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The future of technology in peacebuilding: Presentation at MIT Media Lab
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The future of technology in peacebuilding: Presentation at MIT Media Lab


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In early April this year, I was invited to deliver a keynote address at the inaugural Build Peace conference, held at MIT Media Lab. My presentation was given, almost to the day, twenty years after …

In early April this year, I was invited to deliver a keynote address at the inaugural Build Peace conference, held at MIT Media Lab. My presentation was given, almost to the day, twenty years after the Rwandan genocide. Just before I went on stage, we all observed a minute's silence to remember the victims.

The genocide wasn't on my mind when I made the slides for the presentation, but brought into sharp focus the thrust of my submission, which was to look ten to fifteen years into the future, and how information and communications technologies (ICTs) would feature in both the genesis and inflammation of complex political emergencies (CPEs) - in other words, violent conflict - as well as aid in peacebuilding and conflict transformation.

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  • 1. ICT4Peace future conflict and its transformation Sanjana Hattotuwa ! TED Fellow Special Advisor, ICT4Peace Foundation
  • 2. my past accidental activist
  • 3. see differently interrogating trauma through technology
  • 4. the future never comes as we expect it
  • 5. the present is what we choose to see
  • 6. concepts frameworks for peaceful change
  • 7. radical inclusion hearing everybody’s voice
  • 8. Nimalaruban’s mother | Murder with impunity
  • 9. The disappeared | Abducted, erased and voiceless 5,676+, second only to Iraq
  • 10. IDPs | Without land or shelter Those who survive but aren’t counted,
  • 11. inclusion of everyone, selection around a process, managing exclusion
  • 12. algorithms The math of discrimination?
  • 13. bespoke web what’s beyond & behind the tailoring?
  • 14. Selection bias as the new objective how to critically question?
  • 15. power and discrimination written into algorithms, rendered invisible, become the new norm
  • 16. corporate bias conflated with corporate benevolence
  • 17. implications of convenience over privacy
  • 18. internet of things when your fridge knows more than mom
  • 19. watch dogs: CTOS as the future of urban life?
  • 20. when does intelligence turn into surveillance? how to maintain control over privacy within ecosystem of competing owners, location sensors, proxy indicators, sentient nodes, ambient observation, pervasive automation
  • 21. who controls “smart” & “intelligent” things? • a new violence around graded eco-systems of services, with luxury being defined by access, in turn based on the digitisation of discrimination • IP conflict & governance - complexity requires giving up direct oversight & control. Have we imagined conflict resolution mechanisms for the Internet of Things? • cascading conflict from ubiquitous inter-connections
  • 22. privatisation of information paying more basic rights
  • 23. expedient profit over principles
  • 24. corporations know more than governments
  • 25. shareholders as primus inter pares
  • 26. the negotiation of exclusion outside of franchise & democracy
  • 27. tech innovation & conflict towards endogenous answers
  • 28. Those who can innovate in the Global South, want to be the next Zuckerberg. Those who can innovate in the Global North, write themselves in as enduring saviours.
  • 29. JFK with first cohort of Peace Corps, Aug. 1962. South to South Peace Tech Corps, 2015?
  • 30. Incubators around ICTs for peace From surrogate projects to more organic development
  • 31. future peace processes challenges & opportunities
  • 32. How will radical transparency & pervasive technology impact closed door, high-level negotiations? What is the future of Chatham House Rule?
  • 33. Vint Cerf flags how a DDoS attack can be mounted by fridges against the Bank of America in the future. Impact on a peace process with similar attack?
  • 34. How can the Internet of Things (smart TVs and fridges) be used creatively in a peace process? Can we reach out to the ‘Other’ interactively using family recipes and bad reality shows?
  • 35. How will millions of lifestreams, freely accessibly on the web, impact in real time negotiations around identity & resources? How will lifestreams from negotiations impact fragile societies?
  • 36. big data on the granular digital smoke signals on key issues
  • 37. big data for context beyond the event driven, underlying drivers of peace & violent conflict
  • 38. justice & reconciliation what will it mean for for digital natives?
  • 39. ict4peace for whom? focus & intent matters
  • 40. dignity
  • 41. ethics
  • 42. our reach should exceed our grasp - or what’s peace building for? ! with apologies to Robert Browning
  • 43. thank you