Jigsaw, Numbered-HeadsTogether (NHT), Think-PairShare (TPS), Stay-Stray and
Cooperative learning is the instructional use of
small groups so that students work together to
maximize their own and each other’s learning.
How the cooperative learning
can be done in class room?
By giving some techniques which cooperate
students’ activity in learning process such in a
group or pair. Here some techniques which can be
applied in class room:
In this technique, each group member is assigned to
become an "expert" on some aspect of a unit of study. After
reading about their area of expertise, the experts from
different groups meet to discuss their topic, and then return
to their groups and take turns teaching their topics to their
This cooperative learning strategy promotes discussion and
both individual and group accountability. After direct
instruction of the material, the group supports each
member and provides opportunities for practice, rehearsal,
and discussion of content material.
Students pair up to share thoughts on a problem or
question initiated by the teacher. This can be
modified to involve pairs of students exchanging
ideas to enrich the discussion.
In this technique students will learn in group and it
give opportunity the group to share result and
information to the others group. Based on
individual activity in teaching and learning the
students do their task by themself and not allowed
to cheat to the other students.
This technique is designed to give everyone in the
group an equal chance at participation. Starting
with one participant, each person gets 1-3 minutes
going clockwise or counterclockwise, to present
their point of view.
Cooperative Learning involves structuring classes around small
groups that work together in such a way that each group member's
success is dependent on the group's success. There are different kinds of
groups for different situations, but they all balance some key elements that
distinguish cooperative learning from competitive or individualistic learning.
Jigsaw: each group member is assigned to become an "expert" on some
aspect of study.
NHT: the group supports each member and provides opportunities for
practice, rehearsal, and discussion of content material.
TPS: students pair up in discussing a topic that given by teacher, after that
present or share in front of the class.
Stay-stray: students will learn in group and it give opportunity the group to
share result and information to the others group.
Round Robin: This technique formed a small group and each group
consisted of four or six members. Next, all groups made around. Then,
each member would share about a topic which was determined by the
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