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Study_Section.docx - Taskcity - Outsource to IT expert, freelance ... Study_Section.docx - Taskcity - Outsource to IT expert, freelance ... Document Transcript

  • Study Section: This section will have 13 Sections<br />Clicking the study section will bring up the following choices<br />Part 1: Introduction to Medical Terminology<br />Part 2: Body Structure<br />Part 3: Integumentary System<br />Part 4: Musculoskeletal System<br />Part 1: Introduction to Medical Terminology<br />When this is clicked the following choice will appear<br />Common Prefixes<br />Number Prefixes<br />Common Suffixes<br />Adjective Suffixes<br />Surgical Suffixes<br />Procedural Suffixes<br />Quiz<br />Common Prefixes:<br />When this choice is picked the following appears. Just a simple to read chart<br />Common Prefixes—when written by themselves, prefixes are followed by a hyphen.<br />Prefix Meaning Example (Definition)<br />a- without, away aphasia (without speech)<br />from<br />an- without anoxia (without oxygen)<br />ante- before, in front of antepartum (before birth)<br />anti- against antibiotic (against life)<br />auto- self autograft (a graft from one’s own body)<br />brady- slow bradycardia (slow heart beat)<br />dys- painful, difficult dyspnea (painful breathing)<br />endo- within, inner endoscope (instrument to view within)<br />epi- upon, over epigastric (upon or over the stomach)<br />eu- normal, good eupnea (normal breathing)<br />hetero- different heterograft (graft from another person’s body)<br />homo- same homozygous (having two identical genes)<br />hydro- water hydrotherapy (water therapy)<br />hyper- over, above hypertrophy (overdevelopment)<br />hypo- under, below hypoglossal (under the tongue)<br />infra- under, beneath, infraorbital (below, under the eye socket)<br />below<br />inter- among, between intervertebral (between the vertebrae)<br />intra- within, inside intravenous (inside, within a vein)<br />macro- large macrocephalic (having a large head)<br />micro- small microcephalic (having a small head)<br />neo- new neonate (newborn)<br />pan- all pancarditis (inflammation of the entire heart)<br />para- beside, beyond, paranasal (near or alongside the nose)<br />near<br />per- through percutaneous (through the skin)<br />peri- around pericardial (around the heart)<br />post- after postpartum (after birth)<br />pre- before, in front of prefrontal (in front of the frontal bone)<br />pseudo- false pseudocyesis (false pregnancy)<br />retro- backward, behind retrograde (movement in a backward direction)<br />sub- below, under subcutaneous (under, below the skin)<br />super-above, excess supernumerary (above the normal number)<br />supra- above suprapubic (above the pubic bone)<br />tachy- rapid, fast tachycardia (fast heart beat)<br />trans- through, across transurethral (across the urethra)<br />ultra- beyond, excess ultrasound (high-frequency sound waves)<br />Number Prefixes<br />When this choice is picked the following appears. Just a simple to read chart<br />Number Prefixes—pertain to the number of items or measurement.<br />Prefix Meaning Example (Definition)<br />bi- two bilateral (two sides)<br />di- two diplegic (paralysis of two extremities)<br />hemi- half hemiplegia (paralysis of one side/half of<br />the body)<br />mono- one monoplegia (paralysis of one extremity)<br />multi- many multigravida (woman pregnant more than<br />once)<br />nulli- none nulligravida (woman with no pregnancies)<br />poly- many polyuria (large amounts of urine)<br />quad- four quadriplegia (paralysis of all four extremities)<br />semi- partial, half semiconscious (partially conscious)<br />tri- three triceps (muscle with three heads)<br />uni- one unilateral (one side)<br />Common Suffixes<br />When this choice is picked the following appears. Just a simple to read chart<br />Suffix Meaning Example (Definition)<br />-algiapain gastralgia (stomach pain)<br />-cele hernia, protrusion cystocele (protrusion of the bladder)<br />-cise cut incision (to cut into)<br />-dynia pain cardiodynia (heart pain)<br />-ectasis dilatation bronchiectasis (dilated bronchi)<br />-ectopiadisplacement corectopia (pupil of the eye not centered)<br />-gen that which mutagen (that which produces mutations)<br />produces<br />-genesis produces, generates osteogenesis (produces bone)<br />-genic producing carcinogenic (producing cancer)<br />-ia state, condition hemiplegia (condition of being half<br />paralyzed)<br />-iasis abnormal condition lithiasis (abnormal condition of stones)<br />-ism state of hypothyroidism (state of low thyroid)<br />-itis inflammation cellulitis (inflammation of cells)<br />-logist one who studies cardiologist (one who studies the heart)<br />-logy study of cardiology (study of the heart)<br />-lysis destruction osteolysis (bone destruction)<br />-malacia abnormal softening chondromalacia (abnormal cartilage<br />softening)<br />-megaly enlargement, large cardiomegaly (enlarged heart)<br />-oma tumor, mass carcinoma (cancerous tumor)<br />-osis abnormal condition cyanosis (abnormal condition of being blue)<br />-pathy disease myopathy (muscle disease)<br />-plasia development, dysplasia (abnormal development)<br />growth<br />-plasm formation, neoplasm (new formation)<br />development<br />-ptosis drooping proctoptosis (drooping rectum)<br />-rrhage excessive, hemorrhage (excessive bleeding)<br />abnormal flow<br />-rrhea discharge, flow rhinorrhea (discharge from the nose)<br />-rrhexis rupture hysterorrhexis (ruptured uterus)<br />-sclerosis hardening arteriosclerosis (hardening of an artery)<br />-stenosis narrowing angiostenosis (narrowing of a vessel)<br />-therapy treatmentchemotherapy (treatment with chemicals)<br />-trophy nourishment, hypertrophy (excessive development)<br />development<br />-uria condition of the hematuria (blood in the urine)<br />urine<br />Adjective Suffixes<br />When this choice is picked the following appears. Just a simple to read chart<br />Adjective Suffixes—used to convert a word root into an adjective. These<br />suffixes usually are translated as “pertaining to.”<br />Suffix Meaning Example (Definition)<br />-ac pertaining to cardiac (pertaining to the heart)<br />-al pertaining to duodenal (pertaining to the duodenum)<br />-an pertaining to ovarian (pertaining to the ovary)<br />-ar pertaining to ventricular (pertaining to a ventricle)<br />-ary pertaining to pulmonary (pertaining to the lungs)<br />-eal pertaining to esophageal (pertaining to the esophagus)<br />-iac pertaining to iliac (pertaining to the ilium)<br />-ic pertaining to gastric (pertaining to the stomach)<br />-ical pertaining to neurological (pertaining to the study of<br />the nerves)<br />-ile pertaining to penile (pertaining to the penis)<br />-ior pertaining to superior (pertaining to above)<br />-ory pertaining to auditory (pertaining to hearing)<br />-ose pertaining to adipose (pertaining to fat)<br />-ous pertaining to intravenous (pertaining to within a vein)<br />-tic pertaining to acoustic (pertaining to hearing)<br />Surgical Suffixes<br />When this choice is picked the following appears. Just a simple to read chart<br />Surgical Suffixes—used to indicate surgical procedures, their meanings,<br />and examples of their use.<br />Suffix Meaning Example (Definition)<br />-centesis puncture to withdraw arthrocentesis (puncture to withdraw<br />fluid fluid from a joint)<br />-ectomy surgical removal gastrectomy (surgically remove the<br />stomach)<br />-ostomy surgically create an colostomy (surgically create an<br />opening opening for the colon through the<br />abdominal wall)<br />-otomy cutting into thoracotomy (cutting into the chest)<br />-pexy surgical fixation nephropexy (surgical fixation of a<br />kidney)<br />-plasty surgical repair dermatoplasty (surgical repair of the<br />skin)<br />-rrhaphy suture myorrhaphy (suture together muscle)<br />Procedural Suffixes<br />When this choice is picked the following appears. Just a simple to read chart<br />Procedural Suffixes—used to indicate procedural processes or<br />instruments, their meanings, and examples of their use.<br />Suffix Meaning Example (Definition)<br />-gram record or picture electrocardiogram (record of heart’s<br />electricity)<br />-graph instrument for electrocardiograph (instrument for<br />recording recording the heart’s electrical<br />activity)<br />-graphy process of recording electrocardiography (process of<br />recording the heart’s electrical<br />activity)<br />-meter instrument for audiometer (instrument to measure<br />measuring hearing)<br />-metry process of measuring audiometry (process of measuring<br />hearing)<br />-scope instrument for viewing gastroscope (instrument to view<br />stomach)<br />-scopy process of visually gastroscopy (process of visually<br />examining examining the stomach)<br />QUIZ Section<br />Choices presented<br />Quiz 1A<br />Quiz 1B<br />Quiz 1C<br />Quiz 1D<br />Quiz 1E<br />(any previous quiz results should show next to quiz choice as score x (correct) out of x(# questions) Example “10/14” – Only last quiz score taken should show)<br />Quiz 1A: <br />Directions: Define the combining forms in the spaces provided.<br />1. aden/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />2. carcin/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />3. cardi/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />4. chem/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />5. cis/o _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />6. dermat/o _________________________________________________________________________________<br />7. enter/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />8. gastr/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />9. gynec/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />10. hemat/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />11. hydr/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />12. immun/o _________________________________________________________________________________<br />13. laryng/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />14. morph/o _________________________________________________________________________________<br />15. nephr/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />16. neur/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />17. ophthalm/o _______________________________________________________________________________<br />18. ot/o ________________________________________________________________________________________<br />19. path/o ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />20. pulmon/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />21. rhin/o ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />22. ur/o ________________________________________________________________________________________<br />User Types in Answer then hits done and is shown results. Wrong answers highlighted and right answer given<br />Results should automatically be saved as score x (correct) out of x(# questions)<br />QUIZ 1B<br />Directions: Define the prefixes in the spaces provided.<br />1. a- __________________________________________________________________________________________<br />2. an- _________________________________________________________________________________________<br />3. ante- _______________________________________________________________________________________<br />4. anti- _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />5. auto-_____________________________________________________________________________________<br />6. brady- ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />7. dys- _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />8. endo- ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />9. epi- ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />10. eu- ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />11. hetero- ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />12. homo- ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />13. hydro- ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />14. hyper- ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />15. hypo- ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />16. infra- ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />17. inter- ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />18. intra- ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />19. macro- ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />20. micro- ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />21. neo- _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />22. pan- _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />23. para- _______________________________________________________________________________________<br />24. per- ________________________________________________________________________________________<br />25. peri- _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />26. post- _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />27. pre- ________________________________________________________________________________________<br />28. pseudo- __________________________________________________________________________________<br />29. retro- ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />30. sub- ________________________________________________________________________________________<br />31. super- ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />32. supra- ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />33. tachy- ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />34. trans- ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />35. ultra- ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />QUIZ 1C<br />Directions: Define the prefixes in the spaces provided.<br />1. bi- _________________________________________________________________________________________<br />2. di- _________________________________________________________________________________________<br />3. hemi- ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />4. mono- ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />5. multi- ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />6. nulli- _______________________________________________________________________________________<br />7. poly- _______________________________________________________________________________________<br />8. quad- _______________________________________________________________________________________<br />9. semi- _______________________________________________________________________________________<br />10. tri- _________________________________________________________________________________________<br />11. uni- ________________________________________________________________________________________<br />QUIZ 1D<br />Directions: Define the suffixes in the spaces provided.<br />1. -algia ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />2. -cele _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />3. -cise _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />4. -dynia ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />5. -ectasis ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />6. -ectopia __________________________________________________________________________________<br />7. -gen _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />8. -genesis __________________________________________________________________________________<br />9. -genic ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />10. -ia _______________________________________________________________________________________<br />11. -iasis _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />12. -ism _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />13. -itis ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />14. -logist ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />15. -logy _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />16. -lysis ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />17. -malacia __________________________________________________________________________________<br />18. -megaly __________________________________________________________________________________<br />19. -oma ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />20. -osis _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />21. -pathy ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />22. -plasia ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />23. -plasm ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />24. -ptosis ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />25. -rrhage _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />26. -rrhea ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />27. -rrhexis _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />28. -sclerosis ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />29. -stenosis ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />30. -therapy ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />31. -trophy _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />32. -uria _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />QUIZ 1E<br />Directions: Define the suffixes in the spaces provided.<br />1. -centesis __________________________________________________________________________________<br />2. -ectomy __________________________________________________________________________________<br />3. -gram ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />4. -graph ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />5. -graphy __________________________________________________________________________________<br />6. -meter ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />7. -metry ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />8. -ostomy __________________________________________________________________________________<br />9. -otomy ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />10. -pexy ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />11. -plasty ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />12. -rrhaphy _________________________________________________________________________________<br />13. -scope ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />14. -scopy ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />QUIZ 1A Answer Key<br />Combining Form Meaning<br />1. aden/o gland<br />2. carcin/o cancer<br />3. cardi/o heart<br />4. chem/o chemical<br />5. cis/o to cut<br />6. dermat/o skin<br />7. enter/o small intestines<br />8. gastr/o stomach<br />9. gynec/o female<br />10. hemat/o blood<br />11. hydr/o water<br />12. immun/o immune<br />13. laryng/o voice box<br />14. morph/o shape<br />15. nephr/o kidney<br />16. neur/o nerve<br />17. ophthalm/o eye<br />18. ot/o ear<br />19. path/o disease<br />20. pulmon/o lung<br />21. rhin/o nose<br />22. ur/o urine, urinary tract<br />QUIZ 1B Answer Key<br />Common Prefix Meaning<br />1. a- without, away from<br />2. an- without<br />3. ante- before, in front of<br />4. anti- against<br />5. auto- self<br />6. brady- slow<br />7. dys- painful, difficult<br />8. endo- within, inner<br />9. epi- upon, over<br />10. eu- normal, good<br />11. hetero- different<br />12. homo- same<br />13. hydro- water<br />14. hyper- over, above<br />15. hypo- under, below<br />16. infra- under, beneath, below<br />17. inter- among, between<br />18. intra- within, inside<br />19. macro- large<br />20. micro- small<br />21. neo- new<br />22. pan- all<br />23. para- beside, beyond, near<br />24. per- through<br />25. peri- around<br />26. post- after<br />27. pre- before, in front of<br />28. pseudo- false<br />29. retro- backward, behind<br />30. sub- below, under<br />31. super- above, excess<br />32. supra- above<br />33. tachy- rapid, fast<br />34. trans- through, across<br />35. ultra- beyond, excess<br />QUIZ 1C Answer Key<br />Number Prefix Meaning<br />1. bi- two<br />2. di- two<br />3. hemi- half<br />4. mono- one<br />5. multi- many<br />6. nulli- none<br />7. poly- many<br />8. quad- four<br />9. semi- partial, half<br />10. tri- three<br />11. uni- one<br />QUIZ 1D Answer Key<br />Common Suffix Meaning<br />1. -algia pain<br />2. -cele hernia, protrusion<br />3. -cise cut<br />4. -dynia pain<br />5. -ectasis dilatation<br />6. -ectopia displacement<br />7. -gen that which produces<br />8. -genesis produces, generates<br />9. -genic producing<br />10. -ia state, condition<br />11. -iasis abnormal condition<br />12. -ism state of<br />13. -itis inflammation<br />14. -logist one who studies<br />15. -logy study of<br />16. -lysis destruction<br />17. -malacia abnormal softening<br />18. -megaly enlargement, large<br />19. -oma tumor, mass<br />20. -osis abnormal condition<br />21. -pathy disease<br />22. -plasia development, growth<br />23. -plasm formation, development<br />24. -ptosis drooping<br />25. -rrhage excessive, abnormal flow<br />26. -rrhea discharge, flow<br />27. -rrhexis rupture<br />28. -sclerosis hardening<br />29. -stenosis narrowing<br />30. -therapy treatment<br />31. -trophy nourishment, development<br />32. -uria condition of the urine<br />QUIZ 1E Answer Key<br />Surgical or Procedural<br />Suffix Meaning<br />1. -centesis puncture to withdraw fluid<br />2. -ectomy surgical removal<br />3. -gram record or picture<br />4. -graph instrument for recording<br />5. -graphy process of recording<br />6. -meter instrument for measuring<br />7. -metry process of measuring<br />8. -ostomy surgically create an opening<br />9. -otomy cutting into<br />10. -pexy surgical fixation<br />11. -plasty surgical repair<br />12. -rrhaphy suture<br />13. -scope instrument for viewing<br />14. -scopy process of visually examining<br />Part 2: Body Structure<br />Follow same format as Part 1:<br />Sections: <br />Combining Forms Relating to<br />Prefixes Relating to<br />Body System<br />Directional Term<br />Quiz<br />Combining Forms Relating to Body Structure<br />Combining Form Meaning<br />1. abdomin/o abdomen<br />2. adip/o fat<br />3. anter/o front<br />4. caud/o tail<br />5. cephal/o head<br />6. chondr/o cartilage<br />7. crani/o skull<br />8. cyt/o cell<br />9. dist/o away from<br />10. dors/o back of body<br />11. epitheli/o epithelium<br />12. hist/o tissue<br />13. infer/o below<br />14. later/o side<br />15. medi/o middle<br />16. muscul/o muscle<br />17. neur/o nerve<br />18. organ/o organ<br />19. oste/o bone<br />20. pelv/o pelvis<br />21. poster/o back<br />22. proxim/o near to<br />23. somat/o body<br />24. spin/o spine<br />25. super/o above<br />26. system/o system<br />27. thorac/o chest<br />28. ventr/o belly<br />29. viscer/o internal organ<br />Prefixes Relating to Body Structure<br />Prefix Meaning<br />1. epi- above<br />2. inter- between<br />3. intra- within<br />4. peri- around or about<br />5. post- behind or after<br />6. retro- behind or backward<br />7. sub- under or below<br />8. supra- above<br />9. trans- through or across<br />Body System Organs in the System<br />1. Integumentary a. skin<br />b. hair<br />c. nails<br />2. Musculoskeletal a. muscles<br />b. tendons<br />c. bones<br />d. joints<br />3. Cardiovascular a. heart<br />b. arteries<br />c. veins<br />d. capillaries<br />4. Hematic system a. plasma<br />b. red blood cells<br />c. white blood cells<br />5. Lymphatic a. thymus gland<br />b. spleen<br />c. lymph vessels<br />d. lymph nodes<br />6. Respiratory a. nose<br />b. pharynx<br />c. larynx<br />d. trachea<br />e. bronchial tubes<br />f. lungs<br />7. Digestive a. mouth<br />b. salivary glands<br />c. pharynx<br />d. esophagus<br />e. stomach<br />f. small intestines<br />g. colon<br />h. liver<br />i. gallbladder<br />j. pancreas<br />8. Urinary a. kidneys<br />b. urinary bladder<br />c. ureters<br />d. urethra<br />9. Female reproductive systema. ovaries<br />b. fallopian tubes<br />c. uterus<br />d. vagina<br />e. mammary glands<br />10. Male reproductive system a. testes<br />b. vas deferens<br />c. urethra<br />d. prostate gland<br />e. penis<br />11. Endocrine a. thyroid gland<br />b. pituitary gland<br />c. testes<br />d. ovaries<br />e. adrenal glands<br />f. pancreas<br />g. parathyroid glands<br />h. pineal gland<br />i. thymus gland<br />12. Nervous a. brain<br />b. spinal cord<br />c. nerves<br />13. Special senses a. eyes<br />b. ears<br />c. nose<br />d. tongue<br />e. skin<br />Directional Term Definition<br />1. superior cephalic More toward the head, or above.<br />2. inferior or caudal More toward the feet or tail, or below.<br />3. anterior or ventral More toward the front or belly-side of the body.<br />4. posterior or dorsal More toward the back or spinal cord side of the<br />body.<br />5. medial Refers to the middle or near the middle of the<br />body or the structure.<br />6. lateral Refers to the side.<br />7. apex Tip or summit of an organ.<br />8. base Bottom or lower part of an organ.<br />9. proximal Located closer to the point of attachment to the<br />body.<br />10. distal Located farther away from the point of<br />attachment to the body.<br />11. superficial More toward the surface of the body.<br />12. deep Further away from the surface of the body.<br />13. supine The body lying horizontally and facing upward.<br />14. prone The body lying horizontally and facing<br />downward.<br />Quizes handled same way as in Part 1<br />QUIZ 2A<br />Directions: Define the combining forms in the spaces provided.<br />1. abdomin/o ________________________________________________________________________________<br />2. adip/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />3. anter/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />4. caud/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />5. cephal/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />6. chondr/o _________________________________________________________________________________<br />7. crani/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />8. cyt/o _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />9. dist/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />10. dors/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />11. epitheli/o _________________________________________________________________________________<br />12. hist/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />13. infer/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />14. later/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />15. medi/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />16. muscul/o _________________________________________________________________________________<br />17. neur/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />18. organ/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />19. oste/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />20. pelv/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />21. poster/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />22. proxim/o _________________________________________________________________________________<br />23. somat/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />24. spin/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />25. super/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />26. system/o _________________________________________________________________________________<br />27. thorac/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />28. ventr/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />29. viscer/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />30. epi- ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />31. inter-_____________________________________________________________________________________<br />32. intra- ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />33. peri- _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />34. post- _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />35. retro- ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />36. sub- _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />37. supra- ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />38. trans- ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />QUIZ 2B<br />Directions: Place the names of the organs that are included within each body system in the spaces provided.<br />1. Integumentary a. ___________________________________________________________<br />b. ___________________________________________________________<br />c. ___________________________________________________________<br />2. Musculoskeletal a. ___________________________________________________________<br />b. ___________________________________________________________<br />c. ___________________________________________________________<br />d. ___________________________________________________________<br />3. Cardiovascular a. ___________________________________________________________<br />b. ___________________________________________________________<br />c. ___________________________________________________________<br />d. ___________________________________________________________<br />4. Hematic system a. ___________________________________________________________<br />b. ___________________________________________________________<br />c. ___________________________________________________________<br />5. Lymphatic a. ___________________________________________________________<br />b. ___________________________________________________________<br />c. ___________________________________________________________<br />d. ___________________________________________________________<br />6. Respiratory a. ___________________________________________________________<br />b. ___________________________________________________________<br />c. ___________________________________________________________<br />d. ___________________________________________________________<br />e. ___________________________________________________________<br />f. ___________________________________________________________<br />7. Digestive a. ___________________________________________________________<br />b. ___________________________________________________________<br />c. ___________________________________________________________<br />d. ___________________________________________________________<br />e. ___________________________________________________________<br />f. ___________________________________________________________<br />g. ___________________________________________________________<br />h. ___________________________________________________________<br />i. ___________________________________________________________<br />j. ___________________________________________________________<br />8. Urinary a. ___________________________________________________________<br />b. ___________________________________________________________<br />c. ___________________________________________________________<br />d. ___________________________________________________________<br />9. Female reproductive system a. ___________________________________________________________<br />b. ___________________________________________________________<br />c. ___________________________________________________________<br />d. ___________________________________________________________<br />e. ___________________________________________________________<br />Male reproductive system a. ___________________________________________________________<br />b. ___________________________________________________________<br />c. ___________________________________________________________<br />d. ___________________________________________________________<br />e. ___________________________________________________________<br />10. Endocrine a. ___________________________________________________________<br />b. ___________________________________________________________<br />c. ___________________________________________________________<br />d. ___________________________________________________________<br />e. ___________________________________________________________<br />f. ___________________________________________________________<br />g. ___________________________________________________________<br />h. ___________________________________________________________<br />i. ___________________________________________________________<br />11. Nervous a. ___________________________________________________________<br />b. ___________________________________________________________<br />c. ___________________________________________________________<br />12. Special senses a. ___________________________________________________________<br />b. ___________________________________________________________<br />c. ___________________________________________________________<br />d. ___________________________________________________________<br />e. ___________________________________________________________<br />QUIZ 2C<br />Directions: Place the definition/description of the directional position in the space next to the term.<br />1. superior or cephalic ________________________________________________________________________<br />2. inferior or caudal __________________________________________________________________________<br />3. anterior or ventral _________________________________________________________________________<br />4. posterior or dorsal _________________________________________________________________________<br />5. medial ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />6. lateral ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />7. apex _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />8. base _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />9. proximal _________________________________________________________________________________<br />10. distal ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />11. superficial ________________________________________________________________________________<br />12. deep _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />13. supine ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />14. prone ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />QUIZ 2A Answer Key<br />Combining Form Meaning<br />1. abdomin/o abdomen<br />2. adip/o fat<br />3. anter/o front<br />4. caud/o tail<br />5. cephal/o head<br />6. chondr/o cartilage<br />7. crani/o skull<br />8. cyt/o cell<br />9. dist/o away from<br />10. dors/o back of body<br />11. epitheli/o epithelium<br />12. hist/o tissue<br />13. infer/o below<br />14. later/o side<br />15. medi/o middle<br />16. muscul/o muscle<br />17. neur/o nerve<br />18. organ/o organ<br />19. oste/o bone<br />20. pelv/o pelvis<br />21. poster/o back<br />22. proxim/o near to<br />23. somat/o body<br />24. spin/o spine<br />25. super/o above<br />26. system/o system<br />27. thorac/o chest<br />28. ventr/o belly<br />29. viscer/o internal organ<br />30. epi- above<br />31. inter- between<br />32. intra- within<br />33. peri- around or about<br />34. post- behind or after<br />35. retro- behind or backward<br />36. sub- under or below<br />37. supra- above<br />38. trans- through or across<br />QUIZ 2B Answer Key<br />Body System Organs in the System<br />1. Integumentary a. skin<br />b. hair<br />c. nails<br />2. Musculoskeletal a. muscles<br />b. tendons<br />c. bones<br />d. joints<br />3. Cardiovascular a. heart<br />b. arteries<br />c. veins<br />d. capillaries<br />4. Hematic system a. plasma<br />b. red blood cells<br />c. white blood cells<br />5. Lymphatic a. thymus gland<br />b. spleen<br />c. lymph vessels<br />d. lymph nodes<br />6. Respiratory a. nose<br />b. pharynx<br />c. larynx<br />d. trachea<br />e. bronchial tubes<br />f. lungs<br />7. Digestive a. mouth<br />b. salivary glands<br />c. pharynx<br />d. esophagus<br />e. stomach<br />f. small intestines<br />g. colon<br />h. liver<br />i. gallbladder<br />j. pancreas<br />8. Urinary a. kidneys<br />b. urinary bladder<br />c. ureters<br />d. urethra<br />9. Female reproductive system a. ovaries<br />b. fallopian tubes<br />c. uterus<br />d. vagina<br />e. mammary glands<br />Male reproductive system a. testes<br />b. vas deferens<br />c. urethra<br />d. prostate gland<br />e. penis<br />10. Endocrine a. thyroid gland<br />b. pituitary gland<br />c. testes<br />d. ovaries<br />e. adrenal glands<br />f. pancreas<br />g. parathyroid glands<br />h. pineal gland<br />i. thymus gland<br />11. Nervous a. brain<br />b. spinal cord<br />c. nerves<br />12. Special senses a. eyes<br />b. ears<br />c. nose<br />d. tongue<br />e. skin<br />QUIZ 2C Answer Key<br />Directional Term Definition<br />1. superior or cephalic More toward the head, or above.<br />2. inferior or caudal More toward the feet or tail, or below.<br />3. anterior or ventral More toward the front or belly-side of the body.<br />4. posterior or dorsal More toward the back or spinal cord side of the body.<br />5. medial Refers to the middle or near the middle of the body or the structure.<br />6. lateral Refers to the side.<br />7. apex Tip or summit of an organ.<br />8. base Bottom or lower part of an organ.<br />9. proximal Located closer to the point of attachment to the body.<br />10. distal Located farther away from the point of attachment to the body.<br />11. superficial More toward the surface of the body.<br />12. deep Further away from the surface of the body.<br />13. supine The body lying horizontally and facing upward.<br />14. prone The body lying horizontally and facing downward.<br />Part 3: Integumentary System<br />Follow same format as Part 1:<br />Sections:<br />Combining Forms Relating to<br />Suffixes Relating to<br />Skin Layers<br />Word Building Relating to<br />Vocabulary Relating to<br />Pathology Relating to<br />Diagnostic Procedures Relating to<br />Therapeutic Procedures Relating to<br />Pharmacology Relating to<br />Abbreviations Relating to<br />Quiz<br />Combining Forms Relating to the Integumentary System<br />Combining Form Meaning<br />1. adip/o fat<br />2. albin/o white<br />3. bi/o life<br />4. cry/o cold<br />5. cutane/o skin<br />6. cyan/o blue<br />7. derm/o skin<br />8. dermat/o skin<br />9. diaphor/o profuse sweating<br />10. hidr/o sweat<br />11. ichthy/o scaly, dry<br />12. kerat/o hard, horny<br />13. leuk/o white<br />14. lip/o fat<br />15. melan/o black<br />16. myc/o fungus<br />17. necr/o death<br />18. onych/o nail<br />19. pachy/o thick<br />20. pil/o hair<br />21. py/o pus<br />22. rhytid/o wrinkle<br />23. scler/o hard<br />24. seb/o oil<br />25. trich/o hair<br />26. ungu/o nail<br />27. xanth/o yellow<br />28. xer/o dry<br />Suffixes Relating to the Integumentary System<br />Suffix Meaning<br />1. -derma skin<br />2. -opsy view of<br />3. -plakia a plate<br />4. -tome instrument used to cut<br />Skin Layers<br />The three layers of the skin are:<br />1. Epidermis<br />• thin, outer membrane layer<br />• contains keratin, which acts as a barrier to infection<br />• contains melanin, which gives skin its color, and protects against<br />UV rays of sun to prevent skin cancer<br />2. Dermis or corium<br />• middle, fibrous connective tissue layer<br />• contains collagen to give skin strength<br />3. Subcutaneous (Subcu, Subq) layer<br />• innermost layer, containing fatty tissue<br />• acts as insulation for heat and cold<br />Word Building Relating to the Integumentary System<br />Combining<br />Form Medical Term Definition<br />cutane/o subcutaneous pertaining to under the skin<br />derm/o epidermal pertaining to upon the skin<br />hypodermic pertaining to under the skin<br />ntradermal pertaining to within the skin<br />dermat/o dermatitis inflammation of the skin<br />dermatologist specialist in skin<br />dermatology study of the skin<br />dermatopathy skin disease<br />dermatoplasty surgical repair of the skin<br />dermatome instrument to cut the skin<br />hidr/o anhidrosis abnormal condition of no sweat<br />hyperhidrosis abnormal condition of excessive sweat<br />lip/o lipectomy excision of fat<br />lipoma fatty growth<br />melan/o melanoma black tumor<br />necr/o necrosis abnormal condition of death<br />onych/o onychectomy excision of a nail<br />onychomalacia softening of nails<br />onychomycosis abnormal condition of nail fungus<br />onychophagia nail eating (nail biting)<br />py/o pyogenic pus forming<br />rhytid/o rhytidectomy excision of wrinkles<br />rhytidoplasty surgical repair of wrinkles<br />seb/o seborrhea oily discharge<br />trich/o trichomycosis abnormal condition of hair fungus<br />ungu/o ungual pertaining to the nails<br />Suffix Medical Term Definition<br />-derma erythroderma red skin<br />ichthyoderma scaly and dry skin<br />leukoderma white skin<br />pachyderma thick skin<br />scleroderma hard skin<br />xanthoderma yellow skin<br />xeroderma dry skin<br />Vocabulary Relating to the Integumentary System<br />abrasion A scraping away of the skin surface by friction.<br />abscess A collection of pus in the skin.<br />albino A genetic condition in which the person is unable to<br />make melanin. Characterized by white hair and skin,<br />and red pupils due to the lack of pigment.<br />alopecia Absence or loss of hair, especially of the head.<br />Commonly called baldness.<br />cicatrix A scar.<br />comedo Collection of hardened sebum in hair follicle. Also<br />called a blackhead.<br />contusion Injury caused by a blow to the body; causes swelling,<br />pain, and bruising. The skin is not broken.<br />cyanosis Bluish tint to the skin caused by deoxygenated blood.<br />cyst Fluid-filled sac under the skin.<br />decubitus ulcer Open sore caused by pressure over bony prominences<br />cutting off the blood flow to the overlying<br />skin. These can appear in bedridden patients who lie<br />in one position too long and can be difficult to heal.<br />Also called bedsore or pressure sore.<br />depigmentation Loss of normal skin color or pigment.<br />dermatologist Physician who specializes in the treatment of diseases<br />and conditions of the integumentary system.<br />dermatology Study of diseases and conditions of the<br />(Derm, derm) integumentary system.<br />diaphoresis Profuse sweating.<br />ecchymosis Skin discoloration caused by blood collecting under<br />the skin following blunt trauma to the skin. A bruise.<br />erythema Redness or flushing of the skin.<br />fissure Crack-like lesion or groove on the skin.<br />frostbite Freezing or the effect of freezing a part of the body.<br />Exposed areas such as ears, nose, cheeks, fingers,<br />and toes are generally affected.<br />hemangioma Benign tumor of dilated blood vessels.<br />hirsutism Excessive hair growth over the body.<br />hyperpigmentation Abnormal amount of pigmentation in the skin.<br />hyperemia Redness of the skin due to increased blood flow.<br />keloid Formation of a raised and thickened hypertrophic<br />scar after an injury or surgery.<br />keratosis Skin condition with an overgrowth and thickening<br />of the epidermis.<br />macule Flat, discolored area that is flush with the skin<br />surface.<br />An example would be a freckle or a birthmark.<br />male pattern Pattern of baldness most commonly seen in men.<br />baldness Begins as a receding hair line and progresses to full<br />baldness on top of the head and a fringe of hair<br />around the edges.<br />nevus Pigmented congenital skin blemish, birthmark, or<br />mole.<br />Usually benign but may become cancerous.<br />NoduleFirm, solid mass of cells in the skin.<br />papule Small, solid, circular raised spot on the surface of the<br />skin. Less than 1 cm in diameter.<br />pediculosis Infestation with lice. The eggs laid by the lice are<br />called nits and cling tightly to hair.<br />petechiae Pinpoint purple or red spots from minute hemorrhages<br />under the skin.<br />photosensitivity Condition in which the skin reacts abnormally when<br />exposed to light, such as the ultraviolet (UV) rays of<br />the sun.<br />polyp Small tumor with a pedicle or stem attachment. They<br />are commonly found in mucous membranes such as<br />the nasal cavity.<br />pruritus Severe itching.<br />purpura Hemorrhages into the skin due to fragile blood vessels.<br />Commonly seen in elderly people.<br />purulent Containing or producing pus.<br />pustule Raised spot on the skin containing pus.<br />scabies Contagious skin disease caused by an egg-laying mite<br />that burrows through the skin and causes redness<br />and intense itching; often seen in children.<br />suppurative Containing or producing pus.<br />ulcer Open sore or lesion in skin or mucous membrane.<br />urticaria Also called hives; a skin eruption of pale reddish<br />wheals with severe itching. Usually associated with<br />food allergy, stress, or drug reactions.<br />verruca Commonly called warts; a benign growth caused by a<br />virus. Has a rough surface that is removed by chemicals<br />and/or laser therapy.<br />vesicle A blister; small, fluid-filled raised spot on the skin.<br />vitiligo Disappearance of pigment from the skin in patches,<br />causing a milk-white appearance. Also called<br />leukoderma.<br />wheal Small, round, raised area on the skin that may be<br />accompanied by itching.<br />Pathology Relating to the Integumentary System<br />acne Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and<br />hair follicles that results in papules and pustules.<br />acne rosacea Form of acne seen in adults, especially on the nose<br />and cheeks.<br />acne vulgaris Common form of acne seen in teenagers.<br />Characterized by comedo, papules, and pustules.<br />basal cell Cancerous tumor of the basal cell layer of the<br />carcinoma (BCC) epidermis. A frequent type of skin cancer that rarely<br />metastasizes or spreads. These cancers can arise on<br />sun-exposed skin.<br />burn Damage to the skin that can result from exposure to<br />open fire, electricity, ultraviolet light from the sun, or<br />caustic chemicals. Seriousness depends on the<br />amount of body surface involved and the depth of the<br />burn. Extent of a burn is estimated using the Rule of<br />Nines. Depth is determined by the number of layers<br />of skin involved.<br />burn, 1st degree Damage to the epidermis layer of the skin.<br />Characterized by hyperemia, but no blisters or scars.<br />burn, 2nd degree Damage extends through the epidermis and into the<br />dermis, causing vesicles to form. Scarring may occur.<br />Also called partial thickness burn.<br />burn, 3rd degree Damage to full thickness of skin and into underlying<br />tissues. Infection is a major concern with thirddegree<br />burns, and fluid loss can be life threatening.<br />Grafts are usually required and scarring will occur.<br />Also called full-thickness burn.<br />carbuncle Furuncle involving several hair follicles.<br />cellulitis A diffuse, acute infection and inflammation of the skin.<br />dry gangrene Late stages of gangrene characterized by the affected<br />area becoming black and leathery.<br />eczema Superficial dermatitis of unknown cause accompanied<br />by papules, vesicles, and crusting.<br />furuncle Bacterial infection of a hair follicle. Characterized by<br />redness, pain, and swelling. Also called a boil.<br />gangrene Tissue necrosis usually due to deficient blood supply.<br />ichthyosis Condition in which the skin becomes dry, scaly, and<br />keratinized.<br />impetigo A bacterial infection of the skin with pustules that<br />rupture and become crusted over.<br />Kaposi’s sarcoma Form of skin cancer frequently seen in acquired immunodeficiency<br />Syndrome (AIDS) patients. Consists<br />of brownish-purple papules that spread from the<br />skin and metastasize to internal organs. Named for<br />Moritz Kaposi, an Austrian dermatologist.<br />leukoplakia Change in mucous membrane that results in thick,<br />white plate-like patches on the mucous membrane<br />of the tongue and cheek. Considered precancerous,<br />it is associated with smoking.<br />malignant Dangerous form of skin cancer caused by an<br />melanoma (MM) uncontrolled growth of melanocytes. May quickly<br />metastasize or spread to internal organs.<br />onychia Infected nail bed.<br />paronychia Infection around a nail.<br />pemphigus vulgaris Skin condition in which blisters form in the skin and<br />mucous membranes.<br />psoriasis Chronic inflammatory condition consisting of crusty<br />papules forming patches with circular borders.<br />rubella Contagious viral skin infection. Commonly called<br />German measles.<br />sebaceous cyst Sac under the skin filled with sebum or oil from a sebaceous<br />gland. This can grow to a large size and may<br />need to be excised.<br />shingles Eruption of vesicles along a nerve path, causing a<br />rash and pain. Caused by the same virus as chicken<br />pox.<br />squamous cell Epidermal cancer that may go into deeper tissue but<br />carcinoma (SCC) does not generally metastasize.<br />systemic lupus Chronic disease of the connective tissue that injures<br />erythematosus the skin, joints, kidneys, nervous system, and<br />(SLE) mucous membranes. May produce a characteristic<br />butterfly rash across the cheeks and nose.<br />tinea Fungal skin disease resulting in itching, scaling lesions.<br />tinea capitis Fungal infection of the scalp. Commonly called<br />ringworm.<br />tinea pedis Fungal infection of the foot. Commonly called<br />athlete’s foot.<br />varicella Contagious viral skin infection. Commonly called<br />chicken pox.<br />wet gangrene Area of gangrene becoming infected by pusproducing<br />bacteria.<br />Diagnostic Procedures Relating to the Integumentary System<br />biopsy (BX, bx) A piece of tissue is removed by syringe and needle,<br />knife, punch, or brush to examine under a microscope.<br />Used to aid in diagnosis.<br />culture and A laboratory test that grows a colony of bacteria<br />sensitivity (C&S) removed from an infected area in order to identify<br />the specific infecting bacteria and then determine its<br />sensitivity to a variety of antibiotics.<br />exfoliative cytology Scraping cells from tissue and then examining them<br />under a microscope.<br />frozen section (FS) A thin piece of tissue is cut from a frozen specimen<br />for rapid examination under a microscope.<br />fungal scrapings Scrapings, taken with a curette or scraper, of tissue<br />from lesions are placed on a growth medium and<br />examined under a microscope to identify fungal<br />growth.<br />needle biopsy Using a sterile needle to remove tissue for examination<br />under a microscope.<br />skin tests (ST) Test to determine the patient’s reaction to a suspected<br />allergen by injecting a small amount under<br />the skin (intradermal) with a needle. The reaction of<br />the patient to this material is then read to indicate<br />any allergy. Examples of such tests are the tuberculin<br />(TB) test, Mantoux (PPD) test, patch test, and<br />Schick test.<br />sweat test Test performed on sweat to determine the level of<br />chloride. There is an increase in skin chloride in the<br />disease cystic fibrosis.<br />Therapeutic Procedures Relating to the Integumentary System<br />adipectomy Surgical removal of fat.<br />allograft Skin graft from one person to another; donor is<br />usually a cadaver.<br />autograft Skin graft from a person’s own body.<br />cauterization Destruction of tissue with a caustic chemical, electric<br />current, freezing, or hot iron.<br />chemabrasion Abrasion using chemicals. Also called a chemical peel.<br />cryosurgery Using extreme cold to freeze and destroy tissue.<br />curettage Removal of superficial skin lesions with a curette<br />(surgical instrument shaped like a spoon) or scraper.<br />debridement Removal of foreign material and dead or damaged<br />tissue from a wound.<br />dermabrasion Abrasion or rubbing using wire brushes or sandpaper.<br />Performed to remove acne scars, tattoos, and<br />scar tissue.<br />dermatome Instrument for cutting the skin or thin transplants of<br />skin.<br />dermatoplasty Skin grafting; transplantation of skin.<br />electrocautery To destroy tissue with an electric current.<br />heterograft Skin graft from an animal of another species<br />(usually a pig) to a human. Also called xenograft.<br />incision and Making an incision to create an opening for the<br />drainage (I&D) drainage of material such as pus.<br />laser therapy Removal of skin lesions and birthmarks using a laser<br />beam that emits intense heat and power at a close<br />range. The laser converts frequencies of light into<br />one small, powerful beam.<br />liposuction Removal of fat beneath the skin by means of<br />suction.<br />plication Taking tucks surgically in a structure to shorten it.<br />rhytidectomy Surgical removal of excess skin to eliminate wrinkles.<br />Commonly referred to as a face lift.<br />skin graft (SG) The transfer of skin from a normal area to cover<br />another site. Used to treat burn victims and after<br />some surgical procedures.<br />xenograft Skin graft from an animal of another species<br />(usually a pig) to a human. Also called heterograft.<br />Pharmacology Relating to the Integumentary System<br />anesthetics Applied to the skin to deaden pain.<br />antibiotics Kill bacteria causing skin infections.<br />antifungals Kill fungi infecting the skin.<br />anti-inflammatory drugs Reduce skin inflammation or itching.<br />antiparasitics Kill mites or lice.<br />antipruritics Reduce severe itching.<br />antiseptics Used to kill bacteria in skin cuts and<br />wounds or at a surgical site.<br />corticosteroid cream Specific type of powerful antiinflammatory<br />cream.<br />Abbreviations Relating to the Integumentary System<br />1. BCC basal cell carcinoma<br />2. BX, bx biopsy<br />3. C&S culture and sensitivity<br />4. decub decubitus ulcer<br />5. Derm, derm dermatology<br />6. FS frozen section<br />7. I&D incision and drainage<br />8. ID intradermal<br />9. MM malignant melanoma<br />10. SCC squamous cell carcinoma<br />11. SG skin graft<br />12. SLE systemic lupus erythematosus<br />13. ST skin test<br />14. STSG split-thickness skin graft<br />15. subcu, SC, sc, subq subcutaneous<br />16. ung ointment<br />17. UV ultraviolet<br />QUIZ 3A<br />Directions: Define the combining form or suffix in the space provided.<br />1. adip/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />2. albin/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />3. bi/o ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />4. cry/o _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />5. cutane/o__________________________________________________________________________________<br />6. cyan/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />7. derm/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />8. dermat/o _________________________________________________________________________________<br />9. diaphor/o_________________________________________________________________________________<br />10. hidr/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />11. ichthy/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />12. kerat/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />13. leuk/o____________________________________________________________________________________<br />14. lip/o _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />15. melan/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />16. myc/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />17. necr/o____________________________________________________________________________________<br />18. onych/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />19. pachy/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />20. pil/o _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />21. py/o _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />22. rhytid/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />23. scler/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />24. seb/o _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />25. trich/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />26. ungu/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />27. xanth/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />28. xer/o_____________________________________________________________________________________<br />29. -derma ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />30. -opsy_____________________________________________________________________________________<br />31. -plakia ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />32. -tome ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />QUIZ 3B<br />Directions: Build a medical term for each phrase below.<br />1. pertaining to under the skin ________________________________________________________________<br />2. pertaining to upon the skin _________________________________________________________________<br />3. pertaining to under the skin ________________________________________________________________<br />4. pertaining to within the skin ________________________________________________________________<br />5. inflammation of the skin ___________________________________________________________________<br />6. specialist in skin ___________________________________________________________________________<br />7. study of the skin ___________________________________________________________________________<br />8. skin disease _______________________________________________________________________________<br />9. surgical repair of the skin ___________________________________________________________________<br />10. instrument to cut the skin __________________________________________________________________<br />11. abnormal condition of no sweat _____________________________________________________________<br />12. abnormal condition of excessive sweat _______________________________________________________<br />13. excision of fat _____________________________________________________________________________<br />14. fatty growth ______________________________________________________________________________<br />15. black tumor _______________________________________________________________________________<br />16. abnormal condition of death ________________________________________________________________<br />17. excision of a nail __________________________________________________________________________<br />18. softening of nails __________________________________________________________________________<br />19. abnormal condition of nail fungus ___________________________________________________________<br />20. nail eating (nail biting) _____________________________________________________________________<br />21. pus forming _______________________________________________________________________________<br />22. excision of wrinkles ________________________________________________________________________<br />23. surgical repair of wrinkles __________________________________________________________________<br />24. oily discharge _____________________________________________________________________________<br />25. abnormal condition of hair fungus ___________________________________________________________<br />26. pertaining to the nails ______________________________________________________________________<br />27. red skin __________________________________________________________________________________<br />28. scaly and dry skin __________________________________________________________________________<br />29. white skin ________________________________________________________________________________<br />30. thick skin _________________________________________________________________________________<br />31. hard skin _________________________________________________________________________________<br />32. yellow skin _______________________________________________________________________________<br />33. dry skin __________________________________________________________________________________<br />QUIZ 3C<br />Directions: Write the medical term for which each abbreviation stands.<br />1. BCC _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />2. BX, bx ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />3. C&S _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />4. decub ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />5. Derm, derm _______________________________________________________________________________<br />6. FS _______________________________________________________________________________________<br />7. I&D ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />8. ID _______________________________________________________________________________________<br />9. MM _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />10. SCC______________________________________________________________________________________<br />11. SG _______________________________________________________________________________________<br />12. SLE ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />13. ST _______________________________________________________________________________________<br />14. STSG_____________________________________________________________________________________<br />15. subcu, SC, sc, subq_________________________________________________________________________<br />16. ung ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />17. UV_______________________________________________________________________________________<br />QUIZ 3A Answer Key<br />Combining Form or Suffix Meaning<br />1. adip/o fat<br />2. albin/o white<br />3. bi/o life<br />4. cry/o cold<br />5. cutane/o skin<br />6. cyan/o blue<br />7. derm/o skin<br />8. dermat/o skin<br />9. diaphor/o profuse sweating<br />10. hidr/o sweat<br />11. ichthy/o scaly, dry<br />12. kerat/o hard, horny<br />13. leuk/o white<br />14. lip/o fat<br />15. melan/o black<br />16. myc/o fungus<br />17. necr/o death<br />18. onych/o nail<br />19. pachy/o thick<br />20. pil/o hair<br />21. py/o pus<br />22. rhytid/o wrinkle<br />23. scler/o hard<br />24. seb/o oil<br />25. trich/o hair<br />26. ungu/o nail<br />27. xanth/o yellow<br />28. xer/o dry<br />29. -derma skin<br />30. -opsy view of<br />31. -plakia a plate<br />32. –tome instrument used to cut<br />QUIZ 3B Answer Key<br />Phrase Medical Term<br />1. pertaining to under the skin subcutaneous<br />2. pertaining to upon the skin epidermal<br />3. pertaining to under the skin hypodermic<br />4. pertaining to within the skin intradermal<br />5. inflammation of the skin dermatitis<br />6. specialist in skin dermatologist<br />7. study of the skin dermatology<br />8. skin disease dermatopathy<br />9. surgical repair of the skin dermatoplasty<br />10. instrument to cut the skin dermatome<br />11. abnormal condition of no sweat anhidrosis<br />12. abnormal condition of excessive sweat hyperhidrosis<br />13. excision of fat lipectomy<br />14. fatty growth lipoma<br />15. black tumor melanoma<br />16. abnormal condition of death necrosis<br />17. excision of a nail onychectomy<br />18. softening of nails onychomalacia<br />19. abnormal condition of nail fungus onychomycosis<br />20. nail eating (nail biting) onychophagia<br />21. pus forming pyogenic<br />22. excision of wrinkles rhytidectomy<br />23. surgical repair of wrinkles rhytidoplasty<br />24. oily discharge seborrhea<br />25. abnormal condition of hair fungus trichomycosis<br />26. pertaining to the nails ungual<br />27. red skin erythroderma<br />28. scaly and dry skin ichthyoderma<br />29. white skin leukoderma<br />30. thick skin pachyderma<br />31. hard skin scleroderma<br />32. yellow skin xanthoderma<br />33. dry skin xeroderma<br />QUIZ 3C Answer Key<br />Abbreviation Meaning<br />1. BCC basal cell carcinoma<br />2. BX, bx biopsy<br />3. C&S culture and sensitivity<br />4. decub decubitus ulcer<br />5. Derm, derm dermatology<br />6. FS frozen section<br />7. I&D incision and drainage<br />8. ID intradermal<br />9. MM malignant melanoma<br />10. SCC squamous cell carcinoma<br />11. SG skin graft<br />12. SLE systemic lupus erythematosus<br />13. ST skin test<br />14. STSG split-thickness skin graft<br />15. subcu, SC, sc, subq subcutaneous<br />16. ung ointment<br />17. UV ultraviolet<br />Part 4: Musculoskeletal System<br />Follow same format as Part 1:<br />Sections: Combining Forms Relating to<br />Word Building Relating to<br />Vocabulary Relating to<br />Pathology Relating to<br />Diagnostic Procedures Relating to<br />Therapeutic Procedures Relating to<br />Pharmacology Relating to<br />Muscle Actions<br />Abbreviations Relating to<br />Quiz<br />Combining Forms Relating to the Skeletal System<br />Combining Form Meaning<br />1. ankyl/o stiff joint<br />2. arthr/o joint<br />3. articul/o joint<br />4. burs/o sac<br />5. carp/o wrist<br />6. cervic/o neck<br />7. chondr/o cartilage<br />8. clavicul/o clavicle, collarbone<br />9. coccyg/o coccyx, tailbone<br />10. cost/o rib<br />11. crani/o skull, head<br />12. femor/o femur, thigh bone<br />13. fibul/o fibula, smaller outer bone of lower leg<br />14. humer/o humerus, upper arm bone<br />15. ili/o ilium, part of hipbone<br />16. ischi/o ischium, part of hipbone<br />17. kyph/o hump<br />18. lamin/o lamina, part of vertebra<br />19. lord/o swayback, curve<br />20. lumb/o loin, lower back<br />21. mandibul/o mandible, jawbone<br />22. maxill/o maxilla, upper jawbone<br />23. metacarp/o metacarpals, hand bones<br />24. metatars/o metatarsals, foot bones<br />25. myel/o bone marrow<br />26. orth/o straight<br />27. oste/o bone<br />28. patell/o patella, knee cap<br />29. ped/o foot<br />30. pelv/o pelvis<br />31. phalang/o phalanges, bones of fingers and toes<br />32. pub/o pubis, part of hipbone<br />33. radi/o radius, lower arm bone<br />34. sacr/o sacrum<br />35. scapul/o scapula, shoulder blade<br />36. scoli/o crooked, bent<br />37. spondyl/o vertebrae, backbone<br />38. stern/o sternum, breastbone<br />39. synovi/o synovial membrane<br />40. tars/o ankle<br />41. thorac/o chest<br />42. tibi/o tibia, inner bone of lower leg<br />43. uln/o ulna, lower arm bone<br />44. vertebr/o vertebra, backbone<br />Suffixes Relating to the Skeletal System<br />1. -blast immature, embryonic<br />2. -clasia to surgically break<br />3. -desis stabilize, fuse<br />4. -listhesis slipping<br />5. -malacia softening<br />6. -porosis porous<br />7. -scopy procedure to visually examine<br />8. -tome instrument to cut<br />Combining Forms Relating to the Muscular System<br />Combining Form Meaning<br />1. fasci/o fibrous band<br />2. fibr/o fibers<br />3. leiomy/o smooth muscle<br />4. muscul/o muscle<br />5. my/o muscle<br />6. myocardi/o heart muscle<br />7. myos/o muscle<br />8. plant/o sole of foot<br />9. rhabdomy/o skeletal muscle<br />10. ten/o tendon<br />11. tend/o tendon<br />12. tendin/o tendon<br />Suffixes Relating to the Muscular System<br />1. -asthenia weakness<br />2. -kinesia movement<br />3. -trophy development, nourishment<br />Prefixes Relating to the Muscular System<br />1. ab- away from<br />2. ad- toward<br />3. circum- around<br />Word Building Relating to the Skeletal System<br />Combining Form Medical Term Definition<br />arthr/o arthralgia joint pain<br />arthrocentesis puncture to withdraw fluid from a<br />joint<br />arthroclasia surgically breaking a joint<br />arthrodesis fusion of a joint<br />arthritis joint inflammation<br />arthrotomy incision into a joint<br />arthroscopy visual examination of the inside of a<br />joint<br />burs/o bursectomy excision of a bursa<br />bursitis inflammation of a bursa<br />bursolith stone in a bursa<br />chondr/o chondrectomy excision of cartilage<br />chondromalacia cartilage softening<br />chondroplasty surgical repair of cartilage<br />crani/o intracranial pertaining to inside the skull<br />craniotomy incision into the skull<br />myel/o myeloma bone marrow tumor<br />oste/o osteocarcinoma cancerous bone tumor<br />osteochondroma bone and cartilage tumor<br />osteoclasia to surgically break a bone<br />osteomalacia bone softening<br />osteomyelitis inflammation of bone and bone<br />marrow<br />osteotomy incision into a bone<br />osteopathy bone disease<br />osteoporosis abnormal condition of porous bones<br />osteotome instrument to cut bone<br />vertebr/o intervertebral pertaining to between vertebrae<br />Word Building Relating to the Muscular System<br />Combining<br />Form Medical Term Definition<br />fasci/o fasciitis inflammation of fascia<br />fasciorrhaphy suture fascia<br />fasciotomy incision into fascia<br />leiomy/o leiomyofibroma fibrous smooth muscle tumor<br />leiomyoma smooth muscle tumor<br />my/o electromyogram (EMG) record of muscle electricity<br />myopathy muscle disease<br />myoplasty surgical repair of muscle<br />myorrhaphy suture a muscle<br />myos/o polymyositis inflammation of many muscles<br />rhabdomy/o rhabdomyolysis skeletal muscle destruction<br />rhabdomyoma skeletal muscle tumor<br />ten/o tenodynia tendon pain<br />tenomyopathy disease of tendons and muscle<br />tenorrhaphy suture a tendon<br />tend/o tendoplasty surgical repair of tendon<br />tendotomy incision into tendon<br />tendin/o tendinitis inflammation of tendon<br />tendinous pertaining to tendons<br />Suffix Combined With Prefix Medical Term<br />-kinesia bradykinesia slow movement<br />dyskinesia difficult or painful movement<br />hyperkinesia excessive movement<br />-trophy atrophy lack of development<br />dystrophy difficult (poor) development<br />hypertrophy excessive development<br />Vocabulary Relating to the Skeletal System<br />callus The mass of bone tissue that forms at a fracture site<br />during its healing.<br />crepitation The noise produced by bones or cartilage rubbing<br />together in conditions such as arthritis.<br />exostosis A bone spur.<br />kyphosis Abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the<br />thoracic spine. Also known as hunchback or humpback.<br />lordosis Abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the<br />lumbar spine. Also known as swayback.<br />orthopedics Branch of medicine specializing in the diagnosis and<br />treatment of conditions of the musculoskeletal system.<br />orthopedist Physician who specializes in treatment of conditions of<br />the musculoskeletal system.<br />orthotics A brace or splint used to prevent or correct deformities.<br />orthotist Person skilled in making and fitting orthotics.<br />podiatrist Specialist in treating disorders of the feet.<br />prosthesis Artificial device that is used as a substitute for a body part<br />that is either congenitally missing or is absent as a result<br />of accident or disease (for instance, an artificial<br />leg or hip).<br />prosthetist Person who fabricates and fits prostheses.<br />Vocabulary Relating to the Muscular System<br />adhesion Scar tissue forming in the fascia surrounding a<br />muscle making it difficult to stretch the muscle.<br />contracture An abnormal shortening of a muscle, making it<br />difficult to stretch the muscle.<br />spasm A sudden, involuntary, strong muscle contraction.<br />torticollis Severe neck spasms pulling the head to one side.<br />Commonly called wryneck or a crick in the neck.<br />Pathology Relating to the Skeletal System<br />ankylosing spondylitis Inflammatory spinal condition that resembles<br />rheumatoid arthritis. Results in gradual stiffening<br />and fusion of the vertebrae. More common in<br />men than women.<br />bunion Inflammation of the bursa of the great toe.<br />carpal tunnel Pain caused by compression of the nerve as it<br />syndrome (CTS) passes between the bones and ligaments of the<br />wrist.<br />closed fracture A fracture in which there is no open skin wound.<br />Also called a simple fracture.<br />Colles’ fracture A common type of wrist fracture.<br />comminuted fracture Fracture in which the bone is shattered, splintered,<br />or crushed into many small pieces or fragments.<br />compound fracture Fracture in which the skin has been broken<br />through to the fracture. Also called an open fracture.<br />Dislocation Occurs when the bones in a joint are displaced<br />from their normal alignment.<br />Ewing’s sarcoma Malignant growth found in the shaft of long<br />bones that spreads through the periosteum.<br />Named for James Ewing, an American<br />pathologist.<br />fracture (FX, Fx) A broken bone.<br />gout Inflammation of the joints caused by excessive<br />uric acid.<br />greenstick fracture Fracture in which there is an incomplete break;<br />one side of bone is broken and the other side is<br />bent. This type of fracture is commonly found in<br />children due to their softer and more pliable bone<br />structure.<br />herniated nucleus Herniation or protrusion of an intervertebral<br />pulposus (HNP) disk; also called herniated disk. May require<br />surgery.<br />impacted fracture Fracture in which bone fragments are pushed into<br />each other.<br />myeloma Malignant tumor originating in the bone marrow.<br />oblique fracture Fracture at an angle to the bone.<br />open fracture Fracture in which the skin has been broken<br />through to the fracture. Also called a compound<br />fracture.<br />osteoarthritis (OA) Arthritis resulting in degeneration of the bones<br />and joints, especially those bearing weight.<br />Results in bone rubbing against bone.<br />osteogenic sarcoma The most common type of bone cancer. Usually<br />begins in osteocytes found at the ends of long bones.<br />osteomalacia Softening of the bones caused by a deficiency of<br />calcium. It is thought that in children the cause is<br />insufficient sunlight and vitamin D.<br />osteoporosis Decrease in bone mass that results in a thinning<br />and weakening of the bone with resulting<br />fractures. The bone becomes more porous,<br />especially in the spine and pelvis.<br />Paget’s disease A fairly common metabolic disease of the bone<br />from unknown causes. It usually attacks middleaged<br />and elderly people and is characterized by<br />bone destruction and deformity. Named for Sir<br />James Paget, a British surgeon.<br />pathologic fracture Fracture caused by diseased or weakened bone.<br />rheumatoid arthritis Chronic form of arthritis with inflammation of<br />(RA) the joints, swelling, stiffness, pain, and changes<br />in the cartilage that can result in crippling<br />deformities.<br />rickets Deficiency in calcium and vitamin D found in<br />early childhood that results in bone deformities,<br />especially bowed legs.<br />scoliosis Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine.<br />simple fracture A fracture in which there is no open skin wound.<br />Also called a closed fracture.<br />spina bifida A congenital anomaly that occurs when a<br />vertebra fails to fully form around the spinal cord.<br />spinal stenosis Narrowing of the spinal canal causing pressure on<br />the cord and nerves.<br />spiral fracture Fracture in which the fracture line spirals around<br />the shaft of the bone. Can be caused by a twisting<br />injury and is often slower to heal than other types<br />of fractures.<br />spondylolisthesis The forward sliding of a lumbar vertebra over the<br />vertebra below it.<br />spondylosis A degenerative condition of the vertebral column.<br />strain Damage to the ligaments surrounding a joint due<br />to overstretching, but no dislocation of the joint.<br />systemic lupus Chronic inflammatory disease of connective tissue<br />erythematosus (SLE) that causes injury to the joints, skin, kidneys,<br />heart, lungs, and nervous system. A characteristic<br />butterfly rash or erythema may be present.<br />talipes Congenital deformity of the foot. Also referred to<br />as a clubfoot.<br />transverse fracture Complete fracture that is straight across the bone<br />at right angles to the long axis of the bone.<br />whiplash Injury to the bones in the cervical spine as a<br />result of a sudden movement forward and<br />backward of the head and neck. Can occur as a<br />result of a rear-end auto collision.<br />Pathology Relating to the Muscular System<br />fibromyalgia A condition with widespread aching and pain in<br />the muscles and soft tissue.<br />ganglion Cyst that forms on tendon sheath, usually on<br />hand, wrist, or ankle.<br />lateral epicondylitis Inflammation of the muscle attachment to the<br />lateral epicondyle of the elbow. Often caused by<br />strongly gripping. Commonly called tennis elbow.<br />muscular dystrophy Inherited disease causing a progressive muscle<br />(MD) degeneration, weakness, and atrophy.<br />pseudohypertrophic One type of inherited muscular dystrophy in<br />muscular dystrophy which the muscle tissue is gradually replaced by<br />fatty tissue, making the muscle look strong. Also<br />called Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy.<br />sprain Damage to the muscle and soft tissue due to<br />overuse or overstretching.<br />Diagnostic Procedures Relating to the Skeletal System<br />arthrography Visualization of a joint by radiographic study after<br />injection of a contrast medium into the joint<br />space.<br />arthroscopy Examination of the interior of a joint by entering<br />the joint with an arthroscope. Torn ligaments can<br />be repaired while the patient is undergoing<br />arthroscopy. The arthroscope contains a small<br />television camera that allows the physician to<br />view the interior of the joint on a monitor during<br />the procedure.<br />bone scan Patient is given a radioactive dye and then<br />scanning equipment is used to visualize bones. It<br />is especially useful in observing progress of<br />treatment for osteomyelitis and cancer metastases<br />to the bone.<br />myelography Study of the spinal column after injecting opaque<br />contrast material; particularly useful in<br />identifying herniated nucleus pulposus.<br />photon absorptiometry Measurement of bone density using an instrument<br />for the purpose of detecting osteoporosis.<br />Diagnostic Procedures Relating to the Muscular System<br />creatine A muscle enzyme found in skeletal muscle and<br />phosphokinase (CPK) cardiac muscle. Blood levels become elevated in<br />disorders such as heart attack, muscular<br />dystrophy, and other skeletal muscle pathologies.<br />deep tendon reflexesMuscle contraction in response to a stretch<br />caused by striking the muscle tendon with a<br />reflex hammer. Test used to determine if muscles<br />are responding properly.<br />electromyography Study and record of the strength and quality of<br />muscle contractions as a result of electrical<br />stimulation.<br />muscle biopsy Removal of muscle tissue for pathological<br />examination.<br />Therapeutic Procedures Relating to the Skeletal System<br />amputation Partial or complete removal of a limb for a variety<br />of reasons, including tumors, gangrene, intractable<br />pain, crushing injury, or uncontrollable infection.<br />arthroscopic surgery Use of an arthroscope to facilitate performing<br />surgery on a joint.<br />bone graft Piece of bone taken from the patient that is used<br />to take the place of a removed bone or a bony<br />defect at another site.<br />bunionectomy Removal of the bursa at the joint of the great toe.<br />carpal tunnel release Surgical cutting of the ligament in the wrist to<br />relieve nerve pressure caused by carpal tunnel<br />disease, which can result from repetitive motion<br />such as typing.<br />cast Application of a solid material to immobilize an<br />extremity or portion of the body as a result of a<br />fracture, dislocation, or severe injury. It is most<br />often made of plaster of Paris.<br />diskectomy Removal of a herniated intervertebral disk.<br />laminectomy Removal of the vertebral posterior arch to correct<br />severe back problems and pain caused by<br />compression of a spinal nerve.<br />reduction Correcting a fracture by realigning the bone fragments.<br />Closed reduction is doing this manipulation<br />without entering the body. Open reduction is the<br />surgical incision at the site of the fracture to do the<br />reduction. This is commonly necessary where<br />there are bony fragments to remove.<br />spinal fusion Surgical immobilization of adjacent vertebrae.<br />This may be done for several reasons, including<br />correction for a herniated disk.<br />total hip replacement Surgical reconstruction of a hip by implanting a<br />(THR) prosthetic or artificial hip joint. Also called total<br />hip arthroplasty (THA).<br />total knee Surgical reconstruction of a knee joint by<br />replacement (TKR) implanting a prosthetic knee joint. Also called<br />total knee arthroplasty (TKA).<br />Pharmacology Relating to the Skeletal System<br />Bone reabsorption Conditions that result in weak and fragile<br />inhibitors bones, such as osteoporosis and Paget’s<br />disease, are improved by medications that<br />reduce the reabsorption of bones.<br />Calcium supplements Maintaining high blood levels of calcium in<br />and Vitamin D therapy association with vitamin D helps maintain<br />bone density and treats osteomalacia,<br />osteoporosis, and rickets.<br />Corticosteroids A hormone produced by the adrenal cortex<br />that has very strong anti-inflammatory<br />properties. It is particularly useful in treating<br />rheumatoid arthritis.<br />Nonsteroidal anti- A large group of drugs including aspirin and<br />inflammatory drugs ibuprofen that provide mild pain relief and<br />(NSAIDs) anti-inflammatory benefits for conditions such<br />as arthritis.<br />Pharmacology Relating to the Muscular System<br />Muscle relaxants Medication to relax skeletal muscles in order to<br />reduce muscle spasms. Also called<br />antispasmodics.<br />Muscle Actions<br />Abduction: Movement away from midline of the body.<br />Adduction: Movement toward midline of the body.<br />Flexion: Act of bending or being bent.<br />Extension: Movement that brings limb into or toward a straight condition.<br />Dorsiflexion: Backward bending, as of hand or foot.<br />Plantar flexion: Bending sole of foot; pointing toes downward.<br />Eversion: Turning outward.<br />Inversion: Turning inward.<br />Pronation: To turn downward or backward as with the hand or foot.<br />Supination: Turning the palm or foot upward.<br />Elevation: To raise a body part, as in shrug the shoulders.<br />Depression: A downward movement, as in dropping the shoulders.<br />Abbreviations Relating to the Skeletal System<br />1. AE above elbow<br />2. AK above knee<br />3. BDT bone density testing<br />4. BE below elbow<br />5. BK below knee<br />6. C1, C2, etc. first cervical vertebra, second cervical vertebra, etc.<br />7. CDH congenital dislocation of the hip<br />8. CTS carpal tunnel syndrome<br />9. DJD degenerative joint disease<br />10. FX, Fx fracture<br />11. HNP herniated nucleus pulposus<br />12. JRA juvenile rheumatoid arthritis<br />13. L1, L2, etc. first lumbar vertebra, second lumbar vertebra, etc.<br />14. LAT, lat lateral<br />15. LE lower extremity<br />16. LLE left lower extremity<br />17. LUE left upper extremity<br />18. NSAID non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug<br />19. OA osteoarthritis<br />20. ORIF open reduction–internal fixation<br />21. Orth, ortho orthopedics<br />22. RA rheumatoid arthritis<br />23. RLE right lower extremity<br />QUIZ<br />QUIZ 4A<br />Directions: Define the combining forms in the spaces provided.<br />1. ankyl/o___________________________________________________________________________________<br />2. arthr/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />3. articul/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />4. burs/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />5. carp/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />6. cervic/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />7. chondr/o _________________________________________________________________________________<br />8. clavicul/o _________________________________________________________________________________<br />9. coccyg/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />10. cost/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />11. crani/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />12. femor/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />13. fibul/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />14. humer/o _________________________________________________________________________________<br />15. ili/o ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />16. ischi/o____________________________________________________________________________________<br />17. kyph/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />18. lamin/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />19. lord/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />20. lumb/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />21. mandibul/o _______________________________________________________________________________<br />22. maxill/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />23. metacarp/o _______________________________________________________________________________<br />24. metatars/o ________________________________________________________________________________<br />25. myel/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />26. orth/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />27. oste/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />28. patell/o___________________________________________________________________________________<br />29. ped/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />30. pelv/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />31. phalang/o ________________________________________________________________________________<br />32. pub/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />33. radi/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />34. sacr/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />35. scapul/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />36. scoli/o____________________________________________________________________________________<br />37. spondyl/o _________________________________________________________________________________<br />38. stern/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />39. synovi/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />40. tars/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />41. thorac/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />42. tibi/o _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />43. uln/o_____________________________________________________________________________________<br />44. vertebr/o _________________________________________________________________________________<br />45. -blast ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />46. -clasia ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />47. -desis ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />48. -listhesis __________________________________________________________________________________<br />49. -malacia __________________________________________________________________________________<br />50. -porosis __________________________________________________________________________________<br />51. -scopy ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />52. -tome ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />53. fasci/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />54. fibr/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />55. leiomy/o _________________________________________________________________________________<br />56. muscul/o _________________________________________________________________________________<br />57. my/o _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />58. myocardi/o _______________________________________________________________________________<br />59. myos/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />60. plant/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />61. rhabdomy/o ______________________________________________________________________________<br />62. ten/o ____________________________________________________________________________________<br />63. tend/o ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />64. tendin/o __________________________________________________________________________________<br />65. -asthenia _________________________________________________________________________________<br />66. -kinesia __________________________________________________________________________________<br />67. -trophy ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />68. ab- ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />69. ad- ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />70. circum- __________________________________________________________________________________<br />QUIZ 4B<br />Directions: Describe each muscle action.<br />1. abduction ________________________________________________________________________________<br />2. adduction ________________________________________________________________________________<br />3. circumduction ____________________________________________________________________________<br />4. depression _______________________________________________________________________________<br />5. dorsiflexion ______________________________________________________________________________<br />6. elevation _________________________________________________________________________________<br />7. eversion _________________________________________________________________________________<br />8. extension ________________________________________________________________________________<br />9. flexion ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />10. inversion _________________________________________________________________________________<br />11. opposition ________________________________________________________________________________<br />12. plantar flexion ____________________________________________________________________________<br />13. pronation ________________________________________________________________________________<br />14. rotation __________________________________________________________________________________<br />15. supination ________________________________________________________________________________<br />QUIZ 4C<br />Directions: Build a single medical term for each phrase below.<br />1. joint pain _________________________________________________________________________________<br />2. puncture to withdraw fluid from a joint ______________________________________________________<br />3. surgically breaking a joint __________________________________________________________________<br />4. fusion of a joint ___________________________________________________________________________<br />5. joint inflammation ________________________________________________________________________<br />6. incision into a joint ________________________________________________________________________<br />7. visual examination of the inside of a joint ____________________________________________________<br />8. excision of a bursa _________________________________________________________________________<br />9. inflammation of a bursa ____________________________________________________________________<br />10. stone in a bursa ___________________________________________________________________________<br />11. excision of cartilage ________________________________________________________________________<br />12. cartilage softening _________________________________________________________________________<br />13. surgical repair of cartilage __________________________________________________________________<br />14. pertaining to inside the skull ________________________________________________________________<br />15. incision into the skull ______________________________________________________________________<br />16. bone marrow tumor _______________________________________________________________________<br />17. cancerous bone tumor______________________________________________________________________<br />18. bone and cartilage tumor ___________________________________________________________________<br />19. to surgically break a bone __________________________________________________________________<br />20. bone softening ____________________________________________________________________________<br />21. inflammation of bone and bone marrow______________________________________________________<br />22. incision into a bone ________________________________________________________________________<br />23. bone disease ______________________________________________________________________________<br />24. abnormal condition of porous bones _________________________________________________________<br />25. instrument to cut bone _____________________________________________________________________<br />26. pertaining to between vertebrae _____________________________________________________________<br />27. inflammation of fascia______________________________________________________________________<br />28. suture fascia ______________________________________________________________________________<br />29. incision into fascia _________________________________________________________________________<br />30. smooth muscle tumor ______________________________________________________________________<br />31. fibrous smooth muscle tumor _______________________________________________________________<br />32. record of muscle electricity _________________________________________________________________<br />33. muscle disease ____________________________________________________________________________<br />34. surgical repair of muscle ____________________________________________________________________<br />35. suture a muscle ___________________________________________________________________________<br />36. inflammation of many muscles ______________________________________________________________<br />37. skeletal muscle tumor ______________________________________________________________________<br />38. skeletal muscle destruction _________________________________________________________________<br />39. inflammation of tendon ____________________________________________________________________<br />40. pertaining to tendons ______________________________________________________________________<br />41. incision into tendon _______________________________________________________________________<br />42. surgical repair of tendon____________________________________________________________________<br />43. tendon pain_______________________________________________________________________________<br />44. disease of tendons and muscle_______________________________________________________________<br />45. suture a tendon ___________________________________________________________________________<br />46. slow movement ___________________________________________________________________________<br />47. difficult or painful movement _______________________________________________________________<br />48. excessive movement _______________________________________________________________________<br />49. lack of development _______________________________________________________________________<br />50. difficult (poor) development ________________________________________________________________<br />51. excessive development _____________________________________________________________________<br />QUIZ 4D<br />Directions: Write the medical term for which each abbreviation stands.<br />1. AE _______________________________________________________________________________________<br />2. AK ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />3. BDT______________________________________________________________________________________<br />4. BE _______________________________________________________________________________________<br />5. BK_______________________________________________________________________________________<br />6. C1, C2, etc. _______________________________________________________________________________<br />7. CDH _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />8. CTS ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />9. DJD______________________________________________________________________________________<br />10. FX, Fx____________________________________________________________________________________<br />11. HNP______________________________________________________________________________________<br />12. JRA ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />13. L1, L2, etc.________________________________________________________________________________<br />14. LAT, lat ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />15. LE _______________________________________________________________________________________<br />16. LLE ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />17. LUE______________________________________________________________________________________<br />18. NSAID ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />19. OA ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />20. ORIF _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />21. Orth, ortho _______________________________________________________________________________<br />22. RA ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />23. RLE ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />24. RUE _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />25. SLE ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />26. T1, T2, etc. _______________________________________________________________________________<br />27. THA _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />28. THR _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />29. TKA _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />30. TKR _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />31. TMJ _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />32. TX, Tx ___________________________________________________________________________________<br />33. UE ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />34. CPK _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />35. DTR _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />36. EMG _____________________________________________________________________________________<br />37. IM _______________________________________________________________________________________<br />38. MD ______________________________________________________________________________________<br />39. ROM_____________________________________________________________________________________<br />QUIZ 4A Answer Key<br />Combining Form or Suffix Meaning<br />1. ankyl/o stiff joint<br />2. arthr/o joint<br />3. articul/o joint<br />4. burs/o sac<br />5. carp/o wrist<br />6. cervic/o neck<br />7. chondr/o cartilage<br />8. clavicul/o clavicle, collarbone<br />9. coccyg/o coccyx, tailbone<br />10. cost/o rib<br />11. crani/o head, skull<br />12. femor/o femur, thigh bone<br />13. fibul/o fibula, smaller outer bone of lower leg<br />14. humer/o humerus, upper arm bone<br />15. ili/o ilium, part of hipbone<br />16. ischi/o ischium, part of hipbone<br />17. kyph/o hump<br />18. lamin/o lamina, part of vertebra<br />19. lord/o swayback, curve<br />20. lumb/o loin, lower back<br />21. mandibul/o mandible, jawbone<br />22. maxill/o maxilla, upper jawbone<br />23. metacarp/o metacarpals, hand bones<br />24. metatars/o metatarsals, foot bones<br />25. myel/o bone marrow<br />26. orth/o straight<br />27. oste/o bone<br />28. patell/o patella, knee cap<br />29. ped/o foot<br />30. pelv/o pelvis<br />31. phalang/o phalanges, bones of fingers and toes<br />32. pub/o pubis, part of hipbone<br />33. radi/o radius, lower arm bone<br />34. sacr/o sacrum<br />35. scapul/o scapula, shoulder blade<br />36. scoli/o crooked, bent<br />37. spondyl/o vertebrae, backbone<br />38. stern/o sternum, breastbone<br />39. synovi/o synovial membrane<br />40. tars/o ankle<br />41. thorac/o chest<br />42. tibi/o tibia, inner bone of lower leg<br />43. uln/o ulna, lower arm bone<br />44. vertebr/o vertebra, backbone<br />45. -blast immature, embryonic<br />46. -clasia to surgically break<br />47. -desis stabilize, fuse<br />48. -listhesis slipping<br />49. -malacia softening<br />50. -porosis porous<br />51. -scopy procedure to visually examine<br />52. -tome instrument to cut<br />53. fasci/o fibrous band<br />54. fibr/o fibers<br />55. leiomy/o smooth muscle<br />56. muscul/o muscle<br />57. my/o muscle<br />58. myocardi/o heart muscle<br />59. myos/o muscle<br />60. plant/o sole of foot<br />61. rhabdomy/o skeletal muscle<br />62. ten/o tendon<br />63. tend/o tendon<br />64. tendin/o tendon<br />65. -asthenia weakness<br />66. -kinesia movement<br />67. -trophy development, nourishment<br />68. ab- away from<br />69. ad- toward<br />70. circum- around<br />QUIZ 4B Answer Key<br />Muscle Movement Meaning<br />1. abduction Movement away from midline of the body.<br />2. adduction Movement toward midline of the body.<br />3. circumduction Movement in a circular direction from a central point.<br />4. depression A downward movement, as in dropping the shoulders.<br />5. dorsiflexion Backward bending, as of hand or foot.<br />6. elevation To raise a body part, as in shrug the shoulders.<br />7. eversion Turning outward.<br />8. extension Movement that brings limb into or toward a straight condition.<br />9. flexion Act of bending or being bent.<br />10. inversion Turning inward.<br />11. opposition Move thumb away from palm; the ability to move the thumb into contact<br />with the other fingers.<br />12. plantar flexion Bending sole of foot; pointing toes downward.<br />13. pronation To turn downward or backward as with the hand or foot.<br />14. rotation Moving around a central axis.<br />15. supination Turning the palm or foot upward.<br />QUIZ 4C Answer Key<br />Phrase Term<br />1. joint pain arthralgia<br />2. puncture to withdraw fluid from a joint arthrocentesis<br />3. surgically breaking a joint arthroclasia<br />4. fusion of a joint arthrodesis<br />5. joint inflammation arthritis<br />6. incision into a joint arthrotomy<br />7. visual examination of the inside of a joint arthroscopy<br />8. excision of a bursa bursectomy<br />9. inflammation of a bursa bursitis<br />10. stone in a bursa bursolith<br />11. excision of cartilage chondrectomy<br />12. cartilage softening chondromalacia<br />13. surgical repair of cartilage chondroplasty<br />14. pertaining to inside the skull intracranial<br />15. incision into the skull craniotomy<br />16. bone marrow tumor myeloma<br />17. cancerous bone tumor osteocarcinoma<br />18. bone and cartilage tumor osteochondroma<br />19. to surgically break a bone osteoclasia<br />20. bone softening osteomalacia<br />21. inflammation of bone and bone marrow osteomyelitis<br />22. incision into a bone osteotomy<br />23. bone disease osteopathy<br />24. abnormal condition of porous bones osteoporosis<br />25. instrument to cut bone osteotome<br />26. pertaining to between vertebrae intervertebral<br />27. inflammation of fascia fasciitis<br />28. suture fascia fasciorrhaphy<br />29. incision into fascia fasciotomy<br />30. smooth muscle tumor leiomyoma<br />31. fibrous smooth muscle tumor leiomyofibroma<br />32. record of muscle electricity electromyogram (EMG)<br />33. muscle disease myopathy<br />34. surgical repair of muscle myoplasty<br />35. suture a muscle myorrhaphy<br />36. inflammation of many muscles polymyositis<br />37. skeletal muscle tumor rhabdomyoma<br />38. skeletal muscle destruction rhabdomyolysis<br />39. inflammation of tendon tendinitis<br />40. pertaining to tendons tendinous<br />41. incision into tendon tendotomy<br />42. surgical repair of tendon tendoplasty<br />43. tendon pain tenodynia<br />44. disease of tendons and muscle tenomyopathy<br />45. suture a tendon tenorrhaphy<br />46. slow movement bradykinesia<br />47. difficult or painful movement dyskinesia<br />48. excessive movement hyperkinesia<br />49. lack of development atrophy<br />50. difficult (poor) development dystrophy<br />51. excessive development hypertrophy<br />QUIZ 4D Answer Key<br />Abbreviation Meaning<br />1. AE above elbow<br />2. AK above knee<br />3. BDT bone density testing<br />4. BE below elbow<br />5. BK below knee<br />6. C1, C2, etc. first cervical vertebra, second cervical vertebra, etc.<br />7. CDH congenital dislocation of the hip<br />8. CTS carpal tunnel syndrome<br />9. DJD degenerative joint disease<br />10. FX, Fx fracture<br />11. HNP herniated nucleus pulposus<br />12. JRA juvenile rheumatoid arthritis<br />13. L1, L2, etc. first lumbar vertebra, second lumbar vertebra, etc.<br />14. LAT, lat lateral<br />15. LE lower extremity<br />16. LLE left lower extremity<br />17. LUE left upper extremity<br />18. NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug<br />19. OA osteoarthritis<br />20. ORIF open reduction–internal fixation<br />21. Orth, ortho orthopedics<br />22. RA rheumatoid arthritis<br />23. RLE right lower extremity<br />24. RUE right upper extremity<br />25. SLE systemic lupus erythematosus<br />26. T1, T2, etc. first thoracic vertebra, second thoracic vertebra, etc.<br />27. THA total hip arthroplasty<br />28. THR total hip replacement<br />29. TKA total knee arthroplasty<br />30. TKR total knee replacement<br />31. TMJ temporomandibular joint<br />32. TX, Tx traction, treatment<br />33. UE upper extremity<br />34. CPK creatine phosphokinase<br />35. DTR deep tendon reflex<br />36. EMG electromyogram<br />37. IM intramuscular<br />38. MD muscular dystrophy<br />39. ROM range of motion<br />