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Gender combine (final) 97 03
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  • The film has also tried to challenge the children adoption system in hong kong.
  • In the film, it is shown that Eleanor and Hui Hui tried to applied for adopting a child. Here, it shows that the film tries to show the homosexual couple has the right to adopt children jointly and seems to challenge the child adoption system.
  • However, it turns out that Eleanor and Hui Hui fail t o adopt a child unless they are willing to claim themselves as an unmarried woman and adopt a disable child. In here, we can see that they do nothing but conform the regulation again. They do not try to take any action to challenge the system. Even later Macy suggests to strike for the right, but Eleanor and Hui Hui just ignor her.
  • Therefore, the film fails to challenge the child adoption system which is formed under “heterosexuality”.
  • In here I will talk about the narrative ending fails to challenge the heterosexism, patriarchy and mono-sexism.
  • As we can see, at the end of the film, all the characters live happily ever after without changing any undesirable element of Hong Kong’s system. This happy ending shows that actually people need to cope with the system in order to attain happiness rather than against it. And we can see it helps to reinforce the power of heterosexism, patriarchy and mono-sexism.
  • After telling all the evidences that show in the film fails to challenge the ideologies, it is found that actors are also conforming the ideology because Sandra and Vivian are also homophobic in real life.
  • From the news that published in sina.com, it shows that sandra and vivian both emphasis they are heterosexuality. For example, Sandra said “ 我的性取向不是這方面” and Vivian mentioned “ 她沒試過被女生追求她” It shows that both actors are homophobic and consider LGBTs as “other” in the society. Their words have made this film further fails to challenge the heterosexism because even actors themselves have already demonstrated the “naturalness” of heterosexuality. They do not want to be seen as “abnormal” after acting this film.

Gender combine (final) 97 03 Gender combine (final) 97 03 Presentation Transcript

  • Group member: Chan Kin Yee, Bonnie (10453620) All about love fails to challenge heterosexism, patriarchy and mono-sexism
  • Agenda
    • Introduction about All about Love ( 得閒炒飯 )
    • Definitions
    • All about love- a discriminative topic
    • Fail to challenge :
    • a. Heterosexuality
    • -Heterosexual Marriage
    • -Heterosexual Family
    • - Heterosexual Couple to adopt children
    • b. Patriarchy
    • - Man are dominant, Woman are subordinate
    • - Male is masculinity and woman is femininity
    • c. Mono-sexism
    • -the “naturalness” of mono-sexism
    • Narrative ending fails to support the challenges
    • Actors are homophobic
    • Conclusion
  • Introduction about All about Love
    • Macy, a bi-sexual lawyer, was sexually involved with a divorced businessman, leading to an unexpected pregnancy
    • Anita got knocked up by a young guy Mike whom she met online
    • Anita and Macy meet through attending a course on pregnancy
    • At last, all the main characters live a happy life
    http://www.hkcinemagic.com/en/movie.asp?id=11329
  • All about Love Trailer
  • Lover Sexual relationship Sexual relationship Lover Friend Friend Characters' relationship graph Macy Anita Robert Mike Eleanor Wai Wai
  • Definitions- Heterosexuality, Patriarchy and Mono-sexism
  • Heterosexuality
    • Heterosex uality
    •  Social and historical construction
    •  Regulated by exclusive and compulsory of heterosexuality
    •  Prepare how people perform their sexuality
    • Heteronormativ ity
    •  social setting that normalize heterosexuality
    Cranny-Francis , A . , Waring , W . , Stavropoulos , P . , and Kirkby , J. “Ways of thinking.” Gender Studies: Terms and Debates. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 1-40. Print.
  • Heterosexuality
    • Sexual minority group
    • 1. lesbian
    • 2. gay
    • 3. b isexual
    • 4. transsexual
    Being marginalized, oppressed, excluded and treat as aberrant and bad
  • Patriarchy
    • Social system which privileged men in:
    • 1. power and authority  masculinity
    • 2. cultural, economic and social position  men
    • A set of values and belief that male and masculinity as authority and power
    • Women are excluded
    Systematic structural differences in cultural, economic and social position of men in relation to women. Cranny-Francis , A . , Waring , W . , Stavropoulos , P . , and Kirkby , J. “Ways of thinking.” Gender Studies: Terms and Debates. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 1-40. Print.
  • Mono-sexism
    • view only single-gender sexual orientations to be legitimated
    •  heterosexuality or homosexuality
    • at structural level
    •  bisexua l is dismissed or disallowed
    Ross, L., C. Dobinson, and A. Eady. "Perceived Determinants of Mental Health for Bisexual People: A Qualitative Examination. "  American Journal of Public Health   100.3 (2010): 496-502. Web.  11 Apr. 2011.
  • All about Love - 得閒炒飯 Discriminative Title
  • Discriminative Title
    • 「炒飯」 : everything is fried together  messy
    • 「得閒」 : have sex whenever you have time
    • ( 有空做做愛 )
    •  LGBTs are a group that are sexual-oriented
    •  Show the image of casual and promiscuity
    •  Further marginalize the LGBTs
    http://www.summeriff.org.hk/chi/films-all-about-love.php http://tw.movie.yahoo.com/movieinfo_main.html/id=3617
  • Challenge: Heterosexism
    • Heterosexual Marriage
    • Heterosexual Family
    • Heterosexual Couple to adopt children
  • Challenge 1 : Heterosexual Marriage
  • HK- Regulations are heterosexist
    • Law: “Monogamous marriage" ( 一夫一妻制婚姻 )
    • Only male and female
    • Homosexual marriage is forbidden in Hong Kong
    •  Homosexuality is seen as “other”
    http://www.legislation.gov.hk/blis_ind.nsf/E1BF50C09A33D3DC482564840019D2F4/ 966891FDA9C7A34D88256489000BA55D?OpenDocument
  • HK- Regulations are heterosexist
    • Heterosexual Marriage
    •  Under Hong Kong law, a marriage must be between a man and a woman. According to the Registrar of Births, Deaths and Marriages, this is determined by reference to a person’s original biological sex, as recorded in their birth certificate.
    •  Homosexuality is forbidden in Hong Kong
    •  Homosexuality is seen as “other”
    Emerton, Robyn. 'Country Report': Hong Kong, Legal Issues. Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong: Faculty of Law, 2002. Print.
  • Challenge 1: Heterosexual Marriage
    • In the film:
    • - Macy ( 吳君如 ) get marry with a man in order to help him applying for the right of abode in Hong Kong
    •  Try to show Man-man marriage
    •  Challenge the heterosexual marriage system in Hong Kong
  • BUT
    • T hey did not make any significant change to the
    • marriage system in Hong Kong
    *Macy just helped them to have a fake marriage in Hong Kong which made them can apply for the right of staying overseas  Conform regulations  Do not take any action to challenge the local marriage system
  • The Film fails to challenge the Hong Kong Law of Marriage which is formed under “Heterosexuality”
  • Challenge 2: Heterosexual Family
  • Challenge 2 : Heterosexual Family
    • In the film:
    • - Macy ( 吳君如 )and Anita ( 周慧敏 ) form a family at last
    •  challenge the heterosexual family structure
    Fail: Their family includes men at last (Mike 陳偉霆 +Robert 張兆輝 )
  • Challenge 2: Heterosexual Family
    • In the film:
    • - Macy ( 吳君如 ) has come out from the closet
    •  Challenge the “naturalness” heterosexuality
    Lisa Lam, Lecture Notes Ch. 8 P.6 Fail: Ng has not come out to her aunt ( 四姑 ) Show: Internalized homophobic - a prejudice against one’s own homosexuality
  • The Film fails to challenge the heterosexual family structure
  • Challenge 3: Children Adoption System is heterosexist
  • The Regulation of Adopting a Child in Hong Kong
    • Adoption by Heterosexual couple
    • Homosexuals do not enjoy equal rights with heterosexuals. They cannot legally adopt children.
    Francoeur, Robert T., and Raymond J. Noonan. "CCIES at The Kinsey Institute: Hong Kong." The Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction. Continuum International Publishing Group, 2004. print.
  • Challenge 3: Child Adoption System is heterosexist
    • In the film,
    • Try to show that homosexual couple has the right
    • to adopt children jointly
    •  seems to challenge the child adoption system
    *Eleanor and Hui Hui applied for adopting a child
  • BUT
    • Fail to adopt a child unless they are willing to themselves claim as an unmarried woman and adopt a disable child
    •  Conform the regulation
    •  Do not take action to challenge the system
    * Hui Hui even wanted to get married to Luca to adopt a child in the name of a heterosexual couple * Macy suggested to strike for right but no one agrees with her.
  • The film fails to challenge the Child Adoption System which is formed under “Heterosexuality”
  • Challenge: Patriarchy
  • Patriarchy
    • Patriarchal social structures:  Male dominated
    (based on Allan G. Johnson's The Gender Knot ):  http://gray.intrasun.tcnj.edu/Coming%20of%20Age/a_basic_definition_of_patriarchy.htm
  • Patriarchy
    • Patriarchal social structures:  Organized around an obsession with control
    (based on Allan G. Johnson's The Gender Knot ):  http://gray.intrasun.tcnj.edu/Coming%20of%20Age/a_basic_definition_of_patriarchy.htm
  • The Film Tries to Challenge Patriarchy
    • Reflection of the film: Macy (Ng Kwan Yu )
    Women are not subordinated by men anymore *Professional ( lawyer )  Powerful and significant roles in the society  Independent  Rational  High ability to exert control
  • The Film Tries to Challenge Patriarchy
    • Reflection of the film: Macy (Ng Kwan Yu )
    *High social status (middle class)  High ability to take care of herself  High ability to take care of Anita (Chow Wai Man) Women are not subordinated by men anymore
  • Fail to Challenge Patriarchy
    • Face an unplanned pregnancy situation:
     Confused  Cannot manage the problem  Seek help from Robert (Cheung Siu Fai)
  • Fail to Challenge Patriarchy
    •  Fail to make the decision on significant issue
    •  Ability of women is still lower than men
    •  Women still depend on men
    •  Need men’s supervision, protection, or control
    • Fails to Challenge Patriarchy
    • in the Film!
  • Challenge: Patriarchy- Male is masculinity and Female is femininity
  • The Expectation of Male
    • Males should not act so intimate.
    • Male are asked to be independence.
    • Toughness are expected on Males
  • Challenge : Patriarchy (1)
    • In the sexual intercourse,
    • Mike  Premature Ejaculation( 早洩 )
    • Anita  disappointed
    • Mike accusing himself can’t let Anita has sexual excitement,
    • Mike cry emotionally
  • Challenge: Patriarchy (2)
    • Superstition
    •  Every time when he is confused,
    • he depends on augury to make decision.
  • Patriarchy
    • The film tries to challenge patriarchy but FAIL
  • Fail to challenge patriarchy(1)
    • Anita tells Mike and Robert not to dance so coquettish. ( 風騷 )
    •  Male should not act so coquettish
    •  It implies that male are asked to be strong and serious
  • Fail to challenge patriarchy(2)
    • Mike and Robert are sitting close and hug each other.
    • They are criticized as they are “gay”
    •  The criticize shows the expectation of male.
  • Challenge: Mono-sexism
  • Mono-sexism
    • Single-gender sexual orientation
    • Only heterosexual or homosexual is legitimated
    • Bisexual is not allowed
  • Challenge Mono-sexism
    • In the film…
    • Macy try to defense herself:
    •  bisexual is a kind of sexual behavior
    •  homosexual group is being excluded from the norm
    •  why homosexual group (already being marginalized by the norm) discriminates the bi-sexual group
  • Fail to challenge Mono-sexism
    • The film shows the essentiality of mono-sexism
    • A. Friend discriminate
    • * Wai Wai and Eleanor introduce the lesbian friends
    • and Eleanor always recommend Macy to determine
    • her sexual orientation
    • *Avoid Wai Wai worried about the relationship
    • between Macy and Eleanor
    • *Avoid Macy(bisexual) being other-ized or
    • excluded by the lesbian
    • B. Self-practice
    • Robert has not got any discriminating behaviors towards bisexual
    • Macy think that if she stay with Robert in terms of a bisexual lover, more problem will be raised
    •  Macy also afraid of being a bisexual
    •  Reinforced mono-sexism
  • The film fails to challenge mono-sexism
  • All About Love- Narrative ending fails to challenge the heterosexism, patriarchy and mono-sexism
  • Narrative ending fails to challenge
    • Narrative ending:
    • - Those characters live happily ever after without changing any undesirable element of Hong Kong’s system
    •  The happy ending : people need to cope with the system in order to attain happiness rather than against it
    • - Reinforces the “power” of heterosexism, patriarchy and mono-sexism .
  • All about love- Sandra( 吳君如 ) and Vivian( 周慧 敏 ) are homophobic
  • Homophobia
    • News from Sina.com (2010-08-06):
    • Easier to detach from the character ( 有另一半較易抽離角色 )
    • “ 電影拍竣後,吳君如與周慧敏並無抽離不到角色, 全因她們都有另一半 。
    • 君如說: 「我的性取向不是這方面。」 君如承認由細到大甚受女生歡迎,現在仍有女同志追求她, 但沒試過發展成情侶關係 。 周慧敏也較受女生歡迎,大部分粉絲都是女生, 但她沒試過被女生追求她 。”
    http://news.sina.com.hk/cgi-bin/nw/show.cgi/15/1/1/1811477/1.html
    • Sandra ( 吳君如 )and Vivian ( 周慧敏 ) emphasis they are heterosexuality
    •  Homophobia
    • Consider LGBTs as “other” in the society
    Make this film further fails to challenge the heterosexism!
  • Conclusion
    • Many challenges which are raised by the film
    •  characters tried to make some breakthroughs of heterosexism, patriarchy and mono-sexism
    FAIL
    • Leave the challenges unsolved at last
    • Comfort the heterosexuality society, follow the patriarchy system and adopt mono-sexism ideology
    • Favor the expectation of society
  • Q&A
  • References
    • Cranny-Francis , A . , Waring , W . , Stavropoulos , P . , and Kirkby , J. “Ways of thinking.” Gender Studies: Terms and Debates. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 1-40. Print.
    • Ross, L., C. Dobinson, and A. Eady. "Perceived Determinants of Mental Health for Bisexual People: A Qualitative Examination. "  American Journal of Public Health   100.3 (2010): 496-502. Web.  11 Apr. 2011.