Ergo

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Ergonomics

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Ergo

  1. 2. Work Physiology <ul><li>Extremely Heavy Work </li></ul><ul><li>During such work the lactic acid concentration in blood and oxygen deficit achieve such magnitude that frequent rest period are needed, even for trained and capable person </li></ul>
  2. 3. ✔ Type of Solution Type of Solution Workstation Design Task Design Component Design Tool Design Machinery Design Workspace Organisation Mechanisation Automation
  3. 4. ✔ Type of Solution Format for EWG Survey <ul><li>Type of Solution / Photo /Sketch </li></ul><ul><li>Risk Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Operation / Photo </li></ul><ul><li>Affected Part of the Body / Ergoman </li></ul><ul><li>Details of the Solution </li></ul>
  4. 5. RISK FACTORS
  5. 15. <ul><li>PULLING / PUSHING / LIFTING BULKY LOADS </li></ul><ul><li>SEDENTARY BODY POSTURE </li></ul><ul><li>AWKWARD BODY POSTURE/EXCESSIVE REACH </li></ul><ul><li>TWISTING & CARRYING LOADS </li></ul><ul><li>REPETITIVE BODY POSTURE </li></ul><ul><li>EXCESSIVE FORCE AT WORK </li></ul><ul><li>EXTREME TEMPERATURES </li></ul><ul><li>IMPROPER WORK POSTURE </li></ul><ul><li>VIBRATION-HAND/ARM or WHOLE BODY. </li></ul>IDENTIFYING RISK FACTORS IN JOBS <ul><li>GRIP / WRIST DEVIATION </li></ul>! RISK FACTORS
  6. 16. ORDER OF DESIGN PRIORITY <ul><li>FIRST PRIORITY: Design for Minimum Risk </li></ul><ul><li>SECOND PRIORITY: Incorporate Safety Devices </li></ul><ul><li>THIRD PRIORITY: Provide Warning Devices </li></ul><ul><li>FOURTH PRIORITY: Develop & Implement Operating Procedures and Employee Training Programmes </li></ul><ul><li>FIFTH PRIORITY: Use PPE </li></ul>
  7. 17. ORDER OF DESIGN PRIORITY <ul><li>FIRST PRIORITY: Design for Minimum Risk </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Top priority - eliminate hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in the design process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk reduced to an acceptable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>level through design decisions </li></ul></ul>
  8. 18. ORDER OF DESIGN PRIORITY <ul><li>SECOND PRIORITY: Incorporate Safety Devices </li></ul><ul><li>If hazards cannot be eliminated or their risks </li></ul><ul><li>adequately reduced to acceptable level through </li></ul><ul><li>design process provide guards, incidental </li></ul><ul><li>safety devices, etc. </li></ul>
  9. 19. ORDER OF DESIGN PRIORITY <ul><li>THIRD PRIORITY: Provide Warning Devices </li></ul><ul><li>Develop systems to detect hazardous conditions & </li></ul><ul><li>warn personnel of the hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Warning signals should be designed to help </li></ul><ul><li>personnel to react promptly & correctly to a </li></ul><ul><li>hazardous situation </li></ul><ul><li>Standardization of signals </li></ul>
  10. 20. ORDER OF DESIGN PRIORITY <ul><li>FOURTH PRIORITY: Develop & Implement </li></ul><ul><li>Operating Procedures and Employee Training </li></ul><ul><li>Programmes </li></ul><ul><li>SOP’s </li></ul><ul><li>Work Instructions </li></ul><ul><li>On the Job Training </li></ul><ul><li>Training & Education </li></ul>
  11. 21. ORDER OF DESIGN PRIORITY <ul><li>FIFTH PRIORITY: Use PPE </li></ul><ul><li>When all other techniques cannot </li></ul><ul><li>eliminate or control a hazard, </li></ul><ul><li>employees should be provided with the </li></ul><ul><li>appropriate PPE </li></ul>
  12. 22.  Type of Solution Type of Solution Workstation Design Task Design Component Design Tool Design Machinery Design Workspace Organisation Mechanisation Automation
  13. 23.  Type of Solution Format for EWG Survey <ul><li>Type of Solution </li></ul><ul><li>Risk Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Operation </li></ul><ul><li>Affected Part of the Body </li></ul><ul><li>Details of the Solution </li></ul>
  14. 24. FOR A HEALTHY AND SAFE LIFE <ul><li>Avoid repetitive motions. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce exertion. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain good posture. </li></ul><ul><li>Use fixtures to hold products, parts and tools. </li></ul><ul><li>Change positions; have movements and flexibility. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid lifting, twisting, reading/working bent over. </li></ul><ul><li>Use correct grips, Avoid long reaches. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide correct work heights. </li></ul>

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