HCI Assignment T2/I2 Name: Yang Huang Team: UnlockBoston (Team2) Copy of notes: (See appendix) The five interview questions: 1. How many hours do you spend going out rather than staying at home in your spare time weekly? 2. What do you mostly do at home in your spare time, for example, reading papers, surfing on internet, playing games, etc.? 3. Do you think your current lifestyle is healthy or not? Why? 4. What kind of factors do you think would really motivate or interest you to go out? 5. What kind of activities do you prefer most when going out?
Complete filed notes: Before Observation As our project is to focus on people who have sedentary lifestyle, therefore I first came up with the idea to watch people who study in the library. We had discussed and made our assumption to summarize our target people as three general types, with minor specifications: 1) Those who sits and reads books or be fixed on computer screen for a long time. They might be either of the following: a) High GPA Student This type of people might focus most on their study performance, so they may suffer high pressure from doing large bundle of studies as well as they may enjoy this. However, some might be introvert or isolated or non-‐social people. b) Last-‐minute Student This kind of people may suffer from high pressure too as they hand in their homework just before the due time. Also bad sleep and unbalanced routine may happen on them. c) Self-‐discipline Student Their time usually well spent. They will make sure everything under their control. And because of this, they may not prefer adventurous lifestyle. They may also have a tight-‐schedule.
2) Those who sits and talks for a long time a) Talker This type of people would like to talk most time during discussion. They sometimes may act as a leader in that they are active among other people. They may be deemed as social promoter. b) Listener Not to say silent is not a good virtue, but those people may need initiator’s accompany to do something. But some may also be introvert and isolated people. 3) Those who spends half time doing study, half time doing other stuff This group of people is hard to specify in minor groups. But they are likely to be diverted by some other stuff easily. And they may be interested in new things. Some of them may be addictive to entertainment and some may be bad time manager and suffered disorder routine. About Settings I chose Tuesday (February 05, 2013), as I believed some people would come to the library for regular study and courses preparation and some people would craze with their due-‐day homework. At the very beginning I decide to start my observation on the third floor of Snell Library. I expected that people on this floor would do their study most time and talk
for a while sometimes. However I found my thoughts incorrect as at there silence dominated large amount of people. Only those standing at the gateway would talk aloud. Therefore I switched to the second floor where I saw some groups of people doing their jobs quietly, some others were having discussions aloud. All the situations fit what we expected to see I sat on the red couch in front of the Information Kiosk (see the sketch below) First Round When I came to the spot, A, B, C, and D were already at their position for some time. 1. A and B a) Observation A, a girl, wears quite casual garment with boots on. B, a boy, wears casual coat but with sneakers. I asked their permission for the seats next to them, they both said, “Go for it”.
They chatted and discussed over many topics, ranging from education to mobile provider and to daily lifestyle. Though hard to catch what they were talking exactly, I still saw they are holding an iPad mini and talking over a piece of sheet listing with several points. Most time A was leading the topics. It seemed that A asked B questions all the time, and B just answered it. But sometimes I could hear that B was also asking A something. A combed her hair once. A and B sometimes brought their mobile phones out. A’s is iPhone, B’s is an Android phone. A used gestures in quite exaggerated manners, such as hitting the surface of the couch just next to B. (That hit even scared me) A and B sometimes put their feet on the table. A somehow brought her earplugs out, started to listening music. She sometimes hummed or sang out the song. (At first I didn’t catch she was wearing an earplug, but then I heard she singing) At the same time, she started to shake her body rhythmically like dancing. After 50 minutes since I came, they left. b) Implications Based on their actions and wearing, I can guess B is used to sporting sometime. He might have an athletic lifestyle. A should enjoy social life as
she expressed herself by singing and dancing. These two people seemed to be close friends or they knew each other for some time, as they were in very casual conditions. But based on their talking, I still don’t know whether they are classmates trying to figure out their homework or one is asking another one question as performing interview. They should be good time manager, as they can focus on their listed topics one by one and finished in time. c) Conclusions This two people can be categorized in second group in our assumption (sits and talks for a long time). Roughly summarize: A is Talker: She is active, social B is Listener. 2. C and D were not worth mentioning in details (due to the length of the report, but I did track their actions and activities), as they left after several minutes.
Second Round After the first round, A, B, and C changed to different people. (X means some people, but not in my focused observation) 1. A a) Observation A is a girl, wears quite similar to the previous A in first round. She sat down and brought her laptop, setting up earplugs. She was doing her homework and listening to music at the same time. There was a drink of Targo Tea beside for refreshing sometimes. She brought a course book called “Media Making” out. She seldom typed message on her iPhone. She read her book and sunk into deep thoughts and started typing on her laptop. Then she brought out some documents/paperwork. (And the same time, I noticed her handbag was full of course books and documents) She looks like got stuck in something. She rotated her chair to fit to a
more comfortable gesture (she is facing to me but keeping reading on the table) She kept thinking and reading the paper until I leave. b) Implications This girl may be very hard working, as we can see her fixed on her jobs all the time, seldom looked over other walk-‐around people or got diverted by mobile phone. Her handbag is full of books! Which can also prove the assumption. She cared about their physical comfort, as she rotated the chair and drank sometimes. c) Conclusions This girl can be categorized in the first group of people (sits and reads books or be fixed on computer screen for a long time) Roughly speaking, she might be a self-‐discipline student 2. B a) Observation B is a girl, also worn a pair of boots. She was chewing gum, worked on her laptop for a while then left away. But soon she came back. She started to talk to the people around her. She always picked up her iPhone and texted messages, and then went
back to her laptop again. This was repeated several times. Afterwards, she left again. But I caught her laptop screen showing that she was reading something on it. Soon she came back. Whenever there was a people walking by or there was some sound bursting somewhere, she would head up and looked around. b) Implications This girl might be hard to focus on something; at least she was not focus well on her jobs on-‐hand at that time. Her attentions got diverted easily and she gave me a sense that she was trying to catch other’s attentions. She may suffer a bad routine, as her time management was not good enough. c) Conclusions This girl can be categorized as the third type of people (spends half time doing study, half time doing other stuff) 3. C is not worth detailing as he came in the observation period late. (But I did jot down his activities and actions) About Interview I chose a Chinese boy who also spent lots of time doing his homework at the library for the interview. He has about 30 hours weekly of spare time. But 2/3 is spent on study including extra reading and learning. Only 1/3 is spent on physical exercises,
movies, shopping and eating. He thought his lifestyle was not healthy enough and if he could has less homework he would prefer to go out a lot rather than sitting all day. But also he blamed his situation as bad time management and low efficiency. While going out, he prefers eating and watching movies. Another participant is an American boy who said he seldom come to the library. He has 20 hours weekly to spend but the scale between sitting and going out may vary by all the jobs he encountered. He enjoyed surfing the Internet, browsing Facebook and listening to music. Sometimes he would text his friends or just drops by their dorm to ask out for playing Ping Pong or other sports. He deemed his lifestyle as moderate as healthy. If he has enough money or there are cheap deals then he will go out. Most time he prefer to go out with his friends. When going out, he likes sightseeing, walking and wandering downtown and just window-‐shopping. Implication for Design As from the observation, interview and with our assumptions, we generalize the following points for design improvement. 1. High pressure When suffering on this symptom, people really need something to trigger their motivation to go out. Presenting more relaxing and attracting events or activities through our application can intrigue them to move, or at least, want to move. For
instance, presenting beautiful view spots advertisement. 2. Non-‐social People maybe shy in face but active online because of they can get rid of the social responsibilities without revealing their actual identities. Therefore, our application can lead them in two ways: first, encourage them to join the events discussion online by giving prizes or gifts, such as “commenting on xxx can win a big prize”; second, lead them to take pride in good social events which can fulfill their social responsibilities and reveal their actual identities (by making friends), like asking them to do social charity which others can compliment their behaviors. 3. Sedentary lifestyle / bad time management We can add some notification features to ask our users keep going out. For example, the system catches that one user hasn’t “unlocked” Boston for two weeks, then the app will alert him about this issue, notifying that it may concerns their health problem. 4. Active buddies / Inactive buddies For active type of people, we can add an event promotion feature to our application. Those people can easily initiate others to join certain “unlock” activities. For those inactive, they can quickly find the events that they interest in and follow the promoters.
5. Interested in new stuff Adding Augmented Reality feature to the application can make the system more interactive and intrigue those who enjoy getting involved with new stuff. Also with the newest technology feature, they can show off to their friends which can fulfill their social satisfaction.