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Ergonomics

Ergonomics

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    Ergo Ergo Presentation Transcript

    •  
    • Work Physiology
      • Extremely Heavy Work
      • During such work the lactic acid concentration in blood and oxygen deficit achieve such magnitude that frequent rest period are needed, even for trained and capable person
    • ✔ Type of Solution Type of Solution Workstation Design Task Design Component Design Tool Design Machinery Design Workspace Organisation Mechanisation Automation
    • ✔ Type of Solution Format for EWG Survey
      • Type of Solution / Photo /Sketch
      • Risk Factor
      • Operation / Photo
      • Affected Part of the Body / Ergoman
      • Details of the Solution
    • RISK FACTORS
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      • PULLING / PUSHING / LIFTING BULKY LOADS
      • SEDENTARY BODY POSTURE
      • AWKWARD BODY POSTURE/EXCESSIVE REACH
      • TWISTING & CARRYING LOADS
      • REPETITIVE BODY POSTURE
      • EXCESSIVE FORCE AT WORK
      • EXTREME TEMPERATURES
      • IMPROPER WORK POSTURE
      • VIBRATION-HAND/ARM or WHOLE BODY.
      IDENTIFYING RISK FACTORS IN JOBS
      • GRIP / WRIST DEVIATION
      ! RISK FACTORS
    • ORDER OF DESIGN PRIORITY
      • FIRST PRIORITY: Design for Minimum Risk
      • SECOND PRIORITY: Incorporate Safety Devices
      • THIRD PRIORITY: Provide Warning Devices
      • FOURTH PRIORITY: Develop & Implement Operating Procedures and Employee Training Programmes
      • FIFTH PRIORITY: Use PPE
    • ORDER OF DESIGN PRIORITY
      • FIRST PRIORITY: Design for Minimum Risk
        • Top priority - eliminate hazards
        • in the design process
        • Risk reduced to an acceptable
        • level through design decisions
    • ORDER OF DESIGN PRIORITY
      • SECOND PRIORITY: Incorporate Safety Devices
      • If hazards cannot be eliminated or their risks
      • adequately reduced to acceptable level through
      • design process provide guards, incidental
      • safety devices, etc.
    • ORDER OF DESIGN PRIORITY
      • THIRD PRIORITY: Provide Warning Devices
      • Develop systems to detect hazardous conditions &
      • warn personnel of the hazards
      • Warning signals should be designed to help
      • personnel to react promptly & correctly to a
      • hazardous situation
      • Standardization of signals
    • ORDER OF DESIGN PRIORITY
      • FOURTH PRIORITY: Develop & Implement
      • Operating Procedures and Employee Training
      • Programmes
      • SOP’s
      • Work Instructions
      • On the Job Training
      • Training & Education
    • ORDER OF DESIGN PRIORITY
      • FIFTH PRIORITY: Use PPE
      • When all other techniques cannot
      • eliminate or control a hazard,
      • employees should be provided with the
      • appropriate PPE
    •  Type of Solution Type of Solution Workstation Design Task Design Component Design Tool Design Machinery Design Workspace Organisation Mechanisation Automation
    •  Type of Solution Format for EWG Survey
      • Type of Solution
      • Risk Factor
      • Operation
      • Affected Part of the Body
      • Details of the Solution
    • FOR A HEALTHY AND SAFE LIFE
      • Avoid repetitive motions.
      • Reduce exertion.
      • Maintain good posture.
      • Use fixtures to hold products, parts and tools.
      • Change positions; have movements and flexibility.
      • Avoid lifting, twisting, reading/working bent over.
      • Use correct grips, Avoid long reaches.
      • Provide correct work heights.