Media and Conflict Transformation

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A short presentation that explores the key tenets of media and peacebuilding / conflict transformation

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Media and Conflict Transformation

  1. 1. Media and peacebuilding
  2. 2. Media & War: An unholy alliance?
  3. 3. Media and Conflict <ul><li>Media in conflict and post conflict, is inextricably linked to the context within which it operates in. </li></ul><ul><li>In most cases of long term conflict, media becomes part of the conflict and not part of the solution. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Media and Conflict There is nothing wrong with our editorial policy ! I wish they had been at GPPAC! Every single person here has a different perspective What a jackass ! We must have more balanced coverage I feel left out… Why am I the only woman here?
  5. 5. War and Insurgency <ul><li>Massive trauma, loss of life </li></ul><ul><li>Wider ethnic divide </li></ul><ul><li>No trust, polarised communities </li></ul><ul><li>Very little people to people contact </li></ul><ul><li>Media stereotypes </li></ul><ul><li>Zero sum politics, garrison nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Familiar litany of issues… </li></ul>
  6. 6. Media and Conflict <ul><li>Lack of professionalism/ journalism training </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the newsrooms in Sri Lanka are monolingual. Lack of diversity. </li></ul><ul><li>No democracy in the newsroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Polarization of newspapers on ethnic lines </li></ul>
  7. 7. Media and Conflict <ul><li>Self-censorship of Editors </li></ul><ul><li>State media is responsive to conflict sensitive reporting but lacks political credibility. </li></ul><ul><li>State owned media has been a political tool of the governing political party </li></ul><ul><li>Journalists do not understand each other </li></ul>
  8. 8. Media and Conflict <ul><li>If conflicts are to be prevented or settled, they must first be understood. </li></ul><ul><li>Objectivity? Just the facts? </li></ul><ul><li>Explanations which fight oversimplification. Balance between the need to keep reporting grounded in direct observation and the importance of analysis. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Media and Conflict <ul><li>There are no mechanisms that will facilitate interaction among journalists of different ethnic communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Civil society is not proactive in dealing with ethnically biased media. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of gender sensitivity in the media and in newsrooms </li></ul>
  10. 10. Security
  11. 11. Security <ul><li>Job security </li></ul><ul><li>Personal security </li></ul><ul><li>No training </li></ul><ul><li>No equipment </li></ul><ul><li>No insurance </li></ul><ul><li>No identification </li></ul><ul><li>Volatile ground situation </li></ul>
  12. 12. Media Professionalism in Peace Processes
  13. 13. Media Professionalism in Peace Processes <ul><li>If conflicts are to be prevented or settled, they must first be understood. </li></ul><ul><li>Objectivity? Just the facts? </li></ul><ul><li>Explanations which fight oversimplification. Balance between the need to keep reporting grounded in direct observation and the importance of analysis. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Media Professionalism in Peace Processes <ul><li>If conflicts are to be prevented or settled, they must first be understood. </li></ul><ul><li>Objectivity? Just the facts? </li></ul><ul><li>Explanations which fight oversimplification. Balance between the need to keep reporting grounded in direct observation and the importance of analysis. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Media Professionalism in Peace Processes <ul><li>&quot;The overall failure of the media to accurately and adequately report on a crime against humanity significantly contributed to international disinterest in the genocide, and hence to the inadequate response” - Steering Committee of the Joint Evaluation of Emergency Assistance to Rwanda, The International Response to Conflict and Genocide </li></ul><ul><li>Good war reporting will put developments into a historical and political context and explore root causes of conflicts. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Media and Conflict Transformation Political Negotiations Grassroots / Masses Democratisation Media Interventions Holistic Approach to Media Interventions
  17. 17. Framing and defining the conflict Encouraging a balance of power Identifying the interests underlying the issues Channel of communication between parties Confidence-building Counteracting misperceptions Face saving and consensus-building Analyzing the conflict Media Roles in Peacebuilding
  18. 18. Diverse audiences Opposed Apathetic Persuadable Supportive
  19. 20. Media as a shared space
  20. 21. Media as a shared space
  21. 22. Media as a shared space
  22. 23. Media as a shared space
  23. 24. Training for media professionals <ul><li>In Rwanda, journalists not familiar with the events that preceded the killing were inclined to suggest, as BBC journalist Fergal Keane later observed, &quot;that the genocide was the result of some innate inter-ethnic loathing that had erupted into irrational violence. . . . Much of the coverage of Rwanda in the early days,&quot; Keane lamented, &quot;neglected the part that power and money had played in the calculations of those who launched the genocide.&quot; </li></ul>
  24. 25. Training for media professionals
  25. 26. Lessons learnt : Civil Society <ul><li>The media is not the enemy </li></ul><ul><li>Journalists are good people who have an important role to play in changing society </li></ul><ul><li>Developing good contacts with journalists is an important part of the process of change </li></ul>
  26. 27. Lessons learnt : Civil Society <ul><li>You get better results from journalists if understand their needs rather than preaching at them or feeding them jargon. </li></ul><ul><li>Journalists need reliable facts, figures and contacts and the freedom to form their own opinions about the messages they contain. </li></ul><ul><li>There is more to be gained by developing co-operative relationships instead of running public relations campaigns. </li></ul>
  27. 28. GPPAC <ul><li>OK – so now what? </li></ul><ul><li>Languages? Translations? Local, regional initiatives? </li></ul><ul><li>Mainstream to existing work? </li></ul><ul><li>Donor milestone? </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations? </li></ul><ul><li>What would you like to take back? </li></ul>

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