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Dialectics between cultural_and_cross-cultural_psychology11

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Transcript of "Dialectics between cultural_and_cross-cultural_psychology11"

  1. 1. Dialectics between cultural and cross-cultural psychology 2010-9-26 By Sun Li www.sinauonline.com
  2. 2. Topic on culture 2010-9-26 Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance
  3. 3. Approaches used to study cultures 2010-9-26 IndigenousIndigenous Sample meaning of keywords in the culture, e.g. CulturalCultural Sample ethnographic ( 民族志的 ) information, e.g. Cross-culturalCross-cultural Sample information across cultures, e.g. Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance
  4. 4. Contents 2010-9-26 Dimensions contrast three approaches1 Differences in methodology2 Advantages and disadvantages3 Summary and forecast4 Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance
  5. 5. Dimensions 2010-9-26 Ownculture Indigenous Culturaldifference Cultural ModifiedCross-cultural Basicprocess Experimental Emics Etics Experimental Cross- culturalCulturalIndigenous Psychological methods Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance
  6. 6. Dimensions 2010-9-26 Culture inside Context Dynamic Real situations Focus on meaning Content Culture outside Static Artificial Meaning is a barrier Indigenous Cross- cultural Cultural Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance
  7. 7. Ethnographic method Culture distance large Compatible with collectivist culture perspective Study their own culture Focus on meaning of keywords of culture Equivalent measurement Culture distance small Compatible with individualist culture perspective Differences in methodology 2010-9-26 Indigenous Cultural Cross- cultural Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance
  8. 8. Advantages and disadvantages of 2010-9-26 Advantages Get to the heart of a culture Findings can be used as data source Indigenous Disadvantages Mainstream psychologists pay few attention Lack of criterion Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance
  9. 9. Advantages and disadvantages of 2010-9-26 Advantages The only one to be used while cultural distance are large Same as indigenous Cultural Disadvantages Same as indigenous: lack of criterion Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance
  10. 10. Advantages and disadvantages of 2010-9-26 Advantages Can provide generalizations about universal and culture- specific phenomina Measure concepts both emic and etic Cross-cultural Disadvantages Can’t be used in a wide cultural distance May not be strictly equivalent Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance
  11. 11. Summary 2010-9-26 Ethnographic Homogeneous Meaning Variable Dialectic Forecast Real situations Inside Dynamic Context Emic concepts Artificial situations Outside Static Content Etic concepts Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance
  12. 12. Forecast 2010-9-26 ResearchResearch CulturalCultural IndigenousIndigenous Cross-culturalCross-cultural Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance
  13. 13. Reference: Harry C. Triandis. Dialectics between cultural and cross- cultural psychology. Asian Journal of Social Psychology (2000) 3: 185-195. 2010-9-26 Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance
  14. 14. 2010-9-26 Incorporating Knowledge and Learning for a Better Performance Contact me at 06lksysl@zju.edu.cn www.sinauonline.com
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