A T-shirt (or tee shirt) is a shirt which is pulled on over the head
to cover most of a person's torso. A T-shirt is usually buttonless
and collarless, with a round neck and short sleeves. However, many
people incorrectly use the Promotional Shopping Totes term T-shirt to
describe any short sleeved shirt or blouse; a polo shirt or other
collared shirt is not a T-shirt. The sleeves of the T-shirt extend at
least slightly over the shoulder but not completely over the elbow
(in short-sleeve version). A shirt that is either longer or shorter
than this ceases to be a T-shirt. T-shirts are typically made of
cotton or polyester fibers (or a mix of the two), knitted together in
a jersey stitch that gives a T-shirt its distinctive soft texture.
Promotional Sticky Notes T-shirts can be decorated with text and/or
pictures, and are sometimes used to advertise (see human
billboard).T-shirt fashions include styles for men and women, and for
all age groups, including Imprinted Memo Pads , baby, youth, and
adult sizes .
The T-shirt evolved from undergarments used in the 19th century,
through Promotional Journals that cutting the one-piece "union suit"
underwear into separate top and bottom garments, with the top long
enough to tuck under the waistband of the bottoms. T-shirts, with and
without buttons, were adopted by miners and stevedores during the
late 1800's as a convenient covering for hot environments.
T-shirts, as a slip on garment without buttons, originally became
popular in the United States when they were issued by the U.S. Navy
during or following the Spanish American War. They use Promotional
Mood Pencils .These were a crew-necked, short-sleeved, white cotton
undershirt to be worn under a uniform. It became common for sailors
and Marines in work parties, the early submarines, and tropical
climates to remove their uniform "jacket", wearing (and soiling) only
the undershirt. It is possible that Promotional Novelties the Navy
uniform boards first discovered the T-shirt by watching dock crews.
Named the T-shirt due to the shape of the garment's outline, they
soon became popular as a bottom layer of clothing for Promotional
Shopping Tote workers in various industries, including agriculture.
The T-shirt was easily fitted, easily cleaned, and inexpensive, and
for this reason, it became Promotional Caps the shirt of choice for
young boys (perhaps more the choice of their mothers than of the boys
themselves). Boy's shirts were made in various colors and patterns.
By the time of the Great Depression, the Unique Promotional Items T-
shirt was often the default garment to be worn when doing farm or
ranch chores, as well as other times when modesty called for a torso
covering but conditions called for lightweight fabrics.
Following World War II Promotional Ink Pens became common to see
veterans wearing their uniform trousers with their T-shirts as casual
clothing, and they became even more popular after Marlon Brando wore
one in A Streetcar Named Desire, finally achieving status as
fashionable, stand-alone, outer-wear garments.
T-shirts were originally worn as undershirts. Now Promotional
Keychains are worn frequently as the only piece of clothing on the
top half of the body, other than possibly a bra or an undershirt
(vest). Promotional Key Chains have also become a medium for self-
expression and advertising, with any imaginable combination of words,
art and even photographs on display.
Promotional Stadium Cups typically extend to the waist. Variants of
the T-shirt, like the tank top, A Promotional T Shirts (with the
nickname "wife beater"), muscle shirt, scoop neck, and the V-neck
have been developed. Hip hop fashion calls for "tall-T" T-shirts
which may extend down to the knees. A 1990s trend in women's clothing
involved tight-fitting "cropped" T-shirts that are short enough to
reveal the midriff. Another popular trend is wearing a "long-sleeved
T-shirt", then putting a short-sleeved Promotional Ceramic Mugs T-
shirt of a different color over the long-sleeved shirt; this is known
An example of a tie-dyed T-shirt Decoration
In the early 1950s several companies based in Miami, Florida, started
to decorate Promotional Sports Shirts with different resort names and
various characters. The first company was Tropix Togs, under founder
Sam Kantor, in Miami. They were the original license for Walt Disney
characters that included Mickey Mouse and Davy Crockett. Later other
companies expanded into the T-shirt printing business that included
Sherry Manufacturing Company also based in Miami. Sherry started in
1948 by its owner and founder Quinton Sandler as a screen print scarf
business and evolved into one of the largest screen printed resort
and licensed apparel companies in the United States.
In 1959, plastisol, a more durable and stretchable ink, was invented,
allowing much more variety in Wholesale Promotional Products designs.
In the 1960s, the ringer T-shirt appeared and became a staple fashion
for youth and rock-n-rollers. The decade also saw the emergence of
tie-dyeing and screen-printing on the basic T-shirt. In the late
1960s Richard Ellman, Robert Tree, Bill Kelly, and Stanley Mouse set
up the Monster Company in Mill Valley, California, to produce fine
art designs expressly for Branded Promotional Items. Monster T-shirts
often feature emblems and motifs associated with the Grateful Dead
and marijuana culture.Additionally, one of the most popular symbols
to emerge out of the political turmoil of 1960s were T-shirts bearing
the face of Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara.
The most common form of commercial T-shirt decoration is screen-
printing. In screen-printing, a design is separated into individual
colors. Plastisol or water based inks are applied to the shirt
through mesh screens which limits the areas where ink is deposited.
In most commercial juice filling machine ,the specific colors in the
design are used. To achieve a wider color spectrum with a limited
number of colors, process printing (using only cyan, magenta, yellow
and black ink) or simulated process (using only white, black, red,
green, blue, and gold ink) is effective. Process printing is best
suited for light colored shirts. Simulated process is best suited for
dark colored shirts. Very few companies continue to use water-based
inks on their shirts. The majority of other companies that create
shirts prefer to use plastisol due to the ability to print on varying
colors without the need for color adjustment at the art level.
Specialty inks trend in and out of fashion and include; shimmer,
puff, discharge and chino based inks. A metallic foil can be heat
pressed and stamped onto any plastisol ink. When combined with
shimmer ink, metallics give a mirror like effect wherever the
previously screened plastisol ink was applied. Specialty inks are
more expensive to purchase as well as screen and tend to appear on
garments in boutiques.
Other methods of decoration used on T-shirts include airbrush,
applique, embroidery, impressing or embossing and the ironing on of
either flock lettering, heat transfers, or dye-sublimation transfers.
Laser printers are capable of printing on plain paper using a special
toner containing sublimation dyes which can then be permanently heat-
transferred to T-shirts.
In the 1980s, investment china were used to produce T-shirts that
changed color when subjected to heat. The Global Hypercolour brand of
these was a common sight on the streets of the UK for a few years,
but has since mostly disappeared. These were also very popular in the
United States among teenagers in the late 1980s. A downside of color-
change garments is that the dyes can easily be damaged, especially by
washing in warm water, or dye other clothes during washing.
At the turn of the century, designing custom T-shirts online became
more popular. Popular websites began to use digital printing (such as
Direct to Garment or DTG printing) to allow customers to design their
own T-shirts online with no minimum orders. In the doing business
China, DTG could not print well on dark garments; however, with the
help of some online T-Shirt retailers, printer manufacturers such as
T-Jet have all but perfected the process, providing consumers with
many more printing options.
Mexican-American teenagers at a Los Angeles high school, 1974. All
are wearing T-shirts; the one on the far left has a hand-written
slogan Expressive messages
Since the 1980s, T-shirts have flourished as a form of personal
Self produced T-shirts can be made for as cheap as 10 USD.
nail uv lamp with bold slogans were popular in the UK in the
1980s.Screen printed T-shirts have been a standard form of marketing
for major consumer products, such as Coca-cola and Mickey Mouse,
since the 1970s. However, since the 1990s, it has become common
practice for companies of all sizes to produce T-shirts with their
corporate logos or messages as part of their overall advertising
campaigns. Since the late 1980s and especially the 1990s, nail
products with prominent designer-name logos have become popular,
especially with teenagers and young adults. These garments allow
consumers to flaunt their taste for designer brands in an inexpensive
way, in addition to being decorative. Examples of designer T-shirt
branding include Calvin Klein, FUBU, Ralph Lauren and The Gap. These
bag filter also include representations of rock bands, among other
obscure pop-culture references. Licensed T-shirts are also extremely
popular. Movie and TV T-shirts can have images of the actors, logos
and funny quotes from the movie or TV show. Often, the most popular
T-shirts are those that characters wore in the film itself (e.g.,
Bubba Gump from Forest Gump and Vote For Pedro from Napoleon
Designer Katharine Hamnett in the early 1980s pioneered outsize T-
shirts with large-print slogans. The early Nfl jerseys saw the
renewed popularity of T-shirts with slogans and designs with a strong
inclination to the humorous and/or ironic. The trend has only
increased later in this decade; embraced by celebrities, such as
Britney Spears and Paris Hilton, and reflected back on them, too
('Team Aniston'). The political and social
statements that T-shirts often display have become, since the 2000s,
one of the reasons that they have so deeply permeated different
levels of culture and society. The statements also
may be found to be offensive, shocking or pornographic to some. Many
different organizations have caught on to the statement-making trend,
including chain and independent stores, websites, and schools.
A popular phrase on the front of T-shirts demonstrating T-shirts'
popularity among tourists is the humorous phrase "I did _____ and all
I got was this lousy T-shirt." Examples include "My parents went to
Las Vegas and all I got was this lousy T-shirt."
T-shirt exchange is an activity where people trade their T-shirts
they are wearing. Some designs specifically write on the shirt "trade
with me".[citation needed
A life cycle study of one T-shirt brand shows that the CO2 emissions
from a T-shirt is about 4 kilograms (8.8 pounds) -- including the
growing of the cotton, manufacturing and wholesale distribution.
The loss of natural habitat potential from the T-shirt is estimated
to be 10.8 square meters (116 square feet).