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Media and Conflict Transformation
 

Media and Conflict Transformation

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A short presentation that explores the key tenets of media and peacebuilding / conflict transformation

A short presentation that explores the key tenets of media and peacebuilding / conflict transformation

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    Media and Conflict Transformation Media and Conflict Transformation Presentation Transcript

    • Media and peacebuilding
    • Media & War: An unholy alliance?
    • Media and Conflict
      • Media in conflict and post conflict, is inextricably linked to the context within which it operates in.
      • In most cases of long term conflict, media becomes part of the conflict and not part of the solution.
    • Media and Conflict There is nothing wrong with our editorial policy ! I wish they had been at GPPAC! Every single person here has a different perspective What a jackass ! We must have more balanced coverage I feel left out… Why am I the only woman here?
    • War and Insurgency
      • Massive trauma, loss of life
      • Wider ethnic divide
      • No trust, polarised communities
      • Very little people to people contact
      • Media stereotypes
      • Zero sum politics, garrison nationalism
      • Familiar litany of issues…
    • Media and Conflict
      • Lack of professionalism/ journalism training
      • Most of the newsrooms in Sri Lanka are monolingual. Lack of diversity.
      • No democracy in the newsroom.
      • Polarization of newspapers on ethnic lines
    • Media and Conflict
      • Self-censorship of Editors
      • State media is responsive to conflict sensitive reporting but lacks political credibility.
      • State owned media has been a political tool of the governing political party
      • Journalists do not understand each other
    • Media and Conflict
      • If conflicts are to be prevented or settled, they must first be understood.
      • Objectivity? Just the facts?
      • Explanations which fight oversimplification. Balance between the need to keep reporting grounded in direct observation and the importance of analysis.
    • Media and Conflict
      • There are no mechanisms that will facilitate interaction among journalists of different ethnic communities.
      • Civil society is not proactive in dealing with ethnically biased media.
      • Lack of gender sensitivity in the media and in newsrooms
    • Security
    • Security
      • Job security
      • Personal security
      • No training
      • No equipment
      • No insurance
      • No identification
      • Volatile ground situation
    • Media Professionalism in Peace Processes
    • Media Professionalism in Peace Processes
      • If conflicts are to be prevented or settled, they must first be understood.
      • Objectivity? Just the facts?
      • Explanations which fight oversimplification. Balance between the need to keep reporting grounded in direct observation and the importance of analysis.
    • Media Professionalism in Peace Processes
      • If conflicts are to be prevented or settled, they must first be understood.
      • Objectivity? Just the facts?
      • Explanations which fight oversimplification. Balance between the need to keep reporting grounded in direct observation and the importance of analysis.
    • Media Professionalism in Peace Processes
      • "The overall failure of the media to accurately and adequately report on a crime against humanity significantly contributed to international disinterest in the genocide, and hence to the inadequate response” - Steering Committee of the Joint Evaluation of Emergency Assistance to Rwanda, The International Response to Conflict and Genocide
      • Good war reporting will put developments into a historical and political context and explore root causes of conflicts.
    • Media and Conflict Transformation Political Negotiations Grassroots / Masses Democratisation Media Interventions Holistic Approach to Media Interventions
    • Framing and defining the conflict Encouraging a balance of power Identifying the interests underlying the issues Channel of communication between parties Confidence-building Counteracting misperceptions Face saving and consensus-building Analyzing the conflict Media Roles in Peacebuilding
    • Diverse audiences Opposed Apathetic Persuadable Supportive
    •  
    • Media as a shared space
    • Media as a shared space
    • Media as a shared space
    • Media as a shared space
    • Training for media professionals
      • In Rwanda, journalists not familiar with the events that preceded the killing were inclined to suggest, as BBC journalist Fergal Keane later observed, "that the genocide was the result of some innate inter-ethnic loathing that had erupted into irrational violence. . . . Much of the coverage of Rwanda in the early days," Keane lamented, "neglected the part that power and money had played in the calculations of those who launched the genocide."
    • Training for media professionals
    • Lessons learnt : Civil Society
      • The media is not the enemy
      • Journalists are good people who have an important role to play in changing society
      • Developing good contacts with journalists is an important part of the process of change
    • Lessons learnt : Civil Society
      • You get better results from journalists if understand their needs rather than preaching at them or feeding them jargon.
      • Journalists need reliable facts, figures and contacts and the freedom to form their own opinions about the messages they contain.
      • There is more to be gained by developing co-operative relationships instead of running public relations campaigns.
    • GPPAC
      • OK – so now what?
      • Languages? Translations? Local, regional initiatives?
      • Mainstream to existing work?
      • Donor milestone?
      • Recommendations?
      • What would you like to take back?