Violence in Culture

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An action plan to raise awareness and encourage the reevaluation of our cultural trend towards violence. We have focused on women for certain portions of the project because they bear the brunt of societal anger and confusion to an incredible degree. This epidemic of hatred and violence towards women reaches across all spheres of culture but our project highlights only a few.

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Violence in Culture

  1. 1. Violence in Culture by Ali H, Yvonne D, Monica G, and Natalie S
  2. 2. World School Media Home Sites of Violence
  3. 3. Home Domestic Violence Includes: ● Physical Violence ● Emotional Violence ● Sexual Abuse
  4. 4. Home Intimate partner violence refers to behavior by an intimate partner or expartner that cause physical, sexual or psychological harm, including physical aggression, sexual coercion, psychological abuse and controlling behaviors. Sexual violence is any sexual act, attempt to obtain a sexual act, to other act directed against a person’s sexuality using coercion, by person regardless of their relationship to the victim, in any setting. It includes rape, defines as the physically forced or otherwise coerced penetration of the vulva or anus with a penis, other body part, or object.
  5. 5. Statistics ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 35% of women worldwide have experienced either intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence in their lifetime On average, 30% of women who have been in a relationship reported that they have experienced some form of physical or sexual violence by their partner. Globally, about 20% of women and 5-10% of men report being victims of sexual violence as children. As many as 38% of all murders of women are committed by intimate partners On average, 24 people per minute are victims of rape, physical violence, or stalking by an intimate partner in the U.S. - more than 12 million women and men over the course of a year From 1994 to 2010, about 4 in 5 victims of intimate partner violence were female Nearly 15% of women and 4% of men in the U.S. have been injured as a result of intimate partner violence Nearly half of all men and women in the U.S. have experienced psychological aggression by an intimate partner in their lifetime Source - World Health Organization & The National Domestic Violence Hotline
  6. 6. Consequences ● ● ● Violence against women can have fatal results, like homicide or suicide. Intimate partner violence and sexual violence can lead to unintended pregnancies, induced abortions, gynaecological problems, and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. The 2013 analysis found that women who had been physically or sexually abused were 1.5 times more likely to have a sexually transmitted infection and, in some regions, HIV, compared to women who have not experienced partner violence. They are also twice as likely to have an abortion. These forms of violence can lead to depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, sleep difficulties, eating disorders, emotional distress and suicide attempts. The same study found that women who have experienced intimate partner violence were almost twice as likely to experience depression and problem drinking. The rate was even higher for women who had experienced non partner sexual violence.
  7. 7. Getting Help ● ● ● ● If in immediate danger, call 911 Visit a hospital emergency room Call the National Domestic Violence Hotline Research local shelters and support groups
  8. 8. Sources (APA Format) ● "Violence Against Women." Women's Health. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 18 May 2011. Web. 2 Dec. 2013. http://www.womenshealth.gov/violence-against-women/types-of-violence/domestic-intimatepartner-violence.html ● Violence against women. (n.d.). WHO. Retrieved November 26, 2013, from http://www.who. int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs239/en/ Statistics. (n.d.). The National Domestic Violence Hotline RSS2. Retrieved December 2, 2013, from http://www.thehotline. org/is-this-abuse/statistics/ ● ●
  9. 9. Media Violence ● ● ● ● ● Movies Television shows/cartoons Video games Music Internet
  10. 10. “the rate of gun violence in PG-13 movies jumped from less than one shooting sequence per hour in films released in 1985 - the first full year of the PG-13 designation - to almost three per hour in 2012 movies.” Sex and sexual content is more suppressed in PG-13 films than violence. The level of violence allowed in PG-13 movies today is on a level that many parents/ viewers would deem R-rated. But, violence sells in the movie industry. Reuters- fox news
  11. 11. “The typical American child will view more than 200,000 acts of violence, including more than 16,000 murders before age 18. Television programs display 812 violent acts per hour; children's programming, particularly cartoons, displays up to 20 violent acts hourly.” Children are bombarded with violence thousands of times a day. That being said, is it surprising that we are seeing an uprising in the number of violent acts committed daily? Seeing violence depicted so often creates a sense of normalcy. Eugene V Beresin, M.D
  12. 12. Grand Theft Auto (GTA)- Need I say more? There are a number of studies resulting in the acknowledgement that violent video games cause higher levels of violence and lowers levels of self restraint in the adolescents who play them, regardless of sex. Women are depicted as sex objects. It is prized in this game to pick up hookers, beat them, and take their money. Violence is not only against the women however, Let's take a look violent gaming study
  13. 13. Youth today are constantly tuned out of the world and tuned into their music. In a study done with 7th, 9th, and 11th graders on which media they would bring to a deserted island music won every time. “Over 80 percent of the total sample nominated music as one of their first three choices.” Over the past decades, the amount of violence depicted in both music videos and lyrics has increased significantly. Studies show that listening to more violent music increases the violent nature of adolescents. Donald F. Roberts et. al.
  14. 14. Internet violence is new and on the rise. we see more and more acts of cyberbullying each and every day. ● ● 42% of teens with tech access report being cyberbullied over the past year 81% of teens say bullying online is easier to get away with ● 20% of teens cyberbullied think about suicide; 1 in 10 attempt it. ● 4500 kids commit suicide each year ● Suicide is the #3 killer of teens (Car accidents #1, Homicides #2) 1-800-273-TALK(8255) National Suicide Prevention Hotline stats
  15. 15. What can be done? ● ● ● ● Reform of the criteria used to decide movie ratings. More regulation of tv/children shows; children are highly impressionable beings. Monkey see, Monkey do. Parental guidance. Parents need to take a stand with their children, know what they are watching and listening to. These violent features of our society really do have lasting effects on the adolescent psyche. The movie, music, and television industry rely on us, the consumer. Therefore we call the shots. It’s time to take a stand.
  16. 16. World ● Femicide ● Human Trafficking/Modern Slavery ● Militarism ● Activism: “16 Days”
  17. 17. “Both gender-based violence and violence against women are terms used to describe human rights violations committed against women that stem from gender inequality and the failure of governments and societies to recognize the human rights of women.” Amnesty International, USA
  18. 18. FEMICIDE ● ● ● gender-based violence against women ○ verbal, physical, sexual harassment & violence ○ femicide: the murder of women because they are women ○ in situations where women have less power and fewer resources Types: intimate, “honour” killings, dowryrelated, non-intimate/sexual femicide Societal factors that perpetuate femicide: gender inequality, low number of women in government positions, lacking government spending in health and education areas “Understanding and Addressing Violence Against Women” World Health Organization
  19. 19. ● ● more than 5000 women and girls are victim to honour killings per year (deeply embedded cultural discrimination of females) ● Dowry-related femicide is primarily in the area surrounding and in India. An estimated 7,600 newly married women were murdered according to India’s Crime Bureau, but there have be other sources that claim 25,000 new brides have be maimed or murdered instead. Burning and acid attacks are common practices for these crimes. ● World Health Organization globally, 35% of women murdered were killed by an intimate partner Guatemala 2007: more than 700 women and girls were murdered after torture and sexual abuse “Understanding and Addressing Violence Against Women”
  20. 20. TRAFFICKING & SLAVERY Amnesty International ● Adults and children are many times lured in by the promise of work 28.9 million Violations of human rights ● physical, psychological and sexual abuse ● deprivation of liberty ● denial of freedom of movement ● torture and ill-treatment ● in some cases even to the right to life "Trafficking of Women and Girls" Walk Free Foundation - Global Slavery Index To read the full Global Slavery Index click here
  21. 21. MILITARISM ● There is a historic pattern of violence against women during and after wartime, something embedded into multiple cultures ○ sexual violence, trafficking, and forced prostitution for soldiers increase during war ○ violence against women, specifically sexual violence, is thought to be a “calculated policy to attack the heart of a society, to demoralize and dishonour the opponent” (p. 18) ● During the conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina, The Bosnian War from 1992-1995, between 20,000 and 50,000 women were victims of sexual violence ● During wartime women and children also may be violated and exploited by their “protectors” such as UN peacekeepers and aid workers ○ The United Nations has attempted to protect these vulnerable women by having gender training and codes of conduct ● Families and communities are deeply affected and post-conflict violence against women and children in these spheres is thought to be common as a way to return gender relations to the way they were pre-war UNICEF "Women in an Insecure World"
  22. 22. 16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence ● the theme for this year’s campaign is titled “From Peace in the Home to Peace in the World” and one focus is on the link between militarism and gender violence Keep Informed ● http://www.amnesty.org/ ● http://www.amnestyusa.org ● https://twitter.com/AmnestyWomenRts ● http://www.now.org/ ● http://www.who.int Take Action ● Join your local chapter of Amnesty International ● Petition and support campaigns local and worldwide ● donate funds and necessities to shelters ● spread the word Amnesty International, USA NOVEMBER 25 - DECEMBER 10
  23. 23. 16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence. (2013). Amnesty International USA. Retrieved from http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/issues/women-s-rights/violence-againstwomen/16-days Global Slavery Index 2013. (2013). Walk Free Foundation. Available from http://www. globalslaveryindex.org/ Trafficking of women and girls. (2007). Amnesty International. Retrieved from http://www. amnesty.org/en/campaigns/stop-violence-against-women/issues/implementation-existinglaws/trafficking Vlachovd, M., & Biason, L. (2005). Women in an insecure world [Data file]. Unicef, 1-32. Switzerland: Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces. Available from http://www.unicef.org/emerg/files/women_insecure_world.pdf World Health Organization (n.d). Femicide factsheet [Data file]. Understanding and Addressing Violence Against Women. Available from http://www.who. int/reproductivehealth/topics/violence/vaw_series/en/ World - Sources
  24. 24. Violence in the School ● ● ● ● elementary schools high schools private schools students are not the only victims
  25. 25. Who is at risk for school violence? ● ● ● ● ● ● students with a prior history of violence drug/alcohol use poor home life poor grades poverty teachers http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/school_violence_fact_sheet-a.pdf
  26. 26. Statistics- students ● ● ● ● ● in 2010, 800,000 incidents were reported where students ages 12-18 were the victims of bullying or violence in the 2009-2010 school year, 33 school-related deaths occured. Almost half were on school property. In 2011, 20% of students reported being the victims of bullying In 2011, 33% of students reported being involved in physical fights within the year Incidence of bullying has doubled in recent years http://www.dosomething.org/tipsandtools/11-facts-about-school-violence
  27. 27. Statistics ● ● ● ● 16.2% of students report being bullied over the internet 5.4% of students reported having carried a weapon at least one out of the past 30 days 7.4% of students report being threatened by a weapon at least one of the past 30 days at school in 2011, over 700 thousands students were treated in the emergency room after an act of violence http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/yv-datasheet-a.pdf
  28. 28. Bullying ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 1 in 3 students will become the victim of bullying during their k-12 education 21% of students bullied state that it consisted of being made fun of 18% reported being the topic of rumors 11% report physical violence 6% being threatened extensively 5% report being excluded by classmates out of students bullied, 63% report once or twice during the year, 21% once or twice per month, 10% once or twice a week, and 7% daily http://goodwin.drexel.edu/cposav/sav_stats.php
  29. 29. Statistics- teachers ● ● ● ● ● ● Approximately 7% of teachers report being threatened by a student in the 2011 school year every year, over 250 thousand teachers report being threatened 43% in cities, 31% suburbs, 11% in towns, 15% rural areas 55% in secondary schools, 45% elementary schools 31% male teachers, 69% female teachers cumulative days lost by teachers missing school due to violence= 927,000 per year http://www.apa.org/ed/schools/cpse/activities/violence-against.aspx
  30. 30. Specific violent incidents ● ● ● ● ● “October 21, 2013 - Sparks Middle School - Sparks, Nevada. An unidentified student takes his parent's handgun to school and shoots three, injuring two 12-year-old male students and killing Mike Landsberry, a teacher and Marine veteran. He then kills himself.” “December 14, 2012 - Sandy Hook Elementary School - Newtown, Connecticut. Adam Lanza, 20, guns down 20 children, ages 6 and 7, and six adults, school staff and faculty, before turning the gun on himself. Investigating police later find Nancy Lanza, Adam's mother, dead from a gunshot wound. The final count is 28 dead, including the shooter.” “January 5, 2011 - Millard South High School, Omaha, Nebraska. 17-year-old Robert Butler Jr. opens fire on principal Curtis Case and vice principal Vicki Kasper. Butler then kills himself about a mile from the school. Vice principal Kasper later died at the hospital.” “February 5, 2010 - Discovery Middle School, Madison, Alabama. 14-year-old Todd Brown dies after being shot in the head in a school hallway. A fellow ninth-grader is the suspected shooter and is taken into custody.” “September 23, 2009 - John Tyler High School, Tyler, Texas. A 16-year-old student is taken into custody for stabbing and killing high school teacher Todd R. Henry.” http://www.cnn.com/2013/09/19/us/u-s-school-violence-fast-facts/
  31. 31. What can be done? ● ● ● ● school based prevention programs parent and family prevention programs mentoring programs Sites with more information: ○ www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention ○ www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/index.htm ○ www.vetoviolence.org/stryve/home.html ○ www.stopbullying.goc

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