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Draft hierarchy of controls
Draft hierarchy of controls
Draft hierarchy of controls
Draft hierarchy of controls
Draft hierarchy of controls
Draft hierarchy of controls
Draft hierarchy of controls
Draft hierarchy of controls
Draft hierarchy of controls
Draft hierarchy of controls
Draft hierarchy of controls
Draft hierarchy of controls
Draft hierarchy of controls
Draft hierarchy of controls
Draft hierarchy of controls
Draft hierarchy of controls
Draft hierarchy of controls
Draft hierarchy of controls
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Draft hierarchy of controls

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Transcript

  • 1. SAFETY MEETING Welcome to Safety Meeting PF Mechanical Team M11/11 Date:21.07.2013
  • 2. AGENDA -HIERARCHY of the CONTROL -(Presenter Yashar Farzullayev) -ENERGY ISOLATION -(Presenter Vusal Abbasov)
  • 3. HIERARCHY OF THE CONTROL Types of Health Hazards
  • 4. Types of Health Hazards  Chemical  Physical  Biological  Ergonomic
  • 5. Routes of Exposure  Inhalation: through nose and/or mouth  Ingestion: through the mouth  Absorption: Through the skin  Injection: because of a puncture
  • 6. (PSM)PROCESS SAFETY MANAGEMENT  A key element is the “Process Hazard Analysis”.  PSM elements include a step called “Understanding and Evaluating Risk“ which needs to be done properly to be "fit for purpose".  "Risk assessment" is often left to the HSE and risk specialists instead of being carried out with the involvement of operational and maintenance personnel.  Some companies still fail to examine and evaluate with the necessary depth those risks linked to activities.  Part of this presentation shows what process safety “risk assessment” actually means and how it can be done correctly.
  • 7. RISK ASSESSMENT What is RA? Risk Assessment is a method of looking at our work activities, considering what could go wrong, and deciding on control measures to prevent loss, damage or injury in the workplace.
  • 8. RISK ASSESSMENT how do we measure risk? Probability X Consequence = Risk Unccebtable risc levels Accebtable risc levels
  • 9. SIX TYPE OF THE CONTROL HIERARCHY OF THE CONTROL
  • 10. HIERARCHY OF THE CONTROLS  The “Hierarchy of Controls” should be used at all times when implementing controls to eliminate the hazard or reduce the risk of a hazard causing loss / damage / injuries.
  • 11. Types of the controls More effective Less effective
  • 12. What do we mean by ELIMINATION? • Elimination of the hazard is the most effective means of hazard control. It involves the physical removal of the hazard, for example, if employees are required to work high above the ground, the hazard can be eliminated by moving the piece they are working on to "ground level" to eliminate the need to work at heights.
  • 13. SUBSTITUTION  The second most effective way to control hazards is substitution replace the hazard with a lesser hazard. Be careful to assess what new risks the substitute may pose. An example of substitution is replacing lead based paint with acrylic paint. In order to be an effective control, the new product must not produce another hazard. Because airborne dust can be hazardous, if a product can be purchased with a larger particle size, the smaller product may effectively be substituted with the larger product.
  • 14. ENGINEERING CONTROL  The third most effective means of controlling hazards is engineering controls. Engineering controls do not eliminate hazards, but rather keep people isolated from hazards. Capital costs of engineering controls tend to be higher than those the less effective controls within the hierarchy, however they may reduce future costs
  • 15. ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROLS  Theses controls are made by establishing policies and procedures to lower the risks – job scheduling to limit exposure – posting hazard signs – restricting access – training.
  • 16. BEHAVIOUR CONTROL What is this?  Following safe work practices, workplace good housekeeping, personal hygiene practices.
  • 17. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT  PPE is the least effective way to control hazards. – There is a very high potential for PPE to become ineffective due to damage. – Some PPE, such as respirators, increase physiological effort to complete a task and require medical examinations to ensure the worker can use the PPE without risk to his or her own health.
  • 18. What can include PPE?  PPE can include gloves respirators, hard hats, safety glasses, high-visibility clothing, and safety footwear.

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