0
Jakob von Uexküll                  (1864 - 1944 )                      in Hamburg                      1925 - 1939Torsten ...
Jakob von Uexküll (1864 – 1944)                                stations of his life                                *1864  ...
Famous Publications                              •   1909 Umwelt und Innenwelt der                                      Ti...
from Physiology to a general Biology  „Only the investigation of living beings as subjects  can lead physiology onto the r...
Uexküll‘s renewed Biology             Biology should              - study organisms                  not as objects,     ...
„Umwelt“                                              unique phenomenal world                                             ...
Funktionskreis – function-circle                                 Illustrating:                                     – the c...
Summarizing Uexküll’s Biology    The scientist is a subject, and pure objectivity is a myth.    The secrets of life cannot...
Uexküll dicovered as “Cryptosemiotician”   1977     Thomas A. Sebeok:            “Jakob von Uexküll - A neglected figures ...
Uexkülls outstanding discoveries in Physiology       • Invertebrates have distinct and seperate         muscles for tensio...
Some Honours                                 1907 Dr. med. h.c.                                        Univ Heidelberg    ...
„Hard-science“ in marine research                     laboratories                                          1892-1903 Napl...
Finding Uexküll „his own“ laboratory                                in Hamburg             Otto Cohnheim (Kestner ) (1873-...
Hamburg     – Laboratorium/Institut für Umweltforschung         1925-1938 in old Zoological Garten                        ...
First „own“ laboratory                                   The Aquarium in the old Zoological                               ...
1938 – 1959 in Gurlittstr. 37                                 1940 Prof. Friedrich Brock (1889-                           ...
Examples of creative research in the instituteTorsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
Friedrich Brock: Interaction of the Hermit crab                  with the sea anemone (Sagartia).                         ...
“subjective space” (Der subjektive Raum) of the animal    Uexküll J. v., Brock F. 1927. Atlas zur Bestimmung der Orte in d...
Applied Umweltforschung:       Teaching guide dogs - the method of Uexküll-                         Sarris    The cart of ...
Intellectual „Umwelt“ in Hamburg                                     Adolf Meyer-(Abich) (1893-1971)                      ...
1940-1944 Evening of his Life on CapriTorsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
Jakob von Uexküll-Archiv          für Umweltforschung und                 Biosemiotik        at the University of Hamburg ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Jacob von Uexkull

495

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
495
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Jacob von Uexkull"

  1. 1. Jakob von Uexküll (1864 - 1944 ) in Hamburg 1925 - 1939Torsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  2. 2. Jakob von Uexküll (1864 – 1944) stations of his life *1864 in Keblas, today Mihkli (Estonia) father: mayor of Reval (Tallin) Baltic-German nobility 1884-89 University of Dorpat, Tartu (zoology) 1889-1903 Physiologisches Institut der Universität Heidelberg bei (Wilhelm Kühne (1837-1900) 1892-1903 Naples Zoological Station 1907 Honorary Doctorate, University of Heidelberg 1925 University of Hamburg 1939 retired † 1944, Capri Jakob von Uexküll, ca. 1903Torsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  3. 3. Famous Publications • 1909 Umwelt und Innenwelt der Tiere • 1920 Theoretische Biologie • 1934 Streifzüge durch die Umwelten von Tieren und Menschen • 1936 Niegeschaute Welten. (Reminiscences) • 1940 BedeutungslehreTorsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  4. 4. from Physiology to a general Biology „Only the investigation of living beings as subjects can lead physiology onto the right way. And studying subjects means practizing Biology“ (Uexküll 1933)Torsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  5. 5. Uexküll‘s renewed Biology  Biology should - study organisms not as objects, but as active subjects that are creating their “Umwelt” - focus on the organism’s abilities to integrate itself into a complex environment “Umweltforschung”: the investigation of: the communicative unity of the organism and the world sensed by it.Torsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  6. 6. „Umwelt“ unique phenomenal world embracing each individual, like a “soap bubble” the world of an animal (human), the perception of which is determined by the animal’s design, it’s activity, needs, etc. the individual organism is always actively creating it’s Umwelt „The Umwelt of an astronomer“, illustration by Thure v. Uexküll, 1934Torsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  7. 7. Funktionskreis – function-circle Illustrating: – the complex interrelation of an organism and the objects of its environment. – the Unity of • sensing and acting • the subject and the objectTorsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  8. 8. Summarizing Uexküll’s Biology The scientist is a subject, and pure objectivity is a myth. The secrets of life cannot be revealed just by looking for physical or chemical causality. Organisms are more than mechanisms; their fascinating abilities and behavior are based on sign processes – perception and transmission of signs to which meaning is ascribed according to their significance in different situations. Terminology of signs: „Merkzeichen, Wirkzeichen Lokalzeichen, Momentzeichen, Merk – und Wirkmal“Torsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  9. 9. Uexküll dicovered as “Cryptosemiotician” 1977 Thomas A. Sebeok: “Jakob von Uexküll - A neglected figures in the history of semiotics. on the III. Wiener Symposium über Semiotik 1980 Thure von Uexküll: „Komposionslehre der Natur“ (Selected Works) 1981/87 „The sign Theory of Jakob von Uexküll“ in Klassiker der Semiotik 1993 Jakob von Uexküll-Centre, Tartu (Estonia), founded in close relation to „Tartu Semiotic School of Yuri Lotman 2001: Special issue of the journal Semiotica: „Jakob von Uexküll – A new paradigm for Biology and Semiotics“Torsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  10. 10. Uexkülls outstanding discoveries in Physiology • Invertebrates have distinct and seperate muscles for tension and contraction • In simple nerve nets excitation is always flowing to the extended muscle („Uexkülls law“)Torsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  11. 11. Some Honours 1907 Dr. med. h.c. Univ Heidelberg 1934 Dr phil. h.c. Univ. Kiel 1936 Dr. Wis-en Naturkunde Univ. Utrecht 1932 Leopoldina in Halle 1944 Goethe MedailleTorsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  12. 12. „Hard-science“ in marine research laboratories 1892-1903 Naples Anton Dohrn‘s Zoological Station 1904-1914: Beck sur mer Biaritz Roscoff Monaco The idea of a „flying aquarium“ Uexküll and L.G. Tirala in Biaritz, 1914Torsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  13. 13. Finding Uexküll „his own“ laboratory in Hamburg Otto Cohnheim (Kestner ) (1873-1953) Since 1990ies with Uexküll in Heidelberg and Naples 1913 from Heidelberg to Hamburg Physiologisches Institut – Eppendorf Hospital (Research on Enzymes, Physiology of UV-light, respiration) 1919 Ordinarius of Physiology, University institute Nominated Uexküll for the Nobel-price - twiceTorsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  14. 14. Hamburg – Laboratorium/Institut für Umweltforschung 1925-1938 in old Zoological Garten 1925 „wissenschaftlicher Hilfsarbeiter“ „Laboratorium für Umweltforschung“ 1927 „außerordentlicher Professor“ Tiergartenstr.1 1935? Visit of Konrad LorenzTorsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  15. 15. First „own“ laboratory The Aquarium in the old Zoological Garden (built by William Lloyd in 1870) „Laboratorium für Umweltforschung“ in the small shop left of the entranceTorsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  16. 16. 1938 – 1959 in Gurlittstr. 37 1940 Prof. Friedrich Brock (1889- 1959) assistent since 1926 successor of Uexküll 1941 Emilie Kiep-Altenloh (1888-1964) (sociologist, politician) associate since 1935 heads intitute during the war, teaching guide-dogs essential to war effort 1946 Brock returns 1959 closed after Brocks deathTorsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  17. 17. Examples of creative research in the instituteTorsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  18. 18. Friedrich Brock: Interaction of the Hermit crab with the sea anemone (Sagartia). Funktionskreis; Behausung • 1. crab with a shell house puts the anemone upon its house ------------------------------------- • 2. “naked” crab takes the anemone as protector until it finds a shell. ------------------------------------- Funktionskreis; Nahrung • 3. If the crab is already in symbiosis with anemones, than it interprets theF. Brock (1927): Das Verhalten des Einsiedlerkrebses Pagurus arrosor appearance of anotherHerbst während des Aufsuchens, Ablösens und Aufpflanzens einer anemone as a welcomeSeerose(...). Roux‘ Archiv für Entwicklungsmechanik 112 prey, it starts to feed on theAus: Uexküll J. von, Kriszat G. 1934 animal. Torsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  19. 19. “subjective space” (Der subjektive Raum) of the animal Uexküll J. v., Brock F. 1927. Atlas zur Bestimmung der Orte in den Sehräumen der Tiere. – Zeitschrift für vergleichende Physiologie 5: 167-178. human Musca - Photographic image represents the human Sehraum. By using a grids with different pitches of the matrix the resolution of the compound eye of a fly (Musca) or the eye of a mussel (Pecten) was emulated - the pitch of the raster, corresponding to the sensory elements in the eyes of the animals. Dots corresponding to “visual locations in the visual space. “Sehorte” - In order to eliminate the artifacts of the grid, aquarell paintings of the supposed Umwelten were produced: Science-based pieces of art Grid, raster pitch PectenTorsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  20. 20. Applied Umweltforschung: Teaching guide dogs - the method of Uexküll- Sarris The cart of the size of a man forces some features (obstacles) of the human Umwelt into the dog‘s UmweltTorsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  21. 21. Intellectual „Umwelt“ in Hamburg Adolf Meyer-(Abich) (1893-1971) Philosopher of Biology Holist Ernst Cassirer (1874-1945) „Philosophie der symbolischen Formen“ „Essay on man“ (1944) William Stern (1871-1938) „Pferdestall“ „Persönlichkeitspsychologie“ University building housing the Institute of Psychology Heinz Werner „Entwicklungspsychologie“Torsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  22. 22. 1940-1944 Evening of his Life on CapriTorsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  23. 23. Jakob von Uexküll-Archiv für Umweltforschung und Biosemiotik at the University of Hamburg Keeping: books and offprints of Uexküll‘s scientific library and the library of the „Institute für Umweltforschung“ Collecting: Uexküll, Umweltforschung, Biosemiotics www.math.uni-hamburg.de/home/ruetingTorsten Rüting - Centre for the History of Science, Mathematics
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×