Intel® core™ i5 700 desktop processor

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Intel® core™ i5 700 desktop processor

  1. 1. Intel® Core™ i5-700 desktop processor Supervised By: Prof. Dr. Gamal selim Presented By : Yara Ali Mohamed
  2. 2. Agenda           Introduction History Processor Series Specifications Operation Interfaces System Memory Organization Modes Processor Register System Management Mode (SMM) References
  3. 3. Introduction  The Intel® Core™ i5-700 desktop processor series is the next generation of 64-bit.  Quad-core processor built on 45-nanometer process technology.  Throughout this presentation, the Intel® Core™ i5700 desktop processor series refers to the Intel® Core™ i5-760, i5-750, and i5-750S processor.
  4. 4. History  The first Intel Core products was released in January 2006, called Core Solo and Core Duo, they were only used in laptop computers, no desktop version.  Few months later in July of 2006 was presented Core 2 Duo processor for desktop and laptop computers. Not so often models were Core 2 Quad and Core 2 Extreme. Quad was presented in August 2008 and Extreme in July 2007.
  5. 5. Intel® Core i5-700 Desktop Processor Series Processor Number Frequency Type Clock GHz CTP GFLOP “rate of execution” APP 1-way “adjusted peak performance” APP 2-way APP 4-way i5-750 Base 2.66 80869 42.656 0.0127968 0.0255936 0.0511872 Single Core Max Turbo 3.2 97067 51 0.01536 0.03072 0.06144 GPU ONLY N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Base 2.4 72800 38.4 0.01152 0.02304 0.04608 Single Core Max Turbo 3.2 97067 51 0.01536 0.03072 0.06144 GPU ONLY N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Base 2.8 84933 44.8 0.01344 0.02688 0.05376 Single Core Max Turbo 3.33 101101 53 0.0159984 0.0319968 0.0639936 GPU ONLY N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A i5-750S i5-760
  6. 6. Specifications  Four cores  Cache: 8 MB  support DDR3 RAM  Turbo Boost is available. (Turbo boost is the technology that automatically speeds up the processor when the PC needs extra performance. This is done by "dyanmic overclocking" i.e. increasing CPU clock-speed. This technology is available in Core i5 processors and does not exist in any of the i3 processors. )
  7. 7.  Block Diagram
  8. 8. Operation  The first step, fetch, involves retrieving an instruction (which is represented by a number or sequence of numbers) from program memory.  The location in program memory is determined by a program counter (PC), which stores a number that identifies the current position in the program
  9. 9. Interfaces System memory features include:  Data burst length (amount of data transferred during memory Read and Write transactions ) of eight for all memory organization modes  64-bit wide channels  DDR3 I/O Voltage of 1.5 V  Maximum memory bandwidth of 10.6 GB/s in single-channel mode or 21 GB/s in dual-channel mode assuming DDR3 1333 MT/s
  10. 10. Interfaces … Cont,  1-Gb and 2-Gb DDR3 DRAM technologies are supported.  Using 2-Gb device technologies, the largest memory capacity possible is 16 GB for UDIMMs (assuming Dual Channel Mode with a four dual rank unbuffered DIMM memory configuration)  Up to 64 simultaneous open pages, 32 per channel (assuming 8 ranks of 8 bank devices)
  11. 11. Interfaces … Cont,  Command  Intel® launch modes of 1n/2n Fast Memory Access (Intel® FMA) — Just-in-Time Command Scheduling — Command Overlap — Out-of-Order Scheduling
  12. 12. System Memory Organization Modes  The integrated memory controller (IMC) supports two memory organization modes, single-channel and dual-channel.  Depending upon how the DIMM Modules are populated in each memory channel, a number of different configurations can exist.
  13. 13. System Memory Organization Modes … Cont, Single-Channel Mode  In this mode, all memory cycles are directed to a single-channel. Single-channel mode is used when either Channel A or Channel B DIMM connectors are populated, but not both.
  14. 14. System Memory Organization Modes … Cont, Dual-Channel Mode  It is a feature that was created to reduce the potential performance bottleneck that exists between the CPU and the Memory Controller. It is enabled when a pair of same-size memory modules are installed into matching banks, usually color coded on the motherboard.  Based on our own experience, dual channel mode provides about a 5-10% increase in performance in most games and applications. Unless specifically required in rare cases, combining memory modules of different sizes in the same machine is compatible and will not affect system stability or reliability in any way.
  15. 15. System Memory Organization Modes … Cont,
  16. 16. Processor Register  The processor contains two sets of software accessible registers: 1- Control registers are I/O mapped into the processor I/O space 2- Internal configuration registers
  17. 17. References  http://www.intel.com/design/corei5/documentation.htm  http://cpui5.com/intel-core-history/  http://www.intel.com/support/motherboards/desktop/sb/cs-0  http://www.ramcity.net/content/faq/what-does-dualchannel-mode-mean.asp
  18. 18. References  http://download.intel.com/support/processors/ corei5/sb/core_i5-700_d.pdf  http://www.diffen.com/difference/i3_vs_i5  http://www.ciozone.com/index.php/Server- Technology-Zone/How-Do-Intel-s-i5-and-i7Chips-Measure-Upu.html

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