Bio101 3rd postlab edited from Kuya Paolo Regal

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Bio101 3rd postlab edited from Kuya Paolo Regal

  1. 1. Exercise 11Friday, March 4, 2011 1
  2. 2. Leaf trace - conduction of materials in the leaves, transport of materials Leaf Gap - parenchyma. fcn: storage and support. CS of Catharanthus roseus stem showing the node. DICOT UNILACUNAR NODE.Friday, March 4, 2011 2
  3. 3. Friday, March 4, 2011 3
  4. 4. Friday, March 4, 2011 4
  5. 5. Friday, March 4, 2011 5
  6. 6. CS of Tradescantia stem showing the nodal anatomy MONOCOT. MULTILACUNAR TYPEFriday, March 4, 2011 6
  7. 7. Whole structure surrounding stem - LEAF SHEATH. Vascular Bundles. ATACTOSTELE. LEAF TRACE STEM. Leaf Gap - parenchyma Axillary Leaf or Leaf Branch.Friday, March 4, 2011 7
  8. 8. Friday, March 4, 2011 8
  9. 9. Friday, March 4, 2011 9
  10. 10. EXERCISE 12Friday, March 4, 2011 10
  11. 11. Cause of anomalous growth: Unequal activity of the cambium medullary ray crushed phloem crushed pith CS of Aristolochia elegans mature stem showing medullary rays and crushed pith & phloem. a.k.a. Dutchmans pipeFriday, March 4, 2011 11
  12. 12. ENDARCHFriday, March 4, 2011 12
  13. 13. BAST FIBERS - schlerenchymaFriday, March 4, 2011 13
  14. 14. Friday, March 4, 2011 14
  15. 15. CS of Bignonia javanica mature stem showing phloem panels a.k.a. garlic vineFriday, March 4, 2011 15
  16. 16. MESARCH TYPE OF WOOD according to PHLOEM PANELS distribution of xylem vessels- DIFFUSED Cause of anomalous growth: unidirectional growth the cambium. Almost linear arrangement of vessels.Friday, March 4, 2011 16
  17. 17. BAST FIBERS cap form BAST FIBERS band formFriday, March 4, 2011 17
  18. 18. BAST FIBERS cap form BAST FIBERS band formFriday, March 4, 2011 18
  19. 19. Cause of anomalous growth: unequal activity of the vascular cambium. DIFFUSED POROUS. MESARCH. CS of Bauhinia (Alibangbang) mature stem showing linear arrangement of xylem vessels.Friday, March 4, 2011 19
  20. 20. Friday, March 4, 2011 20
  21. 21. crushed phloemFriday, March 4, 2011 21
  22. 22. MEDULLARY VASCULAR BUNDLES. - bundles in the pith; significance: for greater transport system. therefore additional vascular structures. Cause of anomalous growth: successive activity of the vascular cambium CS of Bougainvilla spectabilis stem showing included phloem.Friday, March 4, 2011 22
  23. 23. Friday, March 4, 2011 23
  24. 24. Friday, March 4, 2011 24
  25. 25. ENDARCH.Friday, March 4, 2011 25
  26. 26. Friday, March 4, 2011 26
  27. 27. EXERCISE 13Friday, March 4, 2011 27
  28. 28. leaf parenchyma - LEAF GAP. CS of Pteris stem showing meristeles. TYPE OF STELE: Amphiploic siphonostele. MERISTELE PITH comprising parenchyma.Friday, March 4, 2011 28
  29. 29. CASPARIAN STRIP. - structure, layer ENDODERMIS - cell PERICYCLEFriday, March 4, 2011 29
  30. 30. SECRETORY CELLSFriday, March 4, 2011 30
  31. 31. MESARCH.Friday, March 4, 2011 31
  32. 32. CS of Pteridium rhizome/stem showing polycylic stele. DIVISION - PterophytaFriday, March 4, 2011 32
  33. 33. parenchyma schlerenchyma - band of fibers. endodermis, casparian strip. pericycleFriday, March 4, 2011 33
  34. 34. Friday, March 4, 2011 34
  35. 35. band of fibers.Friday, March 4, 2011 35
  36. 36. schlerenchyma - support. PERICYCLE - origin: procambium. ENDODERMIS (part of the cortex) origin: ground meristem CS of Lycopodium stem showing plectostele. VESSEL ELEMENTS plectostele - derived instead of tracheids. from actinostele. STELE. - encloses the vascular tissues. ** angiosperm organ that illustrates such arrangement - ROOTFriday, March 4, 2011 36
  37. 37. Friday, March 4, 2011 37
  38. 38. EXARCH.Friday, March 4, 2011 38
  39. 39. Friday, March 4, 2011 39
  40. 40. Friday, March 4, 2011 40
  41. 41. CS of Selaginella stem HAPLOSTELE. EXARCH.Friday, March 4, 2011 41
  42. 42. Friday, March 4, 2011 42
  43. 43. EXERCISE 14Friday, March 4, 2011 43
  44. 44. *to identiify as MATURE - start of periderm formation. *to identify as YOUNG - no metaxylem vessels, xylem WIDE CORTEX - for poles @ the periphery, large storage. vessels at center. STARCH GRAINS. (pink) CS of Ranunculus mature root showing tetarchFriday, March 4, 2011 44
  45. 45. PASSAGE CELLS. parallel with xylem poles. easy entrance of food. ENDODERMIS. CASPARIAN STRIP.Friday, March 4, 2011 45
  46. 46. PARENCHYMA. not yet schlerenchyma CS of young Mongo root showing tetarch.Friday, March 4, 2011 46
  47. 47. Friday, March 4, 2011 47
  48. 48. Friday, March 4, 2011 48
  49. 49. VESSELS. PERIDERM FORMATION - therefore breaking down of the structure. CS of Mature Mongo Root showing vessels.Friday, March 4, 2011 49
  50. 50. LATERAL ROOT. from pericycle. EXARCH.Friday, March 4, 2011 50
  51. 51. PERIDERM FORMATION.Friday, March 4, 2011 51
  52. 52. Friday, March 4, 2011 52
  53. 53. MONOCOT - polyarch. presence of pith. CS of Commelina benghalensis root showing polyarchFriday, March 4, 2011 53
  54. 54. LACUNA PITH. EXARCH.Friday, March 4, 2011 54
  55. 55. Friday, March 4, 2011 55
  56. 56. schlerenchyma hypodermis. vs. commelina: increase in the numbers of vessels, bigger pith, wider cortex CS of Zea mays root showing the polyarch formation.Friday, March 4, 2011 56
  57. 57. Friday, March 4, 2011 57
  58. 58. schlerenchyma OUTER HYPODERMIS & INNER ENDODERMISFriday, March 4, 2011 58
  59. 59. xylem ray. tracheids. CS of old Pinus root showing secondary growth.Friday, March 4, 2011 59
  60. 60. casing cells RESIN DUCT - secretes resin. Resin cells (casing cells) - "epithelium" of the resin canal.Friday, March 4, 2011 60
  61. 61. Friday, March 4, 2011 61
  62. 62. Friday, March 4, 2011 62
  63. 63. PRIMARY XYLEM CS of Tilia root.Friday, March 4, 2011 63
  64. 64. POLYARCH. ENDARCH. type of wood - RING MATURE - presence POROUS. of peridermFriday, March 4, 2011 64
  65. 65. Friday, March 4, 2011 65
  66. 66. Friday, March 4, 2011 66
  67. 67. EXERCISE 15Friday, March 4, 2011 67
  68. 68. CS of Pinus insularis showing fascicle. FASCICLE - LEAF BUD. PINE MIDDLE - enlarged phyllode or TRANSFUSION TISSUE - petiole. parenchyma - storage, tracheid - conduction sunken stomata. PLICATE MESOPHYLL. - folded or twistedFriday, March 4, 2011 68
  69. 69. Friday, March 4, 2011 69
  70. 70. Friday, March 4, 2011 70
  71. 71. LAMINA. LAMINA. MIDRIB. PALISADE SPONGY. ACCESSORY TRANSFUSION TISSUE. CS of Cycas leaf BIFACIAL = DORSI- showing midrib. VENTRAL LEAFFriday, March 4, 2011 71
  72. 72. Friday, March 4, 2011 72
  73. 73. HYPOSTOMATICFriday, March 4, 2011 73
  74. 74. Friday, March 4, 2011 74
  75. 75. Bulliform cells - adaxial side. cuticle. bundle sheath. CS of Zea mays showing lamina.Friday, March 4, 2011 75
  76. 76. CS of Zea mays showing primary vein.Friday, March 4, 2011 76
  77. 77. CONVERGENT MesophyllFriday, March 4, 2011 77
  78. 78. Friday, March 4, 2011 78
  79. 79. CS of Lilium sp. leaf showing primary vein. angular collenchymaFriday, March 4, 2011 79
  80. 80. Friday, March 4, 2011 80
  81. 81. Friday, March 4, 2011 81
  82. 82. Friday, March 4, 2011 82
  83. 83. Friday, March 4, 2011 83
  84. 84. Friday, March 4, 2011 84
  85. 85. secretory structures CS of Ixora coccinea showing midrib. angular collenchyma.Friday, March 4, 2011 85
  86. 86. Friday, March 4, 2011 86
  87. 87. SECONDARY VEINFriday, March 4, 2011 87
  88. 88. Friday, March 4, 2011 88
  89. 89. CS of Ficus elastica showing unifacial typeFriday, March 4, 2011 89
  90. 90. MULTISERIATE - ADAXIAL Ficus elastica midribFriday, March 4, 2011 90
  91. 91. Friday, March 4, 2011 91
  92. 92. Friday, March 4, 2011 92
  93. 93. Friday, March 4, 2011 93
  94. 94. Friday, March 4, 2011 94
  95. 95. Friday, March 4, 2011 95
  96. 96. SYRINGAFriday, March 4, 2011 96
  97. 97. Friday, March 4, 2011 97
  98. 98. Friday, March 4, 2011 98
  99. 99. Laterally oriented vein. CS of Syringa.Friday, March 4, 2011 99
  100. 100. Friday, March 4, 2011 100
  101. 101. Friday, March 4, 2011 101
  102. 102. COMPOSITE Vascular Bundles.Friday, March 4, 2011 102
  103. 103. Friday, March 4, 2011 103
  104. 104. Friday, March 4, 2011 104
  105. 105. Laterally oriented vein.Friday, March 4, 2011 105
  106. 106. SOURCES • Monique’s camera • Kuya YB’s multiply account – http://waybi0715.multiply.com/photos • http://www1.fccj.cc.fl.us/dbyres/ plants.htmFriday, March 4, 2011 106

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