Study & time management for cs students of bikaner
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Study And Time Management for CS Student

Study And Time Management for CS Student

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Study & time management for cs students of bikaner Study & time management for cs students of bikaner Presentation Transcript

  • Study & Time Management for CS Students of Bikaner Dr.T.K. JainDr.T.K. Jain (Principal, Sri Jain P.G. College,(Principal, Sri Jain P.G. College, Bikaner)Bikaner) AFTERSCHOOOLAFTERSCHOOOL Centre for social EntrepreneurshipCentre for social Entrepreneurship Sivakamu veterinary hospital roadSivakamu veterinary hospital road bikanerbikaner M: 9414430763M: 9414430763 tkjainbkn@yahoo.co.intkjainbkn@yahoo.co.in www.afterschool.tkwww.afterschool.tk afterschool@in.comafterschool@in.com
  • Books / articles - you must read Becoming A Master StudentBecoming A Master Student,, 8th edition.8th edition. – Dave Ellis. Houghton Mifflin. 1997Dave Ellis. Houghton Mifflin. 1997 How to Study in CollegeHow to Study in College,, 6th ed6th ed.. – Walter Pauk. Houghton MIfflin. 1997Walter Pauk. Houghton MIfflin. 1997 College Reading & Study SkillsCollege Reading & Study Skills,, 2nd ed2nd ed – Kathleen McWhorter. Harper Collins. 1997Kathleen McWhorter. Harper Collins. 1997 Secrets Our Body Clocks RevealSecrets Our Body Clocks Reveal – Perry, Dawson. Macmillan Publishing, 1988Perry, Dawson. Macmillan Publishing, 1988 First Things FirstFirst Things First – Steven Covey. Simon/ Schuster. 1994Steven Covey. Simon/ Schuster. 1994 Articles & speeches by Dr. T.K. JainArticles & speeches by Dr. T.K. Jain – www.afterschool.tkwww.afterschool.tk
  • Time Management 1 The Present1 The Present 2 86,4002 86,400 3 Tick When I Should Tock?3 Tick When I Should Tock? 4 Am I Working My “A’s” Off?4 Am I Working My “A’s” Off? 5 Conquer Procrastination5 Conquer Procrastination 6 Pacing6 Pacing 7 Take the Offensive With a Planner7 Take the Offensive With a Planner 8 Be Realistic in your Expectations8 Be Realistic in your Expectations 9 Is The Jar Full?9 Is The Jar Full? 10 Be the Bunny10 Be the Bunny
  • 1. The Present
  • 1. The Present Yesterday is History Tomorrow’s a Mystery But Today is a Gift That’s Why They Call it The Present
  • Time is a Non RenewableTime is a Non Renewable ResourceResource Once it is gone, it is gone.Once it is gone, it is gone. You will never see thisYou will never see this moment again.moment again.
  • A Fordham UniversityA Fordham University Study of first yearStudy of first year students found thestudents found the following:following: – On weekdays studentsOn weekdays students spentspent TWICETWICE as muchas much time on leisure activitiestime on leisure activities as on studying.as on studying. – On weekends studentsOn weekends students spentspent SIX TIMESSIX TIMES asas much time on leisuremuch time on leisure activities as on studying.activities as on studying.
  • What’s your “LQ” Leisure Quotient? Sometimes we justSometimes we just don’t realize howdon’t realize how much time we spentmuch time we spent in non productivein non productive ways.ways. Here are someHere are some examples of leisure:examples of leisure: – Visiting between classesVisiting between classes – Listening to CD’sListening to CD’s – Watching tvWatching tv – DaydreamingDaydreaming What others can youWhat others can you think of?think of?
  • Finding your LQ For the next week, keep aFor the next week, keep a close record each day of howclose record each day of how much time you spend onmuch time you spend on leisure activities.leisure activities. Divide this number by 960*Divide this number by 960* minutes to get your “LQ”.minutes to get your “LQ”. – *960 minutes equals 16*960 minutes equals 16 waking hours per day.waking hours per day. – Leisure activities areLeisure activities are important to help youimportant to help you recharge, but too muchrecharge, but too much can be detrimental.can be detrimental.
  • 2. 86,400
  • 2. Eighty Six Thousand Four Hundred Picture this:Picture this: – Each day your bankEach day your bank depositsdeposits $86,400$86,400 inin your checking account.your checking account. – There’s just one catch.There’s just one catch. – You have to spend it allYou have to spend it all in one day.in one day. – You can’t carry over anyYou can’t carry over any money to the next day.money to the next day.
  • What would you do? DUH?DUH? You’d spend it all,You’d spend it all, Right?Right?
  • 2424 hours per dayhours per day XX 6060 minutes per hourminutes per hour XX 6060 seconds per minuteseconds per minute == 86,400 S86,400 Secondseconds
  • Every Second Counts Spend every second in an efficient andSpend every second in an efficient and productive wayproductive way If you fail to use the day’s deposits, theIf you fail to use the day’s deposits, the loss is yours.loss is yours.
  • To Realize the Value of: ONE YEAR, ask a student who failed a grade.ONE YEAR, ask a student who failed a grade. ONE MONTH, ask a mother who gave birth to a premature baby.ONE MONTH, ask a mother who gave birth to a premature baby. ONE WEEK, ask the editor of a weekly newspaper.ONE WEEK, ask the editor of a weekly newspaper. ONE DAY, ask a daily wage laborer with kids to feed.ONE DAY, ask a daily wage laborer with kids to feed. ONE HOUR, ask the lovers who are waiting to meet.ONE HOUR, ask the lovers who are waiting to meet. ONE MINUTE, ask a person who missed the train.ONE MINUTE, ask a person who missed the train. ONE SECOND, ask a person who just avoided an accident.ONE SECOND, ask a person who just avoided an accident. ONE MILLISECOND, ask the person who won a silver medal in theONE MILLISECOND, ask the person who won a silver medal in the Olympics.Olympics.
  • 3. Tick When I Should Tock?
  • 3. Am I trying to Tick when my Body Wants to Tock? Circadian RhythmsCircadian Rhythms Circadian rhythms are internal biologicalCircadian rhythms are internal biological clocks that regulate many functions andclocks that regulate many functions and activities, including sleep, temperature,activities, including sleep, temperature, metabolism, alertness, blood pressure,metabolism, alertness, blood pressure, heart rate and hormone levels andheart rate and hormone levels and immunitiesimmunities.. About every 24 hours our bodies cycleAbout every 24 hours our bodies cycle through metabolic and chemicalthrough metabolic and chemical changes.changes. These Circadian Rhythms are reset byThese Circadian Rhythms are reset by sunlight each morning.sunlight each morning. Whether you are a “Morning Person” or aWhether you are a “Morning Person” or a “Night Owl” is determined by these“Night Owl” is determined by these cycles.cycles.
  • Maximize your Efficiency Work With Your Body Cycles-not Against Them If we learn to listen to our bodies, weIf we learn to listen to our bodies, we can work with these natural rhythmscan work with these natural rhythms instead of fighting them.instead of fighting them. We can make more efficient use of ourWe can make more efficient use of our time by scheduling certain activities attime by scheduling certain activities at certain times of the day.certain times of the day.
  • Cognitive Tasks 8am - 12 noon* Cognitive, or mental, tasks such asCognitive, or mental, tasks such as reading, calculating, and problemreading, calculating, and problem solving are performed most efficiently insolving are performed most efficiently in the morning.the morning. *If you are a Night Owl, shift these times about 3-4 hours later in the day.
  • Short term memory 6 am - 10 am Short term memory tasks such asShort term memory tasks such as last minute reviewing for testslast minute reviewing for tests are best performed early in theare best performed early in the morning.morning. *If you are a Night Owl, shift these times about 3-4 hours later in the day.
  • Long term memory 1 pm - 4pm* *If you are a Night Owl, shift these times about 3-4 hours later in the day. Longer term Memory tasks such as memorizing speeches and information for application are best performed in the afternoon.
  • Manual Dexterity 2 pm to 6 pm* You are most efficient at tasks involvingYou are most efficient at tasks involving the use of your hands such asthe use of your hands such as keyboarding and carpentry in thekeyboarding and carpentry in the afternoon and early evening.afternoon and early evening. *If you are a Night Owl, shift these times about 3-4 hours later in the day.
  • Physical Workouts 4 pm to 9 pm * Because of Circadian Rhythms it is bestBecause of Circadian Rhythms it is best to engage in physical activity in theto engage in physical activity in the evening when your large muscleevening when your large muscle coordination is at its peak.coordination is at its peak. Studies show you willStudies show you will perceiveperceive thethe workout to be easier in the evening.workout to be easier in the evening. Exercising about 1-5 hours beforeExercising about 1-5 hours before bedtime improves the quality of sleep.bedtime improves the quality of sleep. *If you are a Night Owl, shift these times about 3-4 hours later in the day.
  • Student Lag, aka Jet Lag Are you creating the equivalent of jetAre you creating the equivalent of jet lag by keeping an inconsistent sleeplag by keeping an inconsistent sleep schedule?schedule? Answer the following questions to findAnswer the following questions to find out.out.
  • Do you Suffer from Student Jet Lag? Do you get up at about the the same time eachDo you get up at about the the same time each morning?morning? Yes___No____Yes___No____ Do you wake up without an alarm most mornings?Do you wake up without an alarm most mornings? Yes___No____Yes___No____ Do you almost always get 7-9 hours of sleep perDo you almost always get 7-9 hours of sleep per night?night? Yes___No____Yes___No____
  • Student Jet Lag If you answered no to any of theIf you answered no to any of the questions, you are compromising yourquestions, you are compromising your body’s efficiency.body’s efficiency.
  • Learn more about Circadian Rhythms Secrets of Our Body ClocksSecrets of Our Body Clocks RevealedRevealed
  • 4. Am I Working My “A’s” Off?
  • 4. Am I Working My “A’s” Off? Economist VilfredoEconomist Vilfredo Pareto identified thePareto identified the 80/20 Rule.80/20 Rule. – In any list of tasks,In any list of tasks, 80% of the80% of the importance lies inimportance lies in 20% of the list.20% of the list.
  • How would prioritize this list of daily tasks? Write the underlined word of the tasks which would be on your “A” List “B” List “C” List Buy laundryBuy laundry detergentdetergent.. Write a eight pageWrite a eight page essayessay for English.for English. Prepare for aPrepare for a Income Tax quizIncome Tax quiz.. DustDust the videos on the bookcase.the videos on the bookcase. Review forReview for midterm testmidterm test that counts for 50% of grade.that counts for 50% of grade. Schedule anSchedule an appointmentappointment with a Professor.with a Professor. Complete aComplete a journal entryjournal entry.. EmailEmail a high school friend on another campus.a high school friend on another campus. Shop for a new pair ofShop for a new pair of athletic shoesathletic shoes.. ““Armor-alArmor-al” the dashboard of the car.” the dashboard of the car.
  • Are you working your “A’s” Off? or Do You Have C-Fever?““A” LISTA” LIST 11 Midterm test that counts for 50% of grade.Midterm test that counts for 50% of grade. 2 Write a eight page essay for Business Law.2 Write a eight page essay for Business Law. ““B” LISTB” LIST 3 Prepare for a quiz in Income Tax3 Prepare for a quiz in Income Tax 4 Schedule an appointment with a Professor.4 Schedule an appointment with a Professor. 5 Complete a journal entry.5 Complete a journal entry. ““C” LISTC” LIST 6 Buy laundry detergent.6 Buy laundry detergent. 7 Dust the videos on the bookcase.7 Dust the videos on the bookcase. 8 Email a high school friend on another campus.8 Email a high school friend on another campus. 9 Shop for a new pair of athletic shoes.9 Shop for a new pair of athletic shoes. 10 “Armor-al” the dashboard of the car.10 “Armor-al” the dashboard of the car.
  • “C” Fever Have you ever noticed?Have you ever noticed? – That the videos must be alphabetized before you canThat the videos must be alphabetized before you can settle in to review for a test.settle in to review for a test. – That rumpled pile of clothes left in the corner sinceThat rumpled pile of clothes left in the corner since Thursday night just has to get folded and put awayThursday night just has to get folded and put away before you can start that English essay.before you can start that English essay. If so, you may be suffering from “C” FeverIf so, you may be suffering from “C” Fever
  • 5. Conquer Procrastination
  • 5. Conquer Procrastination Why is “C” fever as common as theWhy is “C” fever as common as the cold?cold? – The “A” tasks may :The “A” tasks may : Produce minimal endorphinsProduce minimal endorphins Be too lengthyBe too lengthy Be too difficultBe too difficult Be too threatening because of the possibility ofBe too threatening because of the possibility of failurefailure Be too threatening because of the possibility ofBe too threatening because of the possibility of successsuccess
  • It’s All about Endorphins - The Feel Good Hormone • Develop a Conditioned Response to the Tasks youDevelop a Conditioned Response to the Tasks you ProcrastinateProcrastinate • Set a goal to complete a task/projectSet a goal to complete a task/project • After completing the task, reward yourself with somethingAfter completing the task, reward yourself with something that is pleasurable for youthat is pleasurable for you • The body releases endorphins- the feel goodThe body releases endorphins- the feel good hormonehormone • Over time with repetition, you will come to associate feelingOver time with repetition, you will come to associate feeling good with completing a task/projectgood with completing a task/project • You won’t procrastinate as muchYou won’t procrastinate as much
  • Divide and Conquer Procrastination A father gave his son a bundle of sticks andA father gave his son a bundle of sticks and asked him to break it. After the boyasked him to break it. After the boy struggled, the father took the bundle, untied itstruggled, the father took the bundle, untied it and broke one stick at a time.and broke one stick at a time. We procrastinate because the “A” tasks seemWe procrastinate because the “A” tasks seem too lengthy or too difficulttoo lengthy or too difficult – Divide a lengthy task into smaller, shorter partsDivide a lengthy task into smaller, shorter parts that seem easier to completethat seem easier to complete – Divide a forty page chapter into 10 page sectionsDivide a forty page chapter into 10 page sections – Reward yourself after completing each section.Reward yourself after completing each section.
  • Fear of Success and Failure We procrastinate because we fear FAILURE.We procrastinate because we fear FAILURE. – It is easier to accept that we failed because we didn’tIt is easier to accept that we failed because we didn’t even attempt a project than to fail at doing the project.even attempt a project than to fail at doing the project. We procrastinate because we fear SUCCESS.We procrastinate because we fear SUCCESS. – If I get all “A’s” this semester, everyone will expect theIf I get all “A’s” this semester, everyone will expect the same next semester.same next semester. – If I do an outstanding job on this project, my boss willIf I do an outstanding job on this project, my boss will just pile on more work.just pile on more work.
  • If you are going to Procrastinate, at least take the blame! Student to Teacher…Student to Teacher… ““I don’t have my paper todayI don’t have my paper today because the lab assistantbecause the lab assistant couldn’t get the printer tocouldn’t get the printer to work.”work.” ““I’m late to class because II’m late to class because I couldn’t find a parkingcouldn’t find a parking space.”space.” ““I’d like to study on a regularI’d like to study on a regular basis, but it isn’t alwaysbasis, but it isn’t always possible with my hecticpossible with my hectic sleeping schedule!”sleeping schedule!”
  • 6. Pacing
  • 6. Pacing Athletes know the phenomenon of running with someone ahead of them to increase their times. The same effect can be achieved with studying and completing schoolwork.
  • Because work expands or contracts to fit the time allotted, make pacing work for you by doing the following: Estimate the time needed to complete a task.Estimate the time needed to complete a task. Subtract 15% from that estimate.Subtract 15% from that estimate. Set a timer to help you reach the goal ofSet a timer to help you reach the goal of completing the task in reduced time.completing the task in reduced time.
  • 7. Take the Offensive With a Planner
  • 7. Take the Offensive with a PLANNER A planner helps you:A planner helps you: See the big pictureSee the big picture Plan ahead to avoidPlan ahead to avoid “11th Hour” efforts“11th Hour” efforts Be time efficientBe time efficient
  • Using a Planner Effectively Select a planner that youSelect a planner that you will be likely to carry withwill be likely to carry with you.you. At the beginning of eachAt the beginning of each semester, record testsemester, record test dates, project due datesdates, project due dates etc from all of your syllabietc from all of your syllabi for your classes.for your classes. Use pencil becauseUse pencil because schedules changeschedules change Keep your planner handyKeep your planner handy
  • 8. Be Realistic in your Expectations
  • 8. Be Realistic Examine your schedule.Examine your schedule. Be realistic about whatBe realistic about what you can accomplish.you can accomplish. Don’t try to juggle tooDon’t try to juggle too many things.many things. Don’t set yourself up forDon’t set yourself up for failure.failure.
  • The Two to One Rule of Thumb For every hour you are in class, youFor every hour you are in class, you should study at least two hoursshould study at least two hours =
  • CS STUDY (JAIN PG COLLEGE) IS A FULL TIME JOB Full time student spends 15 hours in classFull time student spends 15 hours in class per weekper week Full time student spends aFull time student spends a minimumminimum of 30of 30 hours per week studyinghours per week studying 15 plus 30 equals 45 hours per week15 plus 30 equals 45 hours per week Work an absolute MAXIMUM of 20 hoursWork an absolute MAXIMUM of 20 hours per weekper week CS STUDY (JAIN P.G. COLLEGE) IS A FULL TIMECS STUDY (JAIN P.G. COLLEGE) IS A FULL TIME JOB!JOB!
  • 9. Is The Jar Full? Stephen Covey in his book,Stephen Covey in his book, First Things FirstFirst Things First, shares the, shares the following story experienced byfollowing story experienced by one of his associates:one of his associates: I attended a seminar onceI attended a seminar once where the instructor waswhere the instructor was lecturing on time. At one point,lecturing on time. At one point, he said, "Okay, time for a quiz."he said, "Okay, time for a quiz." He reached under the table andHe reached under the table and pulled out a wide-mouthedpulled out a wide-mouthed gallon jar. He set it on the tablegallon jar. He set it on the table next to a platter with some fist-next to a platter with some fist- sized rocks on it. "How manysized rocks on it. "How many of these rocks do you think weof these rocks do you think we can get in the jar?" he askedcan get in the jar?" he asked..
  • After we made ourAfter we made our guess, he said, "Okay.guess, he said, "Okay. Let's find out." He setLet's find out." He set one rock in the jar . . .one rock in the jar . . . then another . . . thenthen another . . . then another. I don'tanother. I don't remember how many heremember how many he got in, but he got the jargot in, but he got the jar full. Then he asked, "Isfull. Then he asked, "Is this jar full?" Everyonethis jar full?" Everyone looked at the rocks andlooked at the rocks and said, "Yes."said, "Yes."
  • Then he said, "Ahhh"Then he said, "Ahhh" He reached under theHe reached under the table and pulled out atable and pulled out a bucket of gravel. Thenbucket of gravel. Then he dumped some gravelhe dumped some gravel in and shook the jar andin and shook the jar and the gravel went in all thethe gravel went in all the little spaces left by thelittle spaces left by the big rocks. Then hebig rocks. Then he grinned and said oncegrinned and said once more, "Is the jar full?"more, "Is the jar full?"
  • By this time the classBy this time the class was on to him.was on to him. "Probably not," we said."Probably not," we said. "Good!" he replied. He"Good!" he replied. He reached under the tablereached under the table and brought out aand brought out a bucket of sand. Hebucket of sand. He started dumping thestarted dumping the sand in and it went intosand in and it went into all of the little spacesall of the little spaces left by the rocks and theleft by the rocks and the gravel. Once more hegravel. Once more he looked and said, "Is thislooked and said, "Is this jar full?" "No!" wejar full?" "No!" we roared.roared.
  • He said, "Good!" andHe said, "Good!" and he grabbed a pitcher ofhe grabbed a pitcher of water and began to pourwater and began to pour it in. He got somethingit in. He got something like a quart of water inlike a quart of water in that jar. Then he said, "that jar. Then he said, " Well, what's the point?"Well, what's the point?" Somebody said, "Well,Somebody said, "Well, there are gaps, and ifthere are gaps, and if you work really hard youyou work really hard you can always fit somecan always fit some more things into yourmore things into your life."life."
  • "No," he said, "that's not"No," he said, "that's not really the point.really the point. The point is this:The point is this: Put thePut the Big RocksBig Rocks in Firstin First
  • 1 The Present 2 86,400 3 Tick When I Should Tock? 4 Am I Working My “A’s” Off? 5 Conquer Procrastination 6 Pacing 7 Take the Offensive With a Planner 8 Be Realistic in your Expectations 9 Is The Jar Full? Here are the 9 Main Points you have written to remind you how to Manage Your Time
  • Time-Management Assessment 1.1. I tend to be on time for classes and appointments.I tend to be on time for classes and appointments. 2.2. I set aside time to study for exams.I set aside time to study for exams. 3.3. I set aside time to study or read my textbook even if I do not have anI set aside time to study or read my textbook even if I do not have an exam to prepare for.exam to prepare for. 4.4. I regularly take part in social activities despite the fact that I haveI regularly take part in social activities despite the fact that I have studying to do.studying to do. 5.5. I usually cram for exams.I usually cram for exams. 6.6. I usually feel prepared on the day of exams.I usually feel prepared on the day of exams. 7.7. With everything I have to do, I find it hard to complete assignments andWith everything I have to do, I find it hard to complete assignments and projects on time.projects on time. 8.8. I do not experience “burn out” anytime between midterm and finalI do not experience “burn out” anytime between midterm and final exams.exams. 9.9. I write down the things that I need to do.I write down the things that I need to do. 10.10. I have enough time to get done what I need to, but I still find it hard toI have enough time to get done what I need to, but I still find it hard to finish everything.finish everything. 11.11. I hardly ever feel pressured to get things done.I hardly ever feel pressured to get things done. 12.12. Dealing with extenuating circumstances such as sorting out financial aid,Dealing with extenuating circumstances such as sorting out financial aid, getting extra tutoring, or seeing a professor during office hours seriouslygetting extra tutoring, or seeing a professor during office hours seriously disrupts my daily or weekly routine.disrupts my daily or weekly routine. On a piece of paper, write down if you agree or disagree with each of the 12 statements below:
  • Time-Management Assessment Answer Key For statements: 1, 2, 3, 6, 8, 9, 11For statements: 1, 2, 3, 6, 8, 9, 11 Give yourself 1 point for each statementGive yourself 1 point for each statement that you said you agree withthat you said you agree with For statements: 4, 5, 7, 10, 12For statements: 4, 5, 7, 10, 12 Give yourself 1 point for each statementGive yourself 1 point for each statement that you said you disagree withthat you said you disagree with
  • Where does your Time- Management clock in? If you scored between 9 and 12, congratulations!If you scored between 9 and 12, congratulations! You are a good time manager.You are a good time manager. If you scored between 5 and 8, you are doing someIf you scored between 5 and 8, you are doing some things right.things right. If you scored between 1 and 4, you need to spendIf you scored between 1 and 4, you need to spend extra time working on your skills.extra time working on your skills. Regardless of your score, the tips onRegardless of your score, the tips on the following slides can help youthe following slides can help you improve your time management skills!improve your time management skills!