Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
161
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. ENGLISH VERB
  • 2. We talk a lot in these lessonsabout V1, V2, and V3. What in theworld are V1, V2, and V3?
  • 3. ?Does this look familiar – eat ate eaten – fall fell fallen – fly flew flown This is the table of irregular verbs that we know and love! V1 is the first column (eat) V2 is the second column (“ate”, past simple form), V3 is the third column (“eaten”, called—oh well, V3)
  • 4. Lots of people forget that a verb that ends in “d” or “ed” doesn’t have to be a verb in the simple past.Maybe it’s a regular verb in V3 DISGUISED as a simple past verb.For example: love loved loved hate hated hated worry worried worried
  • 5. Verb Formulas 5 be + ing (progressive)--He was crying. be + V3 (passive)--He was beaten. Four men were killed. have + V3 (perfect)--I have already eaten. do + V1 (simple)-- Do you love me? I don’t hate you. modal + V1 (modal)--I can wait.
  • 6. BE HAVE DO MODALSis, am, are, has, have do, does, shall, will, should,was, were had did would, may, might, must, can, could1) be + ing have + V3 do + V1 modal + V1(progressive) (perfect) (simple)The bus is coming. She has finished. Do you love me? You should try.We were waiting. We have eaten. I didn’t hear you. I may visit my aunt.2) be + V3(passive)A lot of money isspent.People were hurt.
  • 7. be is, am, are was, were )be + Ving (progressive. 1 .The bus is coming .We were waiting
  • 8. be is, am, are was, were )be + V3 (passive. 2 .Our mother was invited .Many promises were broken
  • 9. have has, have had )have + V3 (perfect .You have broken your promise .Our friendship has survived
  • 10. do do, does did )do + V1 (simple .I don’t enjoy homework ?Do you like school
  • 11. modals , shall, will, should, would, may might, must, can, could, ought )modal + V1 (modal .Miri can speak four languages .We must finish ?Would you like some coffee
  • 12. do do, does did do + V1 (simple) I don’t enjoy homework. Do you like school?
  • 13. :A special note about DO We say that do is the helping verb for the “simple” tenses, but if they’re “simple”, then so is making peace with our neighbors! Pay attention:
  • 14. With PRESENT SIMPLE and:PAST SIMPLE ONLY In present simple and past simple, there are 3 kinds of sentences: – POSITIVE (+) Harry understands Arabic. – NEGATIVE (-) Jill doesn’t understand Amharic. – QUESTION (?) Does Jill understand French?
  • 15. In ( + ), the verb really has 2 jobs: 1) MEANING (UNDERSTANDS) 2) GRAMMAR (UNDERSTANDS), which includes: •Time (understands, not understood; •Number -- “understands” can’t be (think of he/she/it, which are all) •Person -- “understands” can’t be first person (I understands???) or second person (you understands????)
  • 16. ....Let’s Practice Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): “Romi loves computers. Before his father bought him a computer, he thought he would never be able to learn. He didn’t ________ he was clever enough. But now he’s a real professional!” “If Romi didn’t _________ computers to begin with, why did his father ________ him a computer?” “He __________ to encourage him. He knew that computers can be a wonderful help with schoolwork.”
  • 17. ....Let’s Practice Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): “Romi loves computers. Before his father bought him a computer, he thought he would never be able to learn. He didn’t _think__ he was clever enough. But now he’s a real professional!” “If Romi didn’t __like___ computers to begin with, why did his father ___buy__ him a computer?” “He _wanted___ to encourage him. He knew that computers can be a wonderful help with schoolwork.”
  • 18. ....Let’s Practice Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing ):word(s Hello, Mom? I have a problem. I left my keys at“ .”home this morning ?”Where did you ____________ them“ I ___________ them on the table. __________ you“ ?”see them Yes, but you _________ have to worry. I won’t“ .”lock the door
  • 19. ....Let’s Practice Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing ):word(s Hello, Mom? I have a problem. I left my keys at“ .”home this morning ?”Where did you ___leave____ them“ I ___left____ them on the table. _Did or Do_ you“ ?”see them Yes, but you __don’t__ have to worry. I won’t“ .”lock the door
  • 20. BUT Don’t think BE/HAVE/DO can only be helping verbs Often they are main verbs
  • 21. :be/have/do as main verbs You are being stupid! Dan has had too many absences. What did you do last night?
  • 22. In the following passage, write “HV” in theparentheses after a Helping Verb. If the word isn’t a.helping verb, DON’T WRITE ANYTHING My parents never listen to me. Sometimes they want me to do ( ) something that I don’t ( ) want to do ( ), or else they want me to not do ( ) what I do ( ) want. I have ( ) always been ( ) jealous of Moshe. His parents are ( ) so understanding! He doesn’t ( ) have ( ) any problems with them. They’re ( ) young, and patient, and they remember what it was ( ) like to be ( ) young. Moshe has ( ) never had ( ) any problems with his parents. Not like me. Moshe has ( ) all the luck, and I don’t ( ) have ( ) any. And I never do ( ) anything right!
  • 23. My parents never listen to me. Sometimes they want me to do ( ) something that I don’t ( HV ) want to do ( ), or else they want me to not do ( ) what I do ( HV ) want. I have ( HV ) always been ( ) jealous of Moshe. His parents are ( ) so understanding! He doesn’t ( HV ) have ( ) any problems with them. They’re ( ) young, and patient, and they remember what it was ( ) like to be ( ) young. Moshe has ( HV ) never had ( ) any problems with his parents. Not like me. Moshe has ( ) all the luck, and I don’t ( HV ) have ( ) any. And I never do ( ) anything right!
  • 24. modals , shall, will, should, would, may might, must, can, could, ought )modal + V1 (modal .Miri can speak four languages .We must finish ?Would you like some coffee ©Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997
  • 25. A NOTE ABOUT SEMI-MODALS You shouldn’t--indeed, you can’t--use “can” in the past or in the future tense. Use a form of “be able to” instead, or (in past tense), use “could”. Examples: I can’t speak Russian. I was able to or could speak it when I was young. I will be able to speak it again after my trip to Moscow.
  • 26. A NOTE ABOUT SEMI-MODALS Another way to say “must” is “have to” (they both mean the same thing). In fact, in negative sentences (-), questions (?), and in the past or future tenses, you can’t use “must”; you have to use “have to”. Example: I must hurry. I have to hurry. You don’t have to hurry. She had to hurry so that she wouldn’t be late.
  • 27. ....Let’s Practice Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): “Shirli, must you play the radio so loud?” “What __________ you say?” “Do you _____ ____ play the radio so loud?” “No, I don’t ______ _____. Do you _________ me to turn it down?” “Yes, I do, please, if you don’t _________ me to lose my hearing.”
  • 28. ....Let’s Practice Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing ):word(s “Shirli, must you play the radio so loud?” “What ___did____ you say?” “Do you __have to___ play the radio so loud?” “No, I don’t __have to___. Do you __want___ me to turn it down?” “Yes, I do, please, if you don’t _want____ me to lose my hearing.”
  • 29. ....Let’s Practice ):Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s “_________ you help me, please? I want a book about the Internet, but I ___________ find one.” “_________ you look among the computer books?” “Yes, I __________, but I ______________ find anything.” “Well, I’m ____________ somebody else right now, but I _______ ____ ______ ___ help you in about ten minutes. ________ you come back in ten minutes?” “OK. And in the meantime, I __________ try again. Maybe I _____ ___ _____ ___ find it by then.”
  • 30. ....Let’s Practice ):Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s Can___ you help me, please? I want a book about the“___ .” Internet, but I ___can’t___ find one ?”Did___ you look among the computer books“___ .”Yes, I ___did____, but I __couldn’t____ find anything“ Well, I’m __helping___ somebody else right now, but I“ ___will be able to__ help you in about ten minutes. ?”___Can__ you come back in ten minutes OK. And in the meantime, I ___will___ try again. Maybe I“ .”__will be able to__ find it by then
  • 31. --Refresh Your Memory Take another look at the table of .helping verbs Pay attention to the .colors
  • 32. BE HAVE DO MODALSis, am, are, has, have do, does, shall, will, should,was, were had did would, may, might, must, can, could1) be + ing have + V3 do + V1 modal + V1(progressive) (perfect) (simple)The bus is coming. She has finished. Do you love me? You should try.We were waiting. We have eaten. I didn’t hear you. I may visit my aunt.2) be + V3(passive)A lot of money isspent.People were hurt.
  • 33. ....Let’s Review Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): 1. Moshe _________ drive (V1) more carefully. He _____________ drive (V1) so carelessly. 2. _________ you want (V1) anything to eat? Yes, thanks. I ___________ like (V1) a sandwich. 3. Bob ______ acting in movies and making lots of money. 4. __________ you seen (V3 - irregular verb) my hat? No, I ________ remember (V1) seeing it. 5. Dan ______ wasted (V3 - regular verb) all of his money. 6. Some Americans _______ surprised (V3 - regular verb) when Bush ____ elected (V3 - regular verb) President. 7. These photographs ________ taken (V3 - irregular
  • 34. ....Let’s Review Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): 1. Moshe _should__ drive (V1) more carefully. He ___shouldn’t_ drive (V1) so carelessly. 2. ___Do____ you want (V1) anything to eat? Yes, thanks. I __would____ like (V1) a sandwich. 3. Bob __is__ acting in movies and making lots of money. 4. ___Have___ you seen (V3 - irregular verb) my hat? No, I __don’t_ remember (V1) seeing it. 5. Dan _has__ wasted (V3 - regular verb) all of his money. 6. Some Americans _were__ surprised (V3 - regular verb) when Clinton _was_elected (V3 - regular verb) President. 7. These photographs __were__ taken (V3 - irregular verb) at Niagara Falls.
  • 35. ....Let’s Review Some More Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): 1. Don’t you ________ you _________ drunk enough beer? 2. People should __________ a dentist once a year. 3. I will ________ an umbrella, because it may __________. 4. Gabi has always ___________ to visit India. 5. Most of our friends had already _________ the party when we arrived. Why did they _________ so soon? 6. Please forgive me for phoning you so early this morning. __________ you sleeping? 7. I was ___________ TV, when suddenly I heard a shot. 8. Poor Miri! She’s __________ her arm! Call a doctor!
  • 36. ....Let’s Review Some More Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): 1. Don’t you _think__ you __have___ drunk enough beer? 2. People should ___see____ a dentist once a year. 3. I will __take__ an umbrella, because it may __rain____. 4. Gabi has always __wanted___ to visit India. 5. Most of our friends had already __left___ the party when we arrived. Why did they __leave__ so soon? 6. Please forgive me for phoning you so early this morning. __Were____ you sleeping? 7. I was __watching_ TV, when suddenly I heard a shot. 8. Poor Mona! She’s __broken__ her arm! Call a doctor!
  • 37. ....Let’s Try a Test Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): 1. I don’t _________ to think about it. 2. Anat _______ lost ten kilo. You ___________ see her! 3. Did you _____________ to take your keys? 4. I haven’t ________, and I _____ not planning to eat anything before dinner. 5. ________ you considered going into politics? 6. He is ______________ a great expert. 7. A lot of wine was __________ at the party last night. 8. We ___________ talking on the telephone when the lights went out.
  • 38. ....Let’s Try a Test Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): 1. I don’t _want____ to think about it. 2. Anat __has__ lost ten kilo. You _should____ see her! 3. Did you __remember___ to take your keys? 4. I haven’t __eaten_, and I _am__ not planning to eat anything before dinner. 5. __Have__ you considered going into politics? 6. He is __considered__ a great expert. 7. A lot of wine was __drunk___ at the party last night. 8. We ___were____ talking on the telephone when the lights went out.
  • 39. :A Test....Part 2 Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): 9. You could _________ until the last minute, or you could ________ the work now and _________ it over with. 10. _________ you name ten countries in Africa? 11. I __________ sleep very well last night. 12. I have _________ my promise, and I _________ keep my word.
  • 40. :A Test....Part 2 Use what you’ve learned to fill in the missing word(s): 9. You could __wait___ until the last minute, or you could ___do___ the work now and ___get___ it over with. 10. ___Can___ you name ten countries in Africa? 11. I __didn’t__ sleep very well last night. 12. I have __given__ my promise, and I __will___ keep my word.
  • 41. This is the end of Lesson 3
  • 42. by Rachel Bar Yosef
  • 43. LESSON 4 ?V
  • 44. English verb phrases can be! l o n g I couldn’t have been expected to have .known that ‫!יו‬ !An 8-word verb Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997©
  • 45. Forming Yes/No Questions Take the first element (‫ )מרכיב‬of the verb and put it before the subject (‫:)נושא‬ I can believe it. Can you believe it? I’ve been there. Have you been there?
  • 46. !Forming questions...still Follow the same rule even for a monster verb! He couldn’t have been expected to understand. Could he have been expected to understand? Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997©
  • 47. How do I translate "‫"האם‬ when I’m forming a yes-no question?Rachel Bar Yosef,1997©
  • 48. To translate “‫ ”האם‬when forming a yes-no question, simply begin the question with the suitable helping verb.Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997©
  • 49. Are you serious? ?‫האם אתה‬ ‫רציני‬ Are you listening? ‫האם אתה‬ ‫?מקשיב‬ Do you collect stamps? ‫האם אתה אוסף‬ ‫?בולים‬ Have you lost weight? ‫האם‬ ‫?רזית‬ Will he succeed?‫? האם הוא יצליח‬ Can you convince me?Rachel Bar Yosef, 1997© ‫? האם תוכל לשכנע אותי‬
  • 50. ....Let’s Practice Complete the conversation: BENNY: Arik! I haven’t seen you for a long time! __________________________________________? ARIK: Of course I haven’t been hiding! I’ve been very busy. BENNY: _______________________________________? ARIK: Yes, I’m studying a lot. I want to do well on my exams. BENNY: ________________________________________? ARIK: Yes, unfortunately, I still have that part-time job. It’s really too much. That’s why I’m always so tired. BENNY: ________________________________________? ARIK: You’re right. I guess I wasn’t smart to take the job. But I need the money! BENNY: ________________________________________? ARIK: Yes, I’ve been able to save a lot of money, although not as much as I’d hoped to save!
  • 51. ....Let’s Practice :Complete the conversation BENNY: Arik! I haven’t seen you for a long time! _Have you been hiding?_____________________? ARIK: Of course I haven’t been hiding! I’ve been very busy. BENNY: __Are you studying a lot?___________________? ARIK: Yes, I’m studying a lot. I want to do well on my exams. BENNY: ___Do you still have that part-time job?________? ARIK: Yes, unfortunately, I still have that part-time job. It’s really too much. That’s why I’m always so tired. BENNY: _Are you sure you were smart to take the job?___? ARIK: You’re right. I guess I wasn’t smart to take the job. But I need the money! BENNY: __Have you been able to save any money?______? ARIK: Yes, I’ve been able to save a lot of money, although not as much as I’d hoped to save!
  • 52. ‫‪Let’s Practice‬‬ ‫‪:Ask these questions in English‬‬ ‫האם אתם חייבים לעשות כל כך הרבה רעש ?‬ ‫___________________________________________ ___‬ ‫האם אראה אותך הערב ?‬ ‫_________________________________________________‬ ‫האם מותר לנו להשתמש במילון ?‬ ‫_________________________________________________‬ ‫השתגעת ?‬ ‫_________________________________________________‬ ‫האם אתה מקשיב ?‬ ‫_________________________________________________‬
  • 53. Let’s Practice :Ask these questions in English ? ‫האם אתם חייבים לעשות כל כך הרבה רעש‬ _________ ?Do you have to/Must you) make so much noise(_ ? ‫האם אראה אותך הערב‬ ______________________________ ?Will I see you tonight_ ? ‫האם מותר לנו להשתמש במילון‬ ___________ ?Are we allowed to/ May we) use a dictionary(_ ? ‫השתגעת‬ _________________ ?Are you crazy? Have you gone crazy_ ? ‫האם אתה מקשיב‬ _________________________________ ?Are you listening_
  • 54. ‫‪Let’s Practice‬‬ ‫‪:Ask these questions in English‬‬ ‫האם אי פעם בקרת בפטרה ?‬ ‫_________________________________________________‬ ‫האם שמעת בימיך דבר כל כך מגוחך ?‬ ‫_________________________________________________‬ ‫האם הייתם בהפגנה ?‬ ‫_________________________________________________‬ ‫האם ראית את המפתחות שלי ?‬ ‫_________________________________________________‬ ‫האם היית מציע לי להזמין אותם ?‬ ‫_________________________________________________‬
  • 55. Let’s Practice :Ask these questions in English ? ‫האם אי פעם בקרת בפטרה‬ _________________________ ?Have you ever visited Petra_ ? ‫האם שמעת בימיך דבר כל כך מגוחך‬ ____________ ?Have you ever heard anything so ridiculous_ ? ‫האם הייתם בהפגנה‬ ______________________ ?Were you at the demonstration_ ? ‫האם ראית את המפתחות שלי‬ ____________________________ ?Have you seen my keys_ ? ‫האם היית מציע לי להזמין אותם‬ _____ ?Would you (advise me to/suggest that I) invite them _
  • 56. WH-words :Learn these question words who whom whose which what where when why ?????
  • 57. WH-words And these, too: how how much how many how often [‫]באיזו תדירות‬ how long (ago) [(‫]לפני( כמה זמן‬ how + ‫כל תואר שהוא‬ (how rich, how strong, how sick) ?????
  • 58. ?How easy is it It’s really easy! (The answer:) I want my money. (The next question:) Why do you want your money? (The answer:) I’ve given Adam some money. (The next question:) How much money have you given him? (The answer:) I’m planning to leave tomorrow. (The next question:) Why aren’t you planning to leave today?
  • 59. Who” and “What” as subjects“ Where who or what refers to the subject ,(‫)הנושא‬ the Hebrew translation is ‫?מי או מה‬ If who or what refers to the subject, DON’T use do- does-did in the simple tenses; DON’T change the word order: Answer: Tal loves Rami Kleinstein’s music. Question: Who loves Rami Kleinstein’s music?
  • 60. (‫ ”(מכשולים‬Stumpers“ How old are you? ? ‫בן כמה אתה‬ What happened ? ‫?מה קרה‬ What did x do? ? X ‫מה עשה‬ When were you born? ‫? מתי נולדת‬ What do you do for a living? ?‫במה אתה עובד‬ How long will he be gone? ?‫לכמה זמן הוא לא יהיה‬
  • 61. ?How good are you at this Ask the right questions. See how much you’ve learned. X: Hello, I’m phoning about your advertisement. _____________________________________________? MOTI: They’re not very old. Five years isn’t really so old. Anyway, they’re in good shape. X: _____________________________________________? MOTI: I’m not “getting rid of” them. I’m offering them because I’m moving to a new flat, where I’m not allowed to keep them. X: _____________________________________________? MOTI: I don’t understand it either. They don’t bother anyone.
  • 62. ?How good are you at this Ask the right questions. See how much you’ve learned. X: Hello, I’m phoning about your advertisement. _How old are they?______________________________? MOTI: They’re not very old. Five years isn’t really so old. Anyway, they’re in good shape. X: _Why are you getting rid of them?_________________? MOTI: I’m not “getting rid of” them. I’m offering them because I’m moving to a new flat, where I’m not allowed to keep them. X: _Why aren’t you allowed to keep them?_____________? MOTI: I don’t understand it either. They don’t bother anyone.
  • 63. ...Keep going X: ____________________________________________? MOTI: You can take them whenever it’s convenient. I’m always home. X: ____________________________________________? MOTI: I live on the corner of Plony and Almony. X: I know the building. ___________________________? MOTI: My entrance is Number 2. X: ____________________________________________? MOTI: Oh, I don’t want any money for them. All I care about is finding a good home for them! X: A good home! ________________________________? MOTI: Of course I’m not selling a set of skis! I’m giving away my beloved cats!
  • 64. ...Keep going X: _When can I take them?________________________? MOTI: You can take them whenever it’s convenient. I’m always home. X: _Where do you live?___________________________? MOTI: I live on the corner of Plony and Almony. X: I know the building. _Which entrance is yours?_____? MOTI: My entrance is Number 2. X: _How much money do you want for them?_________? MOTI: Oh, I don’t want any money for them. All I care about is finding a good home for them! X: A good home! _Aren’t you selling a set of skis?_____? MOTI: Of course I’m not selling a set of skis! I’m giving away my beloved cats!
  • 65. !CONGRATULATIONS YOUR NAME has been awarded .the M.V )Master of Verbs(