Agenda● GIS in Health: WHAT, WHY?● HOW: GIS Applications in Health● Some Live Examples● Free and Open Source GIS Software
Early GIS Application in Health ● Broad Street cholera outbreak (1854) – Snows theory that cholera came from contaminated water differed from a commonly held theory tht diseases were transmitted by inhaling vapors.
●GIS in Health: WHAT, WHY?● Medical Geography – how disease & health care are distributed spatially.● Epidemiology – maps progress of disease, famines, toxic spills and other health disasters● Health facility surveys – existing, best locations for new ones.● Hospital admin, pharmaceutical companies, managed care providers, etc,
HOW: GIS Applications in Health● Breast Cancer cases at Cape Cod● Malaria cases in Kenya● Nursing Homes in Florida● Large Health Service Providers tracking service areas (including HMOs)● A University Medical Center servicing more than 34,000 patients and about 0.5 million outpatients.● Tracking hazardous substances (spill)
Some Live Examples● District Health Information System - http://www.dhis2.org/● Epispider -● http://www.epispider.net/● Geolocate4Health - http://telehealth-ph.appspot.com/g4h/#pois.list
Free and Open Source GIS Software● Quantum GIS - http://www.qgis.org/● OpenLayers - http://openlayers.org● Open Source - http://opensourcegis.org/● Free GIS - http://freegis.org/
Resources / References● Health and GIS - http://www.spatialhydrology.com/health/health.htm● International Journal of Health Geographics - http://www.ij-healthgeographics.com/● GIS Use in Public Health and Healthcare - http://healthmap.wordpress.com/