GIS in Health

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GIS in Health

  1. 1. Geographic Information System (GIS) in Health
  2. 2. Agenda● GIS in Health: WHAT, WHY?● HOW: GIS Applications in Health● Some Live Examples● Free and Open Source GIS Software
  3. 3. Early GIS Application in Health ● Broad Street cholera outbreak (1854) – Snows theory that cholera came from contaminated water differed from a commonly held theory tht diseases were transmitted by inhaling vapors.
  4. 4. ●GIS in Health: WHAT, WHY?● Medical Geography – how disease & health care are distributed spatially.● Epidemiology – maps progress of disease, famines, toxic spills and other health disasters● Health facility surveys – existing, best locations for new ones.● Hospital admin, pharmaceutical companies, managed care providers, etc,
  5. 5. HOW: GIS Applications in Health● Breast Cancer cases at Cape Cod● Malaria cases in Kenya● Nursing Homes in Florida● Large Health Service Providers tracking service areas (including HMOs)● A University Medical Center servicing more than 34,000 patients and about 0.5 million outpatients.● Tracking hazardous substances (spill)
  6. 6. Some Live Examples● District Health Information System - http://www.dhis2.org/● Epispider -● http://www.epispider.net/● Geolocate4Health - http://telehealth-ph.appspot.com/g4h/#pois.list
  7. 7. Free and Open Source GIS Software● Quantum GIS - http://www.qgis.org/● OpenLayers - http://openlayers.org● Open Source - http://opensourcegis.org/● Free GIS - http://freegis.org/
  8. 8. Resources / References● Health and GIS - http://www.spatialhydrology.com/health/health.htm● International Journal of Health Geographics - http://www.ij-healthgeographics.com/● GIS Use in Public Health and Healthcare - http://healthmap.wordpress.com/

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