TECHNOLOGY FOR PEACE: IDEAS FROM THE TRENCHES Sanjana Hattotuwa
Sri Lanka
Conflict transformation <ul><li>A process of engaging with and transforming  relationships , interests, discourses and, if...
ICT and conflict transformation Conflict Transformation  “ Satisficing” Culturally appropriate and sustainable Mobiles as ...
ICT4Peace? <ul><li>“ We value the potential of ICTs to promote peace and to prevent conflict which, inter alia, negatively...
My work in Sri Lanka <ul><li>Writing from 2001, working actively from 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Set up InfoShare in 2003 – on...
Scenario <ul><li>Grassroots organisation with big staff turnover </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Human, Financial and Technical ...
The hardware
Connectivity – Wireless Broadband
Planning for content <ul><li>Think strategically – knowledge expands exponentially </li></ul><ul><li>Text, photos, audio a...
Web 2.0 <ul><li>Wikipedia and Facebook are prime examples </li></ul><ul><li>User generated content </li></ul><ul><li>“ In ...
Facebook – For personal use http://www.facebook.com
Facebook – For campaigns http://www.facebook.com
VOIP <ul><li>Voice over Internet Protocol / Voice over IP </li></ul><ul><li>Gives ulcers, migraines and reduces life expec...
Skype http://www.skype.com
Skypecasts – Community conversations
Call recorders for Skype You can use any of these programme to easily create a recording of your conversation, which you c...
Podcasts <ul><li>Audio broadcast available on the Web to the public for free downloading to a personal computer or a digit...
Podcast recording Audacity for Windows XP / Vista / Mac / Linux Quicktime 8 for Mac
Publishing a podcast http://ourmedia.org
YouTube http://www.youtube.com
Flickr
Use the tools in your OS <ul><li>Microsoft Office Picture Manager </li></ul><ul><li>iPhoto on the Mac </li></ul><ul><li>Ba...
Use the tools in your OS <ul><li>Windows Movie Maker on the PC </li></ul><ul><li>iMovie on the Mac </li></ul>
Google Maps http://www.ushahidi.com/
Blogs <ul><li>Can you send an email with an attachment? Then you can blog! </li></ul><ul><li>Shortened form of the phrase ...
Blogs
Writing a post
Blogs – Typical features <ul><li>Comments on posts </li></ul><ul><li>Trackbacks (a way through which you are alerted when ...
RSS <ul><li>RSS stands for Really Simple Syndication, which is a great name because the concept is just that: Really simpl...
Google Reader http://reader.google.com
Instant Messaging <ul><li>Use MSN Messenger, Yahoo Messenger, Skype, Google Chat to coordinate and collaborate </li></ul><...
Twitter
Twitter.com
Mobiles <ul><li>In everyone’s hands </li></ul><ul><li>Persistent – Messages can be stored, forwarded </li></ul><ul><li>Che...
FrontlineSMS.com <ul><li>It has been conceived, designed and written with NGOs in mind </li></ul><ul><li>The system can be...
Mobileactive.org <ul><li>Using Mobile Phones in Electoral and Voter Registration Campaigns </li></ul><ul><li>Using Mobile ...
Google Apps <ul><li>Government can’t easily shut down or block </li></ul><ul><li>Robust, reliable, pervasive, platform agn...
This I believe http://www.thisibelieve.org
Conversations with history http://www.uctv.tv/cwh/
Insight on conflict http://www.insightonconflict.org/
Groundviews http://www.groundviews.org
Groundviews http://www.groundviews.org
Oral histories – VOR Radio
My personal bias
Ideas <ul><li>Ask people to send in ideas for peace on pre-paid forms (through post) printed inside toothpaste, shampoo, s...
Ideas <ul><li>Collaborate with projects such as www.witness.org that use digital media to record human rights violations <...
Thank you! <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>http://ict4peace.wordpress.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://sanjanah.word...
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Technology For Peace - Ideas From The Trenches

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Created for Global Peacebuilders International Summit, Belfast, 7 May 2008, this presentation deals with the tools and technologies on the web and on mobiles that can be used by NGOs in peacebuilding.

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Technology For Peace - Ideas From The Trenches

  1. 1. TECHNOLOGY FOR PEACE: IDEAS FROM THE TRENCHES Sanjana Hattotuwa
  2. 2. Sri Lanka
  3. 3. Conflict transformation <ul><li>A process of engaging with and transforming relationships , interests, discourses and, if necessary, the very constitution of society that supports the continuation of violent conflict </li></ul><ul><li>CT cautions against too much of confidence in to agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict can never be resolved, but it can be transformed negotiate differences non-violently </li></ul>
  4. 4. ICT and conflict transformation Conflict Transformation “ Satisficing” Culturally appropriate and sustainable Mobiles as well as PCs Open Standars Interoperable Online + Offline
  5. 5. ICT4Peace? <ul><li>“ We value the potential of ICTs to promote peace and to prevent conflict which, inter alia, negatively affects achieving development goals. ICTs can be used for identifying conflict situations through early-warning systems preventing conflicts, promoting their peaceful resolution, supporting humanitarian action, including protection of civilians in armed conflicts, facilitating peacekeeping missions, and assisting post conflict peace-building and reconstruction.” Paragraph 36, WSIS Tunis Commitment, 2005 </li></ul>
  6. 6. My work in Sri Lanka <ul><li>Writing from 2001, working actively from 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Set up InfoShare in 2003 – only one of its kind in Sri Lanka </li></ul><ul><li>Applied research – technology that works, not just promises </li></ul><ul><li>Real life scenarios </li></ul><ul><li>Imagining solutions and pushing the art of the possible </li></ul>
  7. 7. Scenario <ul><li>Grassroots organisation with big staff turnover </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Human, Financial and Technical resources </li></ul><ul><li>Website launched but not updated </li></ul><ul><li>You need to communicate your work </li></ul><ul><li>You need to communicate your community’s ideas and aspirations / possible engender them </li></ul><ul><li>Apathetic and unreliable traditional media coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Violent context </li></ul>
  8. 8. The hardware
  9. 9. Connectivity – Wireless Broadband
  10. 10. Planning for content <ul><li>Think strategically – knowledge expands exponentially </li></ul><ul><li>Text, photos, audio and video complement each other </li></ul><ul><li>Who are your primary and secondary audiences? </li></ul><ul><li>Who are your content producers? </li></ul><ul><li>What media do the above use? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Web 2.0 <ul><li>Wikipedia and Facebook are prime examples </li></ul><ul><li>User generated content </li></ul><ul><li>“ In 2006, the World Wide Web became a tool for bringing together the small contributions of millions of people and making them matter.” – Time Magazine </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive, community based, conversational spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Two way communications </li></ul>
  12. 12. Facebook – For personal use http://www.facebook.com
  13. 13. Facebook – For campaigns http://www.facebook.com
  14. 14. VOIP <ul><li>Voice over Internet Protocol / Voice over IP </li></ul><ul><li>Gives ulcers, migraines and reduces life expectancy of traditional telecoms executives </li></ul><ul><li>Free PC to PC anywhere in the world anytime </li></ul><ul><li>Cheap international dialing rates for fixed and mobile phones </li></ul><ul><li>Call conferencing </li></ul><ul><li>Easy recording for podcasts / Great for interviews </li></ul>
  15. 15. Skype http://www.skype.com
  16. 16. Skypecasts – Community conversations
  17. 17. Call recorders for Skype You can use any of these programme to easily create a recording of your conversation, which you can upload to the web and create a podcast with ease.
  18. 18. Podcasts <ul><li>Audio broadcast available on the Web to the public for free downloading to a personal computer or a digital audio player. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Podcast recording Audacity for Windows XP / Vista / Mac / Linux Quicktime 8 for Mac
  20. 20. Publishing a podcast http://ourmedia.org
  21. 21. YouTube http://www.youtube.com
  22. 22. Flickr
  23. 23. Use the tools in your OS <ul><li>Microsoft Office Picture Manager </li></ul><ul><li>iPhoto on the Mac </li></ul><ul><li>Basics the same as high end software </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to use </li></ul>
  24. 24. Use the tools in your OS <ul><li>Windows Movie Maker on the PC </li></ul><ul><li>iMovie on the Mac </li></ul>
  25. 25. Google Maps http://www.ushahidi.com/
  26. 26. Blogs <ul><li>Can you send an email with an attachment? Then you can blog! </li></ul><ul><li>Shortened form of the phrase “Web log” </li></ul><ul><li>Like a diary or journal, but online. No coding knowledge necessary. </li></ul><ul><li>Easily link to other blogs, create local and international campaigns, by-pass traditional media and potential have greater reach, can include multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>Well over 70 million – the new Guttenberg of the web. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Blogs
  28. 28. Writing a post
  29. 29. Blogs – Typical features <ul><li>Comments on posts </li></ul><ul><li>Trackbacks (a way through which you are alerted when others link to your posts) </li></ul><ul><li>Categories / Sections </li></ul><ul><li>Archives </li></ul><ul><li>Blogroll (a list of other blogs you find interesting or deal with similar issues) </li></ul>
  30. 30. RSS <ul><li>RSS stands for Really Simple Syndication, which is a great name because the concept is just that: Really simple. </li></ul><ul><li>It allows you to subscribe to an information feed that gets delivered directly to your RSS reader or Web browser. </li></ul><ul><li>So instead of visiting several different Web pages each day or performing the same Web searches over and over, you can set up RSS feeds to do it for you. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Google Reader http://reader.google.com
  32. 32. Instant Messaging <ul><li>Use MSN Messenger, Yahoo Messenger, Skype, Google Chat to coordinate and collaborate </li></ul><ul><li>Saves on emails </li></ul><ul><li>Bounce off quick ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Quickly plan for action </li></ul><ul><li>Share small files quicker </li></ul>
  33. 33. Twitter
  34. 34. Twitter.com
  35. 35. Mobiles <ul><li>In everyone’s hands </li></ul><ul><li>Persistent – Messages can be stored, forwarded </li></ul><ul><li>Cheaper to buy than a PC </li></ul><ul><li>Web integration (mobile > Twitter > RSS) </li></ul><ul><li>Great for community campaigns. Can complement other media strategies for national level campaigns. </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen journalism – Everyone is a witness! </li></ul>
  36. 36. FrontlineSMS.com <ul><li>It has been conceived, designed and written with NGOs in mind </li></ul><ul><li>The system can be used for internal staff-based communications, or to provide information to local communities via a sign-up process, or both. </li></ul><ul><li>Field-based NGOs can keep in touch with their fieldworkers from anywhere in the field. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Mobileactive.org <ul><li>Using Mobile Phones in Electoral and Voter Registration Campaigns </li></ul><ul><li>Using Mobile Phones in Advocacy Campaigns </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Phones in Fundraising Campaigns </li></ul>
  38. 38. Google Apps <ul><li>Government can’t easily shut down or block </li></ul><ul><li>Robust, reliable, pervasive, platform agnostic </li></ul><ul><li>Group calendaring, instant messaging, document creation and archives, wikis, webpages, email lists and email services, online and offline access </li></ul>
  39. 39. This I believe http://www.thisibelieve.org
  40. 40. Conversations with history http://www.uctv.tv/cwh/
  41. 41. Insight on conflict http://www.insightonconflict.org/
  42. 42. Groundviews http://www.groundviews.org
  43. 43. Groundviews http://www.groundviews.org
  44. 44. Oral histories – VOR Radio
  45. 45. My personal bias
  46. 46. Ideas <ul><li>Ask people to send in ideas for peace on pre-paid forms (through post) printed inside toothpaste, shampoo, soap, washing powder, milk power cartons and packages – which target females in households who may not necessarily otherwise engage in peace related dialogues. Scan or capture feedback and post it on website. </li></ul><ul><li>A website that counts down to a million “voices” in support of peace – people call in to a toll-free hotline from any mobile or landline to answer a) what does peace mean to you b) how will you work towards strengthen that which you outlined in (a) – in three minutes or less. </li></ul>
  47. 47. Ideas <ul><li>Collaborate with projects such as www.witness.org that use digital media to record human rights violations </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile phone based “swarming” –get your community together quickly to a spot to stand up for something </li></ul><ul><li>Capture ideas for peace through mobiles (competitions for best 5 word idea for peace via SMS) </li></ul>
  48. 48. Thank you! <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>http://ict4peace.wordpress.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://sanjanah.wordpress.com </li></ul>

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