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Android internals 07 - Android graphics (rev_1.1)

Android internals 07 - Android graphics (rev_1.1)



Course: Android Internals

Course: Android Internals
Lecture 7: Android Graphics



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  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
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  • Hi, I am a beginer in android.
    At the moment I am doing a project, an native C daemon for Android, that needs to
    collect the state of the phone like: is the audio ON (music plays), what is the current
    level of the output sound, is the gps ON, the CPU freq, is the screen ON etc.
    For some of them, I easily found the corresponding files in the sysfs and procfs, and I can get the values. But, for example like for the audio I cannot find this values. How to connect to the HAL api inside the kernel module.
    Please can you give me some guideline how to do that? How to check if music is running?

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    Android internals 07 - Android graphics (rev_1.1) Android internals 07 - Android graphics (rev_1.1) Presentation Transcript

    • Android internals Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Legal info Android internals by Egor Elizarov is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License You are free to – copy, distribute, display, and perform the work – make derivative works Under the following conditions – Attribution. You must give the original author credit – Share Alike. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a license identical to this one All pictures and trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Use of these trademarks and pictures is subject to owners permissions. Corrections, suggestions, contributions and translations are welcome! 2 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Lecture 7 Graphic Subsystem OpenGL HW acceleration yegor.yelizarov(at)gmail.comRev: 1.1Last update: 06/01/2012 http://vk.com/android_internals 3 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Previous time Linux IPC primitives Binder Application layer Service manager Middleware level Kernel level Typical Android sybsystem 4 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Graphic subsystem Provides buffer to application for drawing Provides interfaces for draw primitives Controls and composes surfaces (windows) Provides 2D & 3D primitives Uses HW acceleration where acceptable 5 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Main players Surface Flinger Window Manager Activity Manager 6 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Surface Virtual buffer we can draw on Can be marshalled/unmarlled in Parcel One Activity can have more then one Surface 7 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Surface Flinger Allocates surfaces Composes surfaces Can combines 2D/3D surfaces Can use HW acceleration for surface composition 8 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Window Manager Dispatches input events to clients Provides transition animation capabilities Window Manager Policy handles common key events in PhoneWindowManager (Home/Back/Volume) 9 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Activity manager Manages activity life cycle Manages activity stacking Dispatches intents Spawn processes 10 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Composition example 11 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Simple view 12 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Khronos OpenGL API Khronos Group - not for profit industry consortium creating open standards. OpenGL – 2D/3D graphics API OpenGLES – 2D/3D graphics API for embedded systems EGL – interface between OpenGLES and native platform window system 13 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Graphic libraries SKIA - 2D graphic library PixelFlinger – android software renderer Codeflinger – simple graphic JIT Gralloc – android graphics memory allocator Mesa – open source OpenGL implementation 14 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Renderscript Renderscript is new API targeted at high- performance 3D rendering and compute operations. Renderscript provides: • 3D rendering API on top of HW acceleration • compute API (similar to CUDA) • familiar language in C99 15 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Java/middleware interaction 16 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Double buffering 17 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Composition approach Dirty regions – regions that should be redrawn Use Z ordering to compose layers Use HW composer to compose layers if possible frameworks/base/services/surfaceflinger/Surface Flinger.cpp 18 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • SW vs HW OpenGL 19 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Middleware level 20 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • 3D acceleration 21 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • 2D acceleration 22 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • HAL/kernel interaction 23 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Overlay vs Framebuffer surface Two different type of surfaces in Android < 3.0 Overlay – Picture in YUV format (Video, Camera) – Video4Linux devices (/dev/video*) Framebuffer surfaces – Picture in RGB format – Framebuffer device (/dev/fb*) Composition is performed by HW 24 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • HWComposer (Omap4) 25 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Emulator GL acceleration In ICS Android team added GL acceleration for Emulator Emulator uses x86 host GL acceleration relying on host hardware accelerated libraries 26 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Android-emulator approach 27 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Android-x86 approach 28 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Next Time System start up Media subsystem 29 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Useful links http://vk.com/android_internals http://www.slideshare.net/jserv/design-and-concepts-of-android- graphics http://people.debian.org.tw/~olv/surfaceflinger/surfaceflinger.pdf http://www.cnblogs.com/xl19862005/archive/2011/11/17/22153 63.html Http://www.khronos.org https://plus.google.com/105051985738280261832/posts/2FXDC z8x93s 30 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Useful links (2) http://www.ti.com/lit/wp/swpy027/swpy027.pdf http://www.freescale.com/files/ftf_2010/Americas/FTF10_FT F-ENT-F0824.pdf http://elinux.org/images/0/02/Android_Platform_Optimization s_SNPS_20111027.pdf http://android-developers.blogspot.com/2011/02/introducing- renderscript.html http://android- developers.blogspot.com/2011/03/renderscript.html 31 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012
    • Thanks to Sergey Matyukevich for review and advices (www.linkedin.com/pub/sergey-matyukevich/31/889/769) Nikolay F. Fominykh for review and advices Nikita Shulga for advices and notes (http://www.linkedin.com/pub/nikita-shulga/8/582/287) Grigory Tolstolytkin for advices and notes (http://www.linkedin.com/pub/grigory- tolstolytkin/2a/b41/74) 32 Egor Elizarov SPbSU 2012