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Ergo

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Ergonomics

Ergonomics

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Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. Work Physiology
    • Extremely Heavy Work
    • During such work the lactic acid concentration in blood and oxygen deficit achieve such magnitude that frequent rest period are needed, even for trained and capable person
  • 3. ✔ Type of Solution Type of Solution Workstation Design Task Design Component Design Tool Design Machinery Design Workspace Organisation Mechanisation Automation
  • 4. ✔ Type of Solution Format for EWG Survey
    • Type of Solution / Photo /Sketch
    • Risk Factor
    • Operation / Photo
    • Affected Part of the Body / Ergoman
    • Details of the Solution
  • 5. RISK FACTORS
  • 6.  
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15.
    • PULLING / PUSHING / LIFTING BULKY LOADS
    • SEDENTARY BODY POSTURE
    • AWKWARD BODY POSTURE/EXCESSIVE REACH
    • TWISTING & CARRYING LOADS
    • REPETITIVE BODY POSTURE
    • EXCESSIVE FORCE AT WORK
    • EXTREME TEMPERATURES
    • IMPROPER WORK POSTURE
    • VIBRATION-HAND/ARM or WHOLE BODY.
    IDENTIFYING RISK FACTORS IN JOBS
    • GRIP / WRIST DEVIATION
    ! RISK FACTORS
  • 16. ORDER OF DESIGN PRIORITY
    • FIRST PRIORITY: Design for Minimum Risk
    • SECOND PRIORITY: Incorporate Safety Devices
    • THIRD PRIORITY: Provide Warning Devices
    • FOURTH PRIORITY: Develop & Implement Operating Procedures and Employee Training Programmes
    • FIFTH PRIORITY: Use PPE
  • 17. ORDER OF DESIGN PRIORITY
    • FIRST PRIORITY: Design for Minimum Risk
      • Top priority - eliminate hazards
      • in the design process
      • Risk reduced to an acceptable
      • level through design decisions
  • 18. ORDER OF DESIGN PRIORITY
    • SECOND PRIORITY: Incorporate Safety Devices
    • If hazards cannot be eliminated or their risks
    • adequately reduced to acceptable level through
    • design process provide guards, incidental
    • safety devices, etc.
  • 19. ORDER OF DESIGN PRIORITY
    • THIRD PRIORITY: Provide Warning Devices
    • Develop systems to detect hazardous conditions &
    • warn personnel of the hazards
    • Warning signals should be designed to help
    • personnel to react promptly & correctly to a
    • hazardous situation
    • Standardization of signals
  • 20. ORDER OF DESIGN PRIORITY
    • FOURTH PRIORITY: Develop & Implement
    • Operating Procedures and Employee Training
    • Programmes
    • SOP’s
    • Work Instructions
    • On the Job Training
    • Training & Education
  • 21. ORDER OF DESIGN PRIORITY
    • FIFTH PRIORITY: Use PPE
    • When all other techniques cannot
    • eliminate or control a hazard,
    • employees should be provided with the
    • appropriate PPE
  • 22.  Type of Solution Type of Solution Workstation Design Task Design Component Design Tool Design Machinery Design Workspace Organisation Mechanisation Automation
  • 23.  Type of Solution Format for EWG Survey
    • Type of Solution
    • Risk Factor
    • Operation
    • Affected Part of the Body
    • Details of the Solution
  • 24. FOR A HEALTHY AND SAFE LIFE
    • Avoid repetitive motions.
    • Reduce exertion.
    • Maintain good posture.
    • Use fixtures to hold products, parts and tools.
    • Change positions; have movements and flexibility.
    • Avoid lifting, twisting, reading/working bent over.
    • Use correct grips, Avoid long reaches.
    • Provide correct work heights.

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