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Dialectics between cultural_and_cross-cultural_psychology11

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  • 1. Dialectics between cultural and cross-cultural psychology 2010-9-26 By Sun Li www.sinauonline.com
  • 2. Topic on culture 2010-9-26 Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance
  • 3. Approaches used to study cultures 2010-9-26 Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance Indigenous Sample meaning of keywords in the culture, e.g. Cultural Sample ethnographic ( 民族志的 ) information, e.g. Cross-cultural Sample information across cultures, e.g.
  • 4. Contents 2010-9-26 Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance Dimensions contrast three approaches 1 Differences in methodology 2 Advantages and disadvantages 3 Summary and forecast 4
  • 5. Dimensions 2010-9-26 Own culture Indigenous Cultural difference Cultural Modified Cross-cultural Basic process Experimental Experimental Cross-cultural Cultural Indigenous Psychological methods Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance Emics Etics
  • 6. Dimensions 2010-9-26 Culture inside Context Dynamic Real situations Focus on meaning Content Culture outside Static Artificial Meaning is a barrier Indigenous Cross- cultural Cultural Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance
  • 7. Differences in methodology
    • Ethnographic method
    • Culture distance large
    • Compatible with collectivist culture perspective
    • Study their own culture
    • Focus on meaning of keywords of culture
    • Equivalent measurement
    • Culture distance small
    • Compatible with individualist culture perspective
    2010-9-26 Indigenous Cultural Cross- cultural Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance
  • 8. Advantages and disadvantages of 2010-9-26
    • Advantages
      • Get to the heart of a culture
      • Findings can be used as data source
    Indigenous
    • Disadvantages
      • Mainstream psychologists pay few attention
      • Lack of criterion
    Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance
  • 9. Advantages and disadvantages of 2010-9-26
    • Advantages
      • The only one to be used while cultural distance are large
      • Same as indigenous
    Cultural
    • Disadvantages
      • Same as indigenous: lack of criterion
    Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance
  • 10. Advantages and disadvantages of 2010-9-26
    • Advantages
      • Can provide generalizations about universal and culture-specific phenomina
      • Measure concepts both emic and etic
    Cross-cultural
    • Disadvantages
      • Can’t be used in a wide cultural distance
      • May not be strictly equivalent
    Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance
  • 11. Summary 2010-9-26 Real situations Inside Dynamic Context Emic concepts Artificial situations Outside Static Content Etic concepts Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance Ethnographic Homogeneous Meaning Variable Dialectic Forecast
  • 12. Forecast 2010-9-26 Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance Research Cultural Indigenous Cross-cultural
  • 13. Reference: Harry C. Triandis. Dialectics between cultural and cross-cultural psychology. Asian Journal of Social Psychology (2000) 3: 185-195. 2010-9-26 Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance
  • 14. 2010-9-26 Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance Contact me at 06lksysl@zju.edu.cn www.sinauonline.com