Parts of speech


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Parts of speech

  1. 1. English Grammar Parts of Speech© Capital Community College
  2. 2. Eight Parts of Speech s Nouns Verb Pron o unsInterjectionsInterjections rrbs e bs P re Adjectives ve dv pos Ad A i tio ns Conj unct ions Conj unct ions
  3. 3. Word that namesA PersonA Place A Thing An Idea
  4. 4. Kinds of NounsCommon Nouns Proper Nouns boy John girl MarySingular Nouns Plural Nounsboy boysgirl girlsSingular Possessive Plural Possessive boy’s boys’ girl’s girls’
  5. 5. A word that expresses action or otherwise helps to make a statement “be” verbs & taste Sb j Suubeect feel j ct Liinki sound L nkin look ng g appear become predicate seem predicate grow remain stay
  6. 6. Every sentence must have a© Capital Community College
  7. 7. Kinds of Verbs Action verbs express Linking verbs make a mental or physical statement by action. connecting the subject with a word that describes or explains it.He rode the horse to victory. He has been sick.
  8. 8. The pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns. The pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns. It may stand for a person, place, thing, or idea. It may stand for a person, place, thing, or idea. s Indefinite Pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns noun anybody this al Proe each rson e, min urs thatPe I,m o r, y either , you , hers, none these y o u , h er s h e i t , i t s u rs someone, one, etc. Interro those o u r, s , o , t h ei r , gative P ,u we them ronoun , s who s they their whom e lf mys elf rs what you which whose
  9. 9. Modifies or describes a noun or pronoun. Answers these questions:Did you lose your address book?Is that a wool sweater?Just give me five minutes.
  10. 10. Modifies or describesModifies or describesa verb, an adjective, a verb, an adjective, Answers the questions: Answers the questions: or another adverb. or another adverb. He ran quickly. Ho w? Ho w? He ran quickly. When? When? She left yesterday. She left yesterday. We went there. We went there. Wherre? Whe e? It was too hot! It was too hot! To what degree or how much? To what degree or how much?
  11. 11. Interrogative Adverbs How did you break yourintroduce questions leg? When does your plane leave? How often do you run? Where did you put the mouse trap?
  12. 12. A preposition introduces a noun or pronounor a phrase or clause functioning in the sentence as a noun. The word or word group that the preposition introduces is its object. They received a postcard from Bobby telling about his trip to Canada.
  13. 13. The preposition never stands alone! noun object of preposition pronoun preposition preposition objectYou can press those leaves under glass. can have more than one objectHer telegram to Nina and Ralph brought good news. object can have modifiers It happened during the last examination.
  14. 14. Some Common Prepositionsaboard behind from throughout about below in to above beneath into toward across beside like under after between of underneathagainst beyond off until along by on upamong down over uponaround during past with at except since within before for through without
  15. 15. The conjunctionA conjunction is a word that joins words or groups of words. nd a or neithe it her /or r/nor e
  16. 16. The interjectionis an exclamatory word that expresses emotion Goodness! What a cute baby! Wow! Look at that sunset!
  17. 17. That’s all for now. . . More Later© Capital Community College