• Painting Guide :
• Generally surfaces are prone to wear and tear, the beauty of walls fade
with time, while wooden furniture or doors may get scratched. Periodic
painting is not only a method to preserve the aesthetic appeal of your
surrounding but also to protect and prolong the surfaces painted. But
before you paint you must understand what is paint, what are the types of
paint, what is a primer or a putty, why and when do we require single or
double coats and much more.
Let us start with a few painting terminologies:
• Paint :
• A fluid suspension applied thinly to the surface of objects for the purpose
of decoration, protection or preservation. Paint usually consists of
pigment in tiny particles mixed in a medium which binds the pigment and
causes it to adhere to the surface. Paint comprises three main substances
â€“ resin known as the binder, solvent to dissolve the binder and to give
the paint its required consistency and pigment which imparts the colour.
Types of Paint
Emulsion Paint :
These are the superior quality of paint formed by mixing oil/water and an
emulsifying agent to prevent the combination separating. They have much better
ease of application, are washable and have a greater overall decorative appeal.
Not only do they have higher coverage than enamels and distempers, they are
mostly washable and can be easily applied on concrete and stucco surfaces. As per
the interior and exterior painting requirements both interior and exterior emulsion
Distemper Paint :
Distempers are durable and economical water based paints. The major
constituents of distemper include colouring agents, as well as chalk and lime. They
have been the main painting substance for decades and still are excellent budget
painting solutions. Even the distempers now used are more varied and have
Enamel Paints :
Enamels are hard, washable and usually glossy paints. They can be oil based or
alkyd based and come in several sheens, from eggshell or low-lustre to satin, semigloss and high-gloss. They find application not only on metal surfaces but also on
interior walls and wooden surfaces.
Wood Finishes :
Wood Finish Paints are different from the usual wall
paints and are formulated specifically for
application on wooden surfaces. They have better
capacity of adhering to the wooden surfaces and
enhancing the appeal of the wooden textures.
These include wood sealers, varnishes,
A primer is a preparatory coating put on materials
before painting. Priming ensures better adhesion of
paint to the surface, increases paint durability, and
provides additional protection for the material
being painted. Different types of surfaces and
different types of paints required different types of
Putties are base coats applied to walls before
painting; they provide a protective layer for the
expensive paint. Putties are generally nonhygroscopic and resist moisture giving more life to
the painting surfaces. Not only do they provide
smooth surfaces by levelling undulations, cracks etc
but also are helpful in increasing the coverage of
the paints applied.
These are paints containing Aluminium blended in a
resin base. Despite its name, aluminium paint is
actually used to paint a variety of materials,
including metals, wood, and masonry. It is longlasting and durable, and is one of the best types of
paint to use around oil, grease, and chemicals. The
painted surface offers realistic aluminium finishes,
and is highly resistant to rust and corrosion.
Texture paints: Texture paints are used to create to
desired visual effects on the walls. By the use of
brushes, rollers, putty knives, trowels and other
applications a variety of patterns can be created.
Other paints can be applied on the textures to
create desired effects. Sometimes, texture paints
are tinted prior to application, giving the desired
colour. Texture paints also help in covering
undulations and levelling surfaces.
Cement Paint :
To give a new look for concrete and other cementbased materials, cement paint is the perfect answer.
It is a special paint coatings made for masonry and
cement-based materials, including concrete, mortar
(and brick), concrete block and stucco. Not only it
adds to the aesthetics of the wall but also provides
a waterproofing coating and can supplement the
role of putty.
• Synthetic Enamel
• range of synthetic enamel is valued for their
effect of high-gloss matt & lasting with
intelligent finish and a balance of sheen & quick
drying.These are widely recommended for their
long-lasting nature, fine finishing and perfect
gloss. Available at market leading price.
If you want to paint the floor, use specially formulated, hardwearing floor paint
Recommended Application Methods
Although latex- and oil-based paints can be applied with rollers or pads as well as
brushes, cleaning them after using oil paints is difficult and will require lots of
white spirit or thinner.
Use a brush, roller or pad.
Use a brush, roller or pad.
Use a brush, roller, pad or sprayer.
Use a brush, roller or pad.
Use a brush.
Floor Paint (on Wood)
Use a brush.
Floor Paint (on Concrete)
Use a brush or roller.
Use a brush.
Acrylic paint is fast-drying paint containing pigment suspension in acrylic polymer emulsion. Acrylic
paints can be diluted with water, but become water-resistant when dry. Depending on how much
the paint is diluted (with water) or modified with acrylic gels, media, or pastes, the finished acrylic
painting can resemble a watercolor or an oil painting, or have its own unique characteristics not
attainable with other media.
Acrylic painters can modify the appearance, hardness, flexibility, texture, and other characteristics
of the paint surface by using acrylic media or simply by adding water. Watercolor and oil painters
also use various media, but the range of acrylic media is much greater. Acrylics have the ability to
bond to many different surfaces, and media can be used to adjust their binding characteristics.
Acrylics can be used on paper, canvas and a range of other materials. However, their use on
engineered woods such as medium-density fiberboard can be problematic because of the porous
nature of those surfaces.In these cases it is recommended that the surface first be sealed with an
appropriate sealer. Acrylics can be applied in thin layers or washes to create effects that resemble
watercolors and other water-based media. They can also be used to build thick layers of paint—gel
and molding paste media are sometimes used to create paintings with relief features that are
literally sculptural. Acrylic paints are also used in hobbies such as train, car, house, and human
models. People who make such models use acrylic paint to build facial features on dolls or raised
details on other types of models. Acrylic paint is easily removed from paint brushes and skin with
water, unlike oil paints that require the use of a hydrocarbon.
Acrylic paints are the most common paints used in grattage. Grattage is a surrealist technique that
became popular with the release of acrylic paint. Acrylics are used for this purpose because they
easily scrape or peel from a surface.
Craft acrylics can be used on surfaces besides canvas, such as wood, metal, fabrics, and ceramics.
They are used in decorative painting techniques and faux finishes, often to decorate objects of
ordinary life. Although colors can be mixed, pigments are often not specified. Each color line is
formulated instead to achieve a wide range of pre-mixed colors. Craft paints usually employ vinyl
or PVA resins to increase adhesion and lower cost.
Heavy body acrylics are typically found in the Artist and Student Grade paints, they are the best
choice for impasto or heavier paint applications. Heavy Body refers to the viscosity or thickness of
the paint. They will hold a brush or knife stroke and even a medium stiff peak. Gel Mediums
"pigment-less paint" are also available in various viscosities and used to thicken or thin paints, as
well as extend and add transparency.
Interactive acrylics are all purpose acrylic artist colors which have the characteristic fast drying
nature of artists acrylics, but are formulated to allow artists to delay drying when they need more
working time, or rewet their work when they want to do more wet blending.
Open acrylics were created to address the one major difference between oil and acrylic paints,
the shortened time it takes acrylic paint to dry. Designed by Golden Artist Colors, Inc. with a
hydrophilic acrylic resin, these paints can take anywhere from a few hours to a few days, or even
a few weeks to dry completely depending on paint thickness, support characteristics,
temperature and humidity.
Fluid acrylics, or flow, soft body acrylics, have a lower viscosity but generally have the same heavy
pigmentation of the heavy body acrylics. Available in either Artist quality or Craft quality, there is
a fluid acrylic for every level of art and budget. These paints are good for watercolor techniques,
airbrush application, or when smooth coverage is desired. Mix the fluid acrylics with any of the
mediums to thicken them for impasto work or thin them for glazing applications.
• Iridescent, pearl and interference acrylic colors combine conventional
pigments with powdered mica aluminium silicateor powdered bronze to
achieve complex effects. Colors have shimmering or reflective
characteristics, depending on the coarseness or fineness of the powder.
Iridescent colors are used in both fine arts and crafts.
• Acrylic gouache is like traditional gouache in that dries to a matte finish
and is opaque. However, unlike traditional gouache, the acrylic binder in
the acrylic gouache makes it water resistant once dry. Like craft acrylics, it
will stick to a variety of surfaces other than canvas and paper. This paint is
typically used by watercolorists, cartoonists, illustrators, and for
decorative or folk art applications.
• Exterior acrylics are paints that can withstand outdoor conditions. Like
craft acrylics, they adhere to many surfaces. They are more resistant to
both water and ultraviolet light. This makes them the acrylic of choice for
architectural murals, outdoor signs, and many faux finishing techniques.
1)Rich matt finish
Asian Paints Premium Emulsion has a rich and smooth matte finish that oozes
Premium Emulsion has been fortified with Stain Guard technology that guards
your walls against most household stains and makes them easy to clean.
3 )Long lasting film
Premium Emulsion has a long lasting film that keeps your house as good as new for
a long time.
4)Fungus and mildew resistance
Premium Emulsion is designed to protect your walls against unwanted fungi that
can cause considerable damage.
5)Extra deep colours for feature walls
Premium Emulsion offers a unique range of extra deep colours that helps you
highlight your home’s features better.
How to Paint a Concrete Wall
Step 1 :
Choose paint for your project.Select paint
appropriate for your outdoor project. You
will need a paint that is resistant to moisture
and sun exposure. Outdoor concrete paint is
available for outdoor projects. However, an
oil-based paint also may work for your
Pick a paint for your indoor paint project.
Basement concrete paint is available in many
paint and home improvement stores,
however you also can use an interior acrylic
paint for the project.
Clean the concrete wall. For exterior
projects, use a power washer to rid the wall
of all dirt and dust. If your project is indoors,
scrub the wall with soapy water and a scrub
brush instead of using a power washer.
Repair any cracks or blemishes in
your wall with concrete
patch. Follow the directions to mix up
the concrete patch mixture. Fill holes
and use a trowel to smooth the patch
to match the surface of the wall.
Check the wall for moisture. Paint
applied to a wall that is not properly
sealed will not adhere properly.Tape
plastic sheeting to the wall. Attempt
to get the sheeting as air-tight as
Check the plastic after 24 hours. If
moisture appears within the plastic,
you will need to seal the wall. If no
moisture is present, the wall is
• Step 5:
• Seal the concrete wall. Roll on 1
coat of concrete sealer and allow
it to dry overnight. Concrete
sealer is available at most
hardware or home improvement
• Step 6:
• Apply 1 coat of concrete
primer. You can use rollers or
brushes to apply the paint.
Ensure the primer is applied
evenly, whichever technique you
use. Let it dry for 24 hours. If you
can see the wall through the
primer, apply 1 more coat.
• Step 7:
• Paint your wall with concrete
paint. Paint should be applied in
at least 3 thin layers. The paint
may be sprayed on, rolled on or
painted on with a brush. The
paint should not be streaky or
show brush strokes. Allow to dry
for 24 hours.
• Step 8:
• Roll on concrete paint
sealer. Cover with 2 coats,
allowing it to dry between coats.
Paint sealer helps the paint to
adhere to the wall and last longer.