The teacher & the learner


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The teacher & the learner

  1. 1. [Chapter 5]By: Xyrille Yves Zaide BSEDII
  2. 2. Teacher  Learner a person who  someone who is teaches or learning something; instructs, especially as a beginner; trainee. profession; instructor.
  3. 3. Teaching   It is one of the oldestof all learned profession know in civilization.
  4. 4. Jesus as a Teacher Jesus is characterized as a  charismatic teacher and prophet who addressed his message to all people, as opposed to the elite groups taught in formal schools in ancient times. Jesus used parables, proverbs, legal and prophetic sayings to challenge the imagination and to allow his listeners to discover his message.
  5. 5. Confucius as a teacher  As an educator, he wanted his disciples to be "rounded men who would be useful to state and society, and therefore he taught them various branches of knowledge based upon the different classics. His primary function as a teacher, he felt, was to interpret to his disciples the ancient cultural heritage. That is why, in his own words as recorded in the Analects, he was "a transmitter and not an originator."
  6. 6. Socrates, Plato & Aristotle as teachers  Socrates was a famous  Plato is Socrates’ student.  Aristotle is Plato’s teacher in ancient  The whole Platonic teaching student. Athens. He wanted his is based upon the concept of  Aristotles teachings students to question Absolute Goodness. Plato can be summarized in things. "Is our was vividly conscious of the a single sentence: government good? If immense profundity of the "Identity and causality gods exist, where do subject. "To discover the rule the world." they live?" Creator and Father of this universe, as well as his operation, is indeed difficult; and when discovered it is impossible to reveal him." In him Truth, Justice and the Beautiful are eternally one. Hence the idea of the Good is the highest branch of study.
  7. 7. Teacher’s Duty “The teacher is the bulwark of democracy and shares the great task of education.”  Constitution states: CA No. 578 states: All teachers whether in  A teacher’s first duty is public or private to build democracy. schools, colleges, and universities, are  Because of this representatives of the responsibility, the law state, charged with the included a teacher as a duties of carrying out person in authority. our fundamental purpose in education.
  8. 8. The Teaching Profession occupies a position of public trust.  It requires services of men & women of:  Sound character;  High ideals;  Broad background; and  Profound understanding of human nature.
  9. 9. Teachers mustbe loyal to:The school system,The community, andThe nation.
  10. 10. The teacher, as the key factor in the teaching-learning process:   Sets the area where the learning takes place.  Organizes subject matter to be effective.  Does the board work.  Teaches the lesson.  Manages the class.  Evaluates the learning performance of students.  Guides and counsels.  Check students’ work.  Records and computes grades.
  11. 11. Qualities of an Effective Teacher 1. Has Mastery of the Subject 7. Free from Physical Matter. Impediment.2. Knowledgeable of the Nature 8. Has the Ability to of the Student. Think and to Speak3. Knowledgeable of the Aims Clearly and Logically. of Education and the 9. Ambitious. Methods of Achieving them. 10. Has the Right Attitude4. Has a Scientific attitude. Towards Teaching. 11. Has a spirit of5. Possesses Patience, sympathy Cooperation. and love for students. 12. Altruistic.6. Has a Pleasant personality and a happy disposition.
  12. 12. Teacher’s Personal Traits creating anenvironment conducive to learning.  1. Intelligence 2. Punctuality and enthusiasm 3. Loyalty and commitment 4. Good Professional and Human relations. 5. Desire to Grow Personally. 6. Good Physical and Mental Health.
  13. 13. Negative traits of a teacher  Bad tempered and intolerance.  Unfair and inclined to have favorites.  Unreasonable in demand.  Disinclined to show interest in the students and take a long time before helping them.  Tending to be gloomy, nervous and unfriendly.  Sarcastic and inclined to use ridicule.  Unattractive appearance.  Impatient and flexible.  Inclined to talk down to pupils or learners.  Overbearing and conceited.  Tend to talk excessively.  Lacking in sense of humor.  arrogance
  14. 14. Professional Growth of a Teacher  2 Components:1. Pre-service education  refers to general education and foundations of professional orientations for teachers2. In-service education programs  refer to professional activities that teachers should undergo Contributes tocompetency and effectiveness
  15. 15. Believed to be important to know: 1. Teacher 4. Art  A member of a profession whose  The teacher who makes use of his central purpose is to help others ingenious knowledge. learn. 5. Commitment2. Knowledgeable  Willingness to perform the  A teacher who is familiar with demand of the profession. rich experience of modern life. 6. Love3. Educated  The personal feeling of  A teacher possessing a sense of attachment arising from the mystery of the universeand a compassionate understanding. desire to learn and achieve more in the teaching profession.  A teacher-scholar describes accurately the ideals he seeks.
  16. 16. Ideal Teacher Education Program  should be based on: Should cover 3 areas:1. A broad liberal education 1. General Education2. Competent in 2. Professional Education professional knowledge 3. Specialization and skills3. An unassailable mastery of subject matter in one or two special fields Source: Teacher-training Institution, College of Education Manuel L. Quezon University, Manila
  17. 17. 3 areas to be covered by the teacher education program  General Professional Specialization Education Education Aims to make  Should be at the  Refers to the students center of the mastery of subject matter of the area knowledgeable program. of education. and well  Teachers should  Recognizes the informed, think have attributes unique ability of critically, comm necessary to students that can unicate be developed at understand the his area of effectively, and learners and the specialization. live freely in learning our society. process.
  18. 18. The Modern Teacher Pressured with the responsibility of educating the students with the pros and cons of mechanical/highlytechnical electronic devices, and of letting them feel that advanced technology is a good trend for society but must be in conjunction with advanced knowledge and skills to master and understand it.
  19. 19. Specific responsibilities of teachers today may cover: 1. Direction learning activities2. Curriculum building3. Guidance and character development4. Diagnosing difficulties and evaluating growth of knowledge of learners5. Discriminating advantages fro disadvantages of any particular object, topic or concept.6. Conducting and utilizing research7. The value of extracurricular and co-curricular activities8. Understanding the people around them and community as well.
  20. 20. The Modern Teacher As a whole, the role of a teacher today requires the total development of his/her students to become intellectually, emotionally, socially, and spiritually equipped with knowledge needed of a well- rounded, progressive, and globally competitive individual.
  21. 21. The LearnersPeople at birth are natural learners. They are interested, enthusiastic and curious to learn new ideas and about many things.A teacher should try to discover the different learning styles students have.
  22. 22. Ways by which children learn:  Imitation Motivation Children learn by observing  Interesting materials and and imitating others. stimulating environment Through repetition, attracts children’s knowledge is accumulated. curiosity and arouse their They learn from their mistakes through trial and interest. error.  Teachers should provide They learn through active motivating factors and involvement and activities appropriate to experimenting with real things. individual differences of students.
  23. 23. Misconceptions about child learning Theories: Students who cannot  Studies reveal:  Students should be identified. remember verbal instructions A new subject matter should be are less intelligent than those taught through several techniques and approaches who can. until it is learned. Assignment and homework  Students get good grades when should reinforce from the taught through perceptual strengths, so assignment and day’s lesson. homework should be applied in doing or giving assignment.  Students learn differently Older students learn better regardless of age,they should and easier to adapt to be treated differently and be teacher’s style. given options for completing tasks.
  24. 24. Misconceptions about child learning Theories: Whole group Some students learn best when  Studies reveal: instruction is the best they are alone, some when with way to teach. adults, and others with peers. Truancy is related to  They are low achievers because poor attitudes. they do not have study skills and lack of interest, others are pre- occupied outside school activities. Effective teaching  Analytical learning is better when requires a clearly stated taught well in the style they objective followed by found easy and correct for detailed step-by-step themselves. Students learn difficult subjects best when and sequential allowed with their preferred procedures. time, style, and when given
  25. 25. Facilitating Learning 1 Project Prepared by:  Submitted to:Xyrille Yves Zaide Ms. Rosaminda Valdez