Lessons from the Water & Sanitation Sector<br />How WSS can contribute to<br />Decentralization, Governance,and Local-Government capacity building<br />Stockholm <br />August 2009<br />
Natural nexus between:<br />Local government <br />capacity building<br />Decentralization<br />Basic service delivery<br />Accountability<br /><ul><li>Basic service delivery is most effectively managed at a decentralized level.
One of the most visible decentralized activities (WSS including solid waste management).</li></li></ul><li>Lessons from WSPDecentralization & Service Delivery<br />Decentralization trend in many countries:<br /><ul><li>Political, administrative or service delivery reasons.</li></ul>WSP focus is on service delivery gains & capacity<br /><ul><li>Large scale cross-cutting (e.g. India and Bangladesh).
Issue and sector specific (e.g. Peru and Indonesia).</li></li></ul><li>Lessons from WSPDecentralization & Service Delivery<br />Not a panacea, but decentralization can enhance service delivery<br /><ul><li>Addressing institutional roadblocks to service improvements.
Harmonization among international agencies to support government policies.</li></ul>How development partners can supportdecentralization<br />
India<br />WSP-SIDA support to urban reform<br />Context<br /><ul><li>Formal decentralization, but ambiguity of roles; higher tier control; fiscal unpredictability, rewards new assets, not maintenance.
Increased infrastructure investment but no 24/7, poor quality services.
Customers use alternative providers & coping infrastructure: the poor continue to struggle.
Severe health, environmental & economic costs.</li></li></ul><li>India<br />WSP-SIDA support to urban reform<br />WSP-SIDA emphasis<br /><ul><li>Improved transparency: benchmark, monitor, data, disclosure.
Strategy is vehicle for harmonization among development partners.</li></li></ul><li>BangladeshHorizontal Learning for Local Capacity<br />Context<br />Rural local government (Union Parishads) needs capacity building for planning, budgeting and implementing development schemes.<br />
BangladeshHorizontal Learning for Local Capacity<br />Strategy<br />Horizontal Learning Program is facilitated by GoB with support from WSP & partners.<br /><ul><li>Identifying existing good practices.
Programmatic: i.e. fed into broader frameworks rather than sole pilots.</li></li></ul><li>Bangladesh Horizontal Learning for Local Capacity<br />Results: <br />Some Examples<br />300 LGI representatives exposed to good practices by 7 exposure visits. <br />17 Good practices replicating by 62 unions and allocated around USD 350,000 from their own ADP for replication of these good practices.<br />44 Unions have replicated the “open budget process” which helps bottom up planning and inter-face with citizens.<br />
Decentralizationa means to an end<br />Avoid ‘ideological’ position but programmatically explore what decentralization can offer <br />Responsive governance<br />To do the right things – deliver services consistent with citizen preferences<br />Responsible governance<br />To do it right. Costing less and working better. Benchmarking with the best.<br />Accountable Governance<br />To be accountable to citizens. Legal institutional framework for in-between elections accountability e.g. citizens’ charter, recall etc…<br />
Key programmatic considerations <br /><ul><li>National & mid-term policy and fiscal frameworks vital for enabling conditions.
Clear ownership and separation of roles vital.
Performance accountability through outcome budgeting and hard fiscal constraints.
Poor communities and customers need special attention as not all voters are users of service.
Four key modules: governance, finance, planning, service delivery.
The value of peer learning.</li></li></ul><li>Tak!<br />