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Civil War Timeline

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  • 1. Timeline of the Civil War By Yangho Cho, Eujene Yum, Jonathan Bai, and Yoon Kim
  • 2. Denmark Vesey 1822 (made an enormous plan to end slavery and revolt, but failed due to betrayal of colleagues; 35 men including him were killed); Union.
  • 3. Nat Turner 1831 (He led the slave rebellion, was captured, and killed); Union
  • 4. William Lloyd Garrison 1831 ( Wrote the Liberator, an abolitionist newspaper); Union.
  • 5. Henry Clay 1850 ( He made the Great Compromise of 1850); Union
  • 6. Harriet Beecher Stowe 1852 (wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin); Union; her book led to the Civil War in a sense.
  • 7. Stephen Douglas 1854 (proposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act which provoked the Civil War); short; had many debates with Lincoln; Confederate.
  • 8. John Brown 1856 (Bleeding Kansas); he was hanged in 1859 because of another rebellion- raided the Harpers Ferry; Union.
  • 9. Dred Scott 1857 (Dred Scott vs Sandford); Lost the lawsuit; Union.
  • 10. Abraham Lincoln 1861 early march (became president); reelected in 1865; Union
  • 11. Jefferson Davis 1861-1865 ( president of the Confederacy); Confederate.
  • 12. Battle of Fort Sumter 1861 April 12 This battle marked the beginning of the Civil War, took place in South Carolina, and the Confederates won.
  • 13. Stonewall Jackson 1861 (He saved the Confederates from losing by maintaining his troops until reinforcement arrived); Confederate.
  • 14. The First Battle of Bull Run/ First Battle of Manassas 1861 July 21 McDowell vs Stonewall Jackson; Although the Unions were winning, Jackson held his line until reinforcement came. The Confederates won.
  • 15. Harriet Tubman Early 1862 (joined the Northern abolitionists); She hid slaves and led them to the North; Union.
  • 16. Seven Day’s Battles 1862 June 25-July 1 McClellan vs Lee; takes place in Virginia; both sides have heavy casualties; The Confederates win.
  • 17. The Second Battle of Bull Run 1862 August 28-30 John Pope vs Lee; More people killed than the first battle; The Confederates win.
  • 18. Battle of Antietam 1862 September 17 McClellan vs Lee; fought in Maryland (one of the first battles fought in the North); Result not determined because both sides suffered terribly.
  • 19. Battle of Fredericksburg 1862 December 11-15 Burnside vs Lee; Burnside plans to take the capitol, Richmond, but meets General Lee, and the Confederates win.
  • 20. Frederick Douglas 1863 (spoke to President Lincoln about black suffrage); Union.
  • 21. Battle of Chancellorsville 1863 April 30- May 6 Hooker vs Lee; Stonewall Jackson died because his soldiers thought he was someone suspicious; Lee grieves over him, but still the Confederates win.
  • 22. Ulysses S. Grant 1863 ( he skillfully took over Vicksburg by cutting off the roads); the 18th president; Union.
  • 23. Siege of Vicksburg 1863 May18- July 4 Grant vs Pemberton; One day before the end of the battle, General Lee surrenders at the Battle of Gettysburg; Unions win.
  • 24. Robert Gould Shaw July 18th 1863 (died in Fort Wagner); 1st Lieutenant of Second Massachusetts Infantry; supported idea of black soldiers; Union.
  • 25. Robert E. Lee 1861-1865 (He fought in the Civil War, had many wins, but lost a crucial battle- the Battle of Gettysburg); Confederate.
  • 26. 1863 (fought in the Battle of Gettysburg); famous for his Pickett’s Charge; Confederate.
  • 27. Battle of Gettysburg 1863 July 1-3 Meade vs Lee; Took place in Pennsylvania; about 51,000 casualties; The loss of this war caused the Confederates to fight a losing battle. The Union wins.
  • 28. Battle of Wilderness 1864 May 5-7 Grant vs Lee; Union lost 18,000, Confederates lost 11,000; Inconclusive result.
  • 29. Battle of Cloyd’s Mountain 1864 May 9 Crooks vs Jenkins (dies); Union wins, and destroys one of the important railroads of South
  • 30. Battle of Cold Harbor 1864 May 31- June 12 Grant vs Lee; takes place in Virgina; Lee’s last win in the war; Confederates win.
  • 31. Sojourner Truth 1864 October (She met President Lincoln); black spokeswoman; Union.
  • 32. Battle of Wilmington 1865 February 11-22 Schofield vs Bragg; Confederates have to close its last port; Union wins.
  • 33. Clara Barton 1865 (Earned the title “Angel of the Battlefield”, looked for missing soldiers); Found the Red Cross; cured both Northerners and Southerners; Mostly Union, but partially neutral.
  • 34. Battle of Petersburg 1865 April 2 Grant vs Lee; The siege on Petersburg ended when Grant captured it; Union wins.
  • 35. Battle of Sayler’s Creek 1865 April 6 Sheridan vs Ewell; takes place in Virginia; Ewell is captured; Union wins.
  • 36. Battle of High Bridge 1865 April 6-7 Confederates tried to burn some bridges to stop the Union, but failed; takes place in Virginia; result undetermined.
  • 37. Battle of Five Forks 1865 April 1 Sheridan vs Picket; General Lee retreats due to Picket’s loss; Union wins.
  • 38. Battle of Appomattox Station 1865 April 8 Grant vs Lee; preparation for the next battle; lasted several hours; Union wins.
  • 39. Battle of Appomattox Courthouse 1865 April 9 Grant vs Lee; final Civil War battle; takes place in Virginia; Lee surrenders; Union wins.
  • 40. Battle of West Point 1865 April 16 Wilson vs Tyler; takes place in Georgia; Tyler dies; Union wins.
  • 41. John Wilkes Booth April of 1865 (he assassinated President Lincoln); Confederate.