Exploring the rural urban skews YASH MAHENDRA (PGID: 61010166) Is Urbanization helping India?
A FAILED VISION Central Planning- an outcome of Nehruvian Socialism failed to do exactly what it was meant to- the emancipation of villages and reduction of the rich-poor, urban-rural divide. Despite this most blatant failure, the rural economy remains largely regulated and subsidized and far from the reformative touch of market forces. In this study, I’ve picked the 5 most and least urbanized states and studied their statistics related to population control, gender equality, healthcare, and education.
URBAN VS RURAL STATES Education: Urban states perform well above the rural states on education with an impressive 73% literacy as opposed to the 55% in rural states. Healthcare: Life expectancy and IMR figures are significantly higher in predominantly urban states pointing to better healthcare facilities. Gender Bias: With only slightly better sex ratios of urban states it can be said that there is no significant improvement in women empowerment through urbanization. Women empowerment seems to be more of a north-south phenomenon with women in the southern states more empowered than their northern counterparts. Population: The rate of growth of the population remains almost the same between rural and urban India. It seems that the reduction in the willingness to have children caused by better education is cancelled by an increase in infant survival rates due to better healthcare facilities.
BENCHMARKING WITH THE GLOBE! Education: Geared to be India’s gravest competitive disadvantage, Education among Indian masses still hovers around 60% when China has achieved more than 90% Healthcare: China can boast of an IMR less than half of India which speaks of much better health standards. Gender Bias: Compared to the US figure of 1,111 both India and China’s sex ratio reveal a predominant gender bias specific to Asian cultures. Population: China has managed to control its population growth rate and is poised at about a third of India’s population growth rate of 1.6%
CONCLUSION India is seriously lagging in the domains of Education, Healthcare and Women Empowerment compared to China and USA. While urbanization helps improve Education and Healthcare standards it does not do much to Indian’s attitude towards Gender equality. It also does not ensure population control. There definitely seems to be a trickle down effect in ‘urban states’. While many of them have about 70% of population residing in villages they seem to have progressed substantially in Education and Healthcare.