Fanon the negro and recognition in black skin, white mask


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Fanon the negro and recognition in black skin, white mask

  1. 1. Frantz Fanon - The Negro and Recognition in Black Skin, White Mask
  2. 2. Introduction : Black Skin, White Masks :  Black Skin, White Masks - a book about the mindset or psychology of racism.  Frantz Fanon, a Martinican psychiatrist and black, post-colonialist thinker.  Written for white French psychiatrists.
  3. 3. The Negro and Recognition  Frantz Fanon was not a big believer of Adler and Hegel, but nonetheless he used their ideas as a jumping off point to understand the blacks from his home island of Martinique.  Adler says that you understand someone not through his words and actions but through the end he aims to achieve.
  4. 4. The Negro and Recognition  In Martinique black people put each other down to feel good about themselves. So mistakes in your French or at your work are remembered and repeated – not because they are so terrible in themselves but because it allows others to put you down so they can feel better about themselves.
  5. 5. The Negro and Recognition “I am Narcissus, and I want to see reflected in the eyes of the other an image of myself that satisfies me.” (Black Skin, White Masks - Page 187)  Fanon shows that it goes back 400 years. The fault is not in the souls of black people but comes from white rule, which forces blacks to live in a world where their human worth is questioned. But since blacks are not in a position to put down white people, they prove their worth by putting down each other.
  6. 6. The Negro and Recognition  Hegel says that our sense of self worth and even reality comes from others, particularly from how they react to our actions.  So blacks in America, having had to fight for equal rights against whites, have a firm sense of themselves. Seeing the hatred in the eyes of white people and hearing the names they were called and knowing the body count, they fought for an equal place in society.  The blacks in Martinique were not so fortunate. They never fought for anything – except for the white man in wars overseas. Whites freed the slaves on their own. And instead of mean looks and mean words and bodies hanging from trees like in America, whites in Martinique show “nothing but indifference or paternalistic curiosity” – while looking down on blacks all the same.
  7. 7. The Negro and Recognition  The Negro, Juan de Mérida, says this: What a disgrace it is to be black in this world! Are black men not men? Does that endow them with a baser soul, a duller, an uglier? And for that they have earned scornful names. I rise burdened with the shame of my color And I let the world know my courage . . . Is it so vile to be black?  As we can see, Juan de Mérida must be understood from the viewpoint of overcompensation. It is because the Negro belongs to an “inferior” race that he seeks to be like the superior race.
  8. 8. CONCLUSION  In place of honest hatred was a false smile, Which gave blacks nothing to fight against. All they could do was bite their tongue and smile back. Giving them a weaker sense of themselves while still remaining unequal.
  9. 9. Thank You.