The workforce was made up of German working class that never supported the Nazis. On the 2nd of may 1933 the Nazis attack trade unions and the SA destroyed its head quarters. Trade union leaders were sent to Dachau Hitler outlawed trade unions and cut the capacity of an apponent
Hitler replaces the leaders with the DAP Some say DAP were better because bosses weren’t allowed to exploit their workers. Others say it was an opportunity of denouncing KdF- strength through joy offered a hardworking incentive scheme led by Robert Ley Robert Ley organised compulsory leisure activities like fitness training ‘Aryans’ in order to make sure the working class are living the German way
Germany had a tradition of youth organisations. Church ones, scout ones. They were abolished and replaced by Nazi organisations 1936 Hitler established a comprehensive structure of youth organisations.
1930- 35,000 members 1936- 7 million members Purpose: Indoctrinate young Germans and prepare them for military and warfare
Paramilitary group Led by SA then after 1934 ‘operation hummingbird’ led by SS Taught physical fitness, weapon training, outdoor survival Taught to deal with death in combat Nazi ideology
Some enjoyed HJ others resented it and disliked the militarism and refused to go HJ allowed the SS to identify future leaders or officials Boys were asked to give information on their parents and neighbours to the gestapo
School was the main tool of indoctrination Mixed sex classes were prohibited Girls studied ‘ domestic science’ and boys studied Chemistry and Physics New subjects were added such as Nazi theory and Eugenics they were taught to children because this taught children that Aryans were superior to others and Jews didn’t belong in Germany.
Most schools had a Nazi official in class to make sure teachers were following the education policy Teachers had to be approved by the Nazis Books were printed by the Nazi’s 12 Adolf Hitler schools where for the ‘elite’
The SS were responsible for the holocaust therefore the SS must have gone through indoctrination of Hitler Jugend Very little resistance to Nazi policies, even in WW2 when the ‘Nazi Generation’ was entering adult hood Between 1933-1945 German youth provided high levels of threat and resistance Youth were stronger than any other democratic group in Germany.