Pearl harbor


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Pearl harbor

  1. 1. December 7 th , 1941
  2. 2. <ul><li>Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike attack on the United States by the Japanese that was meant to prevent the U.S Pacific Fleet from interfering with military action of Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>A series of two “waves” by the military lasting two hours long </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>December 7 th 1941 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>December 8 th in Japan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The air attack began at 7:48 a.m Hawaiian time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Second attack- 8:55 a.m </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>In September 1940 the U.S placed an embargo on Japan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They couldn’t export steel, scrap iron, and aviation fuel to Japa </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Two days after Japan signed a neutrality treaty with the Soviet Union the U.S, Britain, and the Netherlands froze all Japanese assets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevented them from buying oil </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Attack by the Japanese on the U.S </li></ul><ul><li>Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, and Admiral Nagumo commander of the Japanese fleet initiated the planning of the attack on the U.S </li></ul><ul><li>Pearl Harbor was under the command of Admiral Husband E. Kimmel and Lt. General Walter C. Short </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>In early 1941 Admiral Yamamoto started preparing plans for the conquest of the resources from South Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Pearl Harbor was a vital attack for Yamamoto’s plan </li></ul><ul><li>The military plan had three phases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attack on Pearl harbor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extend the perimeter of Japan’s sphere of Influence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Then move onto Northern Solomons. New Guinea, Java, Sumatra, Malaya, Burma, Thailand, the Philippines, and Boreno </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Four U.S Navy Battleships were sunk </li></ul><ul><li>Sank and damaged three cruisers, three destroyers, and one minelayer </li></ul><ul><li>188 U.S aircraft were destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>2,402 men killed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1,282 men wounded </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Japanese lost 29 aircraft and five submarines </li></ul><ul><li>65 men killed or wounded </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One Japanese sailor was captured </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Led the U.S directly into World War II </li></ul><ul><li>Germany and Italy declared war on the U.S December 11 th </li></ul><ul><li>We quickly recovered and formed our military again and had a victory at the Battle of Midway </li></ul><ul><li>Four years later the U.S destroyed the Japanese Empire </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Better radar equipment has been made for scouting to prevent this from happening </li></ul><ul><li>Unified the divided American population like never before </li></ul><ul><li>Many American Lives were lost </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Today Pearl Harbor is Port and Naval Station </li></ul><ul><li>The USS Arizona was one of the main ships that sank that day so now there is a concrete hull placed their to symbolize the loss of the ship as a memorial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dedicated on May 30 th , 1962 </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Japanese citizens were just as surprised as Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Referred to “A date that will live in infamy” </li></ul><ul><li>The day of the attack Britain declared war on Japan </li></ul><ul><li>President at the time was Franklin D. Rooselvelt </li></ul><ul><li>Pearl Harbor wasn’t in a state of high alert when the </li></ul><ul><li>attack started, the anti-aircraft guns were left </li></ul><ul><li>unmanned </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>&quot;Attack on Pearl Harbor.&quot; Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia . 3 Apr. 2011. Web. 04 Apr. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Pearl Harbor History: Why Did Japan Attack? Eyewitness Accounts, Casualty List, Background.&quot; Attack on Pearl Harbor: Ships, Heroes and Speeches . Web. 04 Apr. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Attack At Pearl Harbor, 1941.&quot; EyeWitness to History - History through the Eyes of Those Who Lived It . 1997. Web. 04 Apr. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Attack on Pearl Harbor.&quot; World War II History Info . 2001- 2010. Web. 04 Apr. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Pearl Harbor - The Bombing - Facts.&quot; Erik Anderson [.net] . Web. 04 Apr. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Pearl Harbor: The Day of Infamy, 7 December 1941.&quot; Military History Encyclopedia on the Web . Web. 04 Apr. 2011. </li></ul>