India Results of WSP-SIDA partnership Evidence-based policy dialogue
Fiscal framework global best practice & trends in India.
Helped design $3bn JNNURM grant as fiscal support for service delivery reform.
National Urban Sanitation Policy design on basis of sector assessment & consultations.
Profile of urban priorities tangibly raised.
City-level learning fed back to policy level.
India Results of WSP-SIDA partnership WSS strategy & capacity building
City governance arrangements, i.e. state-city; city-provider-customer/citizen relationships.
Financial capacity: cost recovery, municipal borrowing, accountable financial management.
Indonesia Local Sanitation Planning & Capacity Context
“Big bang’ decentralization.
Resource ,capacity, delivery challenges for new structures.
Sanitation: local initiative needed to achieve change.
Indonesia Local Sanitation Planning & Capacity Sanitation & decentralization
Multi-stakeholder sanitation working groups (‘pokja’).
Pokia’s do assessments, sanitation mapping and participatory prioritization.
City Sanitation Strategy (CSS) within government planning & budgeting system, not parallel process.
Integrates city planning with community-based processes.
Peru Small Towns Pilot Project Context
Small towns: 2.001 to 30.000 inhabitants.
650 small towns have 4.1 million inhabitants (2003).
Intervention in 9 localities.
localities population: from 5.000 to 25.000 inhabitants.
3 years (2004-2007).
Peru Small Towns Pilot Project Process Sustainability of services Improved quality and coverage Development of new W&S management modelsfor STPP Consultation & Capacity Building Social Agreement Partnership Public-Private-Social
Peru Small Towns Pilot Project Results
STPP Sector Assessments included in the National Sanitation Plan (2006-15).
STPP management model included in W&S Legislation.
STPP alternative technologies proposal included in National Edification Norms.
6 out of 9 new models remained with new local authorities.
6 Peruvian specialized operators trained by the STPP and 6 from PRONASAR.
2009New management models still in force in 5 communities.
Bolivia WSP-SIDA peri-urban sanitation Highlights
Support government focus on peri-urban areas.
Entry point of peri-urban strategy for improved sanitation in 24 cities.
Include cross-cutting variable of impact of climate change on the poor.
Support of strategy addresses.
local government capacity.
Responsiveness to most vulnerable.
Strategy is vehicle for harmonization among development partners.
BangladeshHorizontal Learning for Local Capacity Context Rural local government (Union Parishads) needs capacity building for planning, budgeting and implementing development schemes.
BangladeshHorizontal Learning for Local Capacity Strategy Horizontal Learning Program is facilitated by GoB with support from WSP & partners.
Identifying existing good practices.
Peer to peer learning of good practices.
Replicating good practices.
Peer reviewing for validating replication.
Programmatic: i.e. fed into broader frameworks rather than sole pilots.
Bangladesh Horizontal Learning for Local Capacity Results: Some Examples 300 LGI representatives exposed to good practices by 7 exposure visits. 17 Good practices replicating by 62 unions and allocated around USD 350,000 from their own ADP for replication of these good practices. 44 Unions have replicated the “open budget process” which helps bottom up planning and inter-face with citizens.
Decentralizationa means to an end Avoid ‘ideological’ position but programmatically explore what decentralization can offer Responsive governance To do the right things – deliver services consistent with citizen preferences Responsible governance To do it right. Costing less and working better. Benchmarking with the best. Accountable Governance To be accountable to citizens. Legal institutional framework for in-between elections accountability e.g. citizens’ charter, recall etc…
Key programmatic considerations
National & mid-term policy and fiscal frameworks vital for enabling conditions.
Clear ownership and separation of roles vital.
Performance accountability through outcome budgeting and hard fiscal constraints.
Poor communities and customers need special attention as not all voters are users of service.
Four key modules: governance, finance, planning, service delivery.