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LIfe and times

LIfe and times
Works by Chanakya
Management Quotes by Chanakya



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Chankaya Chankaya Presentation Transcript

  • Presented by: Bhupinder Kumar Roll No. : 40707011 Bhupinder Kumar
  • Why Complete Management Guru
    • That were intensively practiced by the author
    • That are exhaustive and account for every conceivable situation that created a dynasty
    • Installed Chandra Gupta Maurya as King
    • Produced and inspired the best bureaucracy that India has known that worked for 136 years
    • Produced Emperor Ashok the Great
    • That is still relevant today !!!
    Bhupinder Kumar
  • Agenda
    • Life and times
    • Principal Works
    • Chanakya in this Era
    Bhupinder Kumar
  • Life and Times
    • Life time:350-275 BC
    • Personal : belonged to Kutila Gotra, born at/ son of Chanaka, named as Vishnugupta
    • Key Incident: Insulted by Nanda, King of Magadha
      • Version 1- President of a charity trust
      • Version 2- Feast, asked to leave after started eating
    • Enter Chandragupta,
      • Version 1-Kusa Grass and Sugar Syrup
      • Version 2-Chanced upon Chandragupta, playing king with village companions, impressed, purchased him for 1000 panas
    • Tutelage of Chandragupta: At Takshashila for 7-8 years: math, humanities , military arts and science
    Bhupinder Kumar
  • Works
    • Artha Sastra
    • Chanakya Neeti
    • Chanakya Sutra
    Bhupinder Kumar
  • Works
    • Artha Sastra
      • 6000 verses, mainly prose with about 380 shlokas, divided into 15 adhikaranas (books) and 150 Chapters and 180 prakaranas (sections dealing with one topic)
    • Chanakya Neeti
      • Neeti defies definition like common sense
      • Neeti is mother of all human sciences : aims at cultivation of virtues and wisdom and striking a balance between purusharthas Maxims in poetical form – 12 chapter 307 verses
    Bhupinder Kumar
  • Sample of Verses related to Management Topics in ‘ Kautilya’s Arthashastra Bhupinder Kumar
  • Definition and the Basic elements of Management
    • The means of starting undertakings (assignments/ projects)
    • The excellence of men and materials
    • Deciding suitable place and time
    • Provision against failure
    • Accomplishment of the work
    •   (1.15.42)
    Bhupinder Kumar
  • Totally self controlled professional leader/manager
    • Acts in the long terms interest of the organisation
    • Resists the acting in self interest which conflicts with organisational interest
    • Does not succumb to pressure of interests against long term interests
    • Resists temptations to do good to the organisation at the cost of society , nations and stakeholders
    • Prepared to quit rather make decisions against conviction
    Bhupinder Kumar
  • Wealth Creation
    • “ Wealth will slip away from the foolish person, who continuously consults the stars; for wealth is the star of wealth; what will the stars do? Capable men will certainly secure wealth at least after a hundred trails”
    Bhupinder Kumar
  • Corporate Governance
    • “ In the happiness of the subjects lies the benefit of the king and in what is beneficial to the subjects is his own benefit” – (1.19.34)
    Bhupinder Kumar
  • Selection of Employees
    • Appointment of trainees
    • A ‘trainable’ person is the one who has the following qualities  
    • 1.Desire to learn
    • 2.Effective listening ability
    • 3.Ability to reflect (think from all angles)
    • 4.Ability to reject false views
    • 5.Intentness on truth not on any person
    •   (1.5.4-5)
    Bhupinder Kumar
  • Handling Employees
    • Theory of Motivation
      • Sama (counseling)
      • Dana (offering of gifts)
      • Danda (Punishments)
      • Bheda (creating a split)
    Bhupinder Kumar
  • Role of a Consultant
    • “ All undertakings should be preceded by consultation. Holding a consultation with only one, he may not be able to reach a decision in difficult matters. With more councilors it is difficult to reach decisions and maintain secrecy” (1.15.2,35,40)
    • Therefore sit and counsel with those who are matured in intellect ( 1.15.20-21)
    Bhupinder Kumar
  • Why is information required ?
    • To know what is not known
    • Finding out the rest in a matter which is partly known
    • Definite strengthening of what has become known
    • Removal of doubt in case of 2 possible alternatives
    • (1.15.20-21)
    Bhupinder Kumar
  • SWOT Analysis
    • “ After ascertaining the relative strength or weakness of powers, place, time, revolts in rear, losses, expenses, gains and troubles, of himself and of the enemy, the conqueror should march” (9.1.1)
    Bhupinder Kumar
  • Honesty is the best Policy… is it?
    • One should not be too honest, as straight trees are cut first and honest people are screwed first.
    Bhupinder Kumar
  • Power…
    • The world's biggest power is the youth and beauty of a woman
    • Education is the best friend. An educated person is respected everywhere. Education beats the beauty and the youth
    Bhupinder Kumar
    • Never share your secrets with anybody. It will destroy YOU
    Bhupinder Kumar