Bare Metal Cloud
      (NEC)       (       )
              (       )
IaaS
IaaS = Infrastructure as a Service

       : VM
% ec2run ami-f51aff9c -n 16

          VM             ID            V...
IaaS
IaaS = Infrastructure as a Service

       : VM
% ec2run ami-f51aff9c -n 16

          VM             ID            V...
( )




                      24
      +EC2 m1.large
      +

          24
( )




           SDPA
      ■EC2 m1.xlarge
      ■
IaaS = VM?
Xen   VM
IaaS = VM?
Xen   VM


           IaaS    VM   ?
IaaS = VM?
Xen   VM


           IaaS          VM        ?


                  IaaS        VM


VM
Bare Metal Cloud
                        Amazon EC2
VM
                  AMI
Amazon EC2
(AMI)                            V...
EC2   VM


               ?



VM
           ?
Amazon S3

  AMI




  AMI
Amazon S3

  AMI




  AMI
Amazon S3

  AMI




  AMI
Amazon S3
            Read
  AMI




  AMI
Amazon S3
            Read
  AMI




  AMI
Amazon S3
            Read
  AMI




  AMI
Amazon S3
            Read
  AMI




  AMI
Amazon S3

  AMI
Amazon S3

  AMI
Amazon S3

  AMI
Amazon S3

  AMI

            VM
Amazon S3

  AMI

            VM
Amazon S3

  AMI

            VM
Amazon S3

  AMI

            VM
Amazon S3

  AMI            AMI

            VM
Amazon S3

  AMI            AMI

            VM
Amazon S3

  AMI            AMI

            VM
Amazon S3

  AMI            AMI

            VM




   AMI
Amazon S3

  AMI            AMI

            VM




   AMI
Amazon S3

  AMI            AMI

            VM




   AMI
Amazon S3

  AMI             AMI

            VM




   AMI      .gz
Amazon S3

  AMI             AMI

            VM




   AMI      .gz
Amazon S3

  AMI             AMI

            VM




   AMI      .gz
PXE




       DHCP
       TFTP
        NFS


      Boot Sequence Tracker
PXE




       DHCP
       TFTP
        NFS


      Boot Sequence Tracker
PXE




       DHCP
       TFTP
        NFS


      Boot Sequence Tracker
PXE




       DHCP
       TFTP
        NFS


      Boot Sequence Tracker
PXE




       DHCP
       TFTP
        NFS


      Boot Sequence Tracker
PXE




       DHCP
       TFTP           syslog
        NFS


      Boot Sequence Tracker
PXE




       DHCP
       TFTP           syslog
        NFS


      Boot Sequence Tracker
PXE




       DHCP
       TFTP           syslog
        NFS


      Boot Sequence Tracker
PXE




       DHCP
       TFTP           syslog
        NFS


      Boot Sequence Tracker
SSH
PXE




       DHCP
       TFTP           syslog
        NFS


      Boot Sequence Tracker
SSH
PXE




       DHCP
       TFTP           syslog
        NFS


      Boot Sequence Tracker
SSH
*1
                    ( : 60    +3   )



     IPMI               OFF

            DHCP   IP

*1
(1GB )


                     .gz



                           SW



(e.g., Dolly+)
1:

              1.4 GB


2:

1    64



CPU Intel Xeon E5504   16GB Gigabit Ethernet
VM
      600


                ■
      450       ■
( )




      300




      150




        0
            1       8   1...
VM
      4000

                                 30

      3000
                 x30
( )




      2000



      1000



  ...
IaaS
Amazon EC2 http://aws.amazon.com/ec2/
Eucalyptus http://www.eucalyptus.com/
VM           HPC



           IaaS
NewSe...
Bare metal cloud = EC2                                           IaaS
  Amazon EC2




                   : http://lucie.i...
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Bare Metal Cloud: 実マシンを提供するクラウドサービス (SWoPP 2010)

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  • Bare Metal Cloud: 実マシンを提供するクラウドサービス (SWoPP 2010)

    1. 1. Bare Metal Cloud (NEC) ( ) ( )
    2. 2. IaaS IaaS = Infrastructure as a Service : VM % ec2run ami-f51aff9c -n 16 VM ID VM (Fedora, Debian, etc.) 16
    3. 3. IaaS IaaS = Infrastructure as a Service : VM % ec2run ami-f51aff9c -n 16 VM ID VM (Fedora, Debian, etc.) 16 VM HPC
    4. 4. ( ) 24 +EC2 m1.large + 24
    5. 5. ( ) SDPA ■EC2 m1.xlarge ■
    6. 6. IaaS = VM? Xen VM
    7. 7. IaaS = VM? Xen VM IaaS VM ?
    8. 8. IaaS = VM? Xen VM IaaS VM ? IaaS VM VM
    9. 9. Bare Metal Cloud Amazon EC2 VM AMI Amazon EC2 (AMI) VM Bare metal cloud 6,000 AMI EC2
    10. 10. EC2 VM ? VM ?
    11. 11. Amazon S3 AMI AMI
    12. 12. Amazon S3 AMI AMI
    13. 13. Amazon S3 AMI AMI
    14. 14. Amazon S3 Read AMI AMI
    15. 15. Amazon S3 Read AMI AMI
    16. 16. Amazon S3 Read AMI AMI
    17. 17. Amazon S3 Read AMI AMI
    18. 18. Amazon S3 AMI
    19. 19. Amazon S3 AMI
    20. 20. Amazon S3 AMI
    21. 21. Amazon S3 AMI VM
    22. 22. Amazon S3 AMI VM
    23. 23. Amazon S3 AMI VM
    24. 24. Amazon S3 AMI VM
    25. 25. Amazon S3 AMI AMI VM
    26. 26. Amazon S3 AMI AMI VM
    27. 27. Amazon S3 AMI AMI VM
    28. 28. Amazon S3 AMI AMI VM AMI
    29. 29. Amazon S3 AMI AMI VM AMI
    30. 30. Amazon S3 AMI AMI VM AMI
    31. 31. Amazon S3 AMI AMI VM AMI .gz
    32. 32. Amazon S3 AMI AMI VM AMI .gz
    33. 33. Amazon S3 AMI AMI VM AMI .gz
    34. 34. PXE DHCP TFTP NFS Boot Sequence Tracker
    35. 35. PXE DHCP TFTP NFS Boot Sequence Tracker
    36. 36. PXE DHCP TFTP NFS Boot Sequence Tracker
    37. 37. PXE DHCP TFTP NFS Boot Sequence Tracker
    38. 38. PXE DHCP TFTP NFS Boot Sequence Tracker
    39. 39. PXE DHCP TFTP syslog NFS Boot Sequence Tracker
    40. 40. PXE DHCP TFTP syslog NFS Boot Sequence Tracker
    41. 41. PXE DHCP TFTP syslog NFS Boot Sequence Tracker
    42. 42. PXE DHCP TFTP syslog NFS Boot Sequence Tracker SSH
    43. 43. PXE DHCP TFTP syslog NFS Boot Sequence Tracker SSH
    44. 44. PXE DHCP TFTP syslog NFS Boot Sequence Tracker SSH
    45. 45. *1 ( : 60 +3 ) IPMI OFF DHCP IP *1
    46. 46. (1GB ) .gz SW (e.g., Dolly+)
    47. 47. 1: 1.4 GB 2: 1 64 CPU Intel Xeon E5504 16GB Gigabit Ethernet
    48. 48. VM 600 ■ 450 ■ ( ) 300 150 0 1 8 16 24 32 40 48 56 64 ( )
    49. 49. VM 4000 30 3000 x30 ( ) 2000 1000 0 1 8 16 24 32 40 48 56 64 ( )
    50. 50. IaaS Amazon EC2 http://aws.amazon.com/ec2/ Eucalyptus http://www.eucalyptus.com/ VM HPC IaaS NewServers http://www.newservers.com/ Grid ‘5000 http://www.grid5000.fr/ EC2 ; API
    51. 51. Bare metal cloud = EC2 IaaS Amazon EC2 : http://lucie.is.titech.ac.jp/ IaaS SDPA online solver: http://laqua.indsys.chuo-u.ac.jp/portal/
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