Pearl harbor 2

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Pearl harbor 2

  1. 1. Pearl Harbor<br /> December 7th, 1941<br />
  2. 2. What?<br />Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike attack on the United States by the Japanese that was meant to prevent the U.S Pacific Fleet from interfering with military action of Japan. <br />A series of two “waves” by the military lasting two hours long <br />
  3. 3. When and Where?<br />December 7th 1941<br />December 8th in Japan<br />The air attack began at 7:48 a.m Hawaiian time<br />Second attack- 8:55 a.m<br />Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii<br />
  4. 4. Why?<br />In September 1940 the U.S placed an embargo on Japan<br />They couldn’t export steel, scrap iron, and aviation fuel to Japa<br />Two days after Japan signed a neutrality treaty with the Soviet Union the U.S, Britain, and the Netherlands froze all Japanese assets<br />Prevented them from buying oil<br />
  5. 5. Who?<br />Attack by the Japanese on the U.S<br />Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, and Admiral Nagumo commander of the Japanese fleet initiated the planning of the attack on the U.S<br />Pearl Harbor was under the command of Admiral Husband E. Kimmel and Lt. General Walter C. Short<br />
  6. 6. How it Started<br />In early 1941 Admiral Yamamoto started preparing plans for the conquest of the resources from South Asia<br />Pearl Harbor was a vital attack for Yamamoto’s plan<br />The military plan had three phases<br />Attack on Pearl harbor <br />Extend the perimeter of Japan’s sphere of Influence<br />Then move onto Northern Solomons. New Guinea, Java, Sumatra, Malaya, Burma, Thailand, the Philippines, and Boreno<br />
  7. 7. Damage Caused<br />Four U.S Navy Battleships were sunk<br />Sank and damaged three cruisers, three destroyers, and one minelayer<br />188 U.S aircraft were destroyed<br />2,402 men killed<br />1,282 men wounded<br />Japanese lost 29 aircraft and five submarines<br />65 men killed or wounded<br />One Japanese sailor was captured<br />
  8. 8. How it Effected the U.S<br />Led the U.S directly into World War II<br />Germany and Italy declared war on the U.S December 11th<br />We quickly recovered and formed our military again and had a victory at the Battle of Midway<br />Four years later the U.S destroyed the Japanese Empire<br />
  9. 9. Today’s Effect<br />Better radar equipment has been made for scouting to prevent this from happening <br />Unified the divided American population like never before<br />Many American Lives were lost<br />
  10. 10. Pearl Harbor Today<br />Today Pearl Harbor is Port and Naval Station<br />The USS Arizona was one of the main ships that sank that day so now there is a concrete hull placed their to symbolize the loss of the ship as a memorial<br />Dedicated on May 30th, 1962<br />
  11. 11. Facts<br />Japanese citizens were just as surprised as Americans<br />Referred to “A date that will live in infamy”<br />The day of the attack Britain declared war on Japan<br />President at the time was Franklin D. Rooselvelt<br />Pearl Harbor wasn’t in a state of high alert when the<br /> attack started, the anti-aircraft guns were left<br /> unmanned<br />
  12. 12. Citations<br />"Attack on Pearl Harbor." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. 3 Apr. 2011. Web. 04 Apr. 2011. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attack_on_Pearl_Harbor<br />"Pearl Harbor History: Why Did Japan Attack? Eyewitness Accounts, Casualty List, Background." Attack on Pearl Harbor: Ships, Heroes and Speeches. Web. 04 Apr. 2011. http://www.pearlharbor.org/history-of-pearl-harbor.asp<br />"Attack At Pearl Harbor, 1941." EyeWitness to History - History through the Eyes of Those Who Lived It. 1997. Web. 04 Apr. 2011. http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/pearl.htm<br />"Attack on Pearl Harbor." World War II History Info. 2001- 2010. Web. 04 Apr. 2011. http://worldwar2history.info/Pearl-Harbor/<br />"Pearl Harbor - The Bombing - Facts." Erik Anderson [.net]. Web. 04 Apr. 2011. http://www.erikanderson.net/pearlharbor/facts.html<br />"Pearl Harbor: The Day of Infamy, 7 December 1941." Military History Encyclopedia on the Web. Web. 04 Apr. 2011. http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_pearl_harbor.html<br />

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