Agency. In order to spur innovationfor the prevention and response to emergency and scientific development needed to addresssituations --continues in areas of mutual inter- today’s shared energy challenges, the co-est at various international fora. Such topics chairs have agreed upon a Joint Action Planhave been discussed directly in this Working for 2012 that aims to broaden cooperation inGroup, as well as at other venues, such as the the areas of energy efficiency, clean energyconference “Lessons from the Hot Summer of technology development, and energy security.2010” (March 2011, Moscow) and the inter-national fair “Comprehensive Security-2011”(May 2011, Moscow).As it looks to 2012 and beyond, the Emer-gency Situations Working Group will explorecollaboration and joint projects betweenFEMA, the U.S. Geological Survey, andEMERCOM to share best practices in thepreparation of rescuers, to develop volun-teer firefighting teams, and to map hazardsassociated with floods, droughts, wildfires,earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions. Incooperation with partners in USAID, we willfocus on donor coordination activities and the PHOTO: U.S. EMBASSY MOSCOWprospects for conducting a joint humanitarian December 2011: Leaders from Russian small and medium-sizedassistance exercise in a third country. The companies visit the United States.next annual plenary session of the Work-ing Group will take place in Vladivostok inOctober 2012, concurrent with the APEC The Working Group’s highlights during 2011Emergency Preparedness Working Group. included a City-to-City Smart Grid Initia-We believe Russia’s role as APEC chair in tive, which links the cities of San Diego2012 will provide new scope for the United and Belgorod and utilities of San DiegoStates and Russia to continue to work both Gas & Electric and Belgorodenergo, thejointly and internationally in responding to regional branch of Russia’s Interregionalemergency situations. Grid Distribution Company. Together they began a pilot project that deploys innovative technologies to cut losses and improve the reliability of each region’s local power grid. Also, Russia’s Interregional Grid Company partnered with the U.S. Energy Association to exchange information and best practices in smart grid development and deployment. A USEA delegation visited Moscow on March 11-16 to conduct an assessment of barriersSpring 2012 • U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT 21
    • markets and investment opportunities in both countries. VNIIGAS, Gazprom’s research arm, is considering several initiatives with U.S. partners. One of these possibilities is a potential partnership with the U.S. Gas Technology Institute to identify and recover unconventional gas reserves in isolated demand regions. With the EPA, it will look at continuing cooperation on cost-effective methane mitigation technologies to reduce PHOTO: DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY emissions along production, transmission, July 2010: U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu and processing chains. and Russian Minister of Energy Sergey Shmatko sign the Energy Working Group Joint Statement on future cooperation. The Working Group’s Joint Action Plan for 2012 initiates several new cooperative un- to implementing “smart grids” in Russia’s dertakings. This includes the determination power and electricity market. In St. Peters- of a second pair of sister-cities to develop a burg, the Energy Efficiency in Public Build- Smart Grid project, which will be determined ings Initiative is assisting the municipality to in 2012. To further cooperation in the field improve efficiencies as mandated by Rus- of Energy Demand Forecasting, experts from sian federal legislation. In order to develop the U.S. Energy Information Administration cooperation on increasing energy efficiency will share information on forecast models and and the level of energy management in public assessments of global energy markets with buildings in Russia, a meeting memorandum their counterparts from the Russian Energy between the St. Petersburg Administration Agency. The Department of Energy will sup- and the U.S. company Honeywell was signed port new initiatives to identify and develop on September 29, 2011. In accordance with university-to-university links so that top legal this agreement, the two sides will identify po- strategists in energy policy issues will have tential sites suitable for a project to increase an open forum to discuss new approaches. energy. Additionally, an Energy Efficiency The U.S. Department of Energy and Russian Trade Mission designed to promote business- Ministry of Energy will facilitate dialogue to-business links in the area of clean energy between U.S. and Russian experts on power took place in December 2011. Leaders from sector security and reliability, including the 16 small and medium-sized companies from exchange of experiential data and lessons Belgorod, Yakutia, Chelyabinsk, St. Peters- learned from past power system failures. Si- burg, and Kaluga traveled to Austin and San multaneously, the realization of a list of areas Diego to meet with their U.S. counterparts. for cooperative research in innovative clean A second, reciprocal energy efficiency trade energy technologies is planned for 2012. mission to Russia for U.S. small and medium- Combined with work in the Commission’s sized companies is planned for June 2012. Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Work- The planning process has started for a joint ing Group, we look forward to continuing pilot project in Yakutia that will assess emis- robust bilateral cooperation on energy on both sions inventories, find point-source emis- national and local levels. sions, and develop technology for mitigation of black carbon, a known short-term climate forcing agent. Looking ahead, the Working Group will continue its implementation of pilot projects, facilitate the exchange of best practices via workshops and peer-to-peer discourse, pro- mote business links through trade exchanges and public-private partnerships, and engage scientific circles and energy companies in a bilateral dialogue regarding global energy22 U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT • Spring 2012
    • ENVIRONMENT WORKING GROUPT he Commission’s Environment Working Group is led by the U.S. Department ofState and the Russian Ministry of NaturalResources and Environment (MNRE). Areasof focus include wildlife and habitat conser-vation for species of concern such as polarbears, salmon, and other rare endangeredspecies, forest-related issues (forest legality,fire management, climate change and foresthealth, forest monitoring and inventory),management and disposal of waste (hazard-ous waste, superfund sites, and e-waste),reduction of black carbon emissions, pro-tected area management, sustainable tourism, PHOTO: U.S. EMBASSY MOSCOWand environmental education. Technicaland scientific trainings and exchanges take United States and Russian Federation Joint Inspection in Antarctica, January 2012.place frequently; both the U.S. and Russiansides host conferences on Working Group Partnership in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy intopics, and there are regular meetings at July, as well as other U.S. delegation visits tothe coordinator level. The Working Group several joint projects in the Russian Pacific.brings together an impressive constellation of There was also involvement in the 2011governmental participants, such as the U.S. Beringia Days Conference in Alaska, plantAgency for International Development and genetic verification initiatives, workshops onnon-governmental organizations (NGOs). illegal logging co-hosted by U.S. Department of Justice and Russian Ministry of Justice,In 2011, the Working Group made progress Environment Protection Agency (EPA)-ledtoward the deepening of cooperation between workshops on waste and black carbon, andthe United States and the Russian Federation two park manager exchanges supported byin the cross-boundary Bering Strait region MNRE, the National Park Service (NPS),with the goal of expanding interaction be- Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and U.S.tween protected areas in Alaska and Chu- Forest Service (USFS). The joint MNRE-kotka. In addition, there was Working Group EPA workshop on black carbon and theparticipation in the Russian-American Pacific workshops on the U.S. Lacey Act exemplify a new, unprecedented level of cooperation. In particular, the following questions were discussed: the scientific as- sessment of the state of current research into the pollution of Arctic territories in the United States and Russia with black carbon; emissions of black carbon from stationary diesel generators in the Arctic; and the preparation and carrying out of joint demonstration projects aimed at black carbon PHOTO: NPS reduction. Carrying out the agreement reached during the The Caucasus State Nature Reserve brought a U.S. delegation to November 2010 Tiger Forum, an important habitat in the Reserve’s core in order to discuss Russian and U.S. specialists wildlife management issues.Spring 2012 • U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT 23
    • are successfully introducing a high-tech man- agement information system in the core Amur tiger habitat. The U.S.-Russia Polar Bear Commission has worked actively to jointly conserve and manage the Alaska-Chukotka polar bear population. The Commission has exchanged scientific data and harvest information, considered drafting complementary manage- PHOTO: U.S. EMBASSY MOSCOW ment and monitoring plans, and determined September 2011: A scene from Tiger Day at the annual taking limits. The adoption of annual Moscow Zoo. taking limits- harvest quotas determined on the basis of reliable scientific data and tradi- tional knowledge--is a historic milestone in our efforts to protect the traditional subsis- tence needs of native peoples while affording protection to polar bears. The Commission established an Outreach Working Group to jointly develop a communication strategy to develop information for public distribution on the Commission’s purpose and activities. There has been a positive reaction to USFS- PHOTO: VERA OVCHERENKO, DELEGATION PARTICIPANT supported initiatives to reduce human-caused December 2011: Russian environmental experts wildfire and agricultural burning in local visit Bosque del Apache National Park, New communities and nature reserves in the Altai Mexico, an important location for migratory birds and Primorsky regions. including geese from Wrangel Island, Russia. Upcoming milestones for the Working Group (APEC) Environment Ministerial. The Work- are the expected signing of a memorandum of ing Group will develop proposals on e-waste understanding for cooperation in the Ant- and explore expanded collaboration on haz- arctic and the establishment of a sister park ardous and solid waste (management, storage, arrangement across the Bering Strait. We and clean-up). We seek to deepen ties on will continue to work on important issues environmental crime through additional joint bilaterally and in multilateral fora such as the Department of Justice and Ministry of Justice Arctic Council. Other major events include programming. Wildlife and habitat conserva- the next Working Group plenary session, the tion, protected area management, and forest- U.S-Russia Polar Bear Commission meeting, related cooperation provide the backbone and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation for our joint environmental cooperation and we intend to expand related exchanges and programs, particularly in our shared Beringia region. PHOTO: U.S. EMBASSY MOSCOW April 2011: Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Daniel Reifsnyder at a tree planting ceremony at a local Russian kindergarten.24 U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT • Spring 2012
    • HEALTH WORKING GROUP T he Health Working Group fosters bilateral cooperation in four important areas:scientific collaboration, maternal and childhealth, healthy lifestyles, and global health.Its co-chairs are Health and Human Services(HHS) Secretary Kathleen Sebelius andMinistry of Health and Social DevelopmentMinister Tatyana Golikova. Since September2010, the Working Group has held two high- PHOTO: U.S. EMBASSY MOSCOWlevel meetings, one in Washington and one April 2011: Secretary Sebelius and Deputy Ministerin Moscow, and more than 20 working-level Skvortsova head their respective delegations at the Healthmeetings, training sessions, and professional Working Group meeting.exchanges. In addition, Working Groupparticipants engage civil society stakeholders biomedical research to tobacco control pro-and businesses through the parallel Carnegie grams.Endowment for International Peace organizedPublic-Private Task Force. In the framework of cooperation in maternal and child health, the Kulakov Research Cen-Recent accomplishments include the sign- ter of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Perinatolo-ing of a joint U.S.-Russia protocol on global gy partners with USAID and the NIH throughpolio eradication in January 2011, which the work of the Eunice Kennedy Shriverresulted in joint site visits to Tajikistan and National Institute of Child Health and HumanKyrgyzstan in May 2011, and a new memo- Development to share experience in prevent-randum of understanding between the U.S. ing and reducing maternal and child mortal-National Institutes of Health (NIH) and ity, including use of innovative technologiesthe Russian Foundation of Basic Research in the care of premature babies as well as(RFBR) in March 2011, which generated the conducting joint workshops to develop skillsfirst joint U.S.-Russian grant competition on in counseling for newborn feeding and detec-HIV/AIDS prevention science. Dr. Jill Biden tion of feeding problems. Additional ongoingwas on-hand in March 2011 to announce the areas of research collaboration are in the fol-innovative Text4Baby Russia project, a free lowing areas: health outcomes of babies bornmobile health information service promoting as a result of assisted reproductive technolo-maternal and child health through text mes- gies, premature ovarian failure, epigenomicssages. Ordinary U.S. and Russian citizens and proteomics in reproductive technologies,alike have benefitted from bilateral health and prevention of premature interruption ofcooperation ranging from collaboration on pregnancy. An active training program in methods of minimally invasive gynecological surgery for physicians from regions of Russia has been established. Additionally, partner- ships between Russian and U.S. physician groups were strengthened and a memoran- dum of cooperation was signed between the Kulakov Center and the American Academy of Pediatrics. In the field of healthy lifestyles, work is underway to develop a joint protocol to PHOTO: U.S. MISSION TO GENEVA study the epidemiology of obesity in order USAID Administrator Rajiv Shah and Russian to identify social-demographic and other Deputy Minister of Health Veronika Skvortsova factors influencing its development, as well signed a Protocol of Intent that will deepen as define related biomarkers. In April 2011, cooperation between the countries to eradicate a joint seminar on alcohol abuse preven- polio. tion examined environmental interventionsSpring 2012 • U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT 25
    • focused on at-risk youth mation focused on narrowing the gap between drinkers and screening research and clinical implementation in the and brief intervention thematic areas of the Forum, to develop and strategies for adults to expand joint research projects, and to increase prevent both escalation the significance of fundamental biomedical to addiction and use in research. Together, Forum attendees identi- harmful ways. A special fied research opportunities related to cancer, working group has been cardiovascular diseases, active and healthy established to study the lifestyles, brain sciences, human develop- most significant research ment, infectious and rare diseases, and clini- results in preventing the cal and translational research training. We PHOTO: USAID harmful effects of alcohol expect further expansion of biomedical and February 2012: Tennis star and spokeswoman and their application behavioral research collaboration through this Anastasia Myskina, Donna Norton (wife of U.S. in healthcare and other new Forum, including the possible participa- Ambassador Michael McFaul), and Dr. Leila systems that reach ado- tion of the Russian Ministry of Education and Adamyan of the Kulakov Research Center of lescents and adults. The Science in joint research funding. Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Perinatology at the research study funded launch of Text4Baby Russia in Moscow. by the National Institute The Health Working Group will continue on Alcohol Abuse and other bilateral activities, such as exchanges, Alcoholism is testing an courses, research collaborations through NIH intervention in prenatal clinics in St. Peters- intramural visitors programs, and other expert burg and Nizhny Novgorod in an effort to level delegation visits. In addition to contin- prevent alcohol exposed pregnancies; results ued collaboration on global polio eradication, are expected in the next year. both parties are exploring worldwide coop- eration on combating malaria. In the context In November 2011, the first meeting of the of global health cooperation in international U.S.-Russia Scientific Forum took place organizations, the Russia and the United in Moscow. Russian participants included States worked actively on the development representatives from the Ministries of Health, of the draft resolution of the World Health Education and Science, and Industry and Organization (WHO) “Smallpox Eradication: Trade as well as Skolkovo, the State Duma, Destruction of the Variola Virus Stocks,” dis- the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Rus- cussed at the 64th session of the World Health sian Academy of Medical Sciences, research Assembly in May 2011. Following the an- institutes, businesses, and independent nouncement of the NIH-RFBR grant com- researchers. The Forum’s U.S. participants petition, funds for 15 joint projects on HIV/ included representatives from the Department AIDS prevention science will be awarded in of Health and Human Services, CRDF Glob- mid-2012. In addition, a protocol of intent al, a number of private companies, and over between the Centers for Disease Control and 30 researchers. The goals of the meeting were Prevention (CDC) and Rospotrebnadzor is to foster and enhance the exchange of infor- close to being finalized, which will deepen cooperation to detect and impede the spread of diseases. The Department of Health and Human Services and the Ministry of Health and Social Development anticipate working together on tobacco control as well. New ini- tiatives may include a mobile text-messaging program QuitNowText that supports smoking cessation. In addition, the United States and Russia will both promote the recently-started Global Smoke-Free Workplace Challenge and PHOTO: USAID focus on at-risk groups. Through the Work- Ellyn Ogden, Worldwide Polio Eradication ing Group and greater interaction with civil Coordinator at USAID, observing polio society and non-governmental partners, we immunization programs with Dr. Galina will continue to promote the health and well- Chistyakova in Tajikistan. being of our two countries.26 U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT • Spring 2012
    • INNOVATION WORKING GROUP O n November 11, 2011, the first meet- ing of the Co-chairs of the InnovationWorking Group (IWG) took place on themargins of the APEC summit in Honolulu.In that meeting, Co-chairs Robert Hormatsand Arkadiy Dvorkovich reached agreementon the group’s basic format and areas ofactivity. They signed a Statement of Intentbetween the U.S. Department of State and the PHOTO: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATEPresidential Administration of the Russian November 2011: Arkadiy Dvorkovich and RobertFederation, reflecting the two countries’ key Hormats sign the Statement of Intent on futureinitiatives in the field of innovation. cooperation in the field of innovation.The inaugural meeting of the Working Group The Working Group plans to discuss issues ofin Silicon Valley on March 26-27, 2012, technology licensing with the goal of enhanc-will include the signing of a memorandum ing the contribution of research institutes andof understanding between the IWG and the innovative infrastructure, such as the newSkolkovo Foundation. The meeting will also Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technol-include a discussion by U.S. and Russian ogy, to broader economic development. Theexperts on the results of a survey of corpora- Working Group will examine potential U.S.-tions conducted by the American Chamber of Russia partnerships that could support thisCommerce in Russia concerning legal and bu- goal. Also, to support a commercializationreaucratic barriers to innovation. Using these chain linking innovators with the market, theresults, the Working Group intends to deepen Working Group intends to explore opportuni-its cooperation and identify best practices on ties to support training partnerships amongrespective legal frameworks for encouraging private companies, innovation centers, andentrepreneurship and innovation, including research and educational institutions.exchanges on policies regarding protectionof intellectual property rights (IPR), taxation, The U.S. Department of State has alreadyanti-corruption and corporate governance, begun supporting a series of meetings andand technology transfer, among others. workshops in the United States for seniorThis work will support existing channels representatives of Russian companies imple-of cooperation on these subjects, including menting innovative development programs.the U.S.-Russia IPR Working Group, which The first of these visits, under the Stateintends in the nearest future to agree upon a Department’s Voluntary Visitor Program, tookcomprehensive Action Plan for IPR protec- place in early March 2012, and included visitstion and enforcement. for representatives of Russian energy compa- nies to leading U.S. companies in the energyAnother priority area of the Working Group’s field, government organizations, and innova-activity is cooperation in identifying policies tive companies in Silicon Valley with the goaland practices that support the development of introducing participants to internationalof successful innovation centers and regional best practices in stimulating innovation.innovation clusters. At the Working Group’sinaugural meeting, Russia’s Association ofInnovative Regions of Russia will participatein a discussion on the American experience insupporting clusters and approaches to futurecooperation in this sphere. In the longerterm, the Working Group intends to explorepossible partnerships between American andRussian innovation centers and clusters.Spring 2012 • U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT 27
    • INTELLIGENCE COOPERATION  WORKING GROUP T he Commission’s Working Group on Intelligence Cooperation was created in March 2010 during the visit of then-Director Leon Panetta of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to Moscow to meet Russian Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR) Director Mikhail Fradkov. Both Secretary Clinton PHOTO: U.S. DEPT. OF DEFENSE and Foreign Minister Lavrov hailed the new May 2011: Admiral Mullen and General Makarov Working Group subsequently as a means congratulate each other on signing an MOU on “to strengthen our common security.” Then, combating terrorism in St. Petersburg. now, and going forward, our two countries’ premier intelligence agencies will continue occasion of his retirement. The General’s to cooperate on a bilateral basis in areas of visit highlighted both the significant progress mutual concern and security. that has been made in the area of U.S.-Russia military cooperation as well as our mutual desire to continue this work. MILITARY COOPERATION  WORKING GROUP The second annual plenary session in Saint Petersburg, Russia in May 2011 culminated The Bilateral Presidential Commission’s in a new Memorandum of Understanding on Military Cooperation Working Group was Counterterrorism Cooperation between the established in 2009 to determine mutually U.S. Department of Defense and the Russian beneficial areas of cooperation, to coordinate Ministry of Defense. This memorandum is implementation of joint projects to strengthen being fully operationalized through bilateral strategic stability and international security discussions in the Combating Terrorism and develop military contacts, to discuss sub-working group and through the Mili- matters of mutual security, and to monitor tary Cooperation Work Plan. The bilateral implementation of current cooperative proj- exercise “Crimson Rider” in August 2011 ects and joint activities. This Working Group simulated nuclear warhead ground trans- meets on an annual basis and is co-chaired port. In addition, the Air Force Global Strike by General Martin E. Dempsey, U.S. Chair- Command and 20th Air Force, with support man of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS), and from the Defense Threat Reduction Agency, General Nikolay Makarov, Russian Chief of hosted a static display at Francis E. Warren the General Staff. General Makarov was on Air Force Base demonstrating transport and hand in September 2011 to honor the outgo- security equipment used by U.S. security ing CJCS, Admiral Michael Mullen, on the forces. Russian presentations highlighted similar practices by Russian military forces. Also in August 2011, in conjunction with the North American Aerospace Defense Com- mand (NORAD) the second annual “Vigilant Eagle” exercise took place, which focused on joint actions during a terrorist hijacking of an aircraft over the Bering Sea and explored pos- sibilities for cooperation between the United States and Russia. In October 2011, the U.S. and Russian Navies successfully completed PHOTO: U.S. CONSULATE VLADIVOSTOK the “Pacific Eagle” exercise with the goal June-July 2011: Sailors man the rails as the to improve maritime relations between our USS FORD (FFG-54) pulls into the Port of two countries and enhance interoperability, Vladivostok next to RFS Varyag, flagship of the particularly in the area of anti-terrorism and Russian Pacific Fleet. counter-piracy operations.28 U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT • Spring 2012
    • details over 100 events such as port visits, education exchanges, and bilateral exercises. On January 18, 2012, in Brussels, on the side- lines of the NATO-Russia Council meeting of the Chiefs and Heads of Defense, a working meeting took place between the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Chairman of the General Staff of the Russian Federa- tion Armed Forces. During this meeting, the Working Group’s activities in 2011 were PHOTOS: MATTHEW BILDEN, WARREN AIR FORCE BASE reviewed and plans were made for its future development. The next plenary session of the August 2011: U.S.-Russian collaboration in Working Group is tentatively scheduled for action during exercise CRIMSON RIDER 2011. the summer of 2012 in Washington D.C., and the next Joint Staff Talks are provisionally scheduled for September 2012 in Saint Pe- tersburg, Russia. Today our armed forces are cooperating in a variety of meaningful ways that would have been unimaginable earlier. NUCLEAR ENERGY AND  NUCLEAR SECURITY WORKING GROUPThroughout 2011, the United States and T he Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Secu- rity Working Group was established to advance our Presidents’ July 6, 2009 JointRussia completed a total of 51 Work Plan Statement on Nuclear Cooperation. The twoand non-Work Plan events, exercises, and co-chairs, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energyexchanges. Among them were the Joint Staff Daniel Poneman and Director General of theTalks that took place on November 12-16, Rosatom State Corporation Sergey Kiriyenko,2011. The talks focused on the military-polit- conducted the first meeting of the Workingical situation in crisis regions (North Africa, Group in September 2009.Middle East, Afghanistan, and Asia-Pacific),and the current conditions and future devel- 2011 was a banner year for the Nuclearopment of bilateral military cooperation. The Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group.Russian side briefed U.S. participants on the In January 2011, the Agreement for Coopera-strategic exercise “TSENTR-2011.” TheU.S.-side also hosted the Russians at the U.S.Army’s Maneuver Warfare Center of Excel-lence at Fort Benning, Georgia.Meetings on other important issues were alsoconducted within the framework of the Work-ing Group. Military expert consultations onimprovised explosive devices (IEDs) wereheld in February 2011. During this event, thesides exchanged information for countering PHOTO: U.S. EMBASSY MOSCOWIEDs and shared experience on searching for On January 11, 2011, Ambassador John Beyrleand disarming IEDs. and Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergey Ryabkov exchanged diplomatic notes to bringFor 2012 planning, U.S. and Russian experts into force the Agreement on Cooperation in themet in November 2011 to finalize the next Field of Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy (theMilitary Cooperation Work Plan, which 123 Agreement).Spring 2012 • U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT 29
    • the completion of the Third Action Plan, which determined the major goals for 2011. The 13 sub-working groups, created within the framework of the Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group, interact continuously. In September 2011, the Federal Customs Service of Russia and the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Adminis- tration (DOE/NNSA), within the framework PHOTO: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY of the intergovernmental Agreement on Rosatom Deputy Director-General Vyacheslav Pershukov Cooperation in the Area of Nuclear Material and his delegation toured the United States in August Physical Protection, Control and Accounting, 2011, where they visited several national laboratories and completed their joint work on equipping 383 universities. Their trip supported the goals of the U.S.- Russian border crossing points with radiation Russia Civil Nuclear Energy Cooperation Action Plan. detection systems designed to detect and deter illicit trafficking of nuclear and other radioac- tion in the Field of Peaceful Uses of Nuclear tive materials. In October, NNSA and Ro- Energy (also known as the “123 Agreement”) satom co-hosted a training course for export entered into force. In furtherance of the 123 control licensing officials representing former Agreement, U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Soviet Union countries. Nuclear material Chu and General Director Kiriyenko signed physical protection equipment was installed two joint statements in 2011. The first was at the Mining and Chemical Combine, and the issued in June on the margins of the Atom- joint project to shut down reactors producing Expo 2011 international forum and reaffirmed weapons-grade plutonium and start up the a joint understanding of the importance of Zheleznogorsk thermal heating system as a mutually advantageous cooperation between substitute was completed successfully. nuclear research laboratories, institutes, and facilities following the entry into force of the All the while, joint work continued on U.S.- 123 Agreement. The second, a Joint State- origin and Russian-origin fuel returns from ment on Strategic Directions of Nuclear third countries. Shipments completed to date Cooperation signed in Vienna in September include U.S.-origin material from Turkey, 2011, focused on innovative areas of joint Taiwan, Japan, Israel, and the Republic of cooperation, covering new types of reactors South Africa, and Russian-origin material and nuclear and radiation safety. This was from Bulgaria, Latvia, Romania, Libya, the first time that areas such as scientific-tech- nical and commercial cooperation, as well as joint efforts to strengthen global nuclear security, have been recorded. In July 2011, the U.S.-Russian Plutonium Management and Disposition Agreement (PMDA) and its 2006 and 2010 Protocols entered into force, reaffirming our commit- ment to each dispose of 34 metric tons of surplus weapon-grade plutonium—or enough combined material for over 17,000 nuclear PHOTO: NNSA weapons. More than 1,000 pounds of highly enriched uranium spent fuel--enough to make 18 nuclear In December 2011, the co-chairs conducted weapons--are being returned from Poland to a Working Group meeting by video-tele- Russia. conference, during which they reflected on the previous year’s accomplishments and determined priorities for 2012. This marked30 U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT • Spring 2012
    • by design, new structural and clad materi- als development, and Global Civil Nuclear Energy Framework development. In order to accelerate this work, the two countries are negotiating an intergovernmental R&D Agreement on cooperation in the area of scientific research and design, which should also include interaction in innovative tech- nologies. The two sides will seek broader engagement on the development, testing, and implementa- tion of IAEA safeguards, specifically on the strengthening of State Systems of Accounting and Control in third countries. Both parties will also jointly consider a framework of in- ternational cooperation in civil nuclear energy and advance new concepts for comprehensive fuel services. Following a co-hosted work- PHOTO: NNSA shop in Moscow in April 2012 “The Global A pedestrian radiation portal monitor installed at Structure of Nuclear Energy and the Develop- the Pogranichny (Grodekovo) Rail Station on the ment of Services for the Nuclear Fuel Cycle,” Russian border with China. the 13th sub-working group plans to develop a work plan by May 2012. The overall mul-Serbia and Ukraine. Two U.S.-Russian tilateral and bilateral collaboration on nuclearseminars were organized to exchange experi- energy and nuclear security will continue inences on design, exploitation and support for all areas.security of fast-neutron research reactors andon waste management in the United Statesand Russia. RULE OF LAW  Looking ahead, the Fourth Action Plan under WORKING GROUPdevelopment outlines specific action for theWorking Group in 2012. Of particular note,multiple fuel returns from third countries aretaking place, including shipments of U.S.-or- I n May 2011 in Deauville, France, the Presidents of the United States and Russia announced the establishment of the Bilateraligin HEU from Mexico as well as shipments Commission’s Rule of Law Working Groupof Russian-origin HEU from Uzbekistan and to promote enhanced bilateral cooperation onPoland. Work will continue to electroni- legal issues between the U.S. Department ofcally integrate radiation detection systems at Justice and Russian Ministry of Justice. U.S.crossing points with customs houses, direc-torates, and Russian Federal Customs ServiceHeadquarters. Bilateral Civil Nuclear Energytechnical cooperation will include increasedfocus on nuclear safety and personnel train-ing and education; experts will determinespecific activities at the next Civil NuclearEnergy sub-working group experts meeting inObninsk, Russia, in April 2012.The two sides continue a discussion ofscientific-technical cooperation and interac- PHOTO: U.S. DEPT. OF JUSTICEtion in the area of innovative technologies, From left: U.S. Attorney General Holder, Russianincluding the Multi-Purpose Fast Research Deputy Justice Minister Lyubimov, and RussianReactor, modeling and simulation, safeguards Minister of Justice Konovalov.Spring 2012 • U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT 31
    • Examination of the agenda items demonstrat- ed mutual interest in resolving key problems of bilateral legal cooperation between Russia and the United States. Productive discussions were held on possible legal and technical mechanisms to resolve existing issues con- cerning service of process under the Hague Service Convention. In regard to the ex- change of practical experience, matters relat- ing to probation, implementation of prisoner PHOTO: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE reintegration programs, and the use of the The opening of the February 2012 Rule of Law latest technologies for monitoring defendants Working Group meeting in Washington, D.C. were of particular interest. With respect to identification and recovery of criminal Attorney General Eric Holder and Russian proceeds abroad, there was mutual interest in Minister of Justice Alexander Konovalov standardizing regulation of matters relating co-chair the Working Group, whose areas for to the sending and execution of requests for discussion include judicial assistance in civil seizure and confiscation of property obtained and criminal matters, corrections, probation, by illicit means, well as the return of proceeds alternatives to detention, and asset recovery. from this activity. The Working Group had its first event a few A meeting is scheduled between the co-chairs months later, when several officials from the of the Working Group on the margins of Russian Ministry of Justice participated in a the May St. Petersburg International Legal week-long study tour focused on probation Forum. We look forward to further exchanges in Washington, D.C. Their visit reflected the of best practices and expert-level discussions Russian government’s ongoing efforts in the regarding justice sector issues of mutual area of criminal law reform. The delega- concern. tion met U.S. officials to discuss prisoner reintegration, drug treatment programs, and job skills training programs. The delegation visited a drug rehabilitation center, a half-way SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY  house, and observed sentencing and detention WORKING GROUP hearings in a federal district court. On February 9, 2012, the Rule of Law Working Group met in Washington, D.C. E stablished in 2009, the Science and Tech- nology Working Group (S&T Working Group) is led on the U.S. side by the Direc- for its inaugural plenary session, co-chaired tor of the White House Office of Science by Minister Konovalov and Attorney Gen- and Technology, Dr. John P. Holdren, and on eral Holder. Experts from the Departments the Russia side by the Minister of Education of Justice and State and from the Russian and Science, Andrey Fursenko. Other U.S. Ministries of Justice and Foreign Affairs, the government stakeholders include the National General Prosecutor’s Office, the Investiga- Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the tive Committee of Russia, and the Federal Department of Energy, the National Science Service for Execution of Punishments of Foundation, the U.S. Geological Survey, the Russia discussed several topics of interest to National Nanotechnology Coordination Of- both countries, including cooperation between fice, and the Department of State. From the Russia and the United States under the Hague Russian side, the participating groups are the Convention of 1965 on the Service Abroad of Ministry of Education and Science, the Rus- Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents in Civil sian Federal Service for Hydrometeorology, or Commercial Matters, bilateral interac- the Ministry of Communications, the Russian tion in searching for and seizure of property Academy of Sciences, the Kurchatov Institute abroad that was obtained by illicit means, and National Research Center, and other scientific exchange of experience and cooperation in institutions. There have been three official the field of probation. S&T WG Bilateral Presidential Commission32 U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT • Spring 2012
    • of Texas at Dallas. The scientific and techno- logical results obtained in the course of these projects are truly world class, particularly in the field of super-long nanotubes, and these results were only possible due to cooperation and achievements of both parties. In May 2011, Russia hosted a successful meeting on international nanotechnology PHOTO: U.S. EMBASSY MOSCOW standards, and the U.S. National Institute for Dr. John Holdren during his March 2011 visit to Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Moscow. is teaming up with the Far Eastern Federal University and Kazan University to upgrademeetings, as well as individual meetings and the study of nanotoxicology and promote in-videoconferences. ternational cooperation. For the first time the Russian Ministry of Education and ScienceThe three sub-working groups within the participates as a partner agency in the U.S.S&T Working Group are: nanotechnology, National Science Foundation Partnerships forinformation technology, and climate. The International Research and Education (PIRE)nano-technology sub-working group has an program. Seven interdisciplinary proposalsemphasis on novel materials, sustainable involving U.S.-Russia collaborations wereenergy, and environmental health and safety submitted to the NSF PIRE competition.cooperation; the IT sub-working group fo-cuses on topics such as e-government, and e-learning; and the climate sub-working groupfocuses on studies of the Arctic, sub-seapermafrost, and global warming emissions.The S&T Working Group has also identifiedand promoted efforts to remove obstacles tocooperation, including visa processes, taxes,customs, and approval for maritime researchexpeditions.At the February 2011 S&T Working Group PHOTO: U.S. EMBASSY MOSCOWmeeting, the Nanotechnology sub-working March 2011: Dr. John Holdren addressesgroup reviewed about 25 joint projects pre- students at Bauman State University.pared by the Russian delegation. In Decem-ber 2011, the sub-working group met againvia video-conference. Among the projects Seven large-scale projects were deployeddiscussed were: within the carbon cycle monitoring sub- working group. Cooperation on the Russian- 1) collaboration on nano-bioscience between American Long-Term Census of the Arcticthe Kurchatov Institute National Research (RUSALCA) continues, including aboardCenter and the Lawrence Livermore Na- the research vessel Professor Khromov; ourtional Laboratory, 2) the project “Mirrors scientists are living and working togetherwith Ultra-High Reflectivity using Synthetic at the Tiksi Observatory in the Arctic andDiamonds” (published in Nature Photonics have identified new U.S.-Russian projects;magazine) carried out by Russia’s Techni- research on the effects of melting permafrostcal Institute of Superhard and Novel Carbon continues, including on stores of methane,Materials (FGU TISNUM) and Argonne Na- mercury and carbon; and we launched a jointtional Laboratory, and 3) the project “Carbon academies of science (NAS-RAS) study ofBiscrolling and Thermoelectrics” (to create how black carbon (soot) influences climatecost-effective high-performance textiles for change, which will also include mitigationthermal energy harvesting) by FGU TISNUM policy options.and the NanoTech Institute at the UniversitySpring 2012 • U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT 33
    • Taking into consideration the mutual interest grams such as the trip organized by the Open of the sub-working group participants, the World Leadership Center and the Department number of participants has been increased of State to bring a small group of Russian and the name of the sub-working group has scientists to San Francisco in March to at- been changed to “Climate Research”; the tend the Society of Toxicology meeting and specific areas and plan for cooperation in the to visit local laboratories. Additionally, at new format will be determined and agreed to the December Working Group meeting, two for the future. These will include the priority new activities were proposed. The Russian issues for both parties, such as the forma- side proposed cooperation in the biomedical tion of adequate scientific and technological area and the U.S. side proposed a workshop responses to global challenges related to in Moscow or Washington, D.C. on extreme climate change. Such responses could include geophysical events in the North Pacific region joint development of complex climate mod- in order to identify joint actions to mitigate els, weather data sharing, and the promotion the disaster risk to Russian and American of comprehensive project monitoring and communities. forecasting of changes in the Arctic. In the area of IT, the co-chairs agreed that SPACE COOPERATION  work will continue under the Information and WORKING GROUP Communications Technology Roundtable, led by the State Department, in which the United States and Russia have held valuable discus- sions and shared experiences on promot- T hrough the Commission’s Space Co- operation Working Group, the Na- tional Aeronautics and Space Administration ing the expansion of internet and other IT (NASA) and the Russian Federal Space technologies to help spur our economies and Agency (Roscosmos) continued to build upon increase communication between and within decades of successful cooperation. NASA our countries. Administrator Charles Bolden is the Working Group’s U.S. co-chair; in April 2011, Vladi- To create conditions for scientific and techno- mir Popovkin assumed leadership of Roscos- logical cooperation, steps have been taken in mos and the Russian co-chairmanship from financial and personnel support. On Decem- Anatoly Perminov. NASA and Roscosmos ber 15, 2011, a Memorandum of Under- continue to accelerate advances in innovation standing between the Ministry of Education through shared use of the International Space and Science of the Russian Federation and Station (ISS), data-sharing in Earth and space the U.S. National Science Foundation was science, and collaboration to study space signed. This creates a viable mechanism for exploration beyond low-Earth orbit. the co-funding of collaborative projects in all research areas supported by NSF. Since the Working Group’s inception, it has held six working group meetings. The Work- A second meeting of the Association of Lead- ing Group has emphasized the importance ing Russian Universities and the Association of cooperation in the ISS program through of American Universities dedicated to the at least 2020, including its use as a testbed development of research in universities and for exploration technology for the benefit of experience sharing in this area was held in the future space exploration programs. NASA United States in April 2012, following up on and Roscosmos, with their ISS partners, have an earlier meeting in Moscow. The meeting begun considering long-range opportunities to was attended by representatives of more than further advance human space exploration so 50 U.S. and Russian universities. A medium- benefits from the ISS program will continue term plan of cooperation has been developed. to grow through future exploration mis- sions. They also agreed to continue technical Looking forward, U.S. and Russian scientists consultations on developing an international from a variety of institutions hope to meet in standard for spacecraft docking mechanisms. a workshop in fall 2012 to identify common Recognizing the international cooperation areas of interest in nano-biosciences. We potential in space exploration and the ratio- would also like to continue exchange pro- nale for developing a coordinated strategy for34 U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT • Spring 2012
    • PHOTOS: NASA The International Space Station (ISS), as photographed by the STS-134 crew on the space shuttle Endeavour in May 2011.space exploration beyond low-Earth orbit, the agencies, NASA facilitated tracking assis-Working Group noted discussions within the tance and efforts to recover Russia’s Phobos-multilateral International Space Exploration Grunt mission.Coordination Group. In 2011, agreements were signed regardingNASA and Roscosmos share a mutual desire the exchange of data from U.S. and Russianto continue long-standing cooperation in missions studying the solar atmosphere andthe field of space biology and biomedical magnetic field as well as regarding NASA’sresearch, with NASA’s potential participation provision of x-ray mirror systems for the Rus-in the Russian Bion M1 mission, a free flyer sian Spektr-RG spacecraft.satellite carrying life science experiments.The Working Group reviewed the ongoing The latest meeting of the Space Cooperationsuccessful cooperation of the Russian Lunar Working Group was held February 29, 2012,Exploration Neutron Detector instrument on in Quebec City, Canada, on the margins ofthe NASA Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter a meeting of the ISS partner agency heads.mission, and the contribution this instrument Going forward, NASA and Roscosmos willmade to the discovery of water ice on the build upon the Working Group’s successfulMoon. November 2011 marked the suc- cooperation and discuss potential areas for ex-cessful launch of the NASA Mars Science panding cooperation, such as ISS utilization;Laboratory with the Russian Dynamic Albedo life, Earth, and space sciences; communica-of Neutrons (DAN) experiment onboard. At tion and navigation; and space explorationRoscosmos’ request, and in support of and beyond low-Earth orbit.in coordination with other U.S. government For more information on the Bilateral Presidential Commission, please visit our website: www.state.gov/russiabpc or contact: russiabpc@state.govSpring 2012 • U.S.~ RUSSIA BILATERAL PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION JOINT REPORT 35
    • PRINTED BY A/GIS/GPS, MARCH 2012