New media: What really is new?
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New media: What really is new?

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Lecture delivered in Sinhala and English to students of diploma course in journalism at the Sri Lanka College of Journalism.

Lecture delivered in Sinhala and English to students of diploma course in journalism at the Sri Lanka College of Journalism.

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  • 1. new media: what’s really new?Sanjana HattotuwaTED FellowFounding Editor, Groundviews, www.groundviews.org
  • 2. what is social media?• Social media uses Internet and web-based technologies to transform broadcast media monologues (one to many) into social media dialogues (many to many).• It supports the democratisation of knowledge and information, transforming people from content consumers into content producers. (Wikipedia)
  • 3. social media landscape in 2011
  • 4. new media foundations• Blogs• Social networks (Twitter, Facebook)• Mobiles: SMS, mobile photography and video• And making this all possible is ADSL + 3G wireless broadband
  • 5. what’s new• Ubiquity of two way communications• Addressable peoples, even those who IDPs or refugees• Both news generation and dissemination leverages new media• Disintermediated models vs. traditional media model• Citizens as producers• Low resolution content broadcast on high definition media
  • 6. old media model Event / Issue Journalist Mainstream media Consumer
  • 7. new media models Event / Issue Consumer Citizen media Journalist Mainstream Consumer media
  • 8. the revolution Journalist ConsumerNews as a package Consumer / Journalist WitnessNews as a conversation
  • 9. no longer just the elite
  • 10. the use of new media internationally
  • 11. SourceWatch: Crowdsourcinghttp://www.sourcewatch.org
  • 12. 10 questions: YouTubehttp://www.youtube.com/show/10questions
  • 13. crisis in darfur: using google earth
  • 14. new eyes: using google earth
  • 15. all mainstream media use new media
  • 16. bombings in london• 7 July 2005• Within 24 hours, the BBC had received 1,000 stills and videos, 3,000 texts and 20,000 e-mails.
  • 17. “saffron revolution” in myanmar 2007• 100,000 people joined a Facebook group supporting the monks• No international TV crews allowed in the country• Mobile phone cameras were the first footage of the monks protest• Blogs from Rangoon were the only sources of information• The junta shut down all Internet and mobile communications
  • 18. burma vj reporting from a closed country
  • 19. burma vj reporting from a closed country
  • 20. the green revolution: post-election Iran 2009
  • 21. the green revolution: post-election Iran 2009• YouTube and Flickr brought multimedia out of the distressed country. Twitter and Facebook updates have spread videos virally. Blogs, Wikipedia, and citizen journalism have helped disseminate and filter this information.• Most of all though, these tools have helped people take action.
  • 22. haiti earthquake, january 2009
  • 23. Our presentThe telegenic revolutions
  • 24. The use of social media in Sri Lanka Presidential Campaign 2010
  • 25. flickr for sarath fonseka
  • 26. flickr for the president
  • 27. facebook for president
  • 28. facebook for sarath fonseka
  • 29. more local examples
  • 30. groundviews citizen journalism bearing witness
  • 31. readership and reach: web mediaFrom 19 – 27 May 2010, Groundviews ran a special edition on the end of war in Sri Lanka.Over this week alone, the site received over forty thousand readers and exclusively featured overeighty-thousand words of original content, one video premiere, over a dozen photos, generatingover one hundred and fifty thousand words of commentary.Tens of thousands more have read and commented on this content since.
  • 32. commemorating lasanthahttp://unbowedandunafraid.com
  • 33. groundviews.org: participatory journalismhttp://www.groundviews.org/2010/03/15/strengthening-democracy-in-sri-lanka-an-open-invitation-to-generate-fresh-ideas/
  • 34. recording history: archiving vital websiteshttp://sitesatrisksl.wordpress.com
  • 35. groundviews citizen journalism bearing witness
  • 36. online video: vikalpa YouTube channelwww.youtube.com/vikalpasl
  • 37. alternative politics in sinhala vikalpawww.vikalpa.org
  • 38. boondi alternative Sinhala critiqueswww.boondi.lk
  • 39. kottu blog aggregationwww.kottu.org
  • 40. sinhala bloggers union: Sinhala blog aggregationwww.sinhalabloggers.com
  • 41. sinhala bloggers union: Sinhala blog aggregationwww.sinhalabloggers.com
  • 42. twitter topical, pithy perspectiveswww.twitter.com
  • 43. what is curation?
  • 44. curated content
  • 45. selecting the best produce
  • 46. curating news• Buying fruits of vegetables • Curating news• Check price • Check authorship• Weigh it in one’s hands • Check for veracity, quality• Look at it from all angles • Is it accurate, fair, topical? • What is the bias? Is it progressive?• Look at it in context • Select a few from many sources• Look at a few, not just one • Discard if out-dated information is• Discard if old presented• Ascertain location where it was • Be cautious of unverified information produced and breaking news
  • 47. curated twitter content on sri lanka: newshttp://twitter.com/groundviews/sl-news
  • 48. curated twitter content on sri lanka: blogshttp://twitter.com/groundviews/sl-bloggers
  • 49. facebook for work
  • 50. social networking: facebook600 million+ users
  • 51. social networking: facebook reach Avg. FB account: 130 friends Groundviews FB page has 5,311+ fans Updates featured on ~690,000+ FB accounts. Instantly.
  • 52. social networking: facebook reach
  • 53. social networking: facebook reach
  • 54. social networking: facebook video
  • 55. case study: mumbai bomb blasts November 2008
  • 56. flickr: first images of the attackshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/vinu/sets72157610144709049
  • 57. wikipedia: first narratives of the attackshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/26_November_2008_Mumbai_attacks
  • 58. wikipedia: first narratives of the attackshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/26_November_2008_Mumbai_attacks 400+ edits / updates 100+ authors Less than 24 hours after first attack
  • 59. Getting updates: twittering the attackshttp://spy.appspot.com
  • 60. case study: japan earthquake March 2011
  • 61. getting updates: google crisis responsehttp://www.google.com/crisisresponse/japanquake2011.html
  • 62. producing and reading content
  • 63. gmail account: email, maps, news• Free• Access to Google Maps (mapping)• Access to Google Reader (RSS / web updates)• Access to Google News (news updates)
  • 64. google maps
  • 65. google newshttp://news.google.com
  • 66. google readerhttp://reader.google.com
  • 67. wordpress.com: blogging
  • 68. twitter.com micro-blogginghttp://media.twitter.com
  • 69. ustream.tv: broadcasting via a PC
  • 70. ustream: mobile phone broadcastinghttp://www.ustream.tv/mobile
  • 71. bearing witness
  • 72. flickr online photos
  • 73. creating online content• Think beyond text. Online is not print.• Think beyond prose. Online can be satire, verse, haiku!• Think of photos, audio, video. Rich media tells stories.• Think of SMS and crowd-sourcing• Don’t suggest you know everything. Use the community to add value to story.• Link to other stories online
  • 74. enduring challenges• Impartial, accurate coverage still vital, increasingly hard to ascertain• Torrent of information, trickle of knowledge• Veracity and verifiability• Eye-witness accounts are partial, subjective• New media / technology illiteracy even amongst journalists• Apathy and animosity against citizen journalism• Licensing and attribution of online content
  • 75. groundviews: first civility code2006
  • 76. still not convinced?
  • 77. Thank you sanjanah@gmail.com