Millennium Development Goal 1


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Millennium Development Goal 1

  1. 1. Millennium Development Goals Goal One: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger By Hannah and Áine
  2. 2. What are the Millennium Development Goals? • The Millennium development goals are a set of eight International goals, which if achieved would transform the lives of millions of people in developing countries. They were agreed in the United Nations, U.N, Millennium Summit in 2000, by global leaders. They set targets for key progress on key issues, including freedom from hunger, equality for girls and women, and health and shelter. They are supposed to be achieved by 2015.
  3. 3. Extreme Poverty and Hunger • There are three targets within this goal. • 1) To halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income's are less than $1.25 per day. • 2)Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people. • 3)To halve, between 1990 and 2015 the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.
  4. 4. Facts: • More than 30 per cent of children in developing countries (about 600 million) live on less than US $1 a day. • Every 3.6 seconds one person dies of starvation. Usually it is a child under the age of 5. • South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa remain the regions most affected by hunger. Over the past 40 years, global food production has doubled and food prices have halved to an all-time low, food is plentiful but not in some areas and certainly not for very many poor people. • 815 million people still cannot get the food they need for healthy, active lives. In the developing world, two third's of infant deaths are due to malnutrition.
  5. 5. Key obstacles to eliminating Poverty: • Economic growth needs to be broadly based rather than focused in some regions or sectors. • Peace, stability and good government is also crucial. • The huge inequalities between the rich and poor in developing countries is an enormous obstacle to reducing poverty.
  6. 6. Key obstacles to eliminating Hunger: • Poverty is the main obstacle, poor people cannot get enough food, either by growing it or buying it • The distribution of already existing food is a problem, relying on the market to ensure food supplies discriminates against the poor and against poor regions and countries • Agricultural productivity, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, need to be improved greatly • Lack of land remains a key issue • Subsidies that the developing world pays to its own farmers, combined with the tariffs on exports from the developing world make it difficult for farmers to get a fair price for crops.
  7. 7. How people are helping! • Australia is an example of a country that is very involved in helping to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. This short video clip shows how they are helping Bangladesh .
  8. 8. Where do we stand? • The MDG target has been met, poverty rates have been halved between 1990 and 2010, but 1.2 billion people still live in extreme poverty. • About 700 million fewer people lived in conditions of extreme poverty in 2010 than in 1990. • The economic and financial crisis has widened the global jobs gap by 67 million people. • One in eight people still go to bed hungry, despite major progress. • Globally, nearly one in six children under age five are underweight; one in four are stunted. • An estimated 7 per cent of children under age five worldwide are now overweight, another aspect of malnutrition; one quarter of these children live in sub-Saharan Africa.
  9. 9. Thank you for Watching!