Mountain Project

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Mountain Project

  1. 1. Mountains By Carver, Jo and Michael
  2. 2. Fold Mountains <ul><li>A fold mountain is formed when two tectonic plates collide together and crumple upwards. </li></ul><ul><li>Upward folds are called anticlines and downward folds are synclines. </li></ul><ul><li>Fold mountains are the most common type of mountain in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of well-known Fold Mountains: </li></ul><ul><li>The Himalayas </li></ul><ul><li>The Alps </li></ul><ul><li>The Andes </li></ul><ul><li>The Rockies </li></ul><ul><li>The Urals </li></ul>
  3. 3. Volcanic Mountains <ul><li>Volcanic mountains are formed by volcanoes. </li></ul><ul><li>When a volcano erupts, magma and ashes pile onto the sides of the mountain. </li></ul><ul><li>The magma hardens and forms a crust in a cone shape. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of well-known Volcanic Mountains: </li></ul><ul><li>Mount St. Helens </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Pinatubo </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Kea </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Loa </li></ul>
  4. 4. Dome Mountains <ul><li>Dome mountains are formed when magma forces up under the earth to produce a mountain. </li></ul><ul><li>Dome mountains never erupt magma. But they may develop cracks in the outer crust that lets off gas, which may make the mountain explode. </li></ul><ul><li>The areas around dome mountains are always flat. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of well-known Dome Mountains: </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Kea </li></ul>
  5. 5. Plateau Mountains <ul><li>Plateau mountains are formed by erosion. </li></ul><ul><li>Plateau mountains are formed when big flat plain areas are pushed upwards by the sea. </li></ul><ul><li>Plateau mountains are mostly found beside fold mountains. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of Plateau Mountains: </li></ul><ul><li>New Zealand Mountains </li></ul>
  6. 6. Block Mountains <ul><li>Block mountains are formed when cracks in the earth fill up with rocks and magma. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes bits of rock pull apart and go higher or lower. Low mountains form valleys. </li></ul><ul><li>Block mountains often have a steep front side and a sloping back side. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of Block Mountains: </li></ul><ul><li>The Sierra Nevada Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>The Harz Mountains </li></ul>
  7. 7. Facts <ul><li>Mountains are formed when tectonic plates collide to form a ridge. </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Everest is the tallest mountain in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Mountains hold at least one tenth of the worlds population. </li></ul>

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