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  1. 1. Types of wall paints Submitted by: Yaswanth reddy 1211110016 b.Tech arch
  2. 2. • Painting Guide : • Generally surfaces are prone to wear and tear, the beauty of walls fade with time, while wooden furniture or doors may get scratched. Periodic painting is not only a method to preserve the aesthetic appeal of your surrounding but also to protect and prolong the surfaces painted. But before you paint you must understand what is paint, what are the types of paint, what is a primer or a putty, why and when do we require single or double coats and much more. Let us start with a few painting terminologies: • Paint : • A fluid suspension applied thinly to the surface of objects for the purpose of decoration, protection or preservation. Paint usually consists of pigment in tiny particles mixed in a medium which binds the pigment and causes it to adhere to the surface. Paint comprises three main substances – resin known as the binder, solvent to dissolve the binder and to give the paint its required consistency and pigment which imparts the colour.
  3. 3. • • • • • • Types of Paint Emulsion Paint : These are the superior quality of paint formed by mixing oil/water and an emulsifying agent to prevent the combination separating. They have much better ease of application, are washable and have a greater overall decorative appeal. Not only do they have higher coverage than enamels and distempers, they are mostly washable and can be easily applied on concrete and stucco surfaces. As per the interior and exterior painting requirements both interior and exterior emulsion paints exist Distemper Paint : Distempers are durable and economical water based paints. The major constituents of distemper include colouring agents, as well as chalk and lime. They have been the main painting substance for decades and still are excellent budget painting solutions. Even the distempers now used are more varied and have special properties. Enamel Paints : Enamels are hard, washable and usually glossy paints. They can be oil based or alkyd based and come in several sheens, from eggshell or low-lustre to satin, semigloss and high-gloss. They find application not only on metal surfaces but also on interior walls and wooden surfaces.
  4. 4. • • • • • • Wood Finishes : Wood Finish Paints are different from the usual wall paints and are formulated specifically for application on wooden surfaces. They have better capacity of adhering to the wooden surfaces and enhancing the appeal of the wooden textures. These include wood sealers, varnishes, preservatives etc. Primer : A primer is a preparatory coating put on materials before painting. Priming ensures better adhesion of paint to the surface, increases paint durability, and provides additional protection for the material being painted. Different types of surfaces and different types of paints required different types of primers. Putty : Putties are base coats applied to walls before painting; they provide a protective layer for the expensive paint. Putties are generally nonhygroscopic and resist moisture giving more life to the painting surfaces. Not only do they provide smooth surfaces by levelling undulations, cracks etc but also are helpful in increasing the coverage of the paints applied.
  5. 5. • • • • Aluminium paint: These are paints containing Aluminium blended in a resin base. Despite its name, aluminium paint is actually used to paint a variety of materials, including metals, wood, and masonry. It is longlasting and durable, and is one of the best types of paint to use around oil, grease, and chemicals. The painted surface offers realistic aluminium finishes, and is highly resistant to rust and corrosion. Texture paints: Texture paints are used to create to desired visual effects on the walls. By the use of brushes, rollers, putty knives, trowels and other applications a variety of patterns can be created. Other paints can be applied on the textures to create desired effects. Sometimes, texture paints are tinted prior to application, giving the desired colour. Texture paints also help in covering undulations and levelling surfaces. Cement Paint : To give a new look for concrete and other cementbased materials, cement paint is the perfect answer. It is a special paint coatings made for masonry and cement-based materials, including concrete, mortar (and brick), concrete block and stucco. Not only it adds to the aesthetics of the wall but also provides a waterproofing coating and can supplement the role of putty.
  6. 6. • Synthetic Enamel • range of synthetic enamel is valued for their effect of high-gloss matt & lasting with intelligent finish and a balance of sheen & quick drying.These are widely recommended for their long-lasting nature, fine finishing and perfect gloss. Available at market leading price.
  7. 7. • • • • • • • • • • • Floors If you want to paint the floor, use specially formulated, hardwearing floor paint Recommended Application Methods Although latex- and oil-based paints can be applied with rollers or pads as well as brushes, cleaning them after using oil paints is difficult and will require lots of white spirit or thinner. Primer Use a brush, roller or pad. First Coat Use a brush, roller or pad. Flat Use a brush, roller, pad or sprayer. Eggshell Use a brush, roller or pad. Gloss Use a brush. Floor Paint (on Wood) Use a brush. Floor Paint (on Concrete) Use a brush or roller. Metal Paint Use a brush.
  8. 8. Acrylic paint
  9. 9. Acrylic paint • • • Acrylic paint is fast-drying paint containing pigment suspension in acrylic polymer emulsion. Acrylic paints can be diluted with water, but become water-resistant when dry. Depending on how much the paint is diluted (with water) or modified with acrylic gels, media, or pastes, the finished acrylic painting can resemble a watercolor or an oil painting, or have its own unique characteristics not attainable with other media. Acrylic painters can modify the appearance, hardness, flexibility, texture, and other characteristics of the paint surface by using acrylic media or simply by adding water. Watercolor and oil painters also use various media, but the range of acrylic media is much greater. Acrylics have the ability to bond to many different surfaces, and media can be used to adjust their binding characteristics. Acrylics can be used on paper, canvas and a range of other materials. However, their use on engineered woods such as medium-density fiberboard can be problematic because of the porous nature of those surfaces.In these cases it is recommended that the surface first be sealed with an appropriate sealer. Acrylics can be applied in thin layers or washes to create effects that resemble watercolors and other water-based media. They can also be used to build thick layers of paint—gel and molding paste media are sometimes used to create paintings with relief features that are literally sculptural. Acrylic paints are also used in hobbies such as train, car, house, and human models. People who make such models use acrylic paint to build facial features on dolls or raised details on other types of models. Acrylic paint is easily removed from paint brushes and skin with water, unlike oil paints that require the use of a hydrocarbon. Acrylic paints are the most common paints used in grattage. Grattage is a surrealist technique that became popular with the release of acrylic paint. Acrylics are used for this purpose because they easily scrape or peel from a surface.
  10. 10. • • • • • • Varieties Craft acrylics can be used on surfaces besides canvas, such as wood, metal, fabrics, and ceramics. They are used in decorative painting techniques and faux finishes, often to decorate objects of ordinary life. Although colors can be mixed, pigments are often not specified. Each color line is formulated instead to achieve a wide range of pre-mixed colors. Craft paints usually employ vinyl or PVA resins to increase adhesion and lower cost. Heavy body acrylics are typically found in the Artist and Student Grade paints, they are the best choice for impasto or heavier paint applications. Heavy Body refers to the viscosity or thickness of the paint. They will hold a brush or knife stroke and even a medium stiff peak. Gel Mediums "pigment-less paint" are also available in various viscosities and used to thicken or thin paints, as well as extend and add transparency. Interactive acrylics are all purpose acrylic artist colors which have the characteristic fast drying nature of artists acrylics, but are formulated to allow artists to delay drying when they need more working time, or rewet their work when they want to do more wet blending. Open acrylics were created to address the one major difference between oil and acrylic paints, the shortened time it takes acrylic paint to dry. Designed by Golden Artist Colors, Inc. with a hydrophilic acrylic resin, these paints can take anywhere from a few hours to a few days, or even a few weeks to dry completely depending on paint thickness, support characteristics, temperature and humidity. Fluid acrylics, or flow, soft body acrylics, have a lower viscosity but generally have the same heavy pigmentation of the heavy body acrylics. Available in either Artist quality or Craft quality, there is a fluid acrylic for every level of art and budget. These paints are good for watercolor techniques, airbrush application, or when smooth coverage is desired. Mix the fluid acrylics with any of the mediums to thicken them for impasto work or thin them for glazing applications.
  11. 11. • Iridescent, pearl and interference acrylic colors combine conventional pigments with powdered mica aluminium silicateor powdered bronze to achieve complex effects. Colors have shimmering or reflective characteristics, depending on the coarseness or fineness of the powder. Iridescent colors are used in both fine arts and crafts. • Acrylic gouache is like traditional gouache in that dries to a matte finish and is opaque. However, unlike traditional gouache, the acrylic binder in the acrylic gouache makes it water resistant once dry. Like craft acrylics, it will stick to a variety of surfaces other than canvas and paper. This paint is typically used by watercolorists, cartoonists, illustrators, and for decorative or folk art applications. • Exterior acrylics are paints that can withstand outdoor conditions. Like craft acrylics, they adhere to many surfaces. They are more resistant to both water and ultraviolet light. This makes them the acrylic of choice for architectural murals, outdoor signs, and many faux finishing techniques.
  12. 12. advantages • • • • • • • • • • 1)Rich matt finish Asian Paints Premium Emulsion has a rich and smooth matte finish that oozes sophistication. 2)Stain Guard Premium Emulsion has been fortified with Stain Guard technology that guards your walls against most household stains and makes them easy to clean. 3 )Long lasting film Premium Emulsion has a long lasting film that keeps your house as good as new for a long time. 4)Fungus and mildew resistance Premium Emulsion is designed to protect your walls against unwanted fungi that can cause considerable damage. 5)Extra deep colours for feature walls Premium Emulsion offers a unique range of extra deep colours that helps you highlight your home’s features better.
  13. 13. How to Paint a Concrete Wall • • • • • Step 1 : Choose paint for your project.Select paint appropriate for your outdoor project. You will need a paint that is resistant to moisture and sun exposure. Outdoor concrete paint is available for outdoor projects. However, an oil-based paint also may work for your needs. Pick a paint for your indoor paint project. Basement concrete paint is available in many paint and home improvement stores, however you also can use an interior acrylic paint for the project. Step 2: Clean the concrete wall. For exterior projects, use a power washer to rid the wall of all dirt and dust. If your project is indoors, scrub the wall with soapy water and a scrub brush instead of using a power washer.
  14. 14. • • • • • Step 3: Repair any cracks or blemishes in your wall with concrete patch. Follow the directions to mix up the concrete patch mixture. Fill holes and use a trowel to smooth the patch to match the surface of the wall. Step 4: Check the wall for moisture. Paint applied to a wall that is not properly sealed will not adhere properly.Tape plastic sheeting to the wall. Attempt to get the sheeting as air-tight as possible. Check the plastic after 24 hours. If moisture appears within the plastic, you will need to seal the wall. If no moisture is present, the wall is already sealed.
  15. 15. • Step 5: • Seal the concrete wall. Roll on 1 coat of concrete sealer and allow it to dry overnight. Concrete sealer is available at most hardware or home improvement stores. • Step 6: • Apply 1 coat of concrete primer. You can use rollers or brushes to apply the paint. Ensure the primer is applied evenly, whichever technique you use. Let it dry for 24 hours. If you can see the wall through the primer, apply 1 more coat.
  16. 16. • Step 7: • Paint your wall with concrete paint. Paint should be applied in at least 3 thin layers. The paint may be sprayed on, rolled on or painted on with a brush. The paint should not be streaky or show brush strokes. Allow to dry for 24 hours. • Step 8: • Roll on concrete paint sealer. Cover with 2 coats, allowing it to dry between coats. Paint sealer helps the paint to adhere to the wall and last longer.
  17. 17. Thankyou..!!