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The Eldonian Village Project…powerpoint.ppt by rk

  1. 1. The Eldonian Village Project & Vauxhall, Liverpool… Then Now
  2. 2. Introduction… <ul><li>The Eldonian Village is located at the end of the Leeds-Liverpool canal in the Vauxhall ward, off a main route out of Liverpool City Centre, close to the northern docks of the city. </li></ul><ul><li>This inner-city area, also found on the northern edge of the city centre, has witnessed huge economic and social change over the 20th century, with industries rising and declining, plus very extensive new housing developments. </li></ul><ul><li>These changes have had huge impacts on the local population. </li></ul>
  3. 3. History of Eldonians and Vauxhall… <ul><li>During the 1840’s there was a large influx into the area of Irish immigrants who settled in Vauxhall. </li></ul><ul><li>They first lived and worked by the dock complex, to the north of the city centre, housed in poor quality housing, where disease and social deprivation was rife. </li></ul><ul><li>The workforce was low paid and involved in semi-skilled work. </li></ul><ul><li>The 1930s saw the demolition of slum areas of Vauxhall, and their replacement by council-owned walk up tenement blocks. </li></ul><ul><li>Huge improvements took place on these overcrowded and unhygenic court housings, unaware of social problems they would create. </li></ul><ul><li>Much of this was removed by the enormous destruction inflicted on Liverpool by Luftwaffe in the Second World War, recognition of the city's huge importance to the war effort, its vital role in bringing food and other goods into the country from the USA, and its importance as an industrial base. </li></ul><ul><li>The area's proximity to the dock complex in the north of the city, and the inaccuracy of many of the bombing raids, meant that large residential parts of the Vauxhall area were left in complete ruins: one particularly heavy raid in December 1940 killed nearly one hundred people (including entire families) in Blackstock Street. </li></ul><ul><li>Victims of this raid are remembered by a commemorative plinth located on the junction of Vauxhall Road and Carruthers Street. </li></ul><ul><li>The destruction of the war required an enormous rebuilding effort that continued through the 1950s and 1960s, years which also saw a boom in the dock trade central to the city's economy. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What’s it all about? Area in decline… <ul><li>A community housing project hailed as inspirational. </li></ul><ul><li>The Eldonian Village in Vauxhall, Liverpool, has been praised as being one of the country's leading social projects. </li></ul><ul><li>The Eldonian organisation was created in the late 1970s by a group of residents to improve local housing after large-scale factory closures and widespread unemployment in the Vauxhall area. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1983 the Eldonians re-developed the former Tate & Lyle Sugar Refinery into a prestige social housing development with 410 houses, a sports centre, nursing home, nursery and village hall. In less than 20 years the area has been transformed from an industrial wasteland into a thriving local community. </li></ul><ul><li>By the late 1970s, the dock complex that Vauxhall area relied upon for work and employment opportunities was starting to decline, as changes to the global economy meant that less material was transported to or from western sides of the UK. </li></ul><ul><li>Factory closures followed this decline in trade, resulting high levels of unemployment, with whole families thrown out of work by the loss of a single large-scale employer. </li></ul><ul><li>Soon the area started to de-populate, as people wanted work elsewhere. The social consequences were to manifest themselves in poor housing conditions, a poor urban environment and a lack of local facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Factory closures followed from this decline in trade, resulting in high levels of unemployment, with whole families thrown out of work by the loss of a single large-scale employer. </li></ul><ul><li>Soon the area started to de-populate, as people wanted work elsewhere. </li></ul><ul><li>The social consequences were to manifest themselves in poor housing conditions, a poor urban environment and a lack of local facilities. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why was regeneration needed? <ul><li>THE FIRST REGENERATION SCHEME </li></ul><ul><li>Background of social and economic decline sparked first attempts to reverse the trend, with the creation of Portland Gardens Co-operative in 1978. </li></ul><ul><li>Started by local residents determined to safeguard their future and the future of the community, this project aimed to commence community-based regeneration by redeveloping five sites around Portland Gardens to build 130 new homes, and a 36-unit refurbished sheltered housing complex. </li></ul><ul><li>The Co-operative was a response to plans drawn up by Liverpool City Council to clear, old decayed tenements and disperse population living in them throughout Merseyside. </li></ul>to
  6. 6. Aims and Objectives… <ul><li>An Eldonian group was set up, and made aims and objectives when it formed to: </li></ul><ul><li>keep their community together; </li></ul><ul><li>provide good quality, affordable housing in a decent environment; </li></ul><ul><li>have a say in how and where they were to live. </li></ul>Much knowledge and expertise developed by the Eldonians has been pioneering, its success has contributed development of regeneration policy at a national level. Some of these innovations include: Community-led involvement : a uniquely ‘bottom-up’ project that has involved the needs of the local community at every level of decision-making. The parent organisation, the Eldonian Community Trust is run by elected local people. The use of Leeds-Liverpool Canal as an urban feature : this has provided desirable and affordable waterside accommodation for local residents. Designing out crime : The lay-out of the village has been achieved in such a way as to ensure that traffic crime and anti-social behaviour are minimised with measures that include houses being over-looked by others and speed-bumps. Neighbourhood Warden’s Programme : Neighbourhood Wardens have successfully contributed to the low levels of crime and anti-social behaviour and similar models are now being widely implemented. The Eldonians attribute their success to five key factors: Community ownership : overall ownership by the Eldonian Community Trust Ltd ensures that local people are in control of decision-making. Design and good practice : community input into need-based design, with collective responsibility for the overall layout of the village has ensured a sense of ownership and improve quality of life. Innovation and business enterprise : the Eldonian village has been at the cutting edge of urban regeneration, often proving to be a leader in the development of good practice. A crucial emphasis on the need for economic sustainability has resulted in crucial links with the commercial sector whilst maintaining an emphasis upon the needs of the community through the development of sustainable social businesses. Partnership : utilising the expertise of professionals and key stakeholders has created strong, sustainable and dynamic partnerships. Leadership : strong leadership and shared goals has united the community and enabled it to take control of its own destiny.
  7. 7. Problems from Changes made… <ul><li>THE 1980s: A TIME FOR CHANGE </li></ul><ul><li>Election of a new city council in 1983 saw the Portland Gardens project municipalised, threatening to disperse the community of Vauxhall to estates all over Merseyside. </li></ul><ul><li>A downfall to the area was the closure of the Tate and Lyle sugar refinery on Vauxhall Road in 1981, and the British American Tobacco plant on Commercial Road. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 3,000 local jobs were lost as a result of these closures, and the economic future of the Vauxhall area seemed to be slowly fading away. </li></ul><ul><li>The Tate and Lyle site was also heavily contaminated and polluted, and its closure left a huge derelict area in the middle of the Vauxhall ward. </li></ul><ul><li>The Eldonians were determined to respond to these enormous problems to create a better future for all, to work to keep the community together and to provide quality, affordable housing to allow families and friends to stay in close proximity. </li></ul><ul><li>The combination of the community's need for new affordable housing, and the huge derelict site left vacant by Tate and Lyle started the Eldonians on the road to totally re-developing the area. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Some successes… <ul><li>£50m of assets have been developed, £100m private investment attracted, 8 community businesses and 250 permanent jobs have been created. </li></ul><ul><li>The quality of the properties, the physical environment and the absence of a repair backlog is much better than of other social rented property in the city. Of 1,402 repairs reported in 2002, only three were not completed on time. </li></ul><ul><li>CBHA properties are re-let within 10 days and there is a 5-year waiting list for properties in the Village. </li></ul><ul><li>97 per cent of residents are satisfied with their housing and 93 per cent are satisfied with the area they live in, 96 per cent are satisfied with the repairs service and 90 per cent consider their properties good value for money, 96 per cent of residents consider themselves well informed and involved in decision making and 87 per cent are satisfied with their opportunity to participate in decision making. </li></ul><ul><li>150 trainees have been given new skills and 1,800 adult community members have been engaged and empowered by the community development process. </li></ul><ul><li>The Eldonian Village had 65 crime incidents per 1000 population in 2002 as opposed to 140 such incidents per 1000 population in neighbouring areas. </li></ul><ul><li>People’s perception of their health is higher in the Eldonian Village than in the neighbouring area (86 per cent consider themselves to be in good/fairly good health compared to 77 per cent in the neighbouring area). The figure for the whole of Liverpool is 86%. </li></ul><ul><li>The Eldonian project has been developed in three main phases: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phase 1 – provision of social housing and associated elderly care and administrative accommodation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phase 2 – the development of local facilities, training and jobs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phase 3 – moving beyond the boundaries. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Starting off… </li></ul><ul><li>Twenty five years ago a group of people were told by the City leaders that their homes were to be demolished and they would be scattered across the City to make way for industrial redevelopment. They said NO! </li></ul><ul><li>Eldon Street people, their parents and their grandparents before them lived in one of the poorest inner city areas within the United Kingdom. People suffered from appalling poverty in homes surrounded by abandoned docklands and worst of industrial dereliction, but the area was their home. It was the basis of their community and their shared history. </li></ul><ul><li>From a standing start the Eldonian people have so far delivered: </li></ul><ul><li>·         A Community Trust with over 600 members; </li></ul><ul><li>·         New homes and housing management services for over 2000 people; </li></ul><ul><li>·         A total transformation of the physical environment; </li></ul><ul><li>·         A Village Hall; </li></ul><ul><li>·         A Children's Nursery; </li></ul><ul><li>·         A Sports Centre; </li></ul><ul><li>·         A development advice service for other communities; </li></ul><ul><li>·         A Neighbourhood Warden Service; </li></ul><ul><li>·         Over 50m in assets and, </li></ul><ul><li>·         Partnership Projects bringing in 100m private sector investment. </li></ul><ul><li>They still go forward, as an example, to show to people from across the world just what can be achieved when local people take control. They are now full partners with local authority leaders in developing the wider area regeneration proposals. </li></ul><ul><li>The original Eldon Street has gone, but people that made these things happen are still together. The local man and the driving force behind much of the work was, and is, Tony McGann. Tony's work and the story of the peoples' success in developing a sustainable community. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The Eldonians is a Community Based Housing Association- an officially recognised social landlord. </li></ul><ul><li>The Organisation started in 1970 with no income. To begin with, they worked with free advice services of a committed group of workers from local housing associations and a local private firm of architects. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1986 they secured their first major success, an offer of 6.6m of grants and loans to develop the original housing. </li></ul><ul><li>They have gone on from this step to become experts in accessing funding and building sustainable projects. </li></ul><ul><li>All the housing projects and majority of wider developments are self financing without resource to ongoing grant assistance. </li></ul><ul><li>They aim to provide good quality, affordable housing. It currently rents out 310 properties to those in housing need, and manages 147 other properties on three adjacent sites. </li></ul>History… <ul><li>Today the organisation directly employs 90 staff but has created jobs for over 250 people. it has a total asset base of £50 million and an annual turnover in the region of £2 million . </li></ul><ul><li>The CBHA has a distinctive approach towards housing, which seeks to involve everyone in layout of each estate, ensuring each property looks different, that houses overlook one another, that integrates the needs of the disabled, the elderly and those with special needs within the wider community and the planning and construction process. </li></ul><ul><li>This approach is designed to encourage a genuine sense of ownership within the local community, which underpins all the work the CBHA does. </li></ul><ul><li>The Association employs fourteen staff, has over 300 members, and 75% of the Board of Management are tenants, reflecting the community-based nature of the association. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Outcomes… <ul><li>Charitable Work </li></ul><ul><li>One aspect of the Trust's work is charitable fund-raising. Each year, the Trust works to raise funds at Christmas for three local schools Additionally, the Trust regularly organises fund-raising events to alleviate various forms of social need, and has regularly helped raise money for various charities: the Lily Centre in Liverpool (which works with breast cancer sufferers) recently received over £700 from one Community Trust fund-raising event. </li></ul><ul><li>The Play Scheme </li></ul><ul><li>Alongside its charitable fund-raising work, the Trust seeks to engage local children and youth, through a range of activities designed to make them feel part of the community, to instil values of good citizenship and community responsibility, and so contribute to the well-being and future prospects of the community. One example of this is the Play scheme for local children, held each summer at the Elaine Norris Sports Centre. Trust members also helped local children design, plan and produce their own video about their community. The Trust is currently working on ways of expanding its community work for local children and youth. </li></ul>ELDONIAN VILLAGE
  12. 12. Successful future? <ul><li>The success of the Eldonian Village project over two and a half decades is testimony to its long term sustainability and it has deservedly become an internationally recognised model of community-led sustainable urban regeneration. </li></ul><ul><li>Built to the current building standards and upgraded to improve resource efficiency, the housing is designed to contribute to environmental sustainability. The development of the Leeds-Liverpool Canal in the centre of the project has also made a contribution to the environment by encouraging wildlife into the area, providing opportunities for local children to experience nature first hand. </li></ul><ul><li>An emphasis upon training and the creation of local employment has provided a boost to the economy. Small and medium enterprises are thriving and encouraging major companies into the area, contributing to the local economy, employment and training opportunities. </li></ul><ul><li>A Neighbourhood Wardens Scheme, alongside careful design and management strategies has enabled crime and anti-social behaviour to be minimised in the area, creating safe and accessible spaces for all residents. New transport links that have been encouraged into the area are enabling residents to gain a wider access to the city. </li></ul>Tony McGann With World Habitat Award
  13. 13. Successful future… <ul><li>A focus on the broader community has ensured facilities and opportunities to exist for all ages in the local community, from day care nurseries, community and sports facilities, to elderly care homes there is support at every level. </li></ul><ul><li>New supermarkets and other commercial enterprises attracted into the area, are providing more choice and access to the community. </li></ul><ul><li>Having been established using a combination of grants, savings and private loans totalling $18 million, the Eldonian Village has managed to become financially self-supporting. </li></ul><ul><li>Costs of maintaining and running the housing and local facilities are met by tenant’s rents. Although all facilities are self-financing, rents continue to remain low. </li></ul><ul><li>Attraction of outside investment, built through a strong relationship with the private sector, has helped ensure long-term financial sustainability is secured, encouraging the development of a move diverse and mixed community. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Publicity received… <ul><li>Liverpool Daily Post, 11/06/2003 As Liverpool </li></ul><ul><li>celebrates its European Capital of Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Prize, a community which began the city's </li></ul><ul><li>revival marks its 25thanniversary. </li></ul><ul><li>Regeneration & Renewal Magazine said &quot;The Eldonian Village has been tailored to meet the needs of the local community in every way. The new initiatives in which the Eldonians have become involved since winning their [BURA] award in 1996 are progressive and reaping excellent results. The Eldonians project continues to advance&quot; (1st Nov 2002) </li></ul><ul><li>The Eldonian CBHA has been chosen to represent the entire UK in the field of regeneration by the National Housing Federation: the CBHA model will be included in a European-wide report that showcases excellence in sustainable urban regeneration projects. </li></ul><ul><li>Builder and Engineer magazine recently profiled the Eldonian organisation (June 2001, Issue 103). </li></ul><ul><li>Property People magazine, 28 November 2002 issue, recently profiled the Eldonians, describing the project as &quot; a highly successful example of bottom-up community regeneration &quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Property People magazine, 20 February 2003 issue, produced a two-page profile of the Eldonians, concluding that &quot; The successes of Liverpool's Eldonian Village may be held up as an exemplar of sustainable regeneration, but that doesn't mean they are about to rest of their laurels &quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>The Liverpool Echo produced a number of articles about the Eldonian Village on 27 February 2003 around the visit of European Union-wide social housing network CECODHAS. </li></ul><ul><li>The magazine of the CBI, Business Voice profiled the Eldonians in the March 2003 issue, concluded &quot; by working hand-in-hand with the community, developers turned a deprived community into a des-rest &quot;. </li></ul>
  15. 15. More on Vauxhall… <ul><li>Growth of Liverpool in the late 18th and early 19th century, development of Vauxhall as an industrial area was inevitable. </li></ul><ul><li>As the city of Liverpool spread northwards, building had at first been on the higher and healthier ground away from the river Mersey. But with Leeds and Liverpool canal built at the end of the 18th century, construction of new docks, and coming of the railways, left the low lying strip of land close to the river, the natural location for industry and its work-force. </li></ul><ul><li>By late 1840s Vauxhall was industrialised - it's character in manufacturing consisting of iron foundries, soap, alkali, chemicals, and other manufactories, and contained a dense population of labouring people, supported to extent by the abundant local employment. </li></ul><ul><li>Between 1841 and 1851 there was increase of 4,000 houses in Scotland Road area, roughly parallel with the population growth. </li></ul><ul><li>However this was to prove totally inadequate with the dramatic arrival of Irish immigrants in 1847. </li></ul><ul><li>By the end of 1847 not less than 300,000 Irish had landed in Liverpool and it is estimated that 60-80,000 had located themselves in the Vauxhall area, occupying every nook and corner of already overcrowded lodging houses and forcing their way into the cellars. </li></ul><ul><li>It is recorded that 30,000 people lived in these cellars. The inevitable results of these overcrowded and insanitary conditions was outbreaks of fever and disease, the Vauxhall area frequently recording the highest rates in the city. </li></ul><ul><li>In the cholera outbreak of 1849, 2,000 of the 5,000 recorded cholera deaths were in the Vauxhall and Scotland Road area. </li></ul>Vauxhall Road
  16. 16. Vauxhall… <ul><li>By 1860 the population of Vauxhall reached its peak and housing conditions began to improve with St Martin's Cottages built in Silvester Street, Vauxhall, and being recognised as the first municipal housing built in Britain. Substandard housing began to be demolished and continued at a pace up to the start of the second world war and subsequent to the war ending. Even more demolition to take place in the 1960s with the displacement of Scotland Road and Vauxhall residents to the city council's over-spill new town districts of Kirkby, Speke, Skelmersdale. </li></ul><ul><li>The decline of Liverpool as a port, related industries had less and less reason to concentrate in Vauxhall and many relocated. Between 1967 and 1972 some 20% of the jobs in Vauxhall's industrial strip disappeared and the decline steepened through the 1980s and 1990s. </li></ul><ul><li>The development of the Vauxhall area from the late 18th century onwards had created a close knit community with at one time 95% of the population of Irish Catholic origin, the position of the church being central. There was a close identification with the parish of which there was at one time 17 in the Vauxhall and Scotland Road area. </li></ul>Vauxhall Road 1970 Vauxhall Road 1990
  17. 17. ATHOL VILLAGE Vauxhall Housing Co-Operative <ul><li>Throughout 1989-1990 the Vauxhall Neighbourhood Council advised residents of Vauxhall area about the proposed 'Development Strategy' of Merseyside Development Corporation for development of land south of Vauxhall Road, 'Over the Bridge' between Burlington Street and Boundary Street. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1990 Vauxhall Neighbourhood Council was instrumental in aiding local people to get involved in forming, and setting up, a Housing Co-operative. 150 local people became members of 'Vauxhall Housing Co-operative', holding regular meetings to discuss progress so far and future plans. </li></ul><ul><li>In September 1991 site preparation got underway on land surrounding the 'Over the Bridge' area - Athol Street and Boundary Street. The land being prepared for the construction of 150 community houses. Vauxhall Housing Co-operative was recognised in May of 1992 as the first Tenant Managed Co-operative in Liverpool and at its first Annual General Meeting announced that the building of new houses was hopefully set to start in August. A number of House Build visits had been made by members of the Co-operative's Committee to locations throughout Great Britain to look at completed housing complexes. Selection was then made as to the Builders (Crudens Construction) of what would become 'Athol Village'. The Athol Village name chosen to keep alive the memories and traditions of the old 'Over the Bridge' area and to show the wish to build the old community spirit into the new property. All of the old street names were kept with additional Street, Way and Close names chosen to reflect the proximity of Athol Village to St Alban's church and the Leeds & Liverpool canal hence St Alban's Way and Canalside Close. </li></ul><ul><li>On October 27th 1992, Sir Christopher Benson (Chairman of The Housing Corporation) official laid the foundation stone to mark development of the 'Over the Bridge - Athol Village' site by Vauxhall Housing Co-operative, Merseyside Improved Housing and Merseyside Development Corporation. Building work on new houses was set to start in January 1993. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Vauxhall Housing Co-Operative e.t.c… <ul><li>The first brick to be laid for the construction of the new houses was put in place by the Lord Mayor of Liverpool, Councillor Rosemary Cooper on Friday 22nd January 1993. It was hoped that tenants of these new houses would be moving in by December 1993. </li></ul><ul><li>Improved Housing and by John Duffy who was then the Chairman of the Vauxhall Housing Co-operative. Another 12 new residents were given the keys to their new homes in the following week. By February 1994 more than 60 families had taken up residence on Athol Village. In July 1994 the Vauxhall Housing Co-operative advised news that all houses and bungalows were occupied. </li></ul><ul><li>The official opening of Athol Village took place on Friday 26th August 1994. This was a truly magnificent day for all members of the Vauxhall Housing Co-operative. In just over 4 years they had recreated a new community in Athol Village. Residents could say when asked where they live, &quot;Athol Village - Over the Bridge&quot; </li></ul>
  19. 19. Summary of The Eldonian Village Project & Vauxhall, Liverpool… <ul><li>Faced with the threat of their community being broken up and the people being forced to move from their homes in inner-city Liverpool, local people came together in 1978 to keep their community alive and improve the bad housing conditions in the area which they lived. </li></ul><ul><li>Through tenacity, commitment and much hard work they provided good quality and affordable rental homes, as well as improving the commercial, physical and economic prospects in the area. </li></ul><ul><li>Twenty-five years later 400 rented houses have been provided, 250 permanent jobs have been provided in business enterprises, $45 million of assets have been created and $180 million of inward investment attracted. </li></ul><ul><li>A range of local older persons’ and recreation facilities have been provided and these are all owned and managed by the local community. </li></ul><ul><li>Derelict and polluted land has been restored to form an attractive and secure living environment and the community now provides support and advice to other communities worldwide wishing to improve their housing conditions and have a greater say in their future. </li></ul>