16. Health-Care Consumerism and Complementary/Alternative ...

787 views
625 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
787
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Student Snapshot
  • Figure 16.1
  • Figure 16.2
  • 16. Health-Care Consumerism and Complementary/Alternative ...

    1. 1. An Invitation to HealthAn Invitation to Health Chapter 16Chapter 16 Health-Care Consumerism andHealth-Care Consumerism and Complementary/Alternative MedicineComplementary/Alternative Medicine Prepared by: Karlyn Grimes, M.S. R.D. ©2004 Wadsworth Publishing Co.
    2. 2. Health Beliefs of StudentsHealth Beliefs of Students
    3. 3. Evaluating Online Health SitesEvaluating Online Health Sites Check the CreatorCheck the Creator Check WebsiteCheck Website Creation &Creation & UpdatesUpdates Look forLook for Possible BiasPossible Bias Consider theConsider the AuthorAuthor Check theCheck the ReferencesReferences
    4. 4. Evaluating Health NewsEvaluating Health News Who are the scientists involved? Are theyWho are the scientists involved? Are they recognized, legitimate health professionals?recognized, legitimate health professionals? Where did the scientists report their findings?Where did the scientists report their findings? Is the information based on personal observations?Is the information based on personal observations? Does the article, report, or advertisement includeDoes the article, report, or advertisement include sensationalized statements?sensationalized statements? Is someone trying to sell you something?Is someone trying to sell you something? Does the information defy all common sense?Does the information defy all common sense?
    5. 5. Making Sense of MedicalMaking Sense of Medical ResearchResearch Types of StudiesTypes of Studies  Epidemiological studiesEpidemiological studies  Animal studies orAnimal studies or preclinical trailspreclinical trails  Clinical trialsClinical trials Research TerminologyResearch Terminology  Controlled studiesControlled studies  Single-blind studiesSingle-blind studies  Double-blind studiesDouble-blind studies  Placebo effectPlacebo effect  Prospective studiesProspective studies  Retrospective studiesRetrospective studies  Peer-reviewed journalsPeer-reviewed journals  ReplicationReplication  Meta-analysisMeta-analysis
    6. 6. Self-CareSelf-Care Vital SignVital Sign Normal ValuesNormal Values TemperatureTemperature MorningMorning: 98.9ºF;: 98.9ºF; AfternoonAfternoon: 99.9ºF: 99.9ºF Measure your temperature with a mercury orMeasure your temperature with a mercury or digital thermometer.digital thermometer. BloodBlood PressurePressure 120/70 to 140/90 depending on your age and120/70 to 140/90 depending on your age and gender.gender. PulsePulse 72 beats per minute.72 beats per minute. Take your pulse rate at your wrist or at theTake your pulse rate at your wrist or at the carotid artery in your neck.carotid artery in your neck. RespirationRespiration 15-20 breaths per minute15-20 breaths per minute
    7. 7. Are You Getting Quality Care From YourAre You Getting Quality Care From Your Primary Care Physician?Primary Care Physician? Did your physician take a comprehensive history? Was theDid your physician take a comprehensive history? Was the physical examination thorough?physical examination thorough? Did your physician explain what he or she was doing duringDid your physician explain what he or she was doing during the exam?the exam? Did he or she spend enough time with you?Did he or she spend enough time with you? Did you feel free to ask questions? Did your physician giveDid you feel free to ask questions? Did your physician give you straight answers? Did he or she reassure you when youyou straight answers? Did he or she reassure you when you were worried?were worried? Does your physician seem willing to admit that he or sheDoes your physician seem willing to admit that he or she doesn’t know the answers to some questions?doesn’t know the answers to some questions? Does your physician hesitate to refer you to a specialist evenDoes your physician hesitate to refer you to a specialist even when you have a complex problem that warrants such care?when you have a complex problem that warrants such care?
    8. 8. Standard Tests Performed During AStandard Tests Performed During A Medical CheckupMedical Checkup
    9. 9. Common Medical TestsCommon Medical Tests  Chest X-rayChest X-ray  ElectrocardiogramElectrocardiogram  UrinalysisUrinalysis  Blood TestsBlood Tests Elective TreatmentsElective Treatments  Laser vision surgery  Cosmetic surgery
    10. 10. Your Right to Privacy and AccessYour Right to Privacy and Access to Medical Recordsto Medical Records Access toAccess to Medical RecordsMedical Records Notice ofNotice of PrivacyPrivacy PracticesPractices ConfidentialityConfidentiality ProhibitionProhibition onon MarketingMarketing
    11. 11. Complementary andComplementary and Alternative MedicineAlternative Medicine  DefinitionDefinition  All health-care approaches, practices, and treatments not widelyAll health-care approaches, practices, and treatments not widely taught in medical schools and not generally used in hospitals.taught in medical schools and not generally used in hospitals.  5 Categories of CAM5 Categories of CAM  Alternative medical systems  acupuncture, ayurveda, homeopathy and naturopathy.  Mind-body interventions  biofeedback and visualization.  Biologically based therapies  herbal medicine.  Manipulative and body-based methods  Chiropractic, massage therapy and reflexology.  Energy therapies
    12. 12. What Should I Know Before I TryWhat Should I Know Before I Try CAM?CAM?  Is it safe?Is it safe?  Is it effective?Is it effective?  Will it interact with other medications orWill it interact with other medications or conventional treatments?conventional treatments?  Is the practitioner qualified?Is the practitioner qualified?  What has been the experience of others?What has been the experience of others?  Can you talk openly and easily with theCan you talk openly and easily with the practitioners?practitioners?  Are you comfortable with the CAM careAre you comfortable with the CAM care setting?setting?  What are the costs?What are the costs?
    13. 13. Health-Care PractitionersHealth-Care Practitioners PhysiciansPhysicians Allied-HealthAllied-Health PractitionersPractitionersNursesNurses ChiropractorsChiropractorsDentistsDentists
    14. 14. Health-Care FacilitiesHealth-Care Facilities College Health CentersCollege Health Centers OutpatientOutpatient TreatmentTreatment CentersCenters HomeHome HealthHealth CareCare Hospitals andHospitals and Medical CentersMedical Centers
    15. 15. Who Are The Uninsured?Who Are The Uninsured?
    16. 16. Health Insurance PlansHealth Insurance Plans Private Fee-for-Private Fee-for- Service PlansService Plans Indemnity Plans Managed Care PlansManaged Care Plans PPOPPO HMOHMO Public orPublic or Governmental PlansGovernmental Plans MedicareMedicare MedicaidMedicaid
    17. 17. Taking Charge of Your HealthTaking Charge of Your Health CareCare Trust your instinctsTrust your instincts Do your homeworkDo your homework Find a good primary care physicianFind a good primary care physician See your doctor regularlySee your doctor regularly Get a second opinionGet a second opinion Challenge medical judgmentsChallenge medical judgments Seek supportSeek support Speak upSpeak up Bring your own advocateBring your own advocate

    ×