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Public Administration   Presentation
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Public Administration Presentation

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Should Government invest in General Education or Professional Education?

Should Government invest in General Education or Professional Education?

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine
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  • 1. Should Government invest in General Education or Professional Education? Presented by Hannah Yan (09409556)& Aggie Choi (09425659)
  • 2. Outline
    • Definition: “General Education” & “Professional Education”
    • Background– Current education system of HK
    • CHANGE
      • From a POV of policy maker (Government)
      • From a POV of policy user (Student)
      • From a POV of policy beneficiary (Employer)
    • Conclusion
  • 3. Definition
    • General Education:
    • Education system which provide all-round education for students. The subjects are designed to broaden the horizon of students so that they can be equipped with the ability to make sound judgment and have a basic knowledge of the nation and society.
    • Professional Education:
    • System of formal education that prepares novices for highly skilled occupations such as law, medicine, and engineering, through a combination of theory and practice culminating in an award of certification, licensure, or other formal credential.
  • 4. Hong Kong Education System
    • Education in Hong Kong has a similar system to that of the United Kingdom in the history.
    • The mainstream education system in Hong Kong has often been described as “spoon-fed” with every emphasis is placed on the Ranking systems …
  • 5.
    • Tertiary Education
    Normal Education System in HK
    • Secondary School(S1-5)
      • HKCEE in S5
    • Secondary School(S6-7)
      • HKAL in S7
    • Primary School(P1-6)
  • 6. Early Admissions Scheme for Secondary Six Students (EAS)
    • Students tend to choose the professional programmes
    • Examples
      • The most popular U: HKU, CUHK, UST
      • Most popular courses: Medicine, Business Administration (Law/ Global Management)
  • 7. From the government‘s point of view
  • 8. Education Reform
    • In September 2000, the Education Commission (EC) has submitted
    • The Reform Proposals for the Education in Hong Kong.
    • Aims to establish a student-focused education system which conducive to life-long learning and whole-person development.
  • 9. One of the major reforms is the change of curricula, in addition to enhance students’ academic knowledge, the curricula also included liberal studies and other learning experiences
  • 10. Curriculum Reform
  • 11. Drawbacks of the Current Secondary Academic Structure
    • To in line with the aims and objectives of the education reform, the EC also proposed the Educational Philosophy of a 3-year Senior Secondary Academic Structure (334 Scheme).
  • 12. 334 Scheme
  • 13. 334 Curriculum
  • 14. From the POV of Students
    • Current system creates a relatively high stress for students
  • 15. POV of students towards current system
    • Stressful school life
    • Examination-oriented
      • Higher score= more clever?= top of the men?
    • Knowledge from syllabus could not be applied in real life
    • HKCEE in 2009: 6340 students got “0” score (out of 115,000 participants)
    • HKAL: less than 30% students could be admitted to universities
  • 16. Change of system in Tertiary Education
    • General education courses are injected into universities
    • Examples: “University life” in HKBU, “Outline of Chinese Culture” in CUHK etc.
  • 17. Feedback of Students towards general education subjects
    • Broaden scope of horizon
    • Interest cultivation and increase creativity
    • EQ training
    • Problem-solving skills training
    • Increase morality and understand one’s responsibility
  • 18. POV of employers
    • Expectation:
      • Graduates should have the latest and professional knowledge and skills
      • Graduates should have good interpersonal skills and be moral
      • Graduates should be adaptable in different environment
  • 19.
    • Professional education offering knowledge and skill
    • General education offering “the sense of real life” to students
    • Both education systems are interdependent
    POV of employers
  • 20. Conclusion
    • Value of “high score” among students, parents and employers are difficultly changed
    • Continuous investment in general education are needed
    • Broaden range of choices of subjects
    • Increase interaction between facilitators and students

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