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Introduction to Urbanisation Challenges
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Introduction to Urbanisation Challenges

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  • 1. What is the definition of urbanization? The process of transition from a rural to a more urban society. It reflects an increasing proportion of the population living in settlements defined as urban, primarily through net rural to urban migration. – UN definition What is the definition of urban? Arbitrary depending on population size
  • 2. • Trends of Urbanization • Video – Living in the City • Urbanization & Problems
  • 3. “The growth of cities will be the single largest influence on development in the 21st century.” - United Nations Population Fund
  • 4. Where is the highest movement at?
  • 5. Watch •http://www.youtube.com/watch ?v=kZgm8f8K_w0 (Megacities – Living in the City) Think • What are the problems created from high concentrations of people living in cities? • Who are the winners & losers of urbanization? Reflect • Why should we care about these problems? Write • 1 idea/thought – 1 Post-it • Every idea is valuable Individual work
  • 6. Group work 1. What problems are created from high concentrations of people living in cities? 2. Why should we care about urbanisation? 3. Who are the winners and losers of urbanisation? Instructions: - Divide the ideas according to the questions. - Put similar individual ideas together and give that new group a header
  • 7. Problems associated with urbanization Traffic congestion Waste generation & disposal Squatter settlement Urban blight
  • 8. Source: World Bank, What a Waste: A Global Review of Solid Waste Management Waste generation and disposal
  • 9. Urbanization and squatter settlements
  • 10. A “slum household” is a group of individuals living under the same roof in an urban area who lack one or more of the following: durable housing, sufficient living area, access to improved water, access to sanitation and secure tenure. - UN HABITAT
  • 11. Urbanization and urban blight Urban blight refers to the deterioration and decay of buildings and older areas of large cities, due to neglect, crime, or lack of economic support.
  • 12. WEST BALTIMORE, MARYLAND
  • 13. Compass tool • To get a holistic understanding of an issue from different perspectives, while recognizing the importance of each stakeholder’s stance. • To understand the inter- connectedness of an issue • What are the stakeholders?
  • 14. Homework To think about how traffic congestion can be a problem using the compass tool