The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam is an armed group capable of sustainable guerrilla actions, terrorist attacks, and also fighting large conventional battles. It has a tight organizational structure (military and political) under the control of one person, and it is completely disciplined.
It has systematically eliminated other Tamil militant groups, controls territory in the north and east of Sri Lanka, and runs a parallel government (with a police force, judicial system, and other structures).
It has extensive international linkages and has created a worldwide business empire. For example, the LTTE has extensive shipping interests that are used for the delivery of weapons to the LTTE in Sri Lanka.
It has broad support from Tamil people living in Sri Lanka, and from the Tamil Diaspora. It has an effective publicity and propaganda program, which can rapidly mobilize political, economic, and financial support of the Tamil diaspora.
It is proscribed as a terrorist organization in Sri Lanka, and by a few other countries.
Voices / dialogues / debates / discussions within & between these sections of polity and society Grassroots Sinhala / Tamil / Muslim Urban / Rural / South / NE Buddhist / Christian / Muslim Youth / older generation
Heavily influenced by Sinhalese nationalist ideology – a past with a unified Sinhala-speaking people, who were egalitarian in their social relations, farmed their paddy fields, and lived in austere simplicity and in accordance with Buddhist morality.
After independence, time to go back to this past and cure the ravages of colonialism, Christian influence and western immorality.
Restorative justice focuses on transforming wrongdoing by healing the harm, particularly to relationships, that is created by harmful behavior.
The primary stakeholders in restorative justice processes are the person(s) who caused the harm (offender), the person(s) harmed (victim), and the affected community. By collectively identifying and addressing harms, needs, and obligations resulting from wrongdoing, we are able to create healing and put things right again.
Emphasis on social relationships and restoration of order under-girded by a strong sense of social justice
“ Every citizen in this country should collectively accept the blame and make an apology to the tens of thousands who suffered. I would like to assign to myself that task on behalf of the State of Sri Lanka, the government and on behalf of all of us; all the citizens of Sri Lanka to extend that apology.”
First apology for incidents of ‘Black July’ in 1983