Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy.

Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details.

Like this presentation? Why not share!

946 views

Published on

No Downloads

Total views

946

On SlideShare

0

From Embeds

0

Number of Embeds

1

Shares

0

Downloads

91

Comments

0

Likes

3

No embeds

No notes for slide

- 1. Axial Stress - Strain Curve And Modulus Of Elasticity Yasin , Aust
- 2. Presented by Name: : Md. Yasin Student No. :10.01.03.038 Section :A 4th Year 2nd Semester Department of civil Engineering Ahsanullah University Of Science and Technology Yasin , Aust
- 3. STRESS In trying to pull the object apart, internal resisting forces are created and these internal forces are known as stress. Stress = Restoring force / area = (F)/(A) , where F is the deforming force acting on an area A of the body Yasin , Aust
- 4. STRAIN The ratio of change produced in the dimensions of a body by a system of forces or couples, in equilibrium, to its original dimensions is called strain. Yasin , Aust
- 5. LOAD STRUCTURE Stress strain Yasin , Aust
- 6. REQUIREMENT OF STRESS –STRAIN RELATIONSHIP To analysis and design members. It is most important while dealing with reinforced concrete which is a composite material. Yasin , Aust
- 7. STRESS-STRAIN CURVE CONCRETE Yasin , Aust
- 8. STRESS—STRAIN CURVE OF CONCRETE At first, As load is applied ,the ratio between stress-strain is approximate linear. Concrete behaves almost as an elastic material. If load is removed,displacement is recovered virtually. Eventually, The curve is no longer linear. Behaves more and more as plastic materia. The shape of stress-strain curve is mostly depend on length of time of loading. Yasin , Aust
- 9. STRESS-STRAIN CURVE OF CONCRETE Yasin , Aust
- 10. Stress-strain relationship
- 11. It is interesting to note that although cement paste and aggregates individually have linear stress-strain relationships, the behavior for concrete is non-linear. This is due to the mismatch and micro cracking created at the interfacial transition zone. Yasin , Aust
- 12. STRESS-STRAIN CURVE STEEL Yasin , Aust
- 13. Material behavior is generally represented by a stress-strain diagram, which is obtained by conducting a tensile test on a specimen of material. Yasin , Aust
- 14. – Stress-strain responseis linear. – Slope = Modulus of Elasticity (Young’s modulus) = E Yasin , Aust
- 15. – Begins at yield stress Σy – Slope rapidly decreases until it is horizontal or near horizontal – Large strain increase, small stress increase – Strain is permanent Yasin , Aust
- 16. – After undergoing large deformations, the metal has changed its crystalline structure. – The material has increased resistance to applied stress (it appears to be “harder”). Yasin , Aust
- 17. – The maximum supported stress value is called the ultimate stress, σu. – Loading beyond σu results in decreased load supported and eventually rupture. Yasin , Aust
- 18. Modulus of elasticity It is defined as the slope of its stress-strain curve in the elastic deformation level. E= Stress/Strain Yasin , Aust
- 19. The modulus of elasticity of concrete is a function of modulus of elasticity of the aggregates. the cement matrix. their relative proportions. Yasin , Aust
- 20. CHARACTERISTICS Stress At Low At High Modulus of Elasticity Constant Decreasing (cracking) Yasin , Aust
- 21. CHARACTERISTICS Elements Modulus of Elasticity Cement harden paste 10-30 Gpa Aggregates 45-85 Gpa Concrete Composite 30-50 Gpa Yasin , Aust
- 22. The modulus of elasticity to be calculated using the following equation Where, W=weight of concrete = Compressive strength of concrete at 28 days (psi) Yasin , Aust
- 23. Yasin , Aust

No public clipboards found for this slide

×
### Save the most important slides with Clipping

Clipping is a handy way to collect and organize the most important slides from a presentation. You can keep your great finds in clipboards organized around topics.

Be the first to comment