Mt Everest Slideshow


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Mt Everest Slideshow

  1. 1. Mount Everest By Katie Maxwell
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>What is Mount Everest? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is Mount Everest? </li></ul><ul><li>How… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>… was it formed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… does it stack up? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… do you get to the top? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interesting Facts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key Dates </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Survival… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>… on Mount Everest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… of Mount Everest </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What is Mount Everest ? <ul><li>Mount Everest is the tallest mountain in the world, it reaches up to 8848m. (There have been arguments about the height). </li></ul><ul><li>Or is it? Hawaii's Mauna Kea, though, rises 33,476 feet (10,203 meters) from the depths of the Pacific Ocean floor. Measuring from base to peak, Mauna Kea is the tallest mountain on earth. Not easy to climb from base to top! </li></ul><ul><li>The first people to climb to the top of Mount Everest were Sir Edmund Hillary from New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay from Nepal. Hillary and Norgay reached the peak on 29 th of May 1953. Hillary had had many attempts to climb Everest. His attempts were made in 1951 and 1952. In 1953 he had reached the summit and the queen knighted him for his achievement and that is were he got his title “sir”. </li></ul>This is the summit of Mt Everest
  4. 4. Where is Mount Everest ? <ul><li>Mount Everest is found in the Himalayas in Asia, Everest is found in between Nepal and Tibet. The Himalayas include nearly 100 of the worlds tallest peaks, is the worlds largest chain of mountains and it contains the world’s largest land peaks. In Sanskrit Himalayas means him: snow; alaya :home. </li></ul>Mt Everest
  5. 5. How was Mount Everest formed ? <ul><li>60 million years ago when the continent Laurasia broke up in to lots of parts, India moved north of Asia then crashed. The seabed between the two plates were crumbled and pushed up to create the mountains of the Himalayas around the northern rim of India. These plates are still moving around 6cm every year which forces the height of the mountains to increase. </li></ul>
  6. 6. How does Mount Everest stack up? 2,228 7,310 Australia Kosciusko Australia 1 4,897 16,066 Ellsworth Mts. Vinson Massif Antarctica 5,642 18,510 Russia/Georgia Elbrus Europe 5,995 19,340 Tanzania Mt. Kilimanjaro Africa 6,194 20,320 United States, Alaska Mt. McKinley (Denali) North America 6,960 22,834 Argentina Mt. Aconcagua South America 8,850 29,035 Tibet-Nepal Mt. Everest Asia Meters Feet Height Country and/or location Mountain Continent
  7. 7. How Do you Get to the Top <ul><li>It’s easy – you follow the map! </li></ul>North Ridge/North East Ridge This Climbing route is shorter than the South Col route but above the north Cole the route becomes increasingly rocky and aggressive with severe winds. South Col/South East Ridge This is the most popular way up to the summit (it is also called the &quot;yak&quot; route) but should never be underestimated South West Face Central Couloir From the Western Cwm, the route climbs the huge Y-shaped couloir, taking the left fork through the rockband North Face - Messner Variant When Reinhold Messner made the first solo ascent in 1980, he climbed about halfway up the North Ridge, then traversed to the right to the Great Couloir
  8. 8. Did You Know? <ul><li>In Nepal Mt Everest is called Sagawartha which means land of eternal snows and in Tibet it is called Chomolungma. </li></ul><ul><li>Mt Everest and some of its neighbours are so tall that they rise above cloud level for most of the year. </li></ul><ul><li>Mt Everest was named after Sir George Everest. Everest worked as a British surveyor. </li></ul><ul><li>The Sides of Everest: are: The North Face, The South West Face, The East (Kangshung) Face </li></ul>Sir George Everest
  9. 9. Dates of Interest <ul><li>Heights Recorded: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1852 First Height Recorded: 29.002ft 8.839m </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1955 Revised Height: 29.028ft 8.848m </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1999 Revised Height: 29.035ft 8.850m </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2005 Revised Height: 29.017ft 2inches 8.844.43m </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interesting Climbs and Climbers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1841: Sir George Everest a surveyor records the location of Mount Everest calling it Peak XV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1859: Peak XV renamed Mount Everest to honour Sir George Everest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1953: On the 29th May Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay become the first people to stand on the summit of Mount Everest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1975: On the 16th May Junko Tabei from Japan became the first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1978: Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler were the first to climb Mount Everest without any Artificial Oxygen on the 8th May </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1986: Tenzing Norgay aged 72 passed away on the 9th May </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1995: Alison Hargreaves was the first British woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest Solo and without any Artificial Oxygen but later the same year died while descending from the summit of K2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1996: Jamling Norgay son of Tenzing reached the summit of Mount Everest on the 23rd May </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1998: Tom Whittaker from USA became the first disabled (has an artifical leg) person to reach the summit of Mount Everest on the 27th May </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2001: Temba Tsheri Sherpa became the youngest person to stand on the summit of Mount Everest at the age of 15 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2004: 21st May saw Pemba Dorje Sherpa make a speed record of 8 hours and 10 minutes from base camp to summit of Mount Everest   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2006: Ming Kipa Sherpais the youngest girl at the age of 15 to reach the summit of Everest on the 24th May </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2008: Sir Edmund Hillary sadly passed away aged 88 on the 11th January </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Survival on Mount Everest <ul><li>Bad Weather </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I f you were climbing on Everest the weather can quickly get worse and it will start to snow. Sometimes you can’t see and you will take a wrong turn and walk straight off a cliff. When this happens climbers usually make a cave to wait till the weather calms down. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cold </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When you get cold you’re body slows down and it is hard to think. Climbers usually wear lots of thick layers to protect themselves from the cold. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Altitude </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As you climb higher there is not enough oxygen to breath. To ensure this doesn’t happen climbers carry oxygen bottles. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Climbing on snow and ice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Snow and ice is hard to climb on because it is slippery. Climbers take crampons which are shoes with metal teeth. They also carry Ice Axes to help them climb higher. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Survival of Mount Everest <ul><li>The large number of trekkers and climbers who visit Nepal and the Everest region contribute to the local economy but also cause serious environmental impact. </li></ul><ul><li>Although some climbing gear is recycled by local residents, it is estimated that more than 50 tons of plastic, glass, and metal were dumped between 1953 and the mid-1990s in what has been called &quot;the world's highest junkyard.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Efforts have been made to reduce the negative environmental impact on Mount Everest. The Nepalese government has been using a portion of climbing fees to clean up the area. In 1976, with aid from Sir Edmund Hillary's Himalayan Trust and the Nepalese government, the Sagarmatha National Park was established to preserve the remaining soil and forest around Mount Everest. </li></ul><ul><li>It is so sad that humans can damage such a beautiful mountain </li></ul>
  12. 12. Sources <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Mountain-Land Shapes </li></ul><ul><li>Mountains-Mapping Earthforms </li></ul>