Cube root estimates
David Coulson, 2013
dtcoulson@gmail.com
To estimate the cube root of a number
in the range 100-500.... 250
250
Reduce it by a tenth... 225
To estimate the cube root of a number
in the range 100-500....
250
Reduce it by a tenth... 225
Divide it by 100... 2.25
To estimate the cube root of a number
in the range 100-500....
250
Reduce it by a tenth... 225
Divide it by 100... 2.25
...and add four. 6.25
To estimate the cube root of a number
in th...
6.25
Correct value = 6.30
error = 0.8%
Second example: 430
Reduce it by a tenth... 387
Divide it by 100... 3.87
Add four... 7.25
7.54 (4% error)
~
300
Reduce it by a tenth... 270
Divide it by 100... 2.70
Add four... 6.70
6.69 (0.1% error)
Third example:
~
100
Reduce it by a tenth... 90
Divide it by 100... 0.90
Add four... 4.90
4.64 (6% error)
Fourth example:
~
Percenterror
The technique works best at values close to 216.
The technique comes from applying a straight line approximation
to the cube curve in regions close to multiples of 3.
x=3k
Substitute
x=3k
Substitute
Substitute
Substitute
In the case where k=1, the straight line is tangent
at (3,27), and we have a reasonable approximation
for the cube roots o...
This version produces some very good estimates
for cube roots in the range 10~50.
(2.46, error 3%)
This version produces some very good estimates
for cube roots in the range 10~50.
Dividing by 27 can be a...
(error 0.1%)
Alternatively, when the numerator and denominator are of
similar size, you can adjust the values by the same ...
However, one number in three is on the 3 times table.
Therefore it’s often easy to divide by 27.
(2.76, error 1%)
The case where k=2 shifts the tangent line up to (6, 216).
The formula benefits from numbers which are multiples of three ...
This works well for numbers near 216, extending out as far as 100~500.
Approximating the denominator as 100 will often be ...
What about other multiples of 3? Consider k=3.
This should be good in the region near 729.
Experimentation shows it is rel...
[END]
Cube roots
Cube roots
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Cube roots

687
-1

Published on

Simple procedures for approximating the cube root of a number

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
687
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
14
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Cube roots

  1. 1. Cube root estimates David Coulson, 2013 dtcoulson@gmail.com
  2. 2. To estimate the cube root of a number in the range 100-500.... 250
  3. 3. 250 Reduce it by a tenth... 225 To estimate the cube root of a number in the range 100-500....
  4. 4. 250 Reduce it by a tenth... 225 Divide it by 100... 2.25 To estimate the cube root of a number in the range 100-500....
  5. 5. 250 Reduce it by a tenth... 225 Divide it by 100... 2.25 ...and add four. 6.25 To estimate the cube root of a number in the range 100-500....
  6. 6. 6.25 Correct value = 6.30 error = 0.8%
  7. 7. Second example: 430 Reduce it by a tenth... 387 Divide it by 100... 3.87 Add four... 7.25 7.54 (4% error) ~
  8. 8. 300 Reduce it by a tenth... 270 Divide it by 100... 2.70 Add four... 6.70 6.69 (0.1% error) Third example: ~
  9. 9. 100 Reduce it by a tenth... 90 Divide it by 100... 0.90 Add four... 4.90 4.64 (6% error) Fourth example: ~
  10. 10. Percenterror The technique works best at values close to 216.
  11. 11. The technique comes from applying a straight line approximation to the cube curve in regions close to multiples of 3. x=3k
  12. 12. Substitute x=3k
  13. 13. Substitute
  14. 14. Substitute
  15. 15. Substitute
  16. 16. In the case where k=1, the straight line is tangent at (3,27), and we have a reasonable approximation for the cube roots of numbers near 27.
  17. 17. This version produces some very good estimates for cube roots in the range 10~50.
  18. 18. (2.46, error 3%) This version produces some very good estimates for cube roots in the range 10~50. Dividing by 27 can be approximated as dividing by 30 and making the answer 10% bigger.
  19. 19. (error 0.1%) Alternatively, when the numerator and denominator are of similar size, you can adjust the values by the same amount to get numbers that are easier to process.
  20. 20. However, one number in three is on the 3 times table. Therefore it’s often easy to divide by 27. (2.76, error 1%)
  21. 21. The case where k=2 shifts the tangent line up to (6, 216). The formula benefits from numbers which are multiples of three because the derivative term 3x2 resonates with the x3 term for these numbers.
  22. 22. This works well for numbers near 216, extending out as far as 100~500. Approximating the denominator as 100 will often be good enough, but better results are obtained by reducing the numerator by ten percent first.
  23. 23. What about other multiples of 3? Consider k=3. This should be good in the region near 729. Experimentation shows it is reliable between 500~1000. K values above 3 produce tangent points greater than 1000. Cube roots for numbers above 1000 can be related to numbers in the range 1~10. Therefore k values bigger than 3 are redundant.
  24. 24. [END]
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×