Bright smiles, infant and toddlers


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its for dentist and parent to discuss how to brush and use dental floss

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Bright smiles, infant and toddlers

  1. 1. Smiles At Every Age Interactive Guide . . . >0-6 By 6 months baby’s front teeth prepare to emerge. Teeth oftenappear in pairs. Lower teeth usually arrive sooner than upper. >>7-12 Baby’s front teeth, or incisors, start peeking through gums.Beneath the gum, permanent teeth begin to develop. >>>13-24 Baby’s molars- the rear teeth used for chewing-now emerge. >>>>2-5 Your child’s first dental visit. The roots of your child’s babyteeth begin to dissolve, creating room for his permanent teeth.
  2. 2. How Do I Care For My Infants Teeth?! How Do I Care For My Baby’s Teeth? >Good oral care starts from the beginning of yourchild’s life. Even before his or her first teeth emerge, certainfactors can affect their future appearance and health. Forinstance, tetracycline, a common antibiotic, can cause toothdiscoloration. For this reason, they should not be used by nursingmothers or by expecting mothers in the last half ofPREGNANCY.
  3. 3. Since baby teeth usually emerge around sixmonths of age, standard oral health procedureslike brushing and flossing aren’t required forinfants. However, infants have special oral healthneeds that every new parent should know about.These include guarding against baby bottle decayand making sure your child is receiving enoughfluoride.
  4. 4. What Is Baby Bottle Decay And How Can IPrevent It? Baby bottle decay is caused by frequent exposure,over time, to liquids containing sugars. These include milk,formula, and fruit juices. The sugar liquids pool around theteeth for long periods of time as your baby sleeps, leading toCAVITIES that first develop in the upper and lower frontteeth. For this reason, you shouldn’t let your baby fall asleepwith a bottle of juice or milk in his/her mouth. Instead, atnaptime, give your child a bottle filled with water or a pacifierrecommended by your dentist. If you breast-feed, avoidletting the baby nurse continuously. And after each feeding,wipe your baby’s teeth and gums with a clean, dampwashcloth or a gauze pad.
  5. 5. What Is Fluoride And How Do I Know If My Baby Is GettingThe Right Amount? Fluoride is beneficial even before your child’s teeth begin to erupt. Itstrengthens the tooth enamel as the teeth are forming. In many municipal watersupplies, the right amount of fluoride, and how much, call your local waterdistrict. If your water supply does not contain any(or enough) fluoride, talk toyour pediatrician or dentist about fluoride drops that can be given to your babydaily. If you use bottled water for drinking and cooking, be sure to tell yourdoctor or dentist. They may prescribe fluoride supplements for the baby.
  6. 6. How Do I Care For My Toddler’s Teeth? Passing on good oral habits to your child is oneof the most important health lessons you can teachthem. This means helping him or her BRUSH twice aday, showing the proper way to FLOSS, limitingbetween-meal snacks and seeing your dentist regularly.
  7. 7. Most dentists recommend that children start theirDENTAL VISITS by the age of two. In addition to givingyour dentist a chance to monitor your child’s dental growthand development, this is your chance to learn aboutTOOTH DEVELOPMENT, the need for fluoride, how tohelp your child maintain PROPER ORAL HYGIENE,how to deal with your child’s oral habits (such as pacifieruse), diet and NUTRITION, and how to prevent ORALINJURIES.
  8. 8. Always emphasize that a dental visit is apositive experience. Explain to your child thatvisiting the dentist helps maintain good oralhealth. By fostering a positive attitude, you’llincrease the chance that your child will see adentist regularly throughout life.
  9. 9. What Should I Do When My Toddler’s Teeth Begin To Erupt? Teeth start to erupt at about 6 months and continue until age 3. This causes many children to have tender gums, which can make them irritable. It helps to rub the gum with your finger, a small cool spoon or a frozen teething ring that’s been placed in the freezer. There are also pain relief gels and medications. If your child has a fever when teething, it’s best to contact physician to rule out the possibility of some other kind of condition.
  10. 10. What’s The Proper Way To Brush My Toddler’s Teeth? It’s a good idea to supervise your child’s brushing until the age of 6,following the guidelines below: >Use a pea-sized amount of an ADA-accepted fluoride toothpaste. Take carethat your child doesn’t swallow the paste. >>Use a toothbrush with soft bristle, brush inside surface of all teeth first,where plaque accumulates most. Angle bristle toward the gumline. Brush gently backand forth. >>> Clean all outside surface of teeth. Angle bristle toward the gumline.Brush gently back and forth. >>>>Place brush so bristle are on the chewing surface of the teeth. Brushgently back and forth
  11. 11. Is Thumb Or Finger Sucking A Problem And HowCan I Treat It? The sucking reflex is normal and healthy in babies. However, athumb or finger sucking habit can cause problems with the growth of themouth and jaw, and position of teeth, if it continues after permanent teethhave erupted, between four and seven years of age. Front teeth that pointoutward (sometimes called buck teeth) and an open bite may result fromhabitual thumb or finger sucking. This can cause problems in adulthood thatinclude premature tooth wear, increased dental decay and discomfort onbiting. Sucking on pacifiers after permanent teeth have erupted may causesimilar problems.
  12. 12. The best way to deal with thumb or finger sucking is throughpositive reinforcement, not negative words or behavior. Your childis only doing what feels natural to him or her. Praise your childwhen he/she is not sucking his thumb/finger. You may also want tofocus on correcting the anxiety that’s causing your child to suckher/his thumb/finger. You can remind your child of the habit bybandaging the thumb/finger, or putting on a sock over his hand atnight. Bitter-tasting medication to coat the thumb can also beprescribed by your dentist or pediatrician.
  13. 13. Pregnancy/ Prenatal Care And Oral Health? Can Oral Health Have An Effect OnPregnancy? Growing evidence suggests a link between gum diseaseand premature, underweight births. Pregnant women who havegum disease may be likely to have a baby that is born too earlyand too small.
  14. 14. More research is needed to confirm how gumdisease affects pregnancy outcomes. But itappears that disease triggers increased levels ofbiological fluids that induce labor. Data alsosuggests that when gum disease worsens duringpregnancy, there’s a higher risk of having apremature baby.
  15. 15. What Can I Do To Ensure I Have A HealthyPregnancy? The best advice to women considering pregnancy is tovisit their dentist for a checkup and to treat any oral problemsbefore becoming pregnant.
  16. 16. During your pregnancy, your teeth and gumsneed special attention. Regular brushing andflossing, eating a balanced diet and visiting yourdentist regularly will help dental problems thataccompany pregnancy.
  17. 17. What Oral Problems Might Develop During MyPregnancy? Studies show that many pregnant womenexperience pregnancy gingivitis- When dental plaquebuilds up on the teeth and irritates the gum. Symptomsinclude red, inflamed and bleeding gums.
  18. 18. Pregnancy gingivitis occurs more frequently duringpregnancy because the increased level of hormonesexaggerate the way gums react to the irritants inplaque. However, it’s still plaque- not hormones-that is the major cause of gingivitis.
  19. 19. Keeping your teeth clean, especially near thegumline, will help dramatically reduce or evenprevent gingivitis during your pregnancy. Andsubstituting sweet with more wholesome foodssuch as cheese, fresh fruits or vegetables is betterfor your teeth.
  20. 20. What Can I Expect When I Visit My Dentist During MyPregnancy? First, be sure to let your dentist know you’re pregnant whenyou schedule your appointment. It’s best to schedule your dentalvisit during the fourth to sixth month of your pregnancy. This isbecause the first three months of pregnancy are thought to be ofgreatest importance in your child’s development. During the lasttrimester, stresses associated with dental visits can increase theincidence of prenatal complication.
  21. 21. Typically, X-rays, dental anesthetics, pain medicationsand antibiotics (especially tetracycline) are not prescribedduring the first trimester, unless it’s absolutely necessary.During the last three months of pregnancy, sitting forlong periods of time in the dental chair can becomeuncomfortable. And there is evidence that pregnantwomen can be more prone to gagging. Your dentist,however, is prepared for this situation.
  22. 22. If you need to schedule an emergency visit, let the officeknow about your pregnancy before you arrive. Discussany stresses, past miscarriages and drugs you are taking asthese can all have an influence on how your dentistattends your needs. Your dentist may also want to consultwith your physician before any treatment is started.
  23. 23. If you have any doubts or concern, insist thatyour dentist and physician discuss yourparticular needs. If your dentist prescribesmedication, do not exceed the prescribeddosage. This includes aspirin.
  24. 24. Finding A Dentist How Do I Look For A Dentist?A good place to start is by asking for a referral from people youtrust-your friends, family, acquaintances, work associates,pharmacist or family doctor. Ask them how long they’ve gone totheir dentist, they how comfortable they feel asking questions,what type of dentist they go to (general or specialist). It isimportant that you find a dentist with whom you feel comfortable.
  25. 25. Other Ways To Find A Dentist Include: >Calling your local dental society for a list ofrecommended dentists in your area. Your local dentalsociety can be found in the Yellow Pages under “dentist.” >>Searching online for dentists in area. More andmore dentists have websites explaining their approachand treatment methods.
  26. 26. What Kind Of Dentist Should I Look For? General dentists are trained to all types of treatment. If youhave difficult or unusual problems, your dentist may refer you to oneof the following specialists: >Pediatric Dentists/Pedodontists- specialize inpediatric(children’s) dentistry. >>Endodontists- diagnose and treat diseased tooth pulp andperform root canal work (many general dentists also perform rootcanals.)
  27. 27. >>>Prosthodontists- specialize in crowns, bridges,and dentures. >>>>Oral Pathologists- use laboratory proceduresto diagnose diseases of the mouth. They also specializein forensic dentistry.
  28. 28. >>>>>Oral/ Maxillofacial- surgeons perform surgicaltreatments, such as removing cysts, tumors, and teeth. They cancorrect fractures or jaw problems that require surgery, includingtemporomandibular joint (TMJ). They also use methods similar tothose of plastic surgery to treat cosmetic problems of the jaw andface. >>>>>>Orthodontists- correct improperly positioned teeth,using braces and other appliances to move teeth into a betterposition. >>>>>>>Periodontists- specialize in the diagnosis andtreatment of gum disease.
  29. 29. How Do You Become A Practicing Dentist? A general practitioner or specialist can be degreed as eithera D. D. D (Doctor Of Dental Surgery) or a D. M. D (Doctor OfDental Medicine), depending on the school from which he/shegraduated. The requirements for each degree are identical: fouryears of post-graduate study for general practice plus one to twoyears of advanced study for a particular specialty. A graduate mustthen pass a state licensing examination in order to begin practice.
  30. 30. Dental Visit- The Dentist Visit And What To Expect What Happens During A Dental Visit?First, it is important find a dentist with whom you feelcomfortable. Once you’ve found a dentist you like, your next stepis to schedule a check- up- before any problems arise.
  31. 31. On your first visit to a dentist, they will take a full healthhistory. On subsequent visits, if your health status has changed,make sure to tell them. Most dental visits are checkups. Regular checkups(ideally every six months) will help your teeth stay cleaner, lastlonger and can prevent painful problems from developing.
  32. 32. A Full Examination Your dentist will perform a thorough examination of yourteeth, gums, and mouth, looking for signs of disease or otherproblems. His or her goal is to help maintain your good oral healthand to prevent problems from becoming serious, by identifying andtreating them as soon as possible.
  33. 33. X-Rays Depending on your, risks of disease and symptoms, your dentist may recommend X-rays. X-ray can diagnose problems otherwise unnoticed, such as damage to jawbones, impactedteeth, abscesses, cysts or tumors, and decay between the teeth. A modern dental office usesmachines that emit virtually no radiation- no more than you would receive from a day in thesun or a weekend watching TV. As a precaution, you should always wear a lead apron whenhaving an X-ray. And, if you pregnant, inform your dentist, as X-rays should only be taken inemergency situations. Your dentist may ask for a Panoramic X-ray, or Panorex. This type of film provides acomplete view of your upper and lower jaw in a single picture, and helps the dentist understandyour bite and the relationship between the different teeth and your arch.
  34. 34. How Long Should I Go Between Visits? If your teeth and gums are in good shape, you probably won’tneed to return for three to six months. If further treatment is required-say to fill a cavity, remove a wisdom tooth, or repair a broken crown-you should make an appointment before leaving the office. And don’tforget to ask your dentist any questions you may have- this is yourchance to get the answers you need.
  35. 35. Tooth Anatomy What Are The Different Parts Of A Tooth? Crown: The top part of the tooth, and the only part you cannormally see. The shape of the crown determines the tooth’s function.For example, front teeth are shape and chisel-shapes for cutting, whilemolars have flat surfaces for grinding.
  36. 36. Gumline: Where the tooth and the gums meet.Without proper brushing and flossing, plaqueand tartar can build up at the gumline, leadingto gingivitis and gum disease.
  37. 37. Root: The part of the tooth hat is embedded inbone. The root makes up about two-thirds ofthe tooth and holds the tooth in place.
  38. 38. Enamel: The outermost layer of thetooth. Enamel is the hardest, mostmineralized tissue in the body- yet it canbe damaged by decay if teeth are not caredfor properly.
  39. 39. Dentin:The layer of the tooth under theenamel. If decay is able to progress its waythrough the enamel, it next attacks the dentin-where millions of tiny tubes lead directly to thedental pulp.
  40. 40. Pulp: The soft tissue found in the centerof all teeth, where the nerve tissue andblood vessels are. If tooth decay reachesthe pulp, you usually feel pain.
  41. 41. What Are The Different Types Of Teeth? Every tooth has a specific job or function (usethe dental arch in this section to locate and identifyeach type of tooth): Incisors: The sharp, chisel-shaped front teeth(four upper, four lower) used for cutting food.
  42. 42. Canines: Sometimes called cuspids, theseteeth are shaped like points (cups) and are usedfor tearing food.
  43. 43. Premolars: These teeth have two pointedcusps on their biting surface and aresometimes referred to as bicuspids. Thepremolars are for crushing and tearing.
  44. 44. Molars: Used for grinding, these teethhave several cusps on the biting surface.
  45. 45. What Is Good Oral Hygiene  Good oral hygiene results in a mouth that looks and smells healthy. Thismeans: > Your teeth are clean and free of debris >>Gums are pink and do not hurt or bleed when you brush or floss >>>Bad breath is not a constant problem                                                                                                                                                                
  46. 46. If your gums do hurt or bleed whilebrushing or flossing, or you areexperiencing persistent bad breath, seeyour dentist. Any of these conditions mayindicate a problem.
  47. 47. Your dentist of hygienists can help you learn goodoral hygiene techniques and can help point outareas of your mouth that may require extraattention during brushing and flossing.
  48. 48. How Well Is Oral Hygiene Practiced Maintaining good oral hygiene is one of the mostimportant things you can do for your teeth and gums.Healthy teeth not only enable you to look and feel good,they make it possible to eat and speak properly. Good oralhealth is important to your overall well-being.
  49. 49. Daily preventive care, including properbrushing and flossing, will help stop problems beforethey develop and is much less painful, expensive, andworrisome then treating conditions that have beenallowed to progress.
  50. 50. In between regular visits to the dentist, there are simple steps that each of us can take to greatlydecrease the risk of developing tooth disease and other dental problems.
  51. 51. That Includes: >Brushing thoroughly twice a day and flossing daily. >>Eating a balanced diet and limiting snacks betweenmeals. >>>Using dental products that contain fluoride, includingtoothpaste. >>>>Rinsing with a fluoride mouth rinse if your dentisttells you to. >>>>> Making sure that your children under 12 drinkfluoridated water or take a fluoride supplement if they live in anon-fluoridated area.
  52. 52. How To Brush-Teeth Brushing Techniques What Is The Right Way To Brush?Proper brushing takes at least two minutes- that’s right, 120 seconds!Most adults do not come close to brushing that long. To get a feel forthe time involved, try using a stopwatch. To properly brush your teeth,use short, gentle strokes, paying extra attention to the gumline, hardto-reach back teeth and areas around fillings, crowns or otherrestoration.
  53. 53. Concentrate on thoroughly cleaning each section asfollows: >Clean the outer surface of your upper teeth, then lowerteeth. >>Clean the inner surface of your upper teeth, then yourlower teeth. >>>Clean the chewing surface. >>>>For fresher breath, be sure to brush your tongue too!
  54. 54. What Type Of Toothbrush Should I Use? Most dental professionals agree that a soft-bristle brush is bestfor removing plaque and debris from your-teeth. Small- headedbrushes are also preferable, since they can better reach all areas of themouth, including hard-to-reach back teeth. For many, a poweredtoothbrush is a good alternative. It can do a better job of cleaningteeth, particularly for those who have difficulty brushing or who havelimited manual dexterity.
  55. 55. How Important Is The Toothpaste I Use? It is important that you use a toothpaste that’s right foryou. Today there is a wide variety of toothpaste designed formany conditions, including cavities, gingivitis, tartar, stainedteeth and sensitivity. Ask your dentist or dental hygienist whichtoothpaste is right for you.
  56. 56. How Often Should I Replace My Toothpaste? You should replace your toothpaste when it begins toshow wear, or every three months, whichever comes first. It isalso very important to change toothbrushes after you’ve had acold, since the bristles can collect germs that can lead to re-infection.