Millennium Development Goals
Goal One: Eradicate Extreme Poverty
By Hannah and Áine
What are the Millennium Development
• The Millennium development goals are a set of eight
International goals, which if achieved would transform the
lives of millions of people in developing countries. They were
agreed in the United Nations, U.N, Millennium Summit in
2000, by global leaders. They set targets for key progress on
key issues, including freedom from hunger, equality for girls
and women, and health and shelter. They are supposed to be
achieved by 2015.
Extreme Poverty and Hunger
• There are three targets within this goal.
• 1) To halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people
whose income's are less than $1.25 per day.
• 2)Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for
all, including women and young people.
• 3)To halve, between 1990 and 2015 the proportion of people who
suffer from hunger.
• More than 30 per cent of children in developing countries
(about 600 million) live on less than US $1 a day.
• Every 3.6 seconds one person dies of starvation. Usually
it is a child under the age of 5.
• South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa remain the regions
most affected by hunger. Over the past 40 years, global
food production has doubled and food prices have
halved to an all-time low, food is plentiful but not in some
areas and certainly not for very many poor people.
• 815 million people still cannot get the food they need for
healthy, active lives. In the developing world, two third's
of infant deaths are due to malnutrition.
Key obstacles to eliminating Poverty:
• Economic growth needs to be broadly based rather than
focused in some regions or sectors.
• Peace, stability and good government is also crucial.
• The huge inequalities between the rich and poor in developing
countries is an enormous obstacle to reducing poverty.
Key obstacles to eliminating Hunger:
• Poverty is the main obstacle, poor people cannot get enough
food, either by growing it or buying it
• The distribution of already existing food is a problem, relying
on the market to ensure food supplies discriminates against
the poor and against poor regions and countries
• Agricultural productivity, especially in sub-Saharan Africa,
need to be improved greatly
• Lack of land remains a key issue
• Subsidies that the developing world pays to its own farmers,
combined with the tariffs on exports from the developing
world make it difficult for farmers to get a fair price for crops.
How people are helping!
• Australia is an example of a country that is very involved in helping
to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. This short video clip
shows how they are helping Bangladesh .
Where do we stand?
• The MDG target has been met, poverty rates have been
halved between 1990 and 2010, but 1.2 billion people still
live in extreme poverty.
• About 700 million fewer people lived in conditions of
extreme poverty in 2010 than in 1990.
• The economic and financial crisis has widened the global jobs
gap by 67 million people.
• One in eight people still go to bed hungry, despite major
• Globally, nearly one in six children under age five are
underweight; one in four are stunted.
• An estimated 7 per cent of children under age five worldwide
are now overweight, another aspect of malnutrition; one
quarter of these children live in sub-Saharan Africa.