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  • 1. Pearl Harbor
    December 7th, 1941
  • 2. What?
    Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike attack on the United States by the Japanese that was meant to prevent the U.S Pacific Fleet from interfering with military action of Japan.
    A series of two “waves” by the military lasting two hours long
  • 3. When and Where?
    December 7th 1941
    December 8th in Japan
    The air attack began at 7:48 a.m Hawaiian time
    Second attack- 8:55 a.m
    Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
  • 4. Why?
    In September 1940 the U.S placed an embargo on Japan
    They couldn’t export steel, scrap iron, and aviation fuel to Japa
    Two days after Japan signed a neutrality treaty with the Soviet Union the U.S, Britain, and the Netherlands froze all Japanese assets
    Prevented them from buying oil
  • 5. Who?
    Attack by the Japanese on the U.S
    Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, and Admiral Nagumo commander of the Japanese fleet initiated the planning of the attack on the U.S
    Pearl Harbor was under the command of Admiral Husband E. Kimmel and Lt. General Walter C. Short
  • 6. How it Started
    In early 1941 Admiral Yamamoto started preparing plans for the conquest of the resources from South Asia
    Pearl Harbor was a vital attack for Yamamoto’s plan
    The military plan had three phases
    Attack on Pearl harbor
    Extend the perimeter of Japan’s sphere of Influence
    Then move onto Northern Solomons. New Guinea, Java, Sumatra, Malaya, Burma, Thailand, the Philippines, and Boreno
  • 7. Damage Caused
    Four U.S Navy Battleships were sunk
    Sank and damaged three cruisers, three destroyers, and one minelayer
    188 U.S aircraft were destroyed
    2,402 men killed
    1,282 men wounded
    Japanese lost 29 aircraft and five submarines
    65 men killed or wounded
    One Japanese sailor was captured
  • 8. How it Effected the U.S
    Led the U.S directly into World War II
    Germany and Italy declared war on the U.S December 11th
    We quickly recovered and formed our military again and had a victory at the Battle of Midway
    Four years later the U.S destroyed the Japanese Empire
  • 9. Today’s Effect
    Better radar equipment has been made for scouting to prevent this from happening
    Unified the divided American population like never before
    Many American Lives were lost
  • 10. Pearl Harbor Today
    Today Pearl Harbor is Port and Naval Station
    The USS Arizona was one of the main ships that sank that day so now there is a concrete hull placed their to symbolize the loss of the ship as a memorial
    Dedicated on May 30th, 1962
  • 11. Facts
    Japanese citizens were just as surprised as Americans
    Referred to “A date that will live in infamy”
    The day of the attack Britain declared war on Japan
    President at the time was Franklin D. Rooselvelt
    Pearl Harbor wasn’t in a state of high alert when the
    attack started, the anti-aircraft guns were left
    unmanned
  • 12. Citations
    "Attack on Pearl Harbor." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. 3 Apr. 2011. Web. 04 Apr. 2011. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attack_on_Pearl_Harbor
    "Pearl Harbor History: Why Did Japan Attack? Eyewitness Accounts, Casualty List, Background." Attack on Pearl Harbor: Ships, Heroes and Speeches. Web. 04 Apr. 2011. http://www.pearlharbor.org/history-of-pearl-harbor.asp
    "Attack At Pearl Harbor, 1941." EyeWitness to History - History through the Eyes of Those Who Lived It. 1997. Web. 04 Apr. 2011. http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/pearl.htm
    "Attack on Pearl Harbor." World War II History Info. 2001- 2010. Web. 04 Apr. 2011. http://worldwar2history.info/Pearl-Harbor/
    "Pearl Harbor - The Bombing - Facts." Erik Anderson [.net]. Web. 04 Apr. 2011. http://www.erikanderson.net/pearlharbor/facts.html
    "Pearl Harbor: The Day of Infamy, 7 December 1941." Military History Encyclopedia on the Web. Web. 04 Apr. 2011. http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_pearl_harbor.html